Leedy & Ormrod Ch 2

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1773

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Leedy & Ormrod Ch 2

Chapter 2 Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A ______ is a specific mechanism or strategy the researcher uses to collect, manipulate, or interpret data.
    • A. 

      Research tool

    • B. 

      Research methodology

    • C. 

      Statistical test

    • D. 

      Theory

  • 2. 
    Research methodology refers to:
    • A. 

      The general approach the researcher takes to conducting a research project.

    • B. 

      A specific device the researcher uses to collect data.

    • C. 

      The specific theoretical basis of the research project.

    • D. 

      The statistical tests to be employed in a research project.

  • 3. 
    Sam wants to find high-quality research reports related to attribution theory that have been published in professional journals.  Sam’s best approach would be to:
    • A. 

      Consult the library catalog.

    • B. 

      Consult an online or electronic database.

    • C. 

      Search the World Wide Web.

    • D. 

      Browse the shelves in the library.

  • 4. 
    Sonya is a college freshman who has just been assigned her first research paper, and she doesn’t know how to get started finding information.  Sonya should:
    • A. 

      Search the World Wide Web.

    • B. 

      Consult an online or electronic database.

    • C. 

      Consult a reference librarian.

    • D. 

      Browse the shelves in the library.

  • 5. 
    ______ allows a researcher to receive news in an area of special interest and discuss that news with others.
    • A. 

      A search engine

    • B. 

      E-mail

    • C. 

      A list server

    • D. 

      A Web browser

  • 6. 
    ______ allows researchers to personally correspond practically instantly with other users around the world.
    • A. 

      A search engine

    • B. 

      E-mail

    • C. 

      A list server

    • D. 

      A Web browser

  • 7. 
    John wants to begin using e-mail.  Which of the following steps is NOT necessary for John to get started as an email user?
    • A. 

      Request an e-mail account

    • B. 

      Obtain necessary software from the e-mail provider and load it onto a computer

    • C. 

      Learn to use a Web browser to explore the Internet

    • D. 

      Learn how to access and use the e-mail provider’s services

  • 8. 
    Three of the following statements about measurement in the research setting are accurate.  Which one is NOT accurate?
    • A. 

      The purpose of measurement is to systematically limit the data in a way that makes it quantifiable.

    • B. 

      Measurement is applied by researchers only to insubstantial phenomena.

    • C. 

      Measurement is a tool that aids researchers in interpreting their observations.

    • D. 

      Systematic measurement assists researchers in obtaining objectivity in their researcher.

  • 9. 
    An ordinal scale of measurement:
    • A. 

      Assigns a name to a category.

    • B. 

      Is tied to an absolute zero.

    • C. 

      Incorporates equal units of measurement.

    • D. 

      Communicates greater than and less than relationships.

  • 10. 
    An interval level of measurement:
    • A. 

      Assigns a name to a category.

    • B. 

      Communicates rank-order information.

    • C. 

      Incorporates equal units of measurement.

    • D. 

      Is tied to an absolute zero.

  • 11. 
    A ratio scale of measurement:
    • A. 

      Assigns a name to a category.

    • B. 

      Communicates rank-order information.

    • C. 

      Is especially appropriate for opinion data.

    • D. 

      Is tied to an absolute zero.

  • 12. 
    The main difference between an interval and a ratio scale is that only one of them:
    • A. 

      Includes an absolute zero.

    • B. 

      Uses equal units of measurement.

    • C. 

      Supports the use of statistical analyses.

    • D. 

      Is used in research with human subjects.

  • 13. 
    Professor Harris is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project.  One question asks students to report how politically conservative they are.  It includes a 7-point scale where 1 is “not at all conservative” and 7 is “extremely conservative.”  This is an example of a/an:
    • A. 

      Nominal scale.

    • B. 

      Ordinal scale.

    • C. 

      Interval scale.

    • D. 

      Ratio scale.

  • 14. 
    Professor Harris is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project.  One question asks students to report their highest level of education by choosing from these options: “some high school,” “completed high school,” “some college,” or “completed 4-year college degree.”  This is an example of a/an:
    • A. 

      Nominal scale.

    • B. 

      Ordinal scale.

    • C. 

      Interval scale.

    • D. 

      Ratio scale.

  • 15. 
    Professor Harris is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project.  One question asks students to report their age in years.  This is an example of a/an:
    • A. 

      Nominal scale.

    • B. 

      Ordinal scale.

    • C. 

      Interval scale.

    • D. 

      Ratio scale.

  • 16. 
    Professor Harris is constructing a demographic questionnaire for use in a research project.  One question asks students to report whether they are currently living in an “urban,” “suburban,” or “rural” setting.  This is an example of a/an:
    • A. 

      Nominal scale.

    • B. 

      Ordinal scale.

    • C. 

      Interval scale.

    • D. 

      Ratio scale.

  • 17. 
    ______ refers to whether a measurement tool actually measures what it is intended to measure.
    • A. 

      Validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Accountability

    • D. 

      Robustness

  • 18. 
    ______ refers to how consistently a measurement tool will yield the same result when the phenomenon under investigation does not change.
    • A. 

      Validity

    • B. 

      Reliability

    • C. 

      Replicability

    • D. 

      Dependability

  • 19. 
    Kade has spent the past month carefully observing a group of third graders on the playground during recess, taking note of how the students interact with one another.  On the basis of these observations, Kade is drawing conclusions about the interaction styles of boys and girls.  This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Hypothetical logic.

    • B. 

      Deductive logic.

    • C. 

      Inductive logic.

    • D. 

      Propositional logic.

  • 20. 
    Kimberly knows that teenagers often do not make good decisions in areas where they have little knowledge.  She also knows that most teens have little knowledge about human sexuality.  Therefore, Kimberly believes that teens are likely to make poor decisions about sexual activity.  This is an example of:
    • A. 

      Inductive logic.

    • B. 

      Propositional logic.

    • C. 

      Transductive logic.

    • D. 

      Deductive logic.

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