Meiosis, Reproduction, And Development Test

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 414

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Plant Reproduction Quizzes & Trivia

This online test will assess your knowledge of meiosis, as well as animal and plant reproduction and development.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following best describes the cells that result from the process of meiosis in mammals?
    • A. 

      They are diploid.

    • B. 

      They can be used to repair injuries.

    • C. 

      They are genetically different from the parent cell.

    • D. 

      They are genetically identical to all the other cells in the body.

    • E. 

      They are identical to each other.

  • 2. 
    This hormone stimulates ovulation.
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Progesterone

    • C. 

      Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

    • D. 

      Luteinizing hormone (LH)

    • E. 

      Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

  • 3. 
    This hormone promotes the development of the endometrium.
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Progesterone

    • C. 

      Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

    • D. 

      Luteinizing hormone (LH)

    • E. 

      Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

  • 4. 
    This hormone stimulates the testes to produce androgens, such as testosterone.
    • A. 

      Progesterone

    • B. 

      Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)

    • C. 

      Luteinizing hormone (LH)

    • D. 

      Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)

    • E. 

      Estrogen

  • 5. 
    The function of the acrosome in sperm is to
    • A. 

      Provide ATP for flagellar movements.

    • B. 

      Control DNA replication in the sperm.

    • C. 

      Store enzymes used for penetrating the egg during fertilization.

    • D. 

      Enclose the genetic material.

    • E. 

      Provide energy molecules for glycolytic reactions.

  • 6. 
    In humans, gastrulation begins at the
    • A. 

      Primitive streak.

    • B. 

      Blastodisc.

    • C. 

      Blastocyst.

    • D. 

      Yolk.

    • E. 

      Trophoblast.

  • 7. 
    In embryonic development, a solid ball of around 16-32 cells is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Blastula (blastocyst).

    • B. 

      Gastrula.

    • C. 

      Morula.

    • D. 

      Neural tube.

    • E. 

      Notochord.

  • 8. 
    In embryonic development, a sphere of cells with a hollow center is a(n)
    • A. 

      Blastula (blastocyst).

    • B. 

      Gastrula.

    • C. 

      Morula.

    • D. 

      Neural tube.

    • E. 

      Notochord.

  • 9. 
    The stage of embryonic development in which there are three layers of cells is the
    • A. 

      Blastula (blastocyst).

    • B. 

      Gastrula.

    • C. 

      Morula.

    • D. 

      Neural tube.

    • E. 

      Notochord.

  • 10. 
    Genetically-unique, haploid eggs develop into haploid individuals in
    • A. 

      Budding.

    • B. 

      Internal fertilization.

    • C. 

      External fertilization.

    • D. 

      Parthenogenesis.

    • E. 

      Segregation.

  • 11. 
    Which of the following structures allows for increased seed dispersal by animals?
    • A. 

      Flower

    • B. 

      Fruit

    • C. 

      Antheridium

    • D. 

      Archegonium

    • E. 

      Pollen grain

  • 12. 
    Which of the following structures represents male gametophyte tissue?
    • A. 

      Flower

    • B. 

      Fruit

    • C. 

      Antheridium

    • D. 

      Archegonium

    • E. 

      Pollen grain

  • 13. 
    Which of the following structures is produced from megaspores in heterosporous plants?
    • A. 

      Flower

    • B. 

      Fruit

    • C. 

      Antheridium

    • D. 

      Archegonium

    • E. 

      Pollen grain

  • 14. 
    The hormone testosterone            I.  maintains the male reproductive organs.           II.  is responsible for secondary sex characteristics in males.          III.  regulates male sex drive.
    • A. 

      I only

    • B. 

      II only

    • C. 

      I and II only

    • D. 

      I and III only

    • E. 

      I, II, and III

  • 15. 
    During the process of development, it is essential for some cells to systematically shut down and commit cell suicide.  This cell death allows for the removal of cells that are unnecessary to the organism as it grows.  This programmed cell death is called
    • A. 

      Mutagenesis.

    • B. 

      Apomyxis.

    • C. 

      Parthenogenesis.

    • D. 

      Apoptosis.

    • E. 

      Conjugation.

  • 16. 
    In the alternating life cycle found in plants, the two multicellular stages are
    • A. 

      Haploid sporophyte and diploid gametophyte

    • B. 

      Haploid gametophyte and diploid sporophyte

    • C. 

      Haploid sporophyte and haploid gametophyte

    • D. 

      Diploid sporophyte and diploid gametophyte

    • E. 

      Male gamete and female gametophyte

  • 17. 
    On a flower, the site where pollen grains are produced is called the
    • A. 

      Anther.

    • B. 

      Filament.

    • C. 

      Stigma.

    • D. 

      Style.

    • E. 

      Sepal.

  • 18. 
    On a flower, the site where pollen grains attach during fertilization is the
    • A. 

      Anther.

    • B. 

      Filament.

    • C. 

      Stigma.

    • D. 

      Style.

    • E. 

      Sepal.

  • 19. 
    On a flower, the pollen tube extends the length of this structure to reach the ovule.
    • A. 

      Anther

    • B. 

      Filament

    • C. 

      Stigma

    • D. 

      Style

    • E. 

      Sepal

  • 20. 
    On a flower, this structure protects the developing floral parts while in bud state.
    • A. 

      Anther

    • B. 

      Filament

    • C. 

      Stigma

    • D. 

      Style

    • E. 

      Sepal

  • 21. 
    On a flower, the location of male gametophyte tissue is called the
    • A. 

      Anther.

    • B. 

      Filament.

    • C. 

      Stigma.

    • D. 

      Style.

    • E. 

      Sepal.

  • 22. 
    In animals, all of the following are associated with embryonic development EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Gastrulation.

    • B. 

      Cleavage.

    • C. 

      Depolarization.

    • D. 

      Organogenesis.

    • E. 

      Cell migration.

  • 23. 
    The succession of rapid cell division that follows fertilization is called
    • A. 

      Gastrulation.

    • B. 

      Cleavage.

    • C. 

      Morulation.

    • D. 

      Involution.

    • E. 

      Polarization.

  • 24. 
    This structure if usually the site of fertlization in humans:
    • A. 

      Cervix

    • B. 

      Uterus

    • C. 

      Oviduct (Fallopian tube)

    • D. 

      Ovary

    • E. 

      Endometrium

  • 25. 
    Oogenesis in humans begins
    • A. 

      During embryonic development.

    • B. 

      At birth.

    • C. 

      At puberty.

    • D. 

      Monthly during the menstrual cycle.

    • E. 

      At fertilization.

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