Medical Terminology -- Lymphatic And Immune Systems

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Nursing_student
N
Nursing_student
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 19 | Total Attempts: 43,163
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 1,426

SettingsSettingsSettings
Medical Terminology -- Lymphatic And Immune Systems - Quiz

Med. Term. 2 Final Study -- In Chabner:  The Language of Medicine


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Computerized x-ray imaging in the transverse plane

    • A.

      CT scan

    • B.

      Lymphangiogram

    • C.

      Ultrasonography

    • D.

      MRI

    • E.

      Lymphadenectomy

    Correct Answer
    A. CT scan
    Explanation
    A CT scan, also known as computerized tomography, is a medical imaging technique that uses x-rays and computer processing to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. It is particularly useful in imaging structures in the transverse plane, which refers to a horizontal slice of the body. CT scans are commonly used to diagnose and monitor a variety of conditions, including tumors, infections, and injuries. They provide clear and detailed images that can help healthcare professionals make accurate diagnoses and develop appropriate treatment plans.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Proteins that stimulate the growth of T cells (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Interleukens

    • B.

      Interluekins

    • C.

      Interleukines

    • D.

      Interleukins

    Correct Answer
    D. Interleukins
    Explanation
    Interleukins are proteins that stimulate the growth and activity of T cells. They play a crucial role in regulating the immune response and are involved in various immune processes such as inflammation, cell communication, and cell differentiation. Interleukins are essential for the proper functioning of the immune system and are produced by various cells, including immune cells and non-immune cells. Therefore, the correct spelling for proteins that stimulate the growth of T cells is "interleukins."

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Inflammation of tonsils (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Tonsillitis

    • B.

      Tonsilitis

    • C.

      Tonsillittis

    • D.

      Toncilitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Tonsillitis
    Explanation
    Tonsillitis is the inflammation of the tonsils. The correct spelling of this condition is "Tonsillitis." The other options provided, such as "Tonsilitis," "Tonsillittis," and "Toncilitis," are misspellings of the term.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An immune response in which B cells transform into plasma cells and secrete antibodies is known as _____ immunity

    • A.

      Humoreal

    • B.

      Humoral

    • C.

      Cell-mediated

    • D.

      Mediated

    • E.

      Cell-humoral

    Correct Answer
    B. Humoral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is humoral. Humoral immunity refers to the immune response that involves B cells transforming into plasma cells and secreting antibodies. This type of immunity is responsible for targeting pathogens that are circulating in the body fluids, such as blood and lymph. The antibodies produced by the plasma cells can bind to the pathogens, neutralize them, and mark them for destruction by other components of the immune system.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Lymphocytes that transform into plasma cells and secrete antibodies are called

    • A.

      T Cells

    • B.

      Cell-mediated

    • C.

      B Cells

    • D.

      Humoral Cells

    • E.

      Immunity Cells

    Correct Answer
    C. B Cells
    Explanation
    B cells are lymphocytes that transform into plasma cells and secrete antibodies. They are an essential part of the immune system and play a crucial role in humoral immunity, which involves the production of antibodies to fight against pathogens. T cells, on the other hand, are involved in cell-mediated immunity, where they directly attack infected cells. Therefore, the correct answer is B cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Atopy is

    • A.

      A hypersensitivity or allergic state

    • B.

      An early stage of AIDS

    • C.

      A type of lymphoma

    • D.

      A disease found in tropical areas

    • E.

      Acute infectious disease caused by Epstein-Barr virus

    Correct Answer
    A. A hypersensitivity or allergic state
    Explanation
    Atopy refers to a hypersensitivity or allergic state in which an individual's immune system reacts excessively to certain allergens, such as pollen, dust mites, or certain foods. This reaction can manifest as symptoms like itching, sneezing, wheezing, or skin rashes. Atopy is not an early stage of AIDS, a type of lymphoma, a disease found in tropical areas, or an acute infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Fluid in the spaces between cells (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Interstitiel fluid

    • B.

      Intrastitial fluid

    • C.

      Interstitial fluid

    • D.

      Intersitial fluid

    • E.

      Intersitiel fluid

    Correct Answer
    C. Interstitial fluid
    Explanation
    Interstitial fluid refers to the fluid that is present in the spaces between cells in the body. It is responsible for supplying nutrients and removing waste products from the cells. The correct spelling of this term is "interstitial fluid."

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    All of the following are part of the immune system EXCEPT

    • A.

      Lymphocytes

    • B.

      Antigens

    • C.

      Phagocytes

    • D.

      Platelets

    • E.

      Antibodies

    Correct Answer
    D. Platelets
    Explanation
    Platelets are not part of the immune system. They are small cell fragments involved in blood clotting, rather than in fighting off infections or foreign substances like lymphocytes, antigens, phagocytes, and antibodies. Platelets help in the formation of blood clots to prevent excessive bleeding when there is damage to blood vessels.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Formation of lymph (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Lymphopeosis

    • B.

      Lymphopoesis

    • C.

      Lymphopeiosis

    • D.

      Lymphopeisis

    • E.

      Lymphopoiesis

    Correct Answer
    E. Lymphopoiesis
    Explanation
    Lymphopoiesis is the correct spelling for the formation of lymph. It refers to the process by which lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are produced and matured in the lymphoid organs such as the bone marrow and thymus. The suffix "-poiesis" means the formation or production of something, in this case, lymphocytes. Therefore, lymphopoiesis accurately describes the biological process of lymph formation.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Lymphocytes, formed in the thymus gland, that act on antigens are

    • A.

      T cells

    • B.

      B cells

    • C.

      Macrophages

    • D.

      Lymphocytes

    • E.

      Phagocytes

    Correct Answer
    A. T cells
    Explanation
    T cells are lymphocytes that are formed in the thymus gland and play a crucial role in the immune response. They act on antigens by recognizing them through their T cell receptors and initiating an immune response to eliminate the antigens. T cells can directly kill infected cells or activate other immune cells to coordinate a targeted immune response. B cells, on the other hand, are another type of lymphocyte that produces antibodies to neutralize antigens. Macrophages and phagocytes are other immune cells involved in the immune response but are not specifically formed in the thymus gland like T cells.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    An immune response in which T cells destroy antigens is called _____ immunity

    • A.

      Humoreal

    • B.

      Humoral

    • C.

      Cell-mediated

    • D.

      Mediated

    • E.

      Cell-humoral

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell-mediated
    Explanation
    Cell-mediated immunity refers to the immune response in which T cells, a type of white blood cell, are responsible for destroying antigens. This type of immunity is different from humoral immunity, which involves the production of antibodies by B cells. In cell-mediated immunity, T cells directly attack infected cells or cancer cells, providing a targeted and specific immune response.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Abdominal organ that filters erythrocytes and activates lymphocytes

    • A.

      Spleen

    • B.

      Thymus

    • C.

      Bone Marrow

    • D.

      Adenoids

    • E.

      Tonsils

    Correct Answer
    A. Spleen
    Explanation
    The spleen is an abdominal organ that filters erythrocytes and activates lymphocytes. It is responsible for removing old or damaged red blood cells from circulation and plays a crucial role in the immune system by producing and activating lymphocytes, which are important for fighting infections. The thymus is involved in the development of T cells, while the bone marrow is responsible for producing blood cells. Adenoids and tonsils are lymphoid tissues located in the throat that help to protect against infections.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Lung infection with fever, cough, chest pain, and sputum. Treatment is with Bactrim

    • A.

      Toxoplasmosis

    • B.

      Cryptococcus

    • C.

      Kaposi sarcoma

    • D.

      Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

    • E.

      Herpes simplex

    Correct Answer
    D. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
    Explanation
    The symptoms described in the question, including fever, cough, chest pain, and sputum, are consistent with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). PCP is a lung infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. It commonly affects individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS. Treatment for PCP typically involves the use of antibiotics, such as Bactrim, which is effective against the fungus. Therefore, the correct answer is Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Groin region

    • A.

      Axillary nodes

    • B.

      Cervical nodes

    • C.

      Mediastinal nodes

    • D.

      Inguinal nodes

    Correct Answer
    D. Inguinal nodes
    Explanation
    The inguinal nodes are located in the groin region. They are a part of the lymphatic system and are responsible for filtering lymph fluid from the lower extremities, genitals, and anal region. These nodes play a crucial role in immune response, as they help to trap and destroy bacteria, viruses, and other harmful substances. Therefore, the inguinal nodes are the correct answer in relation to the given question.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Armpit region nodes

    • A.

      Axillary nodes

    • B.

      Cervical nodes

    • C.

      Mediastinal nodes

    • D.

      Inguinal nodes

    Correct Answer
    A. Axillary nodes
    Explanation
    Axillary nodes are lymph nodes located in the armpit region. They play a crucial role in the immune system by filtering and trapping harmful substances, such as bacteria and cancer cells, that may be present in the lymph fluid. These nodes are important for the diagnosis and staging of breast cancer, as they are the first site to which cancer cells from the breast are likely to spread. Therefore, the axillary nodes are the most relevant option among the given choices.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Neck region

    • A.

      Axillary nodes

    • B.

      Cervical nodes

    • C.

      Mediastinal nodes

    • D.

      Inguinal nodes

    Correct Answer
    B. Cervical nodes
    Explanation
    Cervical nodes are lymph nodes located in the neck region. They are part of the lymphatic system and play a crucial role in filtering and trapping harmful substances, such as bacteria or cancer cells, before they can reach other parts of the body. These nodes are responsible for draining lymph fluid from the head, neck, and upper body, and they can become enlarged or tender when there is an infection or inflammation present in these areas. Therefore, the correct answer is cervical nodes.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Lungs and chest region

    • A.

      Axillary nodes

    • B.

      Cervical nodes

    • C.

      Mediastinal nodes

    • D.

      Inguinal nodes

    Correct Answer
    C. Mediastinal nodes
    Explanation
    The mediastinal nodes are located in the chest region, specifically in the mediastinum, which is the central compartment of the thoracic cavity. These nodes are responsible for draining lymph from the lungs, esophagus, and other structures in the chest. They play a crucial role in filtering and trapping foreign substances, such as pathogens or cancer cells, before they can reach the bloodstream. Therefore, the presence or enlargement of mediastinal nodes can indicate various conditions, including infections, inflammation, or malignancies in the lungs or chest region.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Nursing_student
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.