Cancer And Oncology | NCLEX Quiz 151

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 770

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Cancer And Oncology NCLEX Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Surgical procedure to treat breast cancer involves the removal of the entire breast. pectoralis major muscle and the axillary lymph nodes is:
    • A. 

      Simple mastectomy

    • B. 

      Modified radical mastectomy

    • C. 

      Halstead Surgery

    • D. 

      Radical mastectomy

  • 2. 
    While being prepared for a biopsy of a lump in the right breast. the patient asks the nurse what the difference is between a benign tumor and a malignant tumor. The nurse explains that a benign tumor differs from a malignant tumor in that benign tumors
    • A. 

      Do not cause damage to adjacent tissue.

    • B. 

      Do not spread to other tissues and organs.

    • C. 

      Are simply an overgrowth of normal cells.

    • D. 

      Frequently recur in the same site.

  • 3. 
    A patient who has been told by the health care provider that the cells in a bowel tumor are poorly differentiated asks the nurse what is meant by “poorly differentiated.” Which response should the nurse make?
    • A. 

      “The cells in your tumor do not look very different from normal bowel cells.”

    • B. 

      “The tumor cells have DNA that is different from your normal bowel cells.”

    • C. 

      “Your tumor cells look more like immature fetal cells than normal bowel cells.”

    • D. 

      “The cells in your tumor have mutated from the normal bowel cells.”

  • 4. 
    A patient who smokes tells the nurse. “I want to have a yearly chest x-ray so that if I get cancer. it will be detected early.” Which response by the nurse is most appropriate?
    • A. 

      “Chest x-rays do not detect cancer until tumors are already at least a half-inch in size.”

    • B. 

      “Annual x-rays will increase your risk for cancer because of exposure to radiation.”

    • C. 

      “Insurance companies do not authorize yearly x-rays just to detect early lung cancer.”

    • D. 

      “Frequent x-rays damage the lungs and make them more susceptible to cancer.”

  • 5. 
    In teaching about cancer prevention to a community group. the nurse stresses promotion of exercise. normal body weight. and low-fat diet because
    • A. 

      Most people are willing to make these changes to avoid cancer.

    • B. 

      Dietary fat and obesity promote growth of many types of cancer.

    • C. 

      People who exercise and eat healthy will make other lifestyle changes.

    • D. 

      Obesity and lack of exercise cause cancer in susceptible people.

  • 6. 
    During a routine health examination. a 30-year-old patient tells the nurse about a family history of colon cancer. The nurse will plan to
    • A. 

      Teach the patient about the need for a colonoscopy at age 50.

    • B. 

      Ask the patient to bring in a stool specimen to test for occult blood.

    • C. 

      Schedule a sigmoidoscopy to provide baseline data about the patient.

    • D. 

      Have the patient ask the doctor about specific tests for colon cancer.

  • 7. 
    When reviewing the chart for a patient with cervical cancer. the nurse notes that the cancer is staged as Tis. N0. M0. The nurse will teach the patient that
    • A. 

      The cancer cells are well-differentiated.

    • B. 

      It is difficult to determine the original site of the cervical cancer.

    • C. 

      Further testing is needed to determine the spread of the cancer.

    • D. 

      The cancer is localized to the cervix.

  • 8. 
    Which statement by a patient who is scheduled for a needle biopsy of the prostate indicates that the patient understands the purpose of a biopsy?
    • A. 

      “The biopsy will tell the doctor whether the cancer has spread to my other organs.”

    • B. 

      “The biopsy will help the doctor decide what treatment to use for my enlarged prostate.”

    • C. 

      “The biopsy will determine how much longer I have to live.”

    • D. 

      “The biopsy will indicate the effect of the cancer on my life.”

  • 9. 
    The nurse is teaching a postmenopausal patient with breast cancer about the expected outcomes of her cancer treatment. The nurse evaluates that the teaching has been effective when the patient says
    • A. 

      “After cancer has not recurred for 5 years. it is considered cured.”

    • B. 

      “I will need to have follow-up examinations for many years after I have treatment before I can be considered cured.”

    • C. 

      “Cancer is considered cured if the entire tumor is surgically removed.”

    • D. 

      “Cancer is never considered cured. but the tumor can be controlled with surgery. chemotherapy. and radiation.”

  • 10. 
    A patient with a large stomach tumor that is attached to the liver is scheduled to have a debulking procedure. The nurse explains that the expected outcome of this surgery is
    • A. 

      Control of the tumor growth by removal of malignant tissue.

    • B. 

      Promotion of better nutrition by relieving the pressure in the stomach.

    • C. 

      Relief of pain by cutting sensory nerves in the stomach.

    • D. 

      Reduction of the tumor burden to enhance adjuvant therapy.

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