Bill Of Rights & Landmark Supreme Court Cases

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| By Mschiang
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Mschiang
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Bill Of Rights & Landmark Supreme Court Cases - Quiz

Practice questions for Ms. Chiang's 7th Grade Social Studies class. Please enter your full name & good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Describe the amendment process in two steps.

  • 2. 

    Why is amending the Constitution a difficult process?

  • 3. 

    What is a change/addition to the US Constitution?

    Explanation
    An amendment is a change or addition to the US Constitution. It allows for modifications to be made to the original document in order to reflect the changing needs and values of the country. Multiple amendments can be made over time, collectively referred to as amendments. These amendments serve as a way to ensure that the Constitution remains a living document that can adapt to the evolving society and protect the rights of its citizens.

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  • 4. 

    What is the first 10 amendments to the US Constitution?

    Explanation
    The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments were added to the Constitution to protect individual rights and limit the power of the government. They include important rights such as freedom of speech, religion, and the right to bear arms. The Bill of Rights is a crucial part of the Constitution and ensures that citizens have certain fundamental rights and protections.

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  • 5. 

    According to the Bill of Rights, what is the right to "bear arms"?

    • A.

      To own and carry weapons

    • B.

      To give soldiers housing

    • C.

      To provide fair and speedy trial

    • D.

      To be tried for the same crime twice

    Correct Answer
    A. To own and carry weapons
    Explanation
    The right to "bear arms" refers to the right to own and carry weapons. This is stated in the Bill of Rights, which is the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. The Second Amendment specifically guarantees the right of individuals to keep and bear arms, allowing them to possess and carry firearms for self-defense and other lawful purposes. This right has been a subject of debate and interpretation throughout history, but it generally affirms the individual's right to own and carry weapons.

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  • 6. 

    According to the Bill of Rights, what is "self incrimination"?

    • A.

      The authority to censor

    • B.

      To be a witness against oneself

    • C.

      To own and carry weapons

    • D.

      To take away items for no reason

    Correct Answer
    B. To be a witness against oneself
    Explanation
    According to the Bill of Rights, "self incrimination" refers to the act of being a witness against oneself. This means that individuals have the right to remain silent and not provide any information or evidence that could be used to implicate or convict themselves in a criminal case. This protection is guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution, which states that no person "shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself."

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  • 7. 

    Which amendment protect citizens against "unreasonable search & seizure"?

    • A.

      Amendment #1

    • B.

      Amendment #2

    • C.

      Amendment #3

    • D.

      Amendment #4

    Correct Answer
    D. Amendment #4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amendment #4. This amendment protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures by requiring that search warrants be issued only upon probable cause and that they describe the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized. This amendment helps to ensure that individuals have a right to privacy and are protected from arbitrary government intrusion.

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  • 8. 

    According to the Bill of Rights, what is a person's "right to counsel"?

    • A.

      The right to own and carry weapons

    • B.

      The right to be treated fairly under the law

    • C.

      The right to be tried at the earliest possible date

    • D.

      The right to be represented by a lawyer in court

    Correct Answer
    D. The right to be represented by a lawyer in court
    Explanation
    The "right to counsel" refers to the right of a person to have legal representation during legal proceedings, specifically in court. This means that individuals have the right to be represented by a lawyer who can provide legal advice, advocate for their rights, and ensure a fair trial. This right is guaranteed by the Sixth Amendment of the United States Constitution, which states that "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right...to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence." It is an essential protection to ensure a fair and just legal process.

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  • 9. 

    Which Supreme Court case dealt with the principle of "separation of church and state"?

    • A.

      Engel vs. Vitale

    • B.

      Gideon vs. Wainwright

    • C.

      Vernonia vs. Acton

    • D.

      Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeier

    Correct Answer
    A. Engel vs. Vitale
    Explanation
    Engel vs. Vitale is the correct answer because it was a landmark Supreme Court case that dealt with the principle of "separation of church and state." In this case, the Court ruled that it was unconstitutional for public schools to require students to recite a prayer. This decision established the precedent that public schools must remain neutral in matters of religion and cannot endorse or promote any specific religious beliefs.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is a category of American rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights

    • A.

      Right to be protected from unfair actions of the government

    • B.

      Right to have basic freedoms - speech, assembly, press, etc.

    • C.

      Right to have equal treatment under the law - due process of law

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This is because all three options mentioned - the right to be protected from unfair actions of the government, the right to have basic freedoms such as speech, assembly, press, etc., and the right to have equal treatment under the law - due process of law, are categories of American rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.

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  • 11. 

    Which idea in the Constitution require states to recognize or accept the laws, records and acts of other states?

    • A.

      The Elastic Clause

    • B.

      The Reciprocity Clause

    • C.

      The Supremacy Clause

    • D.

      The Jurisdiction Clause

    Correct Answer
    B. The Reciprocity Clause
    Explanation
    The Reciprocity Clause in the Constitution requires states to recognize or accept the laws, records, and acts of other states. This clause promotes cooperation and mutual respect among states by ensuring that their legal actions are recognized and upheld by other states. It helps to create a harmonious relationship between states and prevents conflicts or disputes that may arise from differences in laws or regulations.

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