Xii Eco Chapter 1 Test

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Xii Eco Chapter 1 Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Economics is a ___________ science.

    • A.

      Social

    • B.

      Natural

    • C.

      Political

    • D.

      Anthropological

    Correct Answer
    A. Social
    Explanation
    Economics is considered a social science because it focuses on the study of human behavior and how individuals, societies, and nations make choices regarding the allocation of resources. It examines the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as the factors that influence economic activity such as government policies, social norms, and cultural practices. By analyzing the interactions and relationships between individuals and groups in the context of economic systems, economics aims to understand and explain the social dynamics and outcomes of economic behavior.

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  • 2. 

    Microeconomics is a _____________ equilibrium analysis.

    • A.

      Partial

    • B.

      General

    • C.

      Semi partial

    • D.

      Aggregate

    Correct Answer
    A. Partial
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is a partial equilibrium analysis because it focuses on the behavior and interactions of individual economic agents, such as consumers and firms, in specific markets. It examines how these agents make decisions based on their own constraints and preferences, and how these decisions affect the equilibrium price and quantity in a particular market. In contrast, general equilibrium analysis considers the interdependencies between all markets in an economy, while aggregate analysis looks at the overall behavior of the entire economy.

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  • 3. 

    Microeconomics adopts ___________  approach.

    • A.

      Individualistic

    • B.

      Aggregative

    • C.

      Comprehensive

    • D.

      Superlative

    Correct Answer
    A. Individualistic
    Explanation
    Microeconomics adopts an individualistic approach because it focuses on analyzing the behavior and decisions of individual economic agents, such as households and firms. It examines how these agents make choices based on their own preferences, constraints, and incentives. By studying individual behavior, microeconomics aims to understand how markets function and how resources are allocated at a smaller scale. This approach allows for a detailed analysis of specific economic units and their interactions, providing insights into the workings of the overall economy.

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  • 4. 

    The credit for the development of microeconomics approach goes to ___________

    • A.

      Marshall

    • B.

      Keynes

    • C.

      Pigou

    • D.

      Mathus

    Correct Answer
    A. Marshall
    Explanation
    The credit for the development of microeconomics approach goes to Marshall. Alfred Marshall was a prominent economist in the late 19th and early 20th centuries who made significant contributions to the field of microeconomics. He is known for his book "Principles of Economics," which laid the foundation for modern microeconomic theory. Marshall's work focused on the study of individual economic behavior and the determination of prices in markets. His ideas on supply and demand, marginal utility, and elasticity of demand have had a lasting impact on the field of economics.

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  • 5. 

    ___________used the term microeconomics for the first time.

    • A.

      Ragner Frisch

    • B.

      Ricardo

    • C.

      Marshall

    • D.

      Adam Smith

    Correct Answer
    A. Ragner Frisch
    Explanation
    Ragner Frisch is credited with using the term microeconomics for the first time. Microeconomics is the study of individual economic units such as households, firms, and markets, and Frisch's introduction of this term helped to distinguish it from macroeconomics, which focuses on the overall economy. Frisch, a Norwegian economist, made significant contributions to the field of economics, particularly in the area of econometrics, and his use of the term microeconomics has since become widely adopted in the discipline.

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  • 6. 

    A study of ___________ is microeconomics.

    • A.

      Firm

    • B.

      Whole economy

    • C.

      Industries

    • D.

      Not Application

    Correct Answer
    A. Firm
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the study of individual economic units, such as households, consumers, and firms. It focuses on the behavior and decision-making of these units in the economy. Therefore, the correct answer is "firm" because microeconomics examines the economic activities and behavior of individual firms.

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  • 7. 

    Micro economics studies ___________

    • A.

      Small factor

    • B.

      Large factor

    • C.

      Total economy

    Correct Answer
    A. Small factor
    Explanation
    Microeconomics studies small factors within the economy, such as individual consumer behavior, supply and demand of specific goods and services, and the decision-making processes of firms. It focuses on analyzing the economic behavior of individuals, households, and businesses at a micro level, rather than studying the entire economy as a whole.

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  • 8. 

    Micro-economics concentrates on the study of ___________

    • A.

      An individual

    • B.

      A nation

    • C.

      Family

    • D.

      State

    Correct Answer
    A. An individual
    Explanation
    Micro-economics focuses on the study of individual economic agents such as consumers, firms, and households. It analyzes their behavior, decision-making processes, and interactions in the market. This branch of economics examines how individuals allocate their resources, make choices, and respond to changes in prices, incomes, and other factors. By studying individuals, micro-economics provides insights into the functioning of markets and helps understand how supply and demand, prices, and production decisions are determined at the individual level, which ultimately influences the overall economy.

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  • 9. 

    Micro economics study is the ___________ study of whole economy.

    • A.

      Microscopic

    • B.

      Detailed

    • C.

      General

    • D.

      Realistic

    Correct Answer
    A. Microscopic
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is the study of individual economic units such as households, firms, and industries. It focuses on analyzing their behavior and decision-making processes. In contrast, macroeconomics studies the economy as a whole, including factors such as inflation, unemployment, and economic growth. Therefore, the term "microscopic" accurately describes microeconomics as it examines the small-scale aspects of the economy.

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  • 10. 

    Most of the ___________ economic theories are based on certain assumptions.

    • A.

      Micro

    • B.

      Macro

    Correct Answer
    A. Micro
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Micro" because the statement is referring to economic theories, and microeconomics is the branch of economics that focuses on individual economic units such as households, firms, and markets. Therefore, it is logical to assume that most economic theories are based on assumptions related to microeconomic principles.

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  • 11. 

    ___________ economics believes in the non-intervention policy by the government.

    • A.

      Micro

    • B.

      Macro

    Correct Answer
    A. Micro
    Explanation
    Microeconomics believes in the non-intervention policy by the government. Microeconomics focuses on the behavior of individual consumers, firms, and markets, and believes that the market forces of supply and demand should be allowed to operate freely without government interference. This approach argues that individuals and businesses are best equipped to make decisions about their own economic activities, and that government intervention can lead to inefficiencies and distortions in the market.

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  • 12. 

    Prof. ___________  is mainly concerned with microeconomics.

    • A.

      Boulding

    • B.

      Keynes

    • C.

      Pigou

    • D.

      Robbin

    Correct Answer
    A. Boulding
    Explanation
    Prof. Boulding is mainly concerned with microeconomics because he is known for his contributions to the field of microeconomics. His work focused on topics such as consumer behavior, cost theory, and the theory of the firm. Boulding's research and writings were influential in shaping the understanding of microeconomic principles and concepts. Therefore, it can be inferred that Prof. Boulding is mainly concerned with microeconomics.

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  • 13. 

    The term micro and macro economics first used by ___________.

    • A.

      Ragner Frisch

    • B.

      Adam Smith

    • C.

      Robbins

    • D.

      Mashall

    Correct Answer
    A. Ragner Frisch
    Explanation
    Ragner Frisch is credited with first using the terms micro and macro economics. He was a Norwegian economist and one of the founders of the discipline of econometrics. Frisch introduced the terms in his book "Economic Planning in the Price System" published in 1933. The terms microeconomics and macroeconomics are widely used in the field of economics to distinguish between the study of individual economic units and the study of the economy as a whole.

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  • 14. 

    Microeconomics is a study of ___________

    • A.

      individual economic unit

    • B.

      Whole economy

    • C.

      General price level

    • D.

      National output

    Correct Answer
    A. individual economic unit
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is a branch of economics that focuses on the behavior and decision-making of individual economic units, such as households, firms, and industries. It analyzes how these units allocate their resources and make choices in order to maximize their utility or profit. Microeconomics also examines the interactions between these units in specific markets, such as the supply and demand dynamics, pricing strategies, and market structures. Therefore, the study of microeconomics primarily revolves around understanding the economic actions and behaviors of individual economic units.

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  • 15. 

    Microeconomics is also called as ___________

    • A.

      Price theory

    • B.

      Income theory

    • C.

      Growth theory

    • D.

      Employment theory

    Correct Answer
    A. Price theory
    Explanation
    Microeconomics is also called price theory because it focuses on the study of individual economic units such as households, firms, and markets. Price theory analyzes how these units make decisions regarding the allocation of scarce resources and how prices play a crucial role in this process. It examines the behavior of consumers and producers, the determination of prices, and the interactions between supply and demand. By studying price theory, economists gain insights into how markets function and how economic agents respond to changes in prices, enabling them to make predictions and recommendations for economic policy.

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  • 16. 

    Microeconomic analysis adopts ___________ method.

    • A.

      Slicing

    • B.

      Lumping

    • C.

      Aggregative

    • D.

      Inclusive

    Correct Answer
    A. Slicing
    Explanation
    Microeconomic analysis adopts the slicing method. This means that it breaks down the economy into smaller units or components in order to analyze and understand their individual behaviors and interactions. By focusing on specific units such as households, firms, or markets, microeconomics can provide insights into how individuals and small groups make decisions and allocate resources. This approach allows for a more detailed and granular analysis of economic phenomena at the micro level.

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