Mixtures And Solutions Post-test Weston

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Mixtures And Solutions Post-test Weston - Quiz


Mixtures and solutions pre-test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The process of a material becoming incorporated uniformly into another or mixing together evenly.

    • A.

      Catalyst

    • B.

      Dissolving

    • C.

      Element

    • D.

      Solution

    Correct Answer
    B. Dissolving
    Explanation
    Dissolving refers to the process of a material becoming incorporated uniformly into another or mixing together evenly. When a substance dissolves, its particles separate and disperse throughout the solvent, resulting in a homogeneous mixture called a solution. This process is typically facilitated by a solvent, which helps break down the solute and allows it to mix evenly. A catalyst, on the other hand, is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being consumed in the process. An element, on the other hand, refers to a pure substance made up of only one type of atom.

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  • 2. 

    To turn into gas, like water into water vapor

    • A.

      Ferment

    • B.

      Molecule

    • C.

      Evaporate

    • D.

      Product

    Correct Answer
    C. Evaporate
    Explanation
    Evaporation is the process in which a liquid substance, such as water, changes into a gaseous state, known as water vapor. This transformation occurs when the liquid's molecules gain enough energy to break free from their bonds and escape into the air. The given statement compares this process to the transformation of water into water vapor, highlighting the similarity between the two. Therefore, "evaporate" is the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    A gradual chemical change that takes place without oxygen, caused by organisms such as bacteria or yeast.

    • A.

      Fermenting

    • B.

      Saturate

    • C.

      Mixture

    • D.

      Element

    Correct Answer
    A. Fermenting
    Explanation
    Fermenting refers to a gradual chemical change that occurs without the presence of oxygen and is caused by organisms like bacteria or yeast. During fermentation, these organisms break down organic substances into simpler compounds, such as sugars into alcohol or acids. This process is commonly used in the production of alcoholic beverages, bread, and yogurt.

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  • 4. 

    The chemical processes that take place in a living cell or organism.

    • A.

      Chemical

    • B.

      Reactant

    • C.

      Solution

    • D.

      Metabolism

    Correct Answer
    D. Metabolism
    Explanation
    Metabolism refers to the chemical processes that occur within a living cell or organism. These processes include the conversion of food into energy, the synthesis of molecules necessary for cellular function, and the breakdown of waste products. Metabolism is essential for maintaining life as it allows organisms to obtain energy and nutrients, regulate their internal environment, and carry out various biological functions. It involves a series of complex reactions that occur in a coordinated manner to ensure the proper functioning of cells and the overall organism.

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  • 5. 

    A substance containing two or more materials with different properties.

    • A.

      Mixture

    • B.

      Alloy

    • C.

      Crystal

    • D.

      Concentration

    Correct Answer
    A. Mixture
    Explanation
    A mixture is a substance that contains two or more materials with different properties. It is formed when these materials are combined but do not chemically react with each other. Mixtures can be homogeneous (uniform composition) or heterogeneous (non-uniform composition), depending on how well the components are mixed together. Examples of mixtures include saltwater, air, and soil.

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  • 6. 

    An arrangement of the elements that provides information about their properties.

    • A.

      Product

    • B.

      Precipitate

    • C.

      Citric

    • D.

      Periodic table

    Correct Answer
    D. Periodic table
    Explanation
    The periodic table is an arrangement of elements that provides information about their properties. It organizes the elements based on their atomic number, electron configuration, and recurring chemical properties. The table helps scientists and students understand the relationships between different elements and predict their behavior in chemical reactions. It also provides information about the elements' atomic mass, symbol, and name. Overall, the periodic table is a fundamental tool in chemistry for organizing and studying the properties of elements.

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  • 7. 

    A solid material that forms during a chemical reaction.

    • A.

      Ferment

    • B.

      Precipitate

    • C.

      Solute

    • D.

      Alloy

    Correct Answer
    B. Precipitate
    Explanation
    A precipitate is a solid material that forms during a chemical reaction. When two or more substances react, they may combine to form a new substance that is insoluble in the solvent. This insoluble substance then separates from the solution as a solid, which is known as a precipitate. Precipitates can be identified by their distinct appearance and can be collected and further analyzed to determine the nature of the chemical reaction that occurred.

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  • 8. 

    A characteristic of an object that can be observed, such as size, color, shape, or texture.

    • A.

      Synthetic

    • B.

      Evaporate

    • C.

      Property

    • D.

      Mixture

    Correct Answer
    C. Property
    Explanation
    A property is a characteristic of an object that can be observed, such as size, color, shape, or texture. It is a quality or attribute that helps to identify or describe an object. In this context, the term "property" is the most relevant option as it aligns with the description provided. The other options, synthetic, evaporate, and mixture, do not accurately describe a characteristic of an object that can be observed.

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  • 9. 

    A solution in which as much solute as possible has been dissolved.

    • A.

      Atom

    • B.

      Ingot

    • C.

      Dissolve

    • D.

      Saturated solution

    Correct Answer
    D. Saturated solution
    Explanation
    A saturated solution is a solution in which the maximum amount of solute has been dissolved. This means that no more solute can be dissolved in the solution at that particular temperature and pressure. In a saturated solution, the solute particles are evenly distributed throughout the solvent, creating a state of equilibrium. Any additional solute added to the solution will not dissolve and will instead form a precipitate.

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  • 10. 

    Capable of being dissolved.

    • A.

      Mixture

    • B.

      Soluble

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Solution

    Correct Answer
    B. Soluble
    Explanation
    Soluble means capable of being dissolved. It refers to a substance that can be dissolved in a solvent, forming a homogeneous mixture called a solution. In contrast, a compound is a substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements, and a mixture is a combination of two or more substances that are not chemically combined. Therefore, soluble is the correct answer as it accurately describes the property of a substance being capable of being dissolved.

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  • 11. 

    A special mixture formed when one or more materials dissolves in another.

    • A.

      Solution

    • B.

      Molecule

    • C.

      Atom

    • D.

      Vulcanize

    Correct Answer
    A. Solution
    Explanation
    A solution is a special mixture formed when one or more materials dissolve in another. In a solution, the substances that dissolve are called solutes, while the substance that does the dissolving is called the solvent. Solutions can be formed with various combinations of solutes and solvents, and they can be solid, liquid, or gas. The solutes and solvents in a solution are evenly distributed at the molecular level, resulting in a homogeneous mixture. Solutions have various applications in everyday life, such as in cooking, cleaning, and medicine.

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  • 12. 

    The process of treating rubber chemically in order to give it useful properties such as strength and temperature stability.

    • A.

      Dissolve

    • B.

      Solution

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Vulcanization

    Correct Answer
    D. Vulcanization
    Explanation
    Vulcanization is the process of treating rubber chemically to enhance its properties, such as strength and temperature stability. During vulcanization, rubber is heated with sulfur or other chemicals, which causes cross-linking between the rubber molecules, making it more durable and resistant to heat and other environmental factors. This process is widely used in the production of various rubber products, including tires, hoses, and seals.

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  • 13. 

    The smallest particle of an element.

    • A.

      Chemistry

    • B.

      Solvent

    • C.

      Crystal

    • D.

      Atom

    Correct Answer
    D. Atom
    Explanation
    An atom is the smallest particle of an element. It is the basic unit of matter and cannot be broken down further without losing its chemical properties. Atoms consist of a nucleus, which contains protons and neutrons, and electrons that orbit around the nucleus. They combine to form molecules and compounds, giving rise to the diverse substances we observe in the world. Understanding atoms is crucial in chemistry as it helps explain the behavior and interactions of different elements and compounds.

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  • 14. 

    The attachment between two atoms in a molecule.

    • A.

      Chemical bond

    • B.

      Reaction

    • C.

      Ferment

    • D.

      Alloy

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical bond
    Explanation
    A chemical bond refers to the attachment between two atoms in a molecule. It is a force of attraction that holds the atoms together and is formed by the sharing, transferring, or pooling of electrons between the atoms. This bond is essential for the stability and formation of compounds, as it determines the overall structure and properties of the molecule. Therefore, the correct answer is chemical bond.

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  • 15. 

    A person trained in chemistry.

    • A.

      Concentration

    • B.

      Evaporate

    • C.

      Chemist

    • D.

      Solute

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemist
    Explanation
    A chemist is a person who is trained in chemistry. They have knowledge and expertise in the field of chemistry, which involves the study of matter, its properties, composition, and reactions. Chemists are skilled in conducting experiments, analyzing substances, and solving problems related to chemicals. They work in various industries such as pharmaceuticals, research laboratories, and manufacturing companies. A chemist understands concepts like concentration and solute, and they also know how to evaporate substances.

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  • 16. 

    A substance made of two or more elements that are chemically combined.

    • A.

      Change

    • B.

      Bond

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Acid

    Correct Answer
    C. Compound
    Explanation
    A compound is a substance formed when two or more elements chemically combine. In a compound, the elements are bonded together in a specific ratio. This bonding results in the formation of a new substance with different properties than the individual elements. Compounds can be solids, liquids, or gases and have a wide range of uses in various industries. Examples of compounds include water (H2O), table salt (NaCl), and carbon dioxide (CO2).

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  • 17. 

    The relative amount of a substance in a mixture.

    • A.

      Volume

    • B.

      Concentration

    • C.

      Product

    • D.

      Ingot

    Correct Answer
    B. Concentration
    Explanation
    Concentration refers to the relative amount of a substance in a mixture. It is a measure of the amount of solute present in a given volume of solution. Concentration can be expressed in various units such as moles per liter, grams per liter, or percentage. It is an important parameter in chemistry and is used to determine the strength or purity of a solution.

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  • 18. 

    The ratio of the mass of a material in proportion to its volume.

    • A.

      Element

    • B.

      Mixture

    • C.

      Compound

    • D.

      Density

    Correct Answer
    D. Density
    Explanation
    The given answer "density" accurately describes the ratio of the mass of a material in proportion to its volume. Density is a physical property that helps determine how compact or spread out a substance is. It is calculated by dividing the mass of an object by its volume. Different materials have different densities, and it can be used to identify substances or determine their behavior in various situations.

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  • 19. 

    To make a solution less concentrated, usually by adding more liquid.

    • A.

      Density

    • B.

      Precipitate

    • C.

      Vulcanization

    • D.

      Dilute

    Correct Answer
    D. Dilute
    Explanation
    Dilution refers to the process of making a solution less concentrated by adding more liquid. This can be achieved by adding a solvent to the solution, which decreases the amount of solute per unit volume. As a result, the concentration of the solution decreases, making it less concentrated. Dilution is commonly used in various fields such as chemistry, medicine, and cooking to adjust the strength or concentration of a solution to a desired level.

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  • 20. 

    The solid form of a material that can be identified by its natural shape or pattern.

    • A.

      Crystal

    • B.

      Base

    • C.

      Acid

    • D.

      Alloy

    Correct Answer
    A. Crystal
    Explanation
    A crystal is the solid form of a material that has a distinct and recognizable shape or pattern. Crystals are formed when the atoms or molecules of a substance arrange themselves in a highly ordered and repeating pattern. This regular arrangement gives crystals their characteristic shape and structure. Crystals can be found in various natural materials, such as minerals, and they can also be artificially grown in laboratories. The other options, base, acid, and alloy, do not specifically refer to the solid form of a material with a natural shape or pattern, making crystal the correct answer.

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  • Current Version
  • May 24, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 18, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Sbandres
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