Lingkungan Hidup Dan Pembangunan

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| By Manan
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Manan
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 716
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 716

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Lingkungan Hidup Dan Pembangunan - Quiz

Lingkungan hidup


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Geografi adalah ilmu yang mempelajari persamaan dan perbedaan fenomena geosfer dari sudut pandang kelingkungan atau kewilayahan dalam konteks keruangan  pendapat tersebut adalah definisi geografi menurut………. 

    • A.

      Prof. Bintarto

    • B.

      Strabo

    • C.

      James Fairgrive

    • D.

      Hasil seminar IGI

    • E.

      I Made Shandi

    Correct Answer
    A. Prof. Bintarto
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Prof. Bintarto.

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  • 2. 

    Kegiatan penggalian sumber daya alam dikenal dengan istilah...

    • A.

      Eksplorasi

    • B.

      Eksploitasi

    • C.

      Eksperimen

    • D.

      Pertambangan

    • E.

      Pengerukan

    Correct Answer
    A. Eksplorasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Eksplorasi" because the question is asking for the term used to refer to the activity of extracting natural resources. "Eksplorasi" means exploration, which is the process of searching and investigating an area to discover and assess its natural resources. The other options, such as "Eksploitasi" (exploitation) and "Pertambangan" (mining), are related to the extraction of resources but do not specifically refer to the initial search and investigation phase.

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  • 3. 

    Usaha-usaha untuk mengatasi air limbah , kecuali .... .

    • A.

      Pengaturan lokasi industri jauh dari pemukiman

    • B.

      Memasang alat pengendali pencemaran air (water treatment)

    • C.

      Mencegah kebocoran pembuangan limbah

    • D.

      Memendam dalam tanah

    • E.

      Dibuang ke tengah laut

    Correct Answer
    E. Dibuang ke tengah laut
  • 4. 

    Agar tercipta udara bersih didalam wilaya perkotaan maka dapat dilakukan oleh pemerintah kota dengan....

    • A.

      Membuat lahan terbuka di halaman rumah

    • B.

      Menggunakan AC tiap rumah danperkantoran

    • C.

      Menanam pohon- pohon besar di sepanjang jalan raya

    • D.

      Membuka lahan perkebunan

    • E.

      Memusnahkan kendaraan-kendaraan tua

    Correct Answer
    C. Menanam pohon- pohon besar di sepanjang jalan raya
  • 5. 

    Minyak dan gas bumi mempunyai keunggulan di bandingkan dengan sumber energi lainnya.

    • A.

      Mudah terbakar

    • B.

      Mempunyai nilai kalor yang lebih tinggi

    • C.

      Menghasilkan berbagaimacam bahan bakar

    • D.

      Dapat dipakai sebagai bahan baku petrokimia

    • E.

      Dapat menghasilkan berbagai minyak pelumas

    Correct Answer
    A. Mudah terbakar
  • 6. 

    Untuk mengkaji masalah-masalah geografi dipermukaan bumi harus menggunakan 3 pendekatan yaitu…….

    • A.

      Spasial.kelingkungan.komplek wilayah

    • B.

      Ekologi-budaya-kelingkungan

    • C.

      Spasial-region-biologis

    • D.

      Ruang –budaya-ekologi

    • E.

      Spasial- budaya-kewilayahan

    Correct Answer
    A. Spasial.kelingkungan.komplek wilayah
  • 7. 

    Yang termasuk kelompok biotik dalam lingkungan hidup adalah

    • A.

      Tanah

    • B.

      Sinar matahari

    • C.

      Air

    • D.

      Udara

    • E.

      Bakteri

    Correct Answer
    E. Bakteri
    Explanation
    Bakteri termasuk kelompok biotik dalam lingkungan hidup karena mereka adalah mikroorganisme yang hidup dan memiliki peran penting dalam ekosistem. Mereka dapat ditemukan di berbagai tempat seperti tanah, air, dan udara. Bakteri juga berperan dalam siklus nutrisi, dekomposisi bahan organik, dan simbiosis dengan organisme lain. Oleh karena itu, bakteri adalah salah satu komponen penting dalam sistem kehidupan dan termasuk dalam kelompok biotik.

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  • 8. 

    Ketentuan-ketentuan pengelolaan lingkungan hidup diaur dalam ....

    • A.

      Undang-undang no. 23 tahun 1999

    • B.

      Undang-undang no. 2 tahun 1985

    • C.

      Undang-undang no. 5 tahun 1984

    • D.

      Undang-undang no. 22 tahun 1979

    • E.

      Undang-undang no. 23 tahun 1997

    Correct Answer
    E. Undang-undang no. 23 tahun 1997
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Undang-undang no. 23 tahun 1997" because it is the only option that matches the given information in the question. The question states that the regulations for environmental management are stated in a specific law, and out of all the options, only "Undang-undang no. 23 tahun 1997" matches the given criteria.

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  • 9. 

    Interaksi seluruh komponen biotik yang membentuk komunitas dengan komponen-komponen biotik

    • A.

      Ekologi

    • B.

      Ekosistem

    • C.

      Evolusi

    • D.

      Habitat

    • E.

      Adaptasi

    Correct Answer
    B. Ekosistem
    Explanation
    This statement refers to the interaction between all biotic components that form a community with other biotic components. The term "ekosistem" (ecosystem) specifically encompasses the relationships and interactions between living organisms and their physical environment within a specific area. It includes the study of how these interactions influence the flow of energy and nutrients through the system, as well as the processes of adaptation and evolution that occur within the community. Therefore, "ekosistem" is the most appropriate answer that aligns with the given statement.

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  • 10. 

    Lingkungan hidup dibedakan menjadi tiga jenis yaitu.

    • A.

      Ekologi, adaptasi, dan evolusi

    • B.

      Fisik, ekologi dan sosial

    • C.

      Sosial, biologis, evolusi

    • D.

      Fisik biologis dan sosial

    • E.

      Fisik, non fisik dan biologis

    Correct Answer
    D. Fisik biologis dan sosial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is fisik biologis dan sosial. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the three types of environments: fisik (physical), biologis (biological), and sosial (social). These three types of environments encompass the physical aspects of the environment, such as landforms and climate, the biological aspects, such as plants and animals, and the social aspects, such as human interactions and societal structures.

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  • 11. 

    Untuk menerapkan etika lingkungan, harus memperhatikan prinsip-prinsip antara lain..

    • A.

      Jumlah sumberdaya alam di bumi terbatas

    • B.

      Kebutuhan dasar untuk kelangsungan hidup hayati

    • C.

      Membantuk kawasan hutan lindung

    • D.

      Pembangunan yang berwawasan lingkungan

    • E.

      Mengeluarkan sangksi terhadap penebangan hutan

    Correct Answer
    A. Jumlah sumberdaya alam di bumi terbatas
    Explanation
    To apply environmental ethics, one must consider the principle that the Earth's natural resources are limited. This means that there is a finite amount of resources available on our planet, and they need to be managed and used responsibly to ensure their sustainability for future generations. By recognizing this principle, individuals and organizations can make informed decisions about resource consumption, conservation, and sustainable development. This principle also emphasizes the importance of finding alternative sources of energy and reducing waste to minimize our impact on the environment.

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  • 12. 

    Eksploitasi sumberdaya alam hayati yang berlebihan akan menyebabkan...

    • A.

      Pencemaran lingkungan meningkat

    • B.

      Jumlah penduduk meningkat

    • C.

      Permintaan kebutuhan ekonomi meningkat

    • D.

      Pembangunan industri maju

    • E.

      Kabutuhan dapat terpenuhi

    Correct Answer
    A. Pencemaran lingkungan meningkat
    Explanation
    Overexploitation of natural biological resources can lead to an increase in environmental pollution. This is because excessive extraction or use of these resources can disrupt the balance of ecosystems, leading to pollution of air, water, and soil. This pollution can have detrimental effects on the environment, including the loss of biodiversity, degradation of habitats, and negative impacts on human health. Therefore, it is important to manage and conserve natural resources sustainably to prevent or minimize environmental pollution.

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  • 13. 

    Lingkungan hidup harus di jaga kelestariannya karena...

    • A.

      Lingkungan hidup mempunyai kemampuan tersendiri

    • B.

      Suatu lingkungan hidup mempunyai keteraturan

    • C.

      Suatu lingkungan hidup dilakukan oleh masing-masing unsur

    • D.

      Membawa pengaruh yang sangat besar bagi pembangunan manusia

    • E.

      Dalam batas-batas tertentu terjadi perubahan susunan komponen

    Correct Answer
    E. Dalam batas-batas tertentu terjadi perubahan susunan komponen
    Explanation
    The given answer states that within certain limits, there will be changes in the composition of the environment. This suggests that the environment is not static and can undergo changes. Therefore, it is important to preserve and maintain the sustainability of the environment to ensure its stability and balance.

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  • 14. 

    Salah satu manfaat sumberdaya alam hayati dari segi biologis yaitu

    • A.

      Sebagai keindahan alam

    • B.

      Sebagai penunjang kehidupan makhluk hidup

    • C.

      Sebagai kenservasi wilayah

    • D.

      Sebagai ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi

    • E.

      Sebagai produsen

    Correct Answer
    D. Sebagai ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi
    Explanation
    One of the biological benefits of natural resources is their contribution to scientific knowledge and technology. Natural resources provide valuable information about various organisms and ecosystems, which can be used to develop new technologies and advancements in various fields such as medicine, agriculture, and environmental conservation. By studying and understanding these resources, scientists can discover new ways to improve human life and solve various challenges faced by society.

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  • 15. 

    Berikut ini merupakan rentetan permasalahan lingkungan hidup yang dihadapi dunia saat ini

    • A.

      Pencewmaran lingkungan

    • B.

      Hambta dalam pengembangan industri

    • C.

      Perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi

    • D.

      Persediaan sumberdaya alam yang banyak

    • E.

      Sumberdaya alam yang makin tipis

    Correct Answer
    B. Hambta dalam pengembangan industri
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hambta dalam pengembangan industri" which translates to "obstacles in industrial development". This answer is supported by the context of the given statements. The other statements mention environmental pollution, advances in science and technology, and the depletion of natural resources, but only "hambta dalam pengembangan industri" directly refers to obstacles in industrial development.

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  • 16. 

    Berikut ini bukan hal yang dapat dilakukan dalam pemanfaatan kondisi lingkunganpelestarian alam yaitu..

    • A.

      Memperhatikan daya dukung lingkungan

    • B.

      Tetap menjaga kelestarian fungsi kawasan

    • C.

      Memperhatikan keaneka ragaman jenis tanaman

    • D.

      Mengeluarkan tumbuhan ke tempat lain

    • E.

      Mempertahankan kelangsungan potensi lingkungan alam

    Correct Answer
    D. Mengeluarkan tumbuhan ke tempat lain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mengeluarkan tumbuhan ke tempat lain". This is not a viable option for environmental conservation because it involves removing plants from their natural habitat and relocating them elsewhere. This can disrupt the ecosystem and lead to a loss of biodiversity. It is important to maintain the natural balance and diversity of plant species in an area to ensure the preservation of the environment.

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  • 17. 

    Penyebab keterbatasan ekologi dalam pembangaunan  adalah

    • A.

      Lingkungan hidup mempunyai kemampuan sendiri

    • B.

      Interaksi antar unsur dalam lingkungan hidup

    • C.

      Lingkungan hidup yang makin buruk

    • D.

      Suatu lingkungan mempunyai kemampuan berinteraksi satu sama lain

    • E.

      Meningkatnya jumlah penduduk dibumi

    Correct Answer
    E. Meningkatnya jumlah penduduk dibumi
    Explanation
    The increasing population on Earth can lead to ecological limitations in development. As the population grows, there is an increased demand for resources such as food, water, and energy. This puts pressure on the environment, leading to overexploitation of natural resources, habitat destruction, and pollution. These activities can disrupt ecosystems and lead to a decline in biodiversity. Ultimately, the increasing population can strain the Earth's carrying capacity and limit the ability to sustainably develop and meet the needs of future generations.

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  • 18. 

    Bentuk pertanian yang dilakukan manusia yang dilarang pemerintahan karena dapat dapat merusak lingkungan adalah ...

    • A.

      Intensifikasi pemerintahan

    • B.

      Diversifikasi pemerintahan

    • C.

      Reklamasi lahan

    • D.

      Ekstensifikasi pertanian

    • E.

      Ladang berpindah

    Correct Answer
    D. Ekstensifikasi pertanian
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ekstensifikasi pertanian." Ekstensifikasi pertanian refers to the expansion of agricultural land by clearing forests or other natural habitats. This practice is prohibited by the government because it can lead to deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and environmental degradation. By expanding agricultural land, it can disrupt ecosystems, contribute to climate change, and harm the overall health of the environment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Manan
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