# The Research Methodology Quiz! Trivia

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| By Virupaksha Gouda
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Virupaksha Gouda
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Questions: 15 | Attempts: 6,195

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Here we bring you a captivating research methodology quiz designed to test your knowledge and understanding of the various approaches used to study and explore discussion topics. In today's information-driven world, employing appropriate methods to gather data is crucial for obtaining accurate and meaningful insights. The right methodology not only ensures validity and reliability but also minimizes biases that may influence the results. This quiz will challenge your expertise in differentiating between various methods employed to acquire diverse types of information and present it in a comprehensible manner, facilitating effective communication and understanding. So, dive in and discover how well-versed Read moreyou are in the art of conducting research!

• 1.

### Mean, Median, and Mode are

• A.

Measures of deviation

• B.

Ways of sampling

• C.

Measures of central tendency

• D.

None of these

C. Measures of central tendency
Explanation
Mean, median, and mode are measures of central tendency in statistics. They are used to summarize and describe the data by providing a single value that represents the typical or central value of a dataset. The mean is the average of all the values, the median is the middle value when the data is arranged in ascending or descending order, and the mode is the value that appears most frequently in the dataset. These measures help to understand the distribution and characteristics of the data, making them measures of central tendency rather than measures of deviation or ways of sampling.

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• 2.

### Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?

• A.

Survey of related literature

• B.

Searching sources of information to locate problems.

• C.

Identification of problem

• D.

Searching for solutions to the problem

C. Identification of problem
Explanation
The first step in starting the research process is to identify the problem. This involves recognizing a gap in knowledge or a specific issue that needs to be addressed through research. Once the problem is identified, the researcher can then proceed to conduct a survey of related literature, search for sources of information, and search for solutions to the problem. However, without first identifying the problem, the research process cannot effectively begin.

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• 3.

### In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by

• A.

Statement of Objectives

• B.

Analysis of Data

• C.

Selection of Research Tools

• D.

Collection of Data

C. Selection of Research Tools
Explanation
After formulating a hypothesis, the next step in conducting research is to select the appropriate research tools. This involves deciding on the specific methods, techniques, and instruments that will be used to collect data and gather information relevant to the research objectives. The selection of research tools is crucial as it determines the effectiveness and accuracy of data collection, which in turn affects the validity and reliability of the research findings. Therefore, selecting the right research tools is an essential step in the research process.

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• 4.

### A research paper is a brief report of research work based on

• A.

Primary Data only

• B.

Secondary Data only

• C.

Both Primary and Secondary Data

• D.

None of these

C. Both Primary and Secondary Data
Explanation
A research paper is a comprehensive report that presents the findings and analysis of a research study. In order to provide a thorough and reliable analysis, it is important to gather data from multiple sources. Primary data refers to information that is collected directly from original sources through surveys, interviews, or experiments. Secondary data, on the other hand, is data that has already been collected by someone else for a different purpose. Including both primary and secondary data in a research paper ensures a comprehensive and well-rounded analysis. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both Primary and Secondary Data."

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• 5.

### Research is

• A.

Searching again and again

• B.

Finding solutions to any problem

• C.

Working in a scientific way to search for the truth of any problem

• D.

None of these

C. Working in a scientific way to search for the truth of any problem
Explanation
Research is the process of working in a scientific way to search for the truth of any problem. It involves systematically gathering and analyzing information, conducting experiments or studies, and drawing conclusions based on evidence. Research aims to expand knowledge, solve problems, and contribute to the understanding of a particular subject or field. It is a rigorous and systematic approach that follows specific methodologies and principles to ensure reliability and validity of the findings.

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• 6.

### A common test in research demands much priority on

• A.

Reliability

• B.

Usability

• C.

Objectivity

• D.

All of these

D. All of these
Explanation
The question is asking about the common test in research that demands much priority on reliability, usability, and objectivity. The correct answer is "All of these" because all three factors are important in conducting a valid and trustworthy research test. Reliability ensures that the test produces consistent and stable results, usability ensures that the test is easy to use and understand, and objectivity ensures that the test is unbiased and free from personal opinions or preferences. Therefore, all three factors are crucial for a common research test.

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• 7.

### Action research means

• A.

A longitudinal research

• B.

An applied research

• C.

Research initiated to solve an immediate problem.

• D.

Research with the socioeconomic objective

C. Research initiated to solve an immediate problem.
Explanation
Action research is a type of research that is initiated to solve an immediate problem. It involves a systematic process of inquiry and reflection, where researchers collaborate with practitioners to identify and address specific issues or challenges. Unlike other types of research, action research is focused on practical solutions and aims to bring about positive change in real-world settings. It is often conducted in educational or organizational contexts, where the findings can be directly applied to improve practices and outcomes.

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• 8.

### A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called.

• A.

Inductive Reasoning

• B.

Deductive Reasoning

• C.

Abnormal Reasoning

• D.

Transcendental Reasoning

A. Inductive Reasoning
Explanation
A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning involves making generalizations based on specific observations or examples. It moves from specific instances to broader conclusions, often suggesting patterns or trends based on the information at hand.

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• 9.

### Which of the following variables can be expressed in quantitative terms?

• A.

Socio-economic Status

• B.

Marital Status

• C.

Numerical Aptitude

• D.

Professional Attitude

C. Numerical Aptitude
Explanation
Numerical Aptitude is a variable that measures a person's ability to work with numbers and solve mathematical problems. It can be expressed in quantitative terms through numerical assessments and measurements. On the other hand, variables like Socio-economic Status, Marital Status, and Professional Attitude are qualitative variables that cannot be measured in numerical terms. They involve subjective judgments, opinions, and social classifications.

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• 10.

### Professional Attitude

• A.

Spirit of free inquiry

• B.

Reliance on observation and evidence

• C.

Systematization or theorizing of knowledge

• D.

All these

D. All these
Explanation
The correct answer is "All these" because a professional attitude encompasses a spirit of free inquiry, reliance on observation and evidence, as well as the systematization or theorizing of knowledge. These qualities are essential for professionals to approach their work with curiosity, critical thinking, and a commitment to evidence-based practices.

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• 11.

### Reading centers, story hours, exhibitions, and reading to literature are forms of

• A.

Extension service

• B.

Service of a public library

• C.

Both

• D.

None of these

C. Both
Explanation
The correct answer is both. Reading centers, story hours, exhibitions, and reading to literature are all forms of extension service provided by a public library. Extension service refers to the outreach activities and programs that a library offers to engage with the community and promote literacy and reading. These activities aim to bring library services and resources to people who may not be able to visit the library physically, such as through mobile libraries, community events, and partnerships with schools or other organizations.

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• 12.

### Informal self-education is possible in what kind of library?

• A.

National Library

• B.

Public Library

• C.

Specific Library

• D.

College Library

B. Public Library
Explanation
Informal self-education refers to learning outside of a formal educational setting, and public libraries are specifically designed to provide access to a wide range of resources for self-education. Public libraries are open to the general public and offer a variety of books, magazines, newspapers, and digital resources that can be used for self-education purposes. Therefore, a public library is the most suitable type of library for informal self-education.

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• 13.

• A.

Quantitative research

• B.

Qualitative research

• C.

Mixed-methods research

• D.

All of the above

A. Quantitative research
Explanation
Quantitative research is most concerned about generalizing its findings. This research paradigm uses statistical analysis to gather numerical data, which allows researchers to make generalizations about a larger population. The emphasis on large sample sizes and random sampling techniques in quantitative research helps to ensure that the findings can be applied to a broader context. In contrast, qualitative research focuses on understanding specific cases in depth rather than generalizing the findings. Mixed-methods research combines both quantitative and qualitative approaches, but the emphasis on generalizability is stronger in quantitative research.

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• 14.

### Secondary data can include which of the following?

• A.

Government statistics

• B.

Personal diaries

• C.

Organizational records

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
Secondary data refers to information that has been collected by someone else for a different purpose. It can include government statistics, which are data collected by government agencies for various purposes such as population demographics or economic indicators. Personal diaries can also be considered secondary data if they are used as a source of information for research or analysis. Additionally, organizational records, such as financial statements or sales data, can be considered secondary data if they are used by researchers to gain insights or draw conclusions. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all the options listed can be classified as secondary data.

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• 15.

### What do we call data that are used for a new study but which were collected by an earlier researcher for a different set of research questions?

• A.

Secondary data

• B.

Field notes

• C.

Qualitative data

• D.

Primary data

A. Secondary data
Explanation
Secondary data refers to data that are collected by someone else for a different research purpose but are used by a new researcher for their own study. This data can include sources such as surveys, interviews, or observations that were originally gathered for a different set of research questions. The new researcher can analyze and interpret this secondary data to answer their own research questions, saving time and resources compared to collecting primary data from scratch.

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• Current Version
• Jan 19, 2024
Quiz Edited by
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• May 29, 2020
Quiz Created by
Virupaksha Gouda

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