Mass Society And Democracy, 1870 -1914 Section Quiz 20-3

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Mass Society and Democracy, 1870 -1914 Section Quiz 20-3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    French lower house

    • A.

      Reichstag

    • B.

      Chamber of Deputies

    • C.

      Duma

    • D.

      St. Petersburg

    • E.

      Triple Entente

    Correct Answer
    B. Chamber of Deputies
    Explanation
    The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the French parliament. It is responsible for representing the interests of the French citizens and passing laws. The other options mentioned, such as Reichstag, Duma, and Triple Entente, do not refer to the French lower house and are therefore incorrect. St. Petersburg is also unrelated to the question and does not provide any relevant information.

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  • 2. 

    German lower house

    • A.

      Reichstag

    • B.

      Chamber of Deputies

    • C.

      Duma

    • D.

      St. Petersburg

    • E.

      Triple Entente

    Correct Answer
    A. Reichstag
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Reichstag. The Reichstag was the lower house of the German parliament during the time of the German Empire and the Weimar Republic. It was responsible for passing laws and representing the interests of the German people. The Chamber of Deputies refers to the lower house of the French parliament, while the Duma is the name for the lower house of the Russian parliament. St. Petersburg is a city in Russia, and the Triple Entente was an alliance between France, Russia, and the United Kingdom before World War I.

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  • 3. 

    Site of the "Bloody Sunday" Russian massacre

    • A.

      Reichstag

    • B.

      Chamber of Deputies

    • C.

      Duma

    • D.

      St. Petersburg

    • E.

      Triple Entente

    Correct Answer
    D. St. Petersburg
    Explanation
    St. Petersburg is the correct answer because it was the site of the "Bloody Sunday" Russian massacre. On January 22, 1905, a peaceful demonstration took place in St. Petersburg where workers were demanding better working conditions and political reforms. However, the Russian troops opened fire on the crowd, resulting in hundreds of deaths and injuries. This event marked a turning point in the Russian Revolution and led to increased opposition against the Tsarist regime.

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  • 4. 

    Russian Legislative assembly

    • A.

      Reichstag

    • B.

      Chamber of Deputies

    • C.

      Duma

    • D.

      St. Petersburg

    • E.

      Triple Entente

    Correct Answer
    C. Duma
    Explanation
    The Duma is the correct answer because it is the name of the Russian legislative assembly. The Reichstag refers to the German parliament, the Chamber of Deputies is the name for the lower house of the French parliament, and St. Petersburg is a city in Russia. The Triple Entente was an alliance between Russia, France, and the United Kingdom before World War I.

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  • 5. 

    1907 aliance among Great Britain, France, and Russia

    • A.

      Reichstag

    • B.

      Chamber of Deputies

    • C.

      Duma

    • D.

      St. Petersburg

    • E.

      Triple Entente

    Correct Answer
    B. Chamber of Deputies
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Chamber of Deputies." The Chamber of Deputies refers to the lower house of the French Parliament. In 1907, an alliance known as the Triple Entente was formed between Great Britain, France, and Russia. The Chamber of Deputies played a significant role in the political system of France during this time period.

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  • 6. 

    Russia opposed Austria - Hungary over the 1908 annexation of

    • A.

      Japan.

    • B.

      Serbia.

    • C.

      Romania

    • D.

      Bosnia

    Correct Answer
    D. Bosnia
    Explanation
    Russia opposed Austria-Hungary over the 1908 annexation of Bosnia. This opposition was primarily due to Russia's support for the Slavic people in the region, as Bosnia had a significant Slavic population. Russia saw the annexation as a threat to its influence in the Balkans and as a violation of the Treaty of Berlin, which had recognized Bosnia as part of the Ottoman Empire. The annexation of Bosnia ultimately contributed to the tensions and rivalries that led to the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 7. 

    The members of the Triple Allance were

    • A.

      Germany, Austria - Hungary, and Italy

    • B.

      Russia, France, and England.

    • C.

      Greece, Serbia, and Montenegro.

    • D.

      Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Italy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Germany, Austria - Hungary, and Italy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The Triple Alliance was a military alliance formed in 1882 between these three countries. It was primarily a defensive alliance, aimed at countering the potential threat posed by France and Russia. The alliance provided security and mutual support in case of an attack from any external power. Italy joined the alliance in order to protect its territorial interests and gain support against France. The Triple Alliance was a significant factor in the complex web of alliances that eventually led to the outbreak of World War I.

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  • 8. 

    The principle of ministerial responsibility states that

    • A.

      The prime minister is responsible to the monarch

    • B.

      The prime minister is responsible to the legislative, not excutive, body.

    • C.

      Minsters must support excutive officers.

    • D.

      Minsters are responsible to the bishops.

    Correct Answer
    B. The prime minister is responsible to the legislative, not excutive, body.
    Explanation
    The principle of ministerial responsibility states that the prime minister is responsible to the legislative, not executive, body. This means that the prime minister is accountable to the parliament or legislature for their actions and decisions, rather than solely to the monarch or executive branch. This principle ensures that the prime minister and their government are held accountable to the elected representatives of the people and promotes transparency and democratic governance.

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  • 9. 

    The strongest power in Europe by 1888 was

    • A.

      The Germanic Confedration.

    • B.

      The Germanic states.

    • C.

      Germany.

    • D.

      Prussia.

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany.
    Explanation
    By 1888, Germany had emerged as the strongest power in Europe. This can be attributed to the unification of Germanic states under the leadership of Prussia, which resulted in the formation of the German Empire in 1871. The German Empire, with its strong industrial base, powerful military, and aggressive foreign policies, rapidly became a dominant force in Europe. Its economic growth, technological advancements, and military might allowed Germany to assert its influence and challenge other European powers for supremacy. Therefore, Germany was the strongest power in Europe by 1888.

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  • 10. 

    Great Britain had a two - party system by the late nineteenth century. What were the parties/

    • A.

      Cavaliers and roundheads

    • B.

      Socialists and Royalists

    • C.

      Democratic and Republicans

    • D.

      Liberals and Conservatives

    Correct Answer
    D. Liberals and Conservatives
    Explanation
    The correct answer is liberals and Conservatives. In the late nineteenth century, Great Britain had a two-party system dominated by the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party. The Liberal Party, founded in the mid-19th century, advocated for individual liberties, free trade, and social reform. The Conservative Party, also known as the Tories, supported traditional values, social hierarchy, and a cautious approach to change. These two parties competed for power and influence in British politics during this time period.

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