Management Of Airway And Breathing (Powerpoint) - 60 Mins - EMT-b

21 Questions | Total Attempts: 167

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Passage that allows air to move from atmosphere to alveoli, Must remain patent (open) at all times, Anything that blocks airway will cause decrease in oxygen available to body, Size of obstruction affects available air exchange are functions of the _________________.
  • 2. 
    Head-tilt/Chin-lift, Jaw Thrust, Suctioning, Nasopharyngeal airway and Oropharyngeal airway are techniques for _______________ an airway.
  • 3. 
    Which are processes of the Head-tilt/Chin-lift?
    • A. 

      Place one hand on patient’s forehead

    • B. 

      Apply firm, backward pressure with palm causing head to tilt backward

    • C. 

      Place fingers of other hand under bony part of patient’s lower jaw near chin

    • D. 

      Lift jaw upward to bring chin forward

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 4. 
    Which patients may need the Head-tilt/Chin-lift Maneuver?
    • A. 

      Unresponsive patient without history of trauma

    • B. 

      Cardiac arrest patients without signs of trauma

    • C. 

      Apneic patients without signs of trauma

    • D. 

      All the above

  • 5. 
    The Jaw Thrust Maneuver is to be used with patients thought to have a spinal injury. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Which are processes of the Jaw Thrust Maneuver?
    • A. 

      Place one hand on either side of patient’s head, resting elbows on surface on which victim is lying

    • B. 

      Grasp angles of patient’s lower jaw, lift with both hands

    • C. 

      If patient’s lips close, retract lower lips with thumbs

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    Which are patients that may need the Jaw Thrust Maneuver?
    • A. 

      Unresponsive trauma patient

    • B. 

      Unresponsive patient with undetermined mechanism of injury

    • C. 

      All the above

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    What is the purpose of suctioning?
    • A. 

      Remove blood, vomit, other liquids, food particles from airway

    • B. 

      May not be adequate for removing large, solid objects (teeth, foreign bodies, food)

    • C. 

      Should be performed immediately when gurgling is heard with spontaneous or artificial ventilation

    • D. 

      All the above

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    List two types of suction catheters.
  • 10. 
    – Used to suction mouth, oropharynx of unresponsive patient – Inserted only as far as you can see – Take caution not to touch back of airway, particularly in infants and children (can cause heart rate to drop) Are functions of ___________ Suction Catheter
  • 11. 
    – Useful for suctioning nasopharynx or tracheostomy tubes – Should be inserted only as far as base of tongue or end of tracheostomy tube Are functions of ___________ Suction Catheter.
  • 12. 
    Nasal Airways are to be used in responsive patients who need help keeping tongue out of airway. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    When sizing the patient for a nasal airway, measure from the chin to the nose. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    When inserting a nasal airway the bevel is to be turned away from the base of the nostril or septum. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Do not use a nasal airway if a patient has mid-face trauma or a possible basal skull fracture. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    What patients needing an oral airway?
    • A. 

      Unresponsive, apneic patients with or without trauma

    • B. 

      Any apneic patient being ventilated with a BVM

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 17. 
    What are the adult rates for adequate or normal breathing?
  • 18. 
    What are the child rates for adequate or normal breathing?
  • 19. 
    What are the infant rates for adequate or normal breathing?
  • 20. 
    Which are Ventilation Techniques?
    • A. 

      Mouth-to-mask with supplemental oxygen

    • B. 

      Two-person bag-valve mask with oxygen reservoir and supplemental oxygen

    • C. 

      Flow restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device (manually-triggered ventilator)

    • D. 

      One-person bag-valve mask with oxygen reservoir and supplemental oxygen

    • E. 

      All the above

  • 21. 
    Concerns about giving too much oxygen to patients with COPD, infants, and children are NOT valid during short-term emergency administration. True or False
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False