Usage having no force of law
Minerva Mills Vs. Union of India
Waman Rao Vs. Union of India
L. Chandra Kumar Vs. Union of India
T.K. Rangarajan Vs. Government of Tamil Nadu
Right to food.
Right to legal aid.
Right to vote
Right to livelihood.
Art 352.... Effect of proclamation of Emergency
Art 353....Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a proclamation is in operation
Art 354.... Determination of executive powers of the Union, during emergency
Art 355.... Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance
The Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act ......1956.
The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Act....1962.
The Constitution (Thirty First Amendment) Act....1973.
The Constitution (Forty Second Amendment) Act....1975.
Directly elected by the people.
Nominated by the Indian National Congress.
Nominated by the rulers of the Indian States.
Elected by the Provincial Assemblies.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
Prof. K.C. Wheare.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad.
Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh.
Rajasthan and Gujarat.
Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Republic: Head of the State is hereditary monarch.
Sovereign: Constitution rests on the people’s will.
Democratic: Constitution does not recognize legal supremacy of another country.
Secular: State is without any religion of its own.
Article 15(1) of the Constitution.
Article 15(4) of the Constitution.
Article 16(4) of the Constitution.
Article 29(2) of the Constitution.
M.R. Balaji v. State of Mysore.
State of Kerala v. N.M. Thomas.
Akhil Bharitiya Socialist Karmchari v. UOI.
Devadasan v. UOI.
All of the above.
Decency and morality.
Integrity of India.
None of the above.
Golaknath v. State of Punjab.
Sajjan Singh v. State of Rajasthan.
Keshavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala.
Shankari Prasad v. Union of India.