Puberty And Menstrual Cycle

By Helen K
Helen K, Science teacher
Helen is a dedicated secondary science teacher and occasional tutor, shares knowledge and fosters learning in the classroom, helping students excel in the field of science.
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, Science teacher
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Questions: 10 | Attempts: 7,439

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Puberty And Menstrual Cycle - Quiz

To recap what was covered during the lesson.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When is day 1 of the menstrual cycle

    • A.

      When ovulation occurs

    • B.

      When menstruation starts

    • C.

      At the end of a woman's period

    Correct Answer
    B. When menstruation starts
    Explanation
    Day 1 of the menstrual cycle is when menstruation starts. Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining, which occurs when an egg released during the previous cycle is not fertilized. This marks the beginning of a new menstrual cycle.

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  • 2. 

    How many eggs are normally released at ovulation?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    Correct Answer
    A. 1
    Explanation
    During ovulation, only one egg is typically released from the ovary. This process occurs once a month in women of reproductive age. The released egg then travels down the fallopian tube, where it can potentially be fertilized by sperm if sexual intercourse occurs. If fertilization does not occur, the egg will disintegrate and be expelled during menstruation. Therefore, the correct answer is 1.

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  • 3. 

    What is the menstrual cycle controlled by?

    • A.

      Nerves

    • B.

      Enzymes

    • C.

      Hormones

    Correct Answer
    C. Hormones
    Explanation
    The menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones. Hormones like estrogen and progesterone play a crucial role in regulating the menstrual cycle. These hormones are produced by the ovaries and help in the development and release of eggs from the ovaries. They also regulate the thickening and shedding of the uterine lining during menstruation. Additionally, hormones from the pituitary gland, such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), also play a part in controlling the menstrual cycle.

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  • 4. 

    When does the uterus lining start to build up again?

    • A.

      After ovulation

    • B.

      During ovulation

    • C.

      After menstruation

    Correct Answer
    C. After menstruation
    Explanation
    After menstruation, the uterus lining starts to build up again. During menstruation, the uterus sheds its lining, and after this process is complete, the body begins to prepare for the possibility of pregnancy. The hormone levels in the body start to increase, causing the lining of the uterus to thicken in preparation for the implantation of a fertilized egg. This process occurs in the second half of the menstrual cycle, after ovulation has already taken place.

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  • 5. 

    Roughly how long can an egg last after it is released?

    • A.

      3 days

    • B.

      3 weeks

    • C.

      1 week

    Correct Answer
    A. 3 days
    Explanation
    After an egg is released from the ovary, it can survive for approximately 3 days. This is because the egg needs to be fertilized by sperm within this time frame in order for pregnancy to occur. If fertilization does not occur, the egg will disintegrate and be expelled from the body during menstruation. Therefore, the correct answer is 3 days.

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  • 6. 

    Which of these IS NOT a name for the tube between the ovaries and the uterus?

    • A.

      Fallopian tube

    • B.

      Trachea

    • C.

      Oviduct

    Correct Answer
    B. Trachea
    Explanation
    The trachea is not a name for the tube between the ovaries and the uterus. The trachea is a tube in the respiratory system that connects the larynx to the bronchi, allowing air to pass into and out of the lungs. The correct name for the tube between the ovaries and the uterus is the fallopian tube or oviduct, which is part of the female reproductive system and is responsible for transporting eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these is not part of the male reproductive system?

    • A.

      Penis

    • B.

      Uterus

    • C.

      Scrotum

    Correct Answer
    B. Uterus
    Explanation
    The uterus is not part of the male reproductive system. It is a female reproductive organ responsible for nurturing and supporting the development of a fetus during pregnancy. In males, the penis and scrotum are part of the reproductive system. The penis is involved in sexual intercourse and the transfer of sperm, while the scrotum houses the testicles, which produce sperm and testosterone.

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  • 8. 

    When does puberty start?

    • A.

      On a child's 13th birthday

    • B.

      When a child starts at secondary school

    • C.

      It varies from person to person

    Correct Answer
    C. It varies from person to person
    Explanation
    Puberty refers to the period of physical and sexual maturation during which a child's body undergoes significant changes, such as the development of secondary sexual characteristics. It is not solely determined by age or specific events like starting secondary school or turning 13. The onset of puberty varies from person to person and can be influenced by factors such as genetics, nutrition, and overall health. Therefore, there is no fixed age or event that marks the beginning of puberty for everyone.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these changes only happens to boys?

    • A.

      Underarm hair grows

    • B.

      Increased interest in opposite sex

    • C.

      Voice deepens

    Correct Answer
    C. Voice deepens
    Explanation
    Voice deepening is a change that only happens to boys during puberty. As they go through adolescence, their vocal cords lengthen and thicken, causing their voices to become deeper. This change is a result of increased testosterone levels and the growth of the larynx. On the other hand, underarm hair growth and increased interest in the opposite sex can occur in both boys and girls during puberty.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these happens only to girls?

    • A.

      Menstrual cycle starts

    • B.

      Child grows taller

    • C.

      Body odour from sweat glands increases

    Correct Answer
    A. Menstrual cycle starts
    Explanation
    The menstrual cycle starting is a biological process that only occurs in girls and women. It is a monthly cycle in which the lining of the uterus is shed, resulting in menstruation. This process prepares the body for potential pregnancy. On the other hand, the growth of a child and the increase in body odor from sweat glands can happen to both boys and girls.

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Helen K |Science teacher
Helen is a dedicated secondary science teacher and occasional tutor, shares knowledge and fosters learning in the classroom, helping students excel in the field of science.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 24, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Helen K
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