# Trivia Questions Over Microeconomics

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John Holman
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 345
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 345

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It’s a topic that comes in extremely handy to know about when you work in a business, but even if you don’t, you’re probably engaged in a smaller example of microeconomics while attempting to spend less money at the store or figure out how to deal with a new, lower-paying job. Microeconomics deals with how to allocate scarce resources and we’ll learn all about it today in this quiz!

• 1.

### What is a perfectly elastic demnd?

• A.

A condition in which a small percentage change in price bring about a infinite percentage change in quantity demanded.

• B.

A condition in which the percentage change in quantity demanded is equal to the percentage change in price

• C.

A condition in which the percentage change in quantity demanded is less than the percentage change

• D.

A condition in which the percentage change in quantity demanded is greater than the percentage change in price.

• E.

None of the above.

A. A condition in which a small percentage change in price bring about a infinite percentage change in quantity demanded.
Explanation
A perfectly elastic demand refers to a situation where a small percentage change in price leads to an infinite percentage change in quantity demanded. This means that consumers are extremely responsive to price changes, and even a slight increase in price would cause a complete drop in demand. In other words, the demand curve would be perfectly horizontal, indicating that consumers are willing to buy any quantity at a specific price, but none at a slightly higher price.

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• 2.

### is a condition in which the percentage is change in quantity is greater than the percentage change in price.

Elastic demand
perfect elastic
Explanation
Elastic demand refers to a situation where the percentage change in quantity demanded is greater than the percentage change in price. This means that a small change in price leads to a relatively larger change in quantity demanded. Perfect elastic demand is a specific case of elastic demand where any change in price results in an infinite change in quantity demanded. In other words, consumers are extremely responsive to price changes, and even a slight increase in price would cause them to stop purchasing the product altogether.

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• 3.

### Is the amount of satisfaction received from all units of a good or service consumed.

total utility
Explanation
Total utility refers to the overall satisfaction or enjoyment that a consumer receives from consuming all units of a particular good or service. It takes into account the combined effect of consuming multiple units and represents the sum of the individual utilities derived from each unit. Total utility is an important concept in economics as it helps to understand consumer behavior and preferences.

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• 4.

### is the principle that the extra satisfaction provided by a good or service declines as people consume more in a given period.

law of diminishing marginal utility
Explanation
The law of diminishing marginal utility states that as individuals consume more of a good or service within a certain time period, the additional satisfaction or utility they derive from each additional unit decreases. This means that the initial consumption of a good or service provides the greatest satisfaction, but as more is consumed, the satisfaction diminishes. This principle helps explain why individuals may experience diminishing enjoyment or satisfaction from repetitive or excessive consumption of the same good or service.

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• 5.

### Is a condtion in which total utility cannot increase by spending more on of a given budget on one good and spending less on another.

consumer equilibrium
Explanation
Consumer equilibrium refers to a situation where a consumer maximizes their satisfaction or utility given a limited budget. In this state, the consumer allocates their budget in such a way that they cannot increase their total utility by spending more on one good and less on another. This means that the consumer has achieved the optimal combination of goods and services that brings them the highest level of satisfaction within their budget constraints.

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• 6.

### What states that the marginal utility of a good or service eventually declines as consumption increases.

law of diminishing marginal utility
Explanation
The law of diminishing marginal utility states that as the consumption of a good or service increases, the additional satisfaction or utility derived from each additional unit of the good or service decreases. In other words, the more you consume of something, the less satisfaction you get from each additional unit. This is because our needs and wants are finite, and as we satisfy them, the incremental benefit of consuming more diminishes. Therefore, the law of diminishing marginal utility explains why people tend to become less interested or satisfied with a good or service as they consume more of it.

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• 7.

### Which effect is this? As the price falls, the comsumer substitutes the cheaper good for other goods that are now relatively more expensive.

substitution effect
Explanation
The given explanation refers to the substitution effect. This effect occurs when the price of a good decreases, causing consumers to substitute it for other goods that have become relatively more expensive. In other words, consumers opt for the cheaper good as a replacement for the now relatively expensive goods. This behavior is driven by the desire to maximize their purchasing power and obtain the best value for their money.

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• 8.

### Which effect is this? As the price falls, real purchasing power increases, causing an increase in the consumer's willingness and ability to purchase goods or srvice

income effect
Explanation
The given statement describes the income effect. The income effect refers to the change in consumer's purchasing power due to a change in price. When the price of goods or services falls, the consumer's real purchasing power increases, meaning they can afford to buy more with their income. This increase in purchasing power leads to an increase in the consumer's willingness and ability to purchase goods or services. Therefore, the correct answer is the income effect.

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• 9.

### As an individual consumes more of a given good, the marginal of that good to the consumer

• A.

Rises at an increasing rate.

• B.

Rises at a decrease rate.

• C.

Falls.

• D.

Rises

C. Falls.
Explanation
As an individual consumes more of a given good, the marginal utility of that good to the consumer falls. This is because as the consumer consumes more of the good, the satisfaction or benefit derived from each additional unit decreases. This phenomenon is known as the law of diminishing marginal utility, which states that as the quantity of a good consumed increases, the additional utility or satisfaction gained from each additional unit decreases. Therefore, the correct answer is falls.

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• 10.

### The amount of added utility that a consumer gains from the comsumption of one more unit of a good is called

• A.

Incremental utility

• B.

Total utility

• C.

Diminishing utlity

• D.

Marginal utility

B. Total utility
Explanation
Total utility refers to the overall satisfaction or benefit that a consumer derives from consuming a certain amount of a good or service. It takes into account the cumulative effect of consuming multiple units of the good. This concept helps economists understand consumer behavior and decision-making, as it provides insights into how individuals allocate their resources to maximize their overall satisfaction.

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• 11.

### What it the significance of  the ''water and diamond" saying?

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• Current Version
• Mar 18, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Apr 21, 2010
Quiz Created by
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