Midterm Exam History 1 Mrd

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Midterm Exam History 1 Mrd - Quiz

PHILIPPINE HISTORY WITH POLITICS AND NEW CONSTITUTION


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The teaching system of Christian beliefs.the teaching system of Christian beliefs.

    Explanation
    Cathecism refers to the teaching system of Christian beliefs. It is a comprehensive summary of the principles of the Christian faith, typically presented in the form of questions and answers. It serves as a guide for religious instruction and provides a structured framework for teaching and learning about Christian doctrine, morality, and spirituality. Cathecism plays a crucial role in educating individuals about the core beliefs and practices of Christianity.

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  • 2. 

    Preaching the Gospels, converting Christianity

    Explanation
    The given answer, "EVANGILIZATION," accurately describes the act of preaching the Gospels and converting individuals to Christianity. This term refers to the spreading of the teachings and principles of Christianity to non-believers, with the aim of converting them to the faith. It involves sharing the message of Jesus Christ and his teachings, encouraging others to embrace Christianity, and fostering a deeper understanding of the religion. EVANGILIZATION is an essential aspect of many Christian denominations and plays a significant role in the growth and expansion of the faith.

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  • 3. 

    1.       an offering made to the god, in the form of foods, rituals or dances.

    Explanation
    A sacrifice is an act of offering something to a god, typically in the form of food, rituals, or dances. It is a way of showing devotion, gratitude, or seeking favor from the divine. In many cultures and religions, sacrifices are performed as a way of connecting with the spiritual realm and demonstrating one's commitment to their beliefs. The act of sacrifice often involves giving up something valuable or significant as a symbol of dedication or surrender.

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  • 4. 

    The first book published in the Philippines.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is DOCTRINA CHRISTIANA. The Doctrina Christiana is considered to be the first book published in the Philippines. It was written by the Spanish missionaries in the 16th century and was used to teach the indigenous people about Christianity. The book contains basic prayers, catechism, and teachings of the Catholic Church. Its publication marked the beginning of the printing press in the Philippines and had a significant impact on the spread of Christianity in the country.

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  • 5. 

    1.       something that words of evil.

    Explanation
    The given answer "AMULET" is the correct answer because an amulet is an object that is believed to have magical powers and is often worn or carried to protect the wearer from evil or harm. It is a form of protection against negative energies or influences, making it fitting for the description "something that wards off evil."

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  • 6. 

    Gathering of people collectively addressing issues, religion, education, etc.

    Explanation
    The given answer "ASSEMBLY" is a suitable explanation for the description provided. An assembly is a gathering of people who come together to collectively address various issues, including religion, education, and other matters of importance. This term accurately captures the concept of a group of individuals uniting for a common purpose, making it the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    And individual employed or skilled in conducting negotiations with the other nations.

    Explanation
    A diplomat is an individual who is employed or skilled in conducting negotiations with other nations. This means that they have the knowledge and expertise to represent their country's interests and engage in diplomatic discussions with foreign governments. Diplomats play a crucial role in maintaining international relations, resolving conflicts, and promoting cooperation between nations. They are responsible for representing their country's policies and positions, negotiating agreements, and finding diplomatic solutions to various issues.

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  • 8. 

    The basic laws and principles of a government.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is CONSTITUTION. The explanation for this is that a constitution is a set of fundamental laws and principles that govern a government. It establishes the structure, powers, and limitations of the government, as well as the rights and responsibilities of its citizens. The constitution serves as a framework for the functioning of the government and ensures that it operates within legal boundaries. It is a fundamental document that provides the basis for the governance and functioning of a country.

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  • 9. 

    A government in which the peoples elect a head of state in which the people and their elected representatives have supreme power.

    Explanation
    A republic is a form of government where the people elect a head of state and have supreme power through their elected representatives. In a republic, the power lies with the people and their chosen representatives, rather than being concentrated in the hands of a monarch or a small group of individuals. This system allows for a more democratic and participatory government, where decisions are made based on the will of the people.

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  • 10. 

    Form of government by the people through elected representatives

    Explanation
    This answer correctly defines democracy as a form of government where the people exercise their power through elected representatives. In a democratic system, citizens have the right to vote and participate in decision-making processes through their elected representatives, ensuring that the government is accountable to the people. This form of government promotes equality, freedom, and the protection of individual rights.

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  • 11. 

    1.       The official representative of the King of Spain in the colony; the highest ranking officials of the Spanish government in the Philippines.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "GOVERNOR GENERAL". In the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, the Governor General was the official representative of the King of Spain and held the highest ranking position in the Spanish government. They had authority over the colony and were responsible for governing and making decisions on behalf of the Spanish crown.

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  • 12. 

    1.       The only tribunal that observed and checked the duties of the governor – general and those of the other officials of the government. 

    Explanation
    Residencia is the correct answer because it refers to the only tribunal that observed and checked the duties of the governor-general and other government officials. Residencia was a judicial process used during the Spanish colonial period in the Americas to hold officials accountable and investigate any accusations of misconduct or abuse of power. It was a way to ensure that those in positions of authority were acting in the best interest of the people they governed.

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  • 13. 

    1.       Recognized as the Supreme Court during the Spanish occupation.

    Explanation
    During the Spanish occupation, the Royal Audiencia was recognized as the Supreme Court. The Royal Audiencia was the highest judicial authority in the Spanish colonies and was responsible for administering justice and interpreting laws. It served as the final appellate court and had the power to make decisions on important legal matters. Therefore, it is the correct answer as it accurately reflects the role and significance of the Royal Audiencia during the Spanish occupation.

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  • 14. 

    1.       Selected officials who aided the King in the running the colony.(ENGLISH NAME)

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "COUNCIL OF INDIES." The Council of Indies was a group of selected officials who assisted the King in governing the colonies. They were responsible for making decisions and implementing policies in the Spanish colonies, including the Americas. The Council played a crucial role in the administration and management of the colonies, ensuring that the King's interests were upheld and the colonies were properly governed.

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  • 15. 

    1.       School for the Spanish mestiza girls.

    Explanation
    The given answer "COLEGIO DE STA. ISABEL" is the correct answer because it directly corresponds to the description provided in the question. The question states that it is a school for Spanish mestiza girls, and "COLEGIO DE STA. ISABEL" is a well-known school in the Philippines that was established for the education of Spanish mestiza girls. Therefore, it is the most appropriate and accurate answer based on the given information.

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  • 16. 

    1.       A system of governing the land and all those who lived in it.

    Explanation
    Colonization refers to a system of governing the land and all those who lived in it. It involves the establishment and control of settlements by a foreign power in order to exploit the resources and establish political dominance over the colonized territory. This process often includes the displacement and subjugation of the indigenous population, as well as the imposition of the colonizer's culture, language, and legal system. Colonization has been a significant historical phenomenon, with major colonial powers such as Britain, France, and Spain establishing colonies around the world.

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  • 17. 

    1.       An economic measure from the Spanish government.

    Explanation
    The given answer, "ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM," is the correct answer because it directly matches the information provided in the question. The question states that the answer is "An economic measure from the Spanish government," and the encomienda system was indeed an economic measure implemented by the Spanish government during the colonization of the Americas. The encomienda system granted Spanish colonists the right to demand tribute and labor from the indigenous people in the territories they controlled. This system played a significant role in the economic exploitation of the native population and the consolidation of Spanish power in the Americas.

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  • 18. 

    1.       This was the forced labor required of men aged 16-60 years old.

    Explanation
    Polo y Servicio refers to the system of forced labor that was imposed on men between the ages of 16 and 60. This system required men to provide labor for the Spanish colonial government or for wealthy landowners. The labor could involve various tasks such as working on public projects, serving as soldiers, or working on haciendas. This system was a form of exploitation and was a key aspect of the Spanish colonial system in the Americas.

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  • 19. 

    1.       The first Governor General served in the Philippines.

    Explanation
    Miguel Lopez de Legazpi was the first Governor General of the Philippines. He served from 1565 to 1572. Legazpi was a Spanish conquistador who led the expedition that established Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. He played a crucial role in the early Spanish colonization efforts and is considered a significant figure in Philippine history.

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  • 20. 

    1.       A period of mans discovery of the unknown world and uncharted oceans which linked people of divergent cultures.

    Explanation
    The given answer is the Age of Exploration because it accurately describes a period in history when people embarked on voyages to discover new lands and oceans. During this time, explorers from different cultures interacted and connected with each other, leading to the exchange of ideas, goods, and technologies. This period marked a significant shift in human history as it opened up new trade routes, expanded empires, and increased knowledge about the world.

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  • 21. 

    1.       Conquest of distant lands and establishment of colonies therein.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is colonization. This refers to the process of conquering and establishing colonies in distant lands. It involves the expansion of a nation's power and influence by settling and governing foreign territories. Colonization was a significant historical phenomenon, with European powers such as Britain, France, and Spain establishing colonies in various parts of the world during the Age of Exploration and beyond. This allowed them to exploit resources, establish trade networks, and exert control over indigenous populations.

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  • 22. 

    1.       Ancient rituals that symbolizes the alliance between two parties; the ritual involves sharing a cup of wine mixed with the blood of two parties.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Blood Compact/Sanduguan. This ancient ritual symbolizes the alliance between two parties by sharing a cup of wine mixed with the blood of both parties. This act signifies a bond of trust and commitment between the two parties involved.

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  • 23. 

    1.       Forcible resistance to lawful authority.

    Explanation
    The given correct answer for the question is "MUTINY". Mutiny refers to the act of forcibly resisting lawful authority. It typically involves a group of individuals, such as soldiers or sailors, rebelling against their superiors or officers. Mutiny can occur in various contexts, such as within the military, on ships, or even in prisons. It is considered a serious offense and is often punishable by law.

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  • 24. 

    The highest official of the church.

    Explanation
    An archbishop is the highest official in the church. They hold a position of authority and are responsible for overseeing multiple dioceses and bishops within a specific region. They play a crucial role in the administration and governance of the church, making important decisions and providing guidance to the clergy and faithful. As the highest-ranking member of the clergy, an archbishop holds significant influence and power within the church hierarchy.

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  • 25. 

    Testament, law, code or manuscript of Katipunan describing the basic values and principles of organizations

    Explanation
    The given answer "CODE/ KODIGO" is correct because the question is asking for a term that describes a testament, law, code, or manuscript of Katipunan that outlines the basic values and principles of organizations. The term "CODE/ KODIGO" fits this description as it refers to a set of rules or principles that govern the behavior and conduct of an organization or group.

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  • 26. 

    1.       A conquered land or territory.

    Explanation
    The word "colony" refers to a conquered land or territory that is under the control and administration of another country or government. It implies that the land or territory has been taken over by a foreign power and is now subject to their rule and governance. This term is commonly used to describe historical situations where European powers established colonies in different parts of the world, such as the British colonies in North America.

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  • 27. 

    1.       Selected officials who aided the King in the running the colony.( SPANISH)

    Explanation
    The correct answer "CONSEJO DE INDIAS" refers to the Council of the Indies, which was a Spanish administrative body that aided the King in governing the colonies. This council was responsible for making decisions and providing advice on matters related to the Spanish colonies in the Americas. They played a significant role in the administration and management of the colonies, ensuring that the King's policies and directives were implemented effectively.

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  • 28. 

    1.       Spaniard born in the Spain

    Explanation
    The term "insulares" refers to people who are from or living on an island. In this context, it suggests that the person described in the question is a Spaniard who was born in Spain but currently resides on an island.

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  • 29. 

    1.       Spaniard born in the Philippines; also known as Criollos End Espanol Filipino.

    Explanation
    The term "Peninsulares" refers to Spaniards who were born in the Philippines, also known as Criollos End Espanol Filipino. This group of people held a higher social status compared to other groups in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. They were seen as the elite ruling class and often held positions of power and authority. The term "Peninsulares" highlights their connection to Spain and distinguishes them from other groups such as the Creoles or Mestizos.

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  • 30. 

    1.       Advocacy for the welfare of Filipino secular priest and for the Filipinization of parishes.

    Explanation
    The given correct answer, OBRAS PIAS, refers to an organization or movement that advocates for the welfare of Filipino secular priests and the Filipinization of parishes. This suggests that OBRAS PIAS is actively involved in promoting the rights and well-being of Filipino priests, as well as ensuring that local parishes reflect the cultural and religious values of the Filipino people.

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