Airway - 15 Mins - EMT-b

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| By Medic2690
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Medic2690
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Quizzes Created: 33 | Total Attempts: 65,324
Questions: 7 | Attempts: 213

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is a contraindication to the use of an oropharyngeal airway?

    • A.

      The patient has vomited

    • B.

      The patient is unconscious

    • C.

      The patient has tongue lacerations

    • D.

      The patient has a gag reflex

    Correct Answer
    D. The patient has a gag reflex
    Explanation
    A contraindication to the use of an oropharyngeal airway is when the patient has a gag reflex. This is because inserting an oropharyngeal airway can stimulate the gag reflex and potentially cause the patient to vomit or have an adverse reaction. Therefore, it is important to avoid using an oropharyngeal airway in patients who have a gag reflex to prevent any complications or discomfort.

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  • 2. 

    An adult patient who is breathing at a rate of 6 breaths per minute needs to be cared for by:

    • A.

      Providing positive pressure ventilation with 100% oxygen

    • B.

      Providing high concentration oxygen by a nonrebreather mask

    • C.

      Beginning a cycle of chest compressions

    • D.

      Monitoring respirations only

    Correct Answer
    A. Providing positive pressure ventilation with 100% oxygen
    Explanation
    The adult patient is breathing at a dangerously low rate of 6 breaths per minute. This indicates a severe respiratory distress or failure. Providing positive pressure ventilation with 100% oxygen is the most appropriate action in this situation. Positive pressure ventilation will help deliver oxygen to the patient's lungs and support their breathing. The high concentration of oxygen is necessary to ensure adequate oxygenation. This intervention is crucial to prevent further deterioration of the patient's condition and to maintain their oxygen levels.

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  • 3. 

    You are assessing a patient's respiration's. You find that the respiration's are 18, normal, and regular. The word "normal" is used to reflect

    • A.

      The quality of the respiration

    • B.

      The time of the respiration's

    • C.

      The rate of the respiration's

    • D.

      The rhythm of the respiration's

    Correct Answer
    A. The quality of the respiration
    Explanation
    The word "normal" is used to reflect the quality of the respiration. This means that the patient's respiration is within the expected range and does not exhibit any abnormalities or irregularities. The term "normal" indicates that the respiration is functioning properly and is not a cause for concern.

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  • 4. 

    The use of accessory muscles and nasal flaring are all signs of

    • A.

      Normal breathing

    • B.

      Labored breathing

    • C.

      Shallow breathing

    • D.

      Noisy breathing

    Correct Answer
    B. Labored breathing
    Explanation
    Labored breathing refers to a condition where the individual is experiencing difficulty in breathing. The use of accessory muscles and nasal flaring are both indicators of labored breathing. Accessory muscles are secondary muscles that are used to assist in breathing when the primary muscles are not able to function effectively. Nasal flaring occurs when the nostrils widen during breathing, indicating an increased effort to breathe. Therefore, the presence of these signs suggests labored breathing rather than normal, shallow, or noisy breathing.

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  • 5. 

    Lack of oxygen in blood cells and tissues resulting from inadequate breathing or heart function will cause the skin to be:

    • A.

      Yellow

    • B.

      Cyanotic

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Jaundiced

    Correct Answer
    B. Cyanotic
    Explanation
    Cyanotic refers to a bluish discoloration of the skin, which occurs when there is a lack of oxygen in the blood cells and tissues. This can be caused by inadequate breathing or heart function. When oxygen levels are low, the skin may appear bluish because the blood is not carrying enough oxygen to the tissues. Therefore, cyanotic is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 6. 

    A teenage girl is suspected of a drug overdose. As you approach her, you see she is lying on her back and you can hear gurgling respiration's. This gurgling is most likely being caused by:

    • A.

      Fluid or vomitus in her upper airway

    • B.

      Her tongue blocking her nasal airway.

    • C.

      The drugs going into her lungs instead of her stomach.

    • D.

      A complete obstruction of her trachea, preventing air movement to her lungs.

    Correct Answer
    A. Fluid or vomitus in her upper airway
    Explanation
    The gurgling respiration's indicate that there is an obstruction in the upper airway. Since the girl is suspected of a drug overdose, it is likely that the gurgling is caused by fluid or vomitus in her upper airway. This obstruction is preventing proper airflow and causing the gurgling sound.

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  • 7. 

    You are called to a less savory neighborhood for a "man down" on the sidewalk. You find a male patient, approximately 50 years old, shabbily dressed, unshaven and has a variety of strong odors emitting from him. The strongest aroma is alcohol. There are no obvious signs of injury. Bystanders can only say he has been lying there for quite awhile. Which of the following statements about him is not true

    • A.

      He is in imminent danger of airway obstruction

    • B.

      He should receive oral glucose

    • C.

      He is drunk and needs no specific treatment

    • D.

      He is at risk for aspiration pneumonia

    Correct Answer
    C. He is drunk and needs no specific treatment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "he is drunk and needs no specific treatment." Although the patient is drunk, it does not mean that he does not require any treatment. The strong odor of alcohol suggests that he may have consumed a significant amount, which puts him at risk for alcohol poisoning. Additionally, his shabby appearance and the fact that he has been lying on the sidewalk for a while indicate that he may be homeless and in need of medical attention. Therefore, he should be assessed for any potential injuries or medical conditions and provided with appropriate care.

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