Prefix And Suffix Of Medical Terms: Hardest Medical Terminology Quiz

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Prefix And Suffix Of Medical Terms: Hardest Medical Terminology Quiz - Quiz

This is the Hardest Medical Terminology Quiz on Prefix and Suffix of Medical Terms. It is perfect for all the people who think they know all the medical terms they may come across as they carry out their duties. How about you give it a try, and see if you really know them all and what they mean? Best of luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    NPO

    Explanation
    NPO is a medical abbreviation that stands for "Nothing by mouth". It is used to indicate that a patient should not consume any food or liquids orally. This may be due to various reasons such as before surgery, to prepare for certain medical tests, or to allow the digestive system to rest and heal. The term "Nothing by mouth" is self-explanatory and clearly indicates that the patient should not eat or drink anything.

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  • 2. 

    PRN

    Explanation
    The acronym "PRN" stands for "as needed" or "as required." This means that something should be done or taken only when necessary or when the situation demands it. It implies that there is no fixed schedule or frequency for the action or item in question, but rather it should be done or used whenever the need arises.

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  • 3. 

    DX

  • 4. 

    ABG

    Explanation
    The given answer, "Arterial blood gas," is the correct explanation for the acronym "ABG." ABG stands for Arterial Blood Gas, which is a medical test that measures the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood, as well as the acidity (pH) and other parameters. This test is commonly used to assess respiratory and metabolic functions in patients with respiratory or metabolic disorders.

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  • 5. 

    CPT

    Explanation
    CPT stands for Chest Physical Therapy, which is a treatment technique used to improve lung function and clear mucus from the airways. It involves various techniques such as percussion, vibration, and postural drainage, which help loosen and mobilize the mucus, making it easier to cough up. Chest Physical Therapy is commonly used in patients with respiratory conditions such as cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It can help improve breathing, reduce the risk of lung infections, and enhance overall lung health.

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  • 6. 

    Stat

  • 7. 

    HR

    Explanation
    HR is an abbreviation commonly used to represent "heart rate". Heart rate refers to the number of times the heart beats per minute. It is an important measure of cardiovascular health and can vary depending on factors such as age, fitness level, and overall health. Monitoring heart rate can provide valuable information about an individual's physical exertion, stress levels, and overall well-being.

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  • 8. 

    ICU

  • 9. 

    The plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portion is the

    • A.

      Sagittal plane

    • B.

      Transverse plane

    • C.

      Oblique plane

    • D.

      Frontal plane

    Correct Answer
    B. Transverse plane
    Explanation
    The transverse plane is the correct answer because it is the plane that divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and frontal planes, and it runs horizontally across the body. It separates the body into two distinct sections, with the upper part being superior and the lower part being inferior.

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  • 10. 

    The ______ plane divides the body into right and left halves.

    • A.

      Transverse

    • B.

      Sagittal

    • C.

      Coronal

    • D.

      Oblique

    • E.

      Para-sagittal

    Correct Answer
    B. Sagittal
    Explanation
    The sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left halves. This plane runs from front to back and is parallel to the midline of the body. It is commonly used in anatomical and medical studies to describe the positioning and orientation of structures within the body.

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  • 11. 

    The mediastinum is found in the _____ cavity.

    • A.

      Dorsal

    • B.

      Thoracic

    • C.

      Both of the above

    • D.

      Neither of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Thoracic
    Explanation
    The mediastinum is found in the thoracic cavity. The thoracic cavity is the space within the chest that contains the heart, lungs, esophagus, and other structures. The mediastinum is a central compartment within the thoracic cavity, located between the lungs. It contains important structures such as the heart, great vessels, thymus gland, and lymph nodes. Therefore, the correct answer is "Thoracic."

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  • 12. 

    The abdominopelvic cavity is _____ to the diaphragm.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Contralateral

    • D.

      Ipsilateral

    Correct Answer
    B. Inferior
    Explanation
    The abdominopelvic cavity is located below or beneath the diaphragm, making it inferior to the diaphragm. The diaphragm is a muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity.

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  • 13. 

    The cranial cavity contains the

    • A.

      Spinal cord

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Uterus

    • D.

      Kidneys

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. None of the above
    Explanation
    The cranial cavity is a part of the skull that houses and protects the brain. It does not contain the spinal cord, liver, uterus, or kidneys. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above."

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  • 14. 

    The only plane that can divide the body into equal halves is the

    • A.

      Frontal (coronal) plane

    • B.

      Oblique plane

    • C.

      Midsagittal plane

    • D.

      Transverse plane

    Correct Answer
    C. Midsagittal plane
    Explanation
    The midsagittal plane is the only plane that can divide the body into equal halves. This plane passes through the midline of the body, dividing it into left and right halves that are mirror images of each other. The frontal (coronal) plane divides the body into front and back halves, the oblique plane cuts the body at an angle, and the transverse plane divides the body into upper and lower halves. Only the midsagittal plane provides equal halves.

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  • 15. 

    Which of these structures is NOT found in the mediastinum?

    • A.

      Diaphragm

    • B.

      Esophagus

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Thymus gland

    • E.

      Trachea

    Correct Answer
    A. Diaphragm
    Explanation
    The diaphragm is NOT found in the mediastinum. The mediastinum is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity, located between the two lungs. It contains various structures such as the heart, esophagus, thymus gland, and trachea. However, the diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle located at the bottom of the thoracic cavity, separating it from the abdominal cavity. It plays a crucial role in respiration by contracting and relaxing to facilitate breathing. Therefore, the diaphragm is not a structure found in the mediastinum.

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  • 16. 

    The cavity surrounded by the rib cage and bounded inferiorly by the diaphragm is the

    • A.

      Mediastinum

    • B.

      Pericardial cavity

    • C.

      Thorax

    • D.

      Abdomen

    • E.

      Pelvic cavity

    Correct Answer
    C. Thorax
    Explanation
    The correct answer is thorax. The thorax is the cavity surrounded by the rib cage and bounded inferiorly by the diaphragm. It contains important organs such as the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels. The mediastinum is a part of the thorax, but it is not the entire cavity. The pericardial cavity is a smaller cavity within the mediastinum that surrounds the heart. The abdomen and pelvic cavity are located below the thorax and are not part of the thoracic cavity.

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  • 17. 

    The lungs are separated by the

    • A.

      Mediastinum

    • B.

      Diaphragm

    • C.

      Pelvic cavity

    • D.

      Mesenteries

    Correct Answer
    A. Mediastinum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is mediastinum. The lungs are separated by the mediastinum, which is a partition in the thoracic cavity. It contains various structures like the heart, major blood vessels, esophagus, trachea, and lymph nodes. The mediastinum plays a crucial role in maintaining the position and function of these organs and structures within the chest cavity. It acts as a barrier between the two lungs, allowing them to expand and contract independently during breathing.

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  • 18. 

    The __________ plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions.

    • A.

      Coronal

    • B.

      Transverse

    • C.

      Sagittal

    • D.

      Midsagittal

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronal
    Explanation
    The coronal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal plane and the transverse plane. The term "coronal" is derived from the Latin word "corona," meaning crown, as this plane divides the body into sections resembling a crown when viewed from the side.

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  • 19. 

    Describe the anatomical position.

    • A.

      Face forward, palms down.

    • B.

      Face and body turned to the side.

    • C.

      Face forward, palms forward.

    • D.

      Face forward, palms backwards.

    Correct Answer
    C. Face forward, palms forward.
    Explanation
    The anatomical position refers to the standard reference position used in anatomy to describe the body's orientation. In this position, the individual stands upright with their face directed forward, looking straight ahead. The palms are also facing forward, with the arms hanging by the sides. This position allows for consistent and accurate anatomical descriptions and helps in understanding the relationships between different body structures.

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  • 20. 

    Body parts close to the midline are said to be __________.

    • A.

      Midsagittal

    • B.

      Medial

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Superior

    Correct Answer
    B. Medial
    Explanation
    The term "medial" refers to body parts that are closer to the midline of the body. The midline is an imaginary line that divides the body into left and right halves. Therefore, body parts that are closer to this midline are described as medial.

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  • 21. 

    Dorsal refers to what part of the body?

    • A.

      Front

    • B.

      Side

    • C.

      Bottom

    • D.

      Back

    Correct Answer
    D. Back
    Explanation
    The term "dorsal" refers to the back part of the body. It is the opposite of "ventral," which refers to the front part of the body. Therefore, the correct answer is "Back."

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  • 22. 

    How would the elbow be described in comparison to the wrist?

    • A.

      The elbow is distal compared to the wrist.

    • B.

      The elbow is frontal compared to the wrist.

    • C.

      The elbow is proximal compared to the wrist.

    • D.

      The elbow is inferior compared to the wrist.

    Correct Answer
    C. The elbow is proximal compared to the wrist.
    Explanation
    The elbow is described as proximal compared to the wrist because it is closer to the point of attachment of the limb (the shoulder) than the wrist. Proximal refers to a location closer to the center of the body or the point of attachment, while distal refers to a location farther away from the center or point of attachment. In this case, the elbow is closer to the center of the body (shoulder) than the wrist, making it proximal.

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  • 23. 

    The ear is __________ to the mouth.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Medial

    • D.

      Lateral

    Correct Answer
    A. Superior
    Explanation
    The ear is positioned above or higher than the mouth, making it superior to the mouth.

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  • 24. 

    The thumb is __________ to the pelvis.

    • A.

      Superior

    • B.

      Inferior

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Lateral
    Explanation
    The thumb is located to the side of the pelvis, rather than above or below it. Therefore, the correct term to describe the position of the thumb in relation to the pelvis is "lateral".

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  • 25. 

    The posterior cavity is divided into which sections?

    • A.

      Spinal cavity & pelvic cavity

    • B.

      Thoracic cavity & pelvic cavity

    • C.

      Spinal cavity & cranial cavity

    • D.

      Thoracic cavity & cranial cavity

    Correct Answer
    C. Spinal cavity & cranial cavity
    Explanation
    The posterior cavity is divided into the spinal cavity and the cranial cavity. The spinal cavity contains the spinal cord, while the cranial cavity contains the brain. These two cavities are located at the back of the body and are protected by various structures such as the vertebral column and the skull.

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  • 26. 

    Contains stomach,liver,galbladder,pancreas,small &large intestine,spleen,ovaries, and appendix.

    • A.

      Ventral

    • B.

      Cranial

    • C.

      Abdominal

    • D.

      Thoracic

    Correct Answer
    C. Abdominal
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Abdominal". The abdominal region contains various organs such as the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestine, spleen, ovaries, and appendix. This region is located between the thoracic and pelvic regions and is responsible for digestion and nutrient absorption.

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  • 27. 

    Toward the front of your body is called __________.

    • A.

      Abdominal

    • B.

      Ventral

    • C.

      Cavity

    • D.

      Dorsal

    Correct Answer
    B. Ventral
    Explanation
    The term "ventral" refers to the front or belly side of the body. It is the opposite of "dorsal," which refers to the back side of the body. "Abdominal" refers to the region of the body between the chest and the pelvis, while "cavity" refers to a hollow space within the body. However, only "ventral" accurately describes the location toward the front of the body.

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  • 28. 

    The plane that cuts the body into front and back sections is called the __________.

    • A.

      Frontal plane

    • B.

      Midsagittal plane

    • C.

      Sagittal plane

    • D.

      Transverse plane

    Correct Answer
    A. Frontal plane
    Explanation
    The frontal plane is the plane that divides the body into front and back sections. It is also known as the coronal plane. This plane is perpendicular to the sagittal and transverse planes, and it divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.

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  • 29. 

    How many regions make up our abdomen?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      6

    • E.

      9

    Correct Answer
    E. 9
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 9 because the abdomen is divided into nine regions known as the abdominal quadrants and regions. These regions are used to describe the location of organs and help healthcare professionals identify specific areas of the abdomen for examination or treatment.

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  • 30. 

    Pertaining to away from the point of origin

    Correct Answer
    distal
    Explanation
    The term "distal" refers to something that is located away from the point of origin. In medical or anatomical terms, it is often used to describe body parts or structures that are further away from the center of the body or an attachment point. For example, when referring to a limb, the hand would be considered distal to the shoulder or the foot would be distal to the knee. It is important to understand and use this term accurately in medical contexts to describe the precise location or direction of a body part.

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  • 31. 

    Pertaining to above

    Correct Answer
    superior
  • 32. 

    The body postion which is a semi sitting position with slight elevation of the knees

    Correct Answer
    Fowler position
    Explanation
    The Fowler position refers to a semi-sitting position with a slight elevation of the knees. This position is commonly used in healthcare settings to promote comfort and facilitate breathing. It helps to prevent aspiration, improve lung expansion, and reduce pressure on the sacrum and heels. The elevation of the knees also helps to promote blood circulation in the lower extremities. Overall, the Fowler position is beneficial for patients who are recovering from surgery, experiencing respiratory difficulties, or have difficulty lying flat.

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  • 33. 

    The body position which is lying on abdomen, face down

    Correct Answer
    prone position
    Explanation
    The term "prone position" refers to a body position where an individual lies on their abdomen, facing downward. This position is commonly used in medical settings for various procedures or treatments, as it allows for better access to the back and spine. It is also sometimes used to improve lung function or relieve pressure on certain body parts.

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  • 34. 

    The body position which is lying on the back, facing upward

    Correct Answer
    supine position
    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "supine position," refers to a body position where an individual is lying on their back, facing upward. This position is commonly used in medical settings for various procedures and examinations. It allows for easy access to the front of the body and is often preferred for surgeries, X-rays, and other diagnostic tests. The supine position helps to ensure patient comfort and safety during medical procedures.

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  • 35. 

    The region that is directly above the navel

    Correct Answer
    epigastric region
    Explanation
    The epigastric region refers to the area of the abdomen that is directly above the navel. It is located between the costal margins and the subcostal plane. This region is important as it contains various organs such as the stomach, liver, and gallbladder. Understanding the location of the epigastric region is essential for medical professionals to accurately diagnose and treat conditions related to these organs.

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  • 36. 

    The regions that are located to the left and right of the epigastric region

    Correct Answer
    hypochondriac regions
    Explanation
    The hypochondriac regions are located to the left and right of the epigastric region. These regions are found in the upper abdomen, just below the ribs. The term "hypochondriac" refers to the area beneath the cartilage of the ribs. Therefore, the correct answer is hypochondriac regions.

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  • 37. 

    The region that is located around the navel

    Correct Answer
    umbilical region
    Explanation
    The umbilical region is the area that is situated around the navel. This region is named after the umbilicus, which refers to the navel or belly button. It is a central region of the abdomen and is located between the right and left lumbar regions. The umbilical region is significant as it contains important structures such as the umbilical cord during fetal development and various blood vessels and nerves.

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  • 38. 

    The regions that are located to the left and right side of the navel

    Correct Answer
    lumbar regions
    Explanation
    The lumbar regions are the areas located to the left and right side of the navel. These regions refer to the lower part of the back, specifically the five vertebrae in the spinal column between the ribcage and the pelvis. The lumbar regions are responsible for providing stability and support to the upper body and allow for various movements such as bending and twisting.

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  • 39. 

    The region that is located below the navel

    Correct Answer
    hypogastric region
    Explanation
    The hypogastric region refers to the area of the body that is situated below the navel. This region is also known as the lower abdominal region. It is located in the lower part of the abdomen, between the pubic bone and the navel. The term "hypogastric" is derived from the Greek words "hypo" meaning below and "gastric" referring to the stomach. This region contains various organs such as the bladder, uterus (in females), and parts of the intestines.

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  • 40. 

    The regions that are located to the left and right of the hypogastric region

    Correct Answer
    iliac regions
    Explanation
    The regions that are located to the left and right of the hypogastric region are known as the iliac regions. The iliac regions are located in the lower abdomen, on either side of the hypogastric region. They are named after the iliac bones, which are part of the pelvis. The iliac regions contain important structures such as the iliac arteries, veins, and lymph nodes. These regions are commonly used in medical terminology to describe the location of certain organs or structures within the abdomen.

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  • 41. 

    Which plane is indicated in RED?

    • A.

      Sacral Plane

    • B.

      Vertical Plane

    • C.

      Sagittal plane

    • D.

      Sagacious Plane

    • E.

      Bisecting Plane

    Correct Answer
    C. Sagittal plane
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Sagittal plane. The Sagittal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into left and right halves. It runs from front to back, dividing the body into symmetrical halves. In the given question, the plane indicated in red is most likely the Sagittal plane, as it is the only option that matches the description.

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  • 42. 

    Which plane is indicated in BLUE?

    • A.

      Coronal Plane

    • B.

      Coronary Plane

    • C.

      Bisecting Plane

    • D.

      Transverse Plane

    • E.

      Saggital Plane

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronal Plane
    Explanation
    The blue plane indicated in the question is the coronal plane. The coronal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back portions. It is perpendicular to the sagittal plane and transverse plane, and it is commonly used in medical imaging to view structures from a front-to-back perspective.

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  • 43. 

    Which plane is indicated in GREEN?

    • A.

      Midway Plane

    • B.

      Midline Plane

    • C.

      Saggital Plane

    • D.

      Medial Plane

    • E.

      Transverse Plane

    Correct Answer
    E. Transverse Plane
    Explanation
    The transverse plane is indicated in green. This plane divides the body into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) portions. It is perpendicular to the sagittal and coronal planes, and it is often used to visualize cross-sectional views of body structures. In this case, the green color indicates that the transverse plane is the correct answer.

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  • 44. 

    The areas on the front and back of the hand are _________ and _______ respectively

    • A.

      Palmar and dorsal

    • B.

      Dorsal and palmar

    • C.

      Proximal and palmar

    • D.

      Distal and proximal

    • E.

      Dorsal and distal

    Correct Answer
    A. Palmar and dorsal
    Explanation
    The front of the hand is referred to as the palmar side, while the back of the hand is known as the dorsal side. The term "palmar" is used to describe the area on the palm side of the hand, while "dorsal" is used to describe the area on the back side of the hand. Therefore, the correct answer is palmar and dorsal.

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  • 45. 

    The areas of the hand which are closer to the body are referred to as _____ and those further away are referred to as ______ respectively.

    • A.

      Distal and proximal

    • B.

      Dorsal and proximal

    • C.

      Proximal and distal

    • D.

      Palmar and distal

    Correct Answer
    C. Proximal and distal
    Explanation
    The areas of the hand that are closer to the body are referred to as proximal, while those further away are referred to as distal.

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  • 46. 

    The Transverse Plane divide the body into  _______ and  ______ portionschoose the MOST correct answer below

    • A.

      Top and bottom

    • B.

      Posterior and anterior

    • C.

      Proximal and distal

    • D.

      Superior and inferior

    • E.

      Lateral and medial

    Correct Answer
    D. Superior and inferior
    Explanation
    The transverse plane divides the body into superior and inferior portions. This means that it separates the upper (superior) part of the body from the lower (inferior) part.

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  • 47. 

    The Sagittal plane divides the body into ____ and _____ . The terms used to describe the distance to this dividing plane are ______ and ______.

    • A.

      Back and front, medial and lateral

    • B.

      Front and back, posterior and anterior

    • C.

      Left and right, medial and lateral

    • D.

      Left and right, posterior and anterior

    • E.

      Left and right, upper and lower

    Correct Answer
    C. Left and right, medial and lateral
    Explanation
    The Sagittal plane divides the body into left and right sides. The terms used to describe the distance to this dividing plane are medial (towards the midline) and lateral (away from the midline).

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  • 48. 

    The coronal plane divides the body into _____ and _____ portions.

    • A.

      Left and right

    • B.

      Posterior and anterior

    • C.

      Above and below

    • D.

      Medial and proximal

    • E.

      Dorsal and caudal

    Correct Answer
    B. Posterior and anterior
    Explanation
    The coronal plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into posterior (back) and anterior (front) portions. This means that it separates the body into two halves, with one half being towards the back and the other half towards the front.

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  • 49. 

    The terms used to describe areas that are, for instance, close to the surface of the skin or further inside the body are ______ and _______ .

    • A.

      Superficial and deep

    • B.

      Inner and outer

    • C.

      Anterior and distal

    • D.

      Proximal and posterior

    • E.

      Shallow and deep

    Correct Answer
    A. Superficial and deep
    Explanation
    The terms "superficial" and "deep" are used to describe areas that are either close to the surface of the skin or further inside the body. "Superficial" refers to something that is near or on the surface, while "deep" describes something that is further inside or away from the surface. These terms are commonly used in anatomy and medical contexts to describe the location or depth of structures within the body.

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  • 50. 

    In humans, the heart is posterior to the spine.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The heart is not posterior to the spine in humans. The heart is located anteriorly, or in front of, the spine. The posterior side of the heart is actually in contact with the lungs. Therefore, the statement is false.

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