Accounting For Material Quiz: Test!

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Accounting For Material Quiz: Test! - Quiz


Accounting, as we all know, is a broad subject. Today, with this 'Accounting for Materials quiz,' we will test your knowledge about it by asking you questions based on simple accounting concepts- material accounting. Just like every other accounting topic, materials accounting also covers a wide range of financial documents and costs. Let's see how much you know about this subject. Try to hit a score above 70% in order to pass this test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Direct material is a _______. 

    • A.

      Fixed cost

    • B.

      Variable cost

    • C.

      Semi variable cost

    • D.

      Fixed income

    Correct Answer
    B. Variable cost
    Explanation
    Direct material is a variable cost because it varies in direct proportion to the level of production or sales. As the production or sales volume increases, the cost of direct materials also increases. This cost includes the raw materials and components that are directly used in the production process. The more units produced or sold, the more direct materials are required, resulting in a higher cost. Conversely, if production or sales decrease, the cost of direct materials will also decrease. Therefore, direct material is considered a variable cost.

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  • 2. 

    Direct material is a _________. 

    • A.

      Manufacturing cost.

    • B.

      Administration cost

    • C.

      Selling and distribution cost

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Manufacturing cost.
    Explanation
    Direct material refers to the raw materials or components that are directly used in the production process of a product. These materials can be easily traced and measured in the final product. Manufacturing cost, on the other hand, includes all the expenses incurred during the production process, such as direct labor, direct material, and manufacturing overhead. Therefore, direct material is considered a part of the manufacturing cost.

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  • 3. 

    In most industries, what is the most important element of cost? 

    • A.

      Material

    • B.

      Labour

    • C.

      Overheads.

    • D.

      None of them

    Correct Answer
    A. Material
    Explanation
    The most important element of cost in most industries is material. This is because the cost of materials used in production or manufacturing processes can significantly impact the overall cost of the final product. The cost of materials includes the purchase or acquisition cost of raw materials, as well as any costs associated with storing, handling, or transporting them. Therefore, efficient management and control of material costs are crucial for businesses to maintain profitability and competitiveness in the market.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following options can be categorized as an accounting record?

    • A.

      Bill of Materials

    • B.

      Bin card

    • C.

      Stores ledger

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Stores ledger
    Explanation
    A stores ledger is a type of accounting record that tracks the inventory of a company. It records the quantity, value, and movement of goods in and out of the store. This information is crucial for managing inventory, tracking costs, and preparing financial statements. Therefore, a stores ledger can be categorized as an accounting record.

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  • 5. 

    Name the document that is used for issuing materials to production departments.

    • A.

      Purchase Requisition Note

    • B.

      Stores requisition Note

    • C.

      Goods Received Note

    • D.

      Stores Credit Note

    Correct Answer
    D. Stores Credit Note
    Explanation
    A Stores Credit Note is a document used for issuing materials to production departments. It serves as a record of credit given to the production department for the materials being issued. This document is typically generated when there is a return of materials or when there is an adjustment in the inventory due to damaged or defective goods. It helps in maintaining accurate inventory records and facilitates proper accounting for the materials issued to production.

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  • 6. 

    The ________ type of loss is considered to be the normal loss of materials.

    • A.

      Loss due to accidents

    • B.

      Pilferage

    • C.

      Loss due to breaking the bulk

    • D.

      Loss due to careless handling of materials

    Correct Answer
    C. Loss due to breaking the bulk
    Explanation
    Loss due to breaking the bulk is considered to be the normal loss of materials. This type of loss occurs when materials are transferred from larger containers to smaller ones, resulting in some amount of loss during the process. It is a common occurrence in industries where materials need to be repackaged or divided into smaller units for distribution or use. This type of loss is expected and accounted for in the normal course of operations.

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  • 7. 

    Select the pricing method in which costs log behind the current economic values.

    • A.

      Last-in-first-out price

    • B.

      First-in-first-out price

    • C.

      Replacement price

    • D.

      Weighted average price

    Correct Answer
    B. First-in-first-out price
    Explanation
    The first-in-first-out (FIFO) pricing method assumes that the items purchased or produced first are the first ones to be sold or consumed. This means that the cost of goods sold is based on the oldest inventory, and the remaining inventory is valued at the most recent cost. As a result, the FIFO price does not reflect the current economic values because it does not account for any changes in costs over time.

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  • 8. 

    Name the stock control method that aims at concentrating efforts on selected items of materials. 

    • A.

      Perpetual inventory system

    • B.

      Materials turnover

    • C.

      Maximum, minimum and re-order level setting

    • D.

      ABC analysis

    Correct Answer
    D. ABC analysis
    Explanation
    ABC analysis is the correct answer because it is a stock control method that focuses on categorizing items based on their importance and value. It aims to prioritize efforts and resources on the most critical items, which are classified as "A" items, while lower-value items are classified as "B" or "C" items. This method helps in efficient inventory management by ensuring that the most essential items are always available, while minimizing the investment and effort on less important items.

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  • 9. 

    In base stock method of pricing the material issues, what does the term ‘base stock’ represent?

    • A.

      Quantity of stock being issued

    • B.

      Stock in balance

    • C.

      Minimum stock

    • D.

      Maximum stock

    Correct Answer
    C. Minimum stock
    Explanation
    The term 'base stock' in the base stock method of pricing the material issues represents the minimum stock level. This is the lowest quantity of stock that should be maintained in order to avoid stockouts and ensure smooth operations. The base stock acts as a buffer to account for any unexpected increases in demand or delays in replenishment. By setting a minimum stock level, a company can ensure that they always have enough inventory on hand to meet customer demands and avoid disruptions in the supply chain.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following cost items should NOT be treated as direct material ?

    • A.

      Electricity representing 90% of the total cost.

    • B.

      Sand paper used in production

    • C.

      Thread used in attaching garments

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above cost items should not be treated as direct material because they do not directly become part of the finished product. Electricity represents a utility cost and is not physically incorporated into the product. Sand paper and thread are both indirect materials as they are used in the production process but do not become part of the final product.

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  • 11. 

    Continuous stock-taking is a part of _________. 

    • A.

       Annual stock-taking

    • B.

      Perpetual inventory

    • C.

      ABC analysis.

    • D.

      All of them

    Correct Answer
    B. Perpetual inventory
    Explanation
    Continuous stock-taking refers to the ongoing process of regularly updating and monitoring inventory levels. This is a key component of perpetual inventory, which involves keeping a real-time record of inventory quantities and values. Annual stock-taking, on the other hand, is a once-a-year process of physically counting and reconciling inventory. ABC analysis is a method used to categorize inventory based on its importance and value. Therefore, the correct answer is perpetual inventory, as it specifically mentions the continuous stock-taking process.

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  • 12. 

    In which of the following methods, materials are issued at the price prevailing at the time of issue ?

    • A.

      Inflated price method

    • B.

      Standard price method

    • C.

      Replacement price method

    • D.

      Specific price method.

    Correct Answer
    C. Replacement price method
    Explanation
    The replacement price method is a method where materials are issued at the price prevailing at the time of issue. This means that the materials are issued at the current market price, which may vary from the standard or inflated price. It allows for more accurate cost allocation and ensures that the materials are valued at their current market value.

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  • 13. 

    The storekeeper should initiate a purchase requisition when stock reaches.

    • A.

       Minimum level

    • B.

      Maximum level

    • C.

      Re-order level

    • D.

      Average level.

    Correct Answer
    C. Re-order level
    Explanation
    The storekeeper should initiate a purchase requisition when stock reaches the re-order level. This level indicates that the stock has reached a point where it is necessary to replenish it in order to avoid running out of inventory. By initiating a purchase requisition at this level, the storekeeper ensures that there is enough time for the procurement process to take place and new stock to be received before the current stock runs out. This helps to maintain a smooth flow of inventory and prevent any disruptions in the store's operations.

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  • 14. 

    Which of these material losses should be transferred to Costing Profit and Loss Account?

    • A.

      Loss by evaporation

    • B.

      Loss due to improper storage of materials

    • C.

      Loss due to breaking the bulk

    • D.

      All of these.

    Correct Answer
    B. Loss due to improper storage of materials
    Explanation
    Loss due to improper storage of materials should be transferred to Costing Profit and Loss Account because it is a direct result of the company's negligence or inefficiency in managing its inventory. This loss could have been avoided if proper storage procedures were in place, making it a relevant expense that should be accounted for in the profit and loss statement.

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  • 15. 

    When material prices fluctuate widely, the method of pricing that gives absurd results is called _________. 

    • A.

      Simple average price

    • B.

      Weighted average price

    • C.

      Moving average price

    • D.

      Inflated price.

    Correct Answer
    A. Simple average price
    Explanation
    The simple average price method calculates the average price by adding up all the prices and dividing it by the number of prices. However, when material prices fluctuate widely, using this method can give absurd results because it does not take into account the quantity or weight of each price. This means that a high-priced material can have the same weight as a low-priced material, leading to inaccurate pricing calculations.

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  • 16. 

    When price fluctuates widely, which method smooth out the effect of fluctuations?

    • A.

      Simple average

    • B.

      Weight average

    • C.

      FIFO

    • D.

      LIFO

    Correct Answer
    B. Weight average
    Explanation
    Weight average is a method that smooths out the effect of price fluctuations. It takes into account the quantity and price of each item in inventory, giving more weight to items with higher prices. This helps to balance out the impact of price changes and provides a more accurate representation of the average cost of inventory. Simple average, on the other hand, treats all items equally and does not consider the quantity or price. FIFO and LIFO are methods used for inventory valuation and do not directly address the smoothing out of price fluctuations.

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  • 17. 

    Pick the method in which the charge to production is not at actual cost. 

    • A.

      Weighted average price

    • B.

      Standard price

    • C.

      Replacement price

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    All of these methods (weighted average price, standard price, replacement price) do not involve charging production at actual cost. Weighted average price calculates the average cost of all units in inventory, standard price uses predetermined costs based on estimates, and replacement price uses the cost of replacing an asset at current market prices. These methods may be used for various reasons such as simplification, cost control, or decision-making purposes, but they do not reflect the actual cost incurred in production.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 17, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    OnlineSmartClass
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