Exam On Medical Terminology: Quiz!

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Questions: 93 | Attempts: 383

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Exam On Medical Terminology: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Word root for stomach:

    • A.

      Gastro

    • B.

      Gastric

    • C.

      Stomat

    • D.

      Gastr

    Correct Answer
    D. Gastr
    Explanation
    The word root "gastr" is the correct answer for the word root for stomach. This root is derived from the Greek word "gaster" which means stomach. It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to the stomach or stomach-related conditions.

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  • 2. 

    Suffix for incision:

    • A.

      Ex

    • B.

      De

    • C.

      Otomy

    • D.

      Ectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Otomy
    Explanation
    The suffix "otomy" is the correct answer because it refers to a surgical incision or cutting into a specific part of the body. This is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a procedure involving the cutting or opening of a specific area for surgical purposes. The other options, "ex" and "de," are not suffixes commonly used to indicate incisions or surgical procedures. "Ectomy" is a suffix used to indicate the removal or excision of a specific body part or organ, but it does not specifically refer to an incision.

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  • 3. 

    Prefix for above or more than normal:

    • A.

      Ex

    • B.

      Sub

    • C.

      Megaly

    • D.

      Hyper

    Correct Answer
    D. Hyper
    Explanation
    The given prefixes "ex," "sub," "megaly," and "hyper" are all used to modify or enhance the meaning of a word. However, the prefix "hyper" specifically means "above or beyond normal." Therefore, it is the correct answer as it best fits the given options.

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  • 4. 

    Adjective for heart:

    • A.

      Cardiac

    • B.

      Cardial

    • C.

      Cardium

    • D.

      Cranial

    Correct Answer
    A. Cardiac
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "cardiac" because it is the adjective form of the noun "heart." It specifically refers to anything related to the heart, such as cardiac muscles or cardiac arrest. The other options, "cardial," "cardium," and "cranial," do not directly relate to the heart.

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  • 5. 

    Ending for condition:

    • A.

      Es

    • B.

      Ia

    • C.

      Itis

    • D.

      O

    Correct Answer
    B. Ia
    Explanation
    The given answer "ia" is the correct ending for the condition because it fits the pattern of the other endings provided. Each of the given options ends with a different combination of letters, and "ia" is the only one that has not been used yet. Therefore, "ia" is the correct answer based on the given pattern.

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  • 6. 

    Prefix for below or less than normal:

    • A.

      Hyper

    • B.

      Hypo

    • C.

      Ology

    • D.

      En

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypo
    Explanation
    The prefix "hypo" means "below" or "less than normal." It is commonly used in medical terms to indicate a deficiency or a lower than normal level of something. In this context, "hypo" is the correct answer as it matches the meaning of "below" or "less than normal," which is the common usage of this prefix.

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  • 7. 

    Suffix for disease condition:

    • A.

      Pathy

    • B.

      Patho

    • C.

      Tropho

    • D.

      Ic

    Correct Answer
    A. Pathy
    Explanation
    The suffix "pathy" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a disease condition or disorder. It is derived from the Greek word "pathos," meaning suffering or disease. By adding this suffix to a word root, it signifies a pathological condition or abnormality. For example, "neuropathy" refers to a disease or dysfunction of the nerves. Therefore, "pathy" is the correct suffix for disease condition.

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  • 8. 

    Combining form for cancer:

    • A.

      Cancerous

    • B.

      Situ

    • C.

      Carcino

    • D.

      Neoplasm

    Correct Answer
    C. Carcino
    Explanation
    The combining form "carcino" refers to cancer. It is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate the presence or association with cancer. For example, words like "carcinoma" and "carcinogen" contain this combining form. Therefore, "carcino" is the correct combining form for cancer in this context.

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  • 9. 

    Word room for brain:

    • A.

      Myel

    • B.

      Cephal

    • C.

      Encephal

    • D.

      Crani

    Correct Answer
    C. Encephal
    Explanation
    The term "encephal" is derived from the Greek word "enkephalos," which means "brain." It is used in various medical terms related to the brain, such as "encephalitis" (inflammation of the brain) and "encephalopathy" (disease of the brain).

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  • 10. 

    Combining form for brain:

    • A.

      Myelo

    • B.

      Encephalo

    • C.

      Cerebro

    • D.

      Meningo

    Correct Answer
    B. Encephalo
    Explanation
    The combining form "encephalo" refers to the brain. It is derived from the Greek word "enkephalos," which means brain. This combining form is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions or procedures related to the brain. For example, "encephalitis" refers to inflammation of the brain, and "encephalography" refers to a diagnostic imaging technique used to visualize the brain.

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  • 11. 

    Word root for bone:

    • A.

      Calci

    • B.

      Ortho

    • C.

      Oste

    • D.

      Osteo

    Correct Answer
    C. Oste
    Explanation
    The word root "oste" refers to bone. This can be seen in terms like osteoporosis (a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones) and osteotomy (a surgical procedure involving the cutting of bone). Therefore, "oste" is the correct word root for bone.

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  • 12. 

    Combing form for joint:

    • A.

      Arther

    • B.

      Artero

    • C.

      Arthero

    • D.

      Arthro

    Correct Answer
    D. Arthro
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "arthro" because it is the combing form that specifically relates to joints. This can be seen by comparing it to the other options: "arther" and "artero" do not have any specific meaning related to joints, while "arthero" is not a recognized combing form. Therefore, "arthro" is the correct choice as it is the only option that accurately represents the joint.

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  • 13. 

    Combining form for tendon:

    • A.

      Chondro

    • B.

      Teno

    • C.

      Tendonitis

    • D.

      Tendon

    Correct Answer
    B. Teno
    Explanation
    The combining form "teno" is the correct answer because it refers to tendon. A combining form is a word part that is added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning. In this case, "teno" is used to indicate a relationship with or pertaining to tendons. Tendonitis, for example, is the inflammation of a tendon. Therefore, "teno" is the appropriate combining form for tendon.

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  • 14. 

    Word root for rib:

    • A.

      Costal

    • B.

      Chondr

    • C.

      Cost

    • D.

      Ribo

    Correct Answer
    C. Cost
    Explanation
    The word root "cost" is the correct answer because it refers to the ribs. The word "costal" is an adjective that describes something related to the ribs, "chondr" refers to cartilage and not specifically ribs, and "ribo" does not have any direct connection to ribs. Therefore, "cost" is the most appropriate word root for rib.

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  • 15. 

    Prefix for above:

    • A.

      Inter

    • B.

      Hypo

    • C.

      Supra

    • D.

      Infra

    Correct Answer
    C. Supra
    Explanation
    The prefix "supra" means "above" or "over." In this context, it suggests that the given word or concept is located or positioned above or beyond something else. It indicates a higher level or degree, indicating superiority or surpassing in terms of rank, position, or quality.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following combining forms refers to the liver?

    • A.

      Cardi/o

    • B.

      Nephr/o

    • C.

      Hepat/o

    • D.

      Derm/o

    Correct Answer
    C. Hepat/o
    Explanation
    The combining form hepat/o refers to the liver. It is used in medical terminology to denote conditions, procedures, and anatomy related to the liver. For example, "hepatitis" refers to inflammation of the liver.

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  • 17. 

    Word root for vessel:

    • A.

      Arterio

    • B.

      Arter

    • C.

      Angi

    • D.

      Vesic

    Correct Answer
    C. Angi
    Explanation
    The word root "angi" is the correct answer because it specifically refers to blood vessels. "Arterio" and "arter" both relate to arteries, which are a type of blood vessel. "Vesic" refers to bladder or sac-like structures, which is not directly related to vessels. Therefore, "angi" is the most appropriate word root for vessels.

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  • 18. 

    Suffix for destruction:

    • A.

      Plasty

    • B.

      Rrhexis

    • C.

      Lysis

    • D.

      Malacia

    Correct Answer
    C. Lysis
    Explanation
    The suffix "lysis" is the correct answer because it refers to the process of breaking down or destroying something. In medical terminology, it is commonly used to describe the breakdown or dissolution of cells or tissues. Therefore, "lysis" is the appropriate suffix for destruction.

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  • 19. 

    Word root for blood clot:

    • A.

      Thromb

    • B.

      Hem

    • C.

      Hemat

    • D.

      Embolism

    Correct Answer
    A. Thromb
    Explanation
    The word root "thromb" is the correct answer because it specifically refers to blood clotting. This root is commonly used in medical terms related to blood clots, such as thrombosis or thrombocyte. The other options, "hem," "hemat," and "embolism," are not directly related to blood clotting.

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  • 20. 

    Plural form for sperm:

    • A.

      Sperms

    • B.

      Spermat

    • C.

      Spermatozoon

    • D.

      Spermatozoa

    Correct Answer
    D. Spermatozoa
    Explanation
    The plural form for sperm is "spermatozoa." This is the correct answer because "spermatozoa" is the plural form of "spermatozoon," which refers to a mature sperm cell. The suffix "-zoa" is commonly used in biology to indicate a plural form, and in this case, it signifies multiple sperm cells. The other options, "sperms," "spermat," and "spermatozoon," are not the correct plural forms for sperm.

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  • 21. 

    Suffix for prolapse:

    • A.

      Ptosis

    • B.

      Ectomy

    • C.

      Cele

    • D.

      Pexy

    Correct Answer
    A. Ptosis
    Explanation
    The suffix "ptosis" refers to the downward displacement or drooping of a body part. In the context of prolapse, which is the displacement or falling down of an organ or tissue, the suffix "ptosis" is the most appropriate choice. It accurately describes the condition of prolapse and is commonly used in medical terminology.

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  • 22. 

    Suffix for discharge or flow:

    • A.

      Rrhea

    • B.

      Rrhaphy

    • C.

      Rrhia

    • D.

      Rrhagia

    Correct Answer
    A. Rrhea
    Explanation
    The suffix "rrhea" is the correct answer because it means "discharge or flow." This can be seen in medical terms such as diarrhea, which refers to the frequent discharge of loose or watery stools. The other suffix options do not specifically relate to discharge or flow. "Rrhaphy" refers to the surgical suturing of a wound, "rrhia" refers to a condition of abnormal discharge or flow, and "rrhagia" refers to excessive bleeding.

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  • 23. 

    Suffix for dilatation or stretching:

    • A.

      Dilatate

    • B.

      Clysis

    • C.

      Ectomy

    • D.

      Ectasia

    Correct Answer
    D. Ectasia
    Explanation
    The suffix "ectasia" is the correct answer because it means dilatation or stretching. The other options, "dilatate," "clysis," and "ectomy," do not have the same meaning as the given suffix.

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  • 24. 

    Prefix for below:

    • A.

      Epi

    • B.

      Inter

    • C.

      Sub

    • D.

      Supra

    Correct Answer
    C. Sub
    Explanation
    The given answer "sub" is a prefix that means "under" or "below." It is commonly used in words like "submarine" (a type of watercraft that operates below the surface of the water) and "subway" (an underground railway system). In this context, "sub" refers to something that is lower or beneath something else.

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  • 25. 

    Suffix for paralysis:

    • A.

      Plasia

    • B.

      Phagia

    • C.

      Plegia

    • D.

      Phasia

    Correct Answer
    C. Plegia
    Explanation
    The suffix "plegia" is the correct answer because it refers to paralysis. This suffix is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a loss or impairment of motor function. For example, hemiplegia refers to paralysis on one side of the body, and quadriplegia refers to paralysis of all four limbs. Therefore, "plegia" is the appropriate suffix for paralysis.

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  • 26. 

    Prefix for difficult or painful:

    • A.

      Sub

    • B.

      Dynia

    • C.

      Algia

    • D.

      Dys

    Correct Answer
    D. Dys
    Explanation
    The prefix "dys" is used to indicate something that is difficult or painful. This can be seen in medical terms such as "dyspnea" (difficult or labored breathing) or "dysmenorrhea" (painful menstruation). Therefore, "dys" is the correct prefix for difficult or painful.

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  • 27. 

    Suffix for most x-ray procedures:

    • A.

      Graphy

    • B.

      Electric

    • C.

      Roentgen

    • D.

      Graph

    Correct Answer
    A. Graphy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "graphy". In medical terminology, the suffix "-graphy" refers to the process of recording or imaging a specific body part or system using x-rays. For example, angiography is the process of imaging blood vessels using x-rays, while mammography is the imaging of the breast tissue. Therefore, "graphy" is the most common suffix used for x-ray procedures.

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  • 28. 

    Prefix for without:

    • A.

      Not

    • B.

      Inter

    • C.

      Dys

    • D.

      An

    Correct Answer
    D. An
    Explanation
    The given options are all prefixes that can be added to the word "without". "Not" is a common negative prefix, "inter" means between or among, and "dys" means faulty or abnormal. However, "an" is the correct answer because it means without or lacking, which fits the meaning of "without" in the question.

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  • 29. 

    Word root for oversensitivity to pain:

    • A.

      Alges

    • B.

      Analgia

    • C.

      Esthesia

    • D.

      Algia

    Correct Answer
    A. Alges
    Explanation
    The word root "alges" is the correct answer because it specifically refers to pain. "Analgia" refers to the absence of pain, "esthesia" refers to sensation or feeling in general, and "algia" refers to pain in a more general sense. However, "alges" is the most precise term that directly relates to oversensitivity to pain.

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  • 30. 

    Prefix for abnormal, near or beyond:

    • A.

      Meta

    • B.

      Para

    • C.

      Ultra

    • D.

      Ab

    Correct Answer
    B. Para
    Explanation
    The prefix "para-" is the correct answer because it means "beyond" or "near" in this context. It is commonly used in words like "paranormal" (beyond normal), "paralegal" (near legal), and "parasailing" (near sailing). The other options do not convey the same meaning as the given prefix. "Meta-" means "beyond" in a more abstract or conceptual sense, "ultra-" means "beyond" in terms of extreme or excessive, and "ab-" is a prefix that generally means "away from" or "opposite of".

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  • 31. 

    Combining form for heat:

    • A.

      Tempero

    • B.

      Thermal

    • C.

      Thermo

    • D.

      Fahrenheit

    Correct Answer
    C. Thermo
    Explanation
    The combining form "thermo" is the correct answer because it refers to heat. It is commonly used in words related to temperature and heat energy, such as thermometer, thermostat, and thermal. The other options, tempero, thermal, and fahrenheit, are not combining forms specifically related to heat.

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  • 32. 

    Word root for small:

    • A.

      Incro

    • B.

      Macro

    • C.

      Micro

    • D.

      Hypo

    Correct Answer
    C. Micro
    Explanation
    The word root "micro" is the correct answer because it means small. It is commonly used in words such as microscope and microwave to indicate something that is very small in size or scale. The other options, "incro," "macro," and "hypo," do not have the same meaning as small and are not commonly used as word roots to indicate smallness.

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  • 33. 

    Prefix for enlarged:

    • A.

      Macro

    • B.

      Megalo

    • C.

      Micro

    • D.

      Poly

    Correct Answer
    B. Megalo
    Explanation
    The prefix "megalo" means large or great. In the context of the word "enlarged," which means to make something larger, the prefix "megalo" fits perfectly as it conveys the idea of something being big or large. Therefore, "megalo" is the correct prefix for the word "enlarged."

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  • 34. 

    Prefix for join together:

    • A.

      Inter

    • B.

      Intra

    • C.

      Syn

    • D.

      Osis

    Correct Answer
    C. Syn
    Explanation
    The prefix "syn" means "together" or "with." In the context of joining together, syn- is the appropriate prefix. "Inter" means "between," "intra" means "within," and "osis" is a suffix that typically refers to a condition or state. Therefore, the correct answer is "syn."

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  • 35. 

    Word root for front:

    • A.

      Frontal

    • B.

      Post

    • C.

      Ante

    • D.

      Anter

    Correct Answer
    D. Anter
    Explanation
    The word root "anter" is the correct answer because it directly relates to the front. "Anter" is derived from the Latin word "ante," which means before or in front of. Therefore, it is a suitable word root for front.

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  • 36. 

    Combining form for back:

    • A.

      Posto

    • B.

      Posterio

    • C.

      Ventr

    • D.

      Postero

    Correct Answer
    D. Postero
    Explanation
    The combining form "postero" is the correct answer because it means "back" or "behind" in medical terminology. The other options, "posto," "posterio," and "ventr," do not have the same meaning or relevance to the concept of "back." Therefore, "postero" is the most appropriate choice.

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  • 37. 

    Adjectival form for side:

    • A.

      Anterial

    • B.

      Doresal

    • C.

      Lateral

    • D.

      Laterial

    Correct Answer
    C. Lateral
    Explanation
    The adjectival form for "side" is "lateral." This term refers to something that is situated on or pertaining to the side. In this context, "anterial," "doresal," and "laterial" are not valid adjectival forms for "side."

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  • 38. 

    Prefex for false:

    • A.

      Fraud

    • B.

      Psycho

    • C.

      Pseudo

    • D.

      Mal

    Correct Answer
    C. Pseudo
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "pseudo". The options provided are all prefixes that can be used to form words with negative or false connotations. However, "pseudo" specifically means false or pretending to be something it is not. It is commonly used to describe something that is not genuine or authentic. Therefore, "pseudo" is the most appropriate prefix for the word "false" in this context.

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  • 39. 

    The picture record of sound reflected through the heart:

    • A.

      Cyanoderma

    • B.

      Sonography

    • C.

      Acroparalysis

    • D.

      Echocardiogram

    Correct Answer
    D. Echocardiogram
    Explanation
    An echocardiogram is a medical test that uses sound waves to create a detailed picture of the heart. It is a non-invasive procedure that allows doctors to assess the structure and function of the heart by visualizing the movement of blood, valves, and chambers. This technique is commonly used to diagnose and monitor various heart conditions such as heart murmurs, valve abnormalities, and heart failure. The other options, cyanoderma, sonography, and acroparalysis, are unrelated terms and do not involve the imaging of the heart.

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  • 40. 

    Paralysis of the extremities:

    • A.

      Cyanoderma

    • B.

      Sonography

    • C.

      Acroparalysis

    • D.

      Echocardiogram

    Correct Answer
    C. Acroparalysis
    Explanation
    Acroparalysis is the most appropriate answer because it refers to the paralysis of the extremities, which matches the given symptom. Cyanoderma refers to the bluish discoloration of the skin, sonography is a medical imaging technique, and echocardiogram is a test that uses sound waves to create images of the heart. None of these options specifically relate to paralysis of the extremities.

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  • 41. 

    Blueness of the skin

    • A.

      Cyanoderma

    • B.

      Sonography

    • C.

      Acroparalysis

    • D.

      Echocardiogram

    Correct Answer
    A. Cyanoderma
    Explanation
    Cyanoderma refers to the blueness of the skin, which is caused by a lack of oxygen in the blood. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as respiratory or cardiovascular problems. Sonography and echocardiogram are medical imaging techniques used to visualize internal organs and structures, while acroparalysis is a term that does not relate to the given symptom. Therefore, cyanoderma is the correct answer as it directly corresponds to the blueness of the skin.

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  • 42. 

    The process of obtaining an image from reflected sound:

    • A.

      Cyanderma

    • B.

      Sonography

    • C.

      Acroparalysis

    • D.

      Echocardiogram

    Correct Answer
    B. Sonography
    Explanation
    Sonography is the correct answer because it is the process of obtaining an image from reflected sound. It is a medical imaging technique that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of organs, tissues, and blood flow inside the body. This technique is commonly used in obstetrics to monitor the development of a fetus, as well as in diagnosing and monitoring various medical conditions.

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  • 43. 

    Red blood cell:

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Erthrocyte

    • C.

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D.

      Megalomania

    Correct Answer
    B. Erthrocyte
    Explanation
    Erthrocyte is the correct answer because it is another term for red blood cell. Dermatitis refers to inflammation of the skin, thrombocytopenia is a condition characterized by low platelet count, and megalomania is a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur.

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  • 44. 

    Overenlarged opinion of self

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Erythrocyte

    • C.

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D.

      Megalomania

    Correct Answer
    D. Megalomania
    Explanation
    Megalomania refers to an overenlarged opinion of oneself, often accompanied by delusions of grandeur and an excessive desire for power or control. This term is unrelated to the other options listed, which are medical conditions. Dermatitis is a skin inflammation, erythrocyte refers to red blood cells, and thrombocytopenia is a low platelet count. Therefore, megalomania is the correct answer as it is the only option that fits the given description.

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  • 45. 

    Inflammation of the skin:

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Erthrocyte

    • C.

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D.

      Megalomania

    Correct Answer
    A. Dermatitis
    Explanation
    Dermatitis refers to the inflammation of the skin. It is a common condition that can be caused by various factors such as allergies, irritants, or underlying medical conditions. Symptoms of dermatitis include redness, itching, swelling, and rash on the affected area of the skin. Treatment usually involves avoiding triggers, using topical creams or ointments, and practicing good skincare habits.

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  • 46. 

    Decrease in the number of platelets:

    • A.

      Dermatitis

    • B.

      Erythrocyte

    • C.

      Thrombocytopenia

    • D.

      Megalomania

    Correct Answer
    C. Thrombocytopenia
    Explanation
    Thrombocytopenia refers to a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood. Platelets are important for blood clotting, so a decrease in their number can lead to difficulties in clotting and an increased risk of bleeding. Dermatitis is a skin inflammation, erythrocytes are red blood cells, and megalomania is a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of grandeur. These options are not related to a decrease in platelets and do not explain the given correct answer.

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  • 47. 

    Instrument for recording brain function:

    • A.

      Sarcoma

    • B.

      Lipoma

    • C.

      Electroencephalagraph

    • D.

      Cerebrospinal

    • E.

      Meningitis

    Correct Answer
    C. Electroencephalagraph
    Explanation
    An electroencephalograph (EEG) is a medical instrument used to record the electrical activity of the brain. It is a non-invasive procedure that involves placing electrodes on the scalp to measure the electrical signals produced by the brain. These signals can help diagnose various brain disorders, such as epilepsy, sleep disorders, and brain tumors. The other options mentioned in the question (sarcoma, lipoma, cerebrospinal, meningitis) are not instruments for recording brain function, but rather medical conditions or substances related to the brain.

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  • 48. 

    Fatty Tumor:

    • A.

      Sarcoma

    • B.

      Lipoma

    • C.

      Electronencephalagraph

    • D.

      Cerbrospinal

    • E.

      Meningitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Lipoma
    Explanation
    A fatty tumor, also known as a lipoma, is a benign growth composed of fat cells. It is a non-cancerous tumor that can occur anywhere in the body where fat cells are present. Lipomas are typically soft, movable, and painless. They are usually harmless and do not require treatment unless they cause discomfort or affect the function of nearby structures. Therefore, lipoma is the correct answer as it accurately represents a fatty tumor.

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  • 49. 

    Inflammation of the meninges:

    • A.

      Sacoma

    • B.

      Lipoma

    • C.

      Electroencephalagraph

    • D.

      Cerbrospinal

    • E.

      Meningitis

    Correct Answer
    E. Meningitis
    Explanation
    Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the meninges, which are the protective membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. This condition is typically caused by an infection, such as a virus or bacteria, and can lead to symptoms such as fever, headache, stiff neck, and sensitivity to light. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent complications and potential long-term damage.

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  • 50. 

    Brain and spinal cord (adjective):

    • A.

      Sarcoma

    • B.

      Lipoma

    • C.

      Electroencephalagraph

    • D.

      Cerebrospinal

    • E.

      Meningitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Cerebrospinal
    Explanation
    The term "cerebrospinal" refers to the brain and spinal cord. It is a compound word made up of "cerebro," which relates to the brain, and "spinal," which relates to the spinal cord. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe conditions or procedures that involve both the brain and spinal cord.

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  • Current Version
  • Jun 12, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 02, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Lisa Connor
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