The Research Methodology Test! Trivia Quiz

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The Research Methodology Test! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Welcome to another quiz on The Research Methodology. Information for a given study can either acquired through observational, experimental, simulation, and derived means. This quiz will test how much you know about gaining information and the importance of getting the best method. Do give it a try and get a deeper understanding of all of them. All the best, and check out other quizzes just like it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Research is

    • A.

      Searching again and again

    • B.

      Finding solution to any problem

    • C.

      Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Working in a scientific way to search for the truth of any problem". This option accurately describes the process of research, which involves conducting systematic investigations, gathering and analyzing data, and drawing conclusions based on evidence. It emphasizes the scientific approach to uncovering the truth and finding solutions to problems through rigorous and objective methods. The other options, "Searching again and again" and "Finding a solution to any problem," do not capture the comprehensive and systematic nature of research.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?

    • A.

      Searching sources of information to locate problem.

    • B.

      Survey of related literature

    • C.

      Identification of problem

    • D.

      Searching for solutions to the problem

    Correct Answer
    C. Identification of problem
    Explanation
    The first step in starting the research process is the identification of the problem. This involves recognizing and defining the specific issue or topic that the research will focus on. It is important to clearly understand the problem before proceeding with any further steps, as this will guide the entire research process and determine the objectives and scope of the study.

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  • 3. 

    A common test in research demands much priority on

    • A.

      Reliability

    • B.

      Useability

    • C.

      Objectivity

    • D.

       All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D.  All of the above
    Explanation
    In research, a common test requires a high level of reliability, meaning that the test consistently produces accurate and consistent results. Usability is also important as the test should be easy to understand, administer, and interpret. Objectivity is crucial to ensure that the test is unbiased and free from personal opinions or interpretations. Therefore, all three factors - reliability, usability, and objectivity - are given significant priority in research tests.

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  • 4. 

    In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by

    • A.

       Statement of Objectives

    • B.

      Analysis of Data

    • C.

      Selection of Research Tools

    • D.

      Collection of Data

    Correct Answer
    C. Selection of Research Tools
    Explanation
    After formulating a hypothesis, the next step in conducting research is to select the appropriate research tools. This involves choosing the methods, instruments, and techniques that will be used to collect data and gather information relevant to the study. The selection of research tools is crucial as it determines the quality and reliability of the data that will be obtained. Once the tools are selected, the researcher can proceed with the collection of data, followed by the analysis of the collected data and the statement of objectives.

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  • 5. 

    A research paper is a brief report of research work based on

    • A.

      Primary Data only

    • B.

      Secondary Data only

    • C.

      Both Primary and Secondary Data

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both Primary and Secondary Data
    Explanation
    A research paper is a comprehensive report that presents the findings of a research study. In order to provide a thorough and well-rounded analysis, it is important to include both primary and secondary data. Primary data refers to information collected firsthand by the researcher through experiments, surveys, interviews, or observations. Secondary data, on the other hand, is data that has already been collected and analyzed by someone else, such as government reports, academic journals, or previous research studies. By including both types of data, researchers can ensure a more comprehensive and reliable research paper.

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  • 6. 

    Information is…..

    • A.

       Raw Data    

    • B.

      Processed Data

    • C.

       Input data  

    • D.

      Organized data

    Correct Answer
    D. Organized data
    Explanation
    The term "organized data" refers to data that has been arranged or structured in a meaningful way, making it easier to analyze and understand. This can involve categorizing or sorting the data based on certain criteria, creating a logical framework for presentation or analysis. Unlike raw data, which is unprocessed and unorganized, organized data provides a more coherent and structured representation of information. Processed data, on the other hand, refers to data that has undergone some form of transformation or manipulation, such as calculations or analysis, to derive meaningful insights or conclusions. Therefore, the most appropriate term to describe data that has been arranged in a structured manner is "organized data".

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  • 7. 

    Conference proceedings are considered as..................documents.

    • A.

      Conventional

    • B.

      Primary

    • C.

      Secondary

    • D.

      Tertiary

    Correct Answer
    B. Primary
    Explanation
    Conference proceedings are considered as primary documents because they provide firsthand accounts of the research, discussions, and findings presented at a conference. They are original sources of information that document the latest research in a specific field. Conference proceedings are often peer-reviewed and published, making them reliable and authoritative sources of information for researchers and scholars. They are valuable resources for staying updated with the latest developments and advancements in a particular field of study.

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  • 8. 

    Questionnaire is a :

    • A.

      Research method

    • B.

       Measurement technique

    • C.

      Tool for data collection

    • D.

      Data analysis technique

    Correct Answer
    C. Tool for data collection
    Explanation
    A questionnaire is a tool for data collection. It is a structured set of questions that are designed to gather information from respondents. Questionnaires can be used in various research methods such as surveys, experiments, and observational studies. They are an efficient and effective way to collect data from a large number of participants. Questionnaires can be administered in different formats, including paper-based, online, or through interviews. They are used to gather both qualitative and quantitative data, depending on the type of questions included.

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  • 9. 

    “Controlled Group” is a term used in.............. .

    • A.

      Survey research

    • B.

      Historical research

    • C.

      Experimental research

    • D.

      Descriptive research

    Correct Answer
    C. Experimental research
    Explanation
    The term "Controlled Group" is used in Experimental research. In Experimental research, a controlled group refers to a group of participants who are not exposed to the experimental treatment or intervention being studied. This group serves as a comparison or control group against which the effects of the treatment group are measured. By comparing the outcomes of the treatment group with the controlled group, researchers can determine the effectiveness or impact of the intervention being studied.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not covered under Intellectual Property Rights ?

    • A.

      Copyrights

    • B.

      Patents

    • C.

      Trade Marks

    • D.

      Thesaurus

    Correct Answer
    D. Thesaurus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Thesaurus. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) refers to the legal rights granted to individuals or organizations for their creations or inventions. Copyrights, patents, and trademarks are all types of IPR that protect different forms of intellectual creations such as literary works, inventions, and distinctive signs. However, a thesaurus is a reference book or tool that lists synonyms and antonyms of words, which does not fall under the category of intellectual property.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following is not true about e journals ?

    • A.

      They are distributed through digital methods

    • B.

      They also have editors or editorial boards

    • C.

       They are publications of serial nature

    • D.

       They are always free of cost  

    Correct Answer
    D.  They are always free of cost  
    Explanation
    E-journals are not always free of cost. While they are distributed through digital methods and have editors or editorial boards, they are not always offered for free. Many e-journals require subscriptions or payment to access their content.

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  • 12. 

    The main purpose of research in education is to _________

    • A.

      Increase social status of an individual 

    • B.

      Increase job prospects of an individual

    • C.

      Help in the personal growth of an individual

    • D.

      Help the candidate become an eminent educationist

    Correct Answer
    D. Help the candidate become an eminent educationist
    Explanation
    The main purpose of research in education is to help the candidate become an eminent educationist. Research in education allows individuals to gain a deep understanding of educational practices, theories, and methodologies, which in turn enables them to contribute to the field and become experts in their chosen area of focus. By conducting research, individuals can develop innovative ideas, contribute to the advancement of knowledge in education, and ultimately become influential figures in the field of education.

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  • 13. 

    The data of research is ______

    • A.

      Qualitative only

    • B.

      Quantitative only

    • C.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D.

      Neither (a) nor (b)

    Correct Answer
    C. Both (a) and (b)
    Explanation
    The data of research can include both qualitative and quantitative information. Qualitative data refers to non-numerical information that is descriptive in nature, such as interviews, observations, and open-ended survey responses. On the other hand, quantitative data refers to numerical information that can be measured and analyzed statistically, such as survey responses with rating scales or data collected through experiments. Therefore, the correct answer is that the data of research can include both qualitative and quantitative information.

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  • 14. 

    Survey research studies _________

    • A.

      Events

    • B.

      Processes

    • C.

      Populations

    • D.

      Circumstances

    Correct Answer
    A. Events
    Explanation
    Survey research studies events. This means that survey research is conducted to gather information about specific occurrences or incidents. It aims to collect data on various events happening in a particular context or population. The focus is on understanding the characteristics, patterns, and factors associated with these events through the use of surveys and data collection methods.

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  • 15. 

    Evaluation research is concerned with ___________

    • A.

      Why are we doing?

    • B.

      What are we doing?

    • C.

      How well are we doing?

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. How well are we doing?
    Explanation
    Evaluation research is concerned with assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of programs, policies, or interventions. It aims to determine how well a particular initiative is performing and whether it is achieving its intended outcomes. This type of research involves collecting and analyzing data to evaluate the impact and success of a project. It helps stakeholders make informed decisions, improve program design, and allocate resources effectively.

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  • 16. 

    A college wants to give training in use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to researchers. For this the college should organize:

    • A.

      Lecture

    • B.

      Seminar

    • C.

      Workshop

    • D.

      Conference

    Correct Answer
    C. Workshop
    Explanation
    A workshop would be the most suitable option for the college to organize in order to provide training in the use of SPSS to researchers. Unlike a lecture or seminar, a workshop allows for hands-on learning and practical application of the software. It provides an interactive environment where participants can actively engage with the material and learn through practice. A conference, on the other hand, is more focused on sharing research findings and networking rather than providing training. Therefore, a workshop would be the most effective format for the college to deliver SPSS training to researchers.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is NOT the characteristic of a research?

    • A.

      Research is systematic

    • B.

      Research is not passive

    • C.

      Research is not a process

    • D.

      Research is problem oriented

    Correct Answer
    C. Research is not a process
    Explanation
    Research is a systematic and organized approach to gather information and knowledge about a specific topic. It involves a series of steps and procedures to collect, analyze, and interpret data. It is problem-oriented, meaning it aims to address a particular issue or question. However, research itself is not considered a process. It is a method or tool used within a process to achieve a specific goal. Therefore, the statement "Research is not a process" is true.

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  • 18. 

    One of the following is not a quality of researcher:

    • A.

      Keenness in enquiry

    • B.

      He must be of alert mind

    • C.

      His assertion to outstrip the evidence

    • D.

      Unison with that of which he is in search

    Correct Answer
    C. His assertion to outstrip the evidence
    Explanation
    The statement "His assertion to outstrip the evidence" is not a quality of a researcher. A researcher should rely on evidence and facts rather than making assertions that go beyond the available evidence. This quality is important to maintain objectivity and credibility in research. Researchers should base their conclusions and claims on the evidence they have gathered and analyzed, ensuring that their assertions are supported by the available data.

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  • 19. 

    Books and records are the primary sources of data in:

    • A.

      Clinical research

    • B.

      Historical research

    • C.

      Laboratory research

    • D.

      Participatory research

    Correct Answer
    B. Historical research
    Explanation
    Books and records are the primary sources of data in historical research because they provide valuable information about past events, people, and societies. These sources include written documents, manuscripts, diaries, letters, newspapers, and other archival materials. By analyzing these records, historians can gain insights into the past and construct narratives based on factual evidence. Books, both primary and secondary sources, offer interpretations and analysis of historical events, providing a broader understanding of the subject matter. Therefore, historical research heavily relies on books and records to gather and interpret data for studying and understanding the past.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following options are the main tasks of research in modern society?

    • A.

      To discover new things

    • B.

      To keep pace with the advancement in knowledge

    • C.

      To systematically examine and critically analyse the investigations/sources with objectivity

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The main tasks of research in modern society include discovering new things, keeping pace with the advancement in knowledge, and systematically examining and critically analyzing investigations/sources with objectivity. These tasks are essential for advancing our understanding of the world, pushing the boundaries of knowledge, and ensuring that research is conducted in a rigorous and unbiased manner.

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  • 21. 

    What do you consider as the main aim of inter disciplinary research?

    • A.

      To over simplify the problem of research

    • B.

      To bring out holistic approach to research

    • C.

      O create a new trend in research methodology

    • D.

      To reduce the emphasis of single subject in research domain

    Correct Answer
    B. To bring out holistic approach to research
    Explanation
    The main aim of interdisciplinary research is to bring out a holistic approach to research. This means that instead of focusing on one specific subject or discipline, interdisciplinary research seeks to integrate knowledge and methods from multiple disciplines in order to gain a more comprehensive understanding of a particular topic or problem. By considering various perspectives and approaches, interdisciplinary research aims to provide a more complete and nuanced analysis, leading to innovative and impactful solutions.

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  • 22. 

    One of the aims of the scientific method in research is to:

    • A.

      Confirm triangulation

    • B.

      Introduce new variables

    • C.

      Improve data interpretation

    • D.

      Eliminate spurious relations

    Correct Answer
    D. Eliminate spurious relations
    Explanation
    The scientific method in research aims to eliminate spurious relations. Spurious relations refer to false or misleading connections between variables that are not actually causally related. By carefully designing experiments, controlling for confounding variables, and using statistical analysis, researchers can identify and eliminate these spurious relations, ensuring that the conclusions drawn from their research are valid and reliable. This helps to improve the accuracy and credibility of scientific findings.

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  • 23. 

    The depth of any research can be judged by:

    • A.

      Title of the research

    • B.

      Duration of the research

    • C.

      Objectives of the research

    • D.

      Total expenditure on the research

    Correct Answer
    C. Objectives of the research
    Explanation
    The depth of any research can be judged by the objectives of the research. The objectives provide a clear understanding of what the research aims to achieve and the specific questions it seeks to answer. They indicate the level of detail and complexity that the research will delve into, as well as the scope of the study. By examining the objectives, one can assess the thoroughness and comprehensiveness of the research, as well as its potential contribution to the existing body of knowledge.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following is not the Method of Research?

    • A.

      Survey

    • B.

      Historical

    • C.

      Observation

    • D.

      Philosophical

    Correct Answer
    C. Observation
    Explanation
    Observation is not a method of research because it involves the act of observing and recording data without manipulating any variables or conducting any experiments. It is a passive form of data collection where researchers simply observe and document what is happening without intervening or influencing the outcome. In contrast, methods like survey, historical research, and philosophical research involve active data collection through surveys, analysis of historical records, and philosophical inquiry respectively.

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  • 25. 

    Research can be classified as:

    • A.

      Basic, Applied and Action Research

    • B.

      Quantitative and Qualitative Research

    • C.

      Philosophical, Historical, Survey and Experimental Research

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    Research can be classified into various categories. Basic, applied, and action research refer to different approaches to research based on their purpose and objectives. Quantitative and qualitative research refer to different methods of data collection and analysis. Philosophical, historical, survey, and experimental research refer to different research designs and approaches. Therefore, the correct answer is "All the above" as it encompasses all the different classifications of research mentioned in the options.

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  • 26. 

    The first step of research is:

    • A.

      Finding a problem

    • B.

      Selecting a problem

    • C.

      Searching a problem

    • D.

      Identifying a problem

    Correct Answer
    D. Identifying a problem
    Explanation
    The first step of research is identifying a problem. This involves recognizing an issue or gap in knowledge that needs to be addressed through research. Before any research can be conducted, it is essential to clearly define and understand the problem at hand. This step allows researchers to focus their efforts and develop a research question or hypothesis that can guide their study. Once a problem has been identified, the research process can proceed with formulating objectives, designing a study, and collecting data to address the identified problem.

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  • 27. 

    A research problem is feasible only when:

    • A.

      It is researchable

    • B.

      It has utility and relevance

    • C.

      It is new and adds something to knowledge

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    A research problem is considered feasible when it meets certain criteria. Firstly, it must be researchable, meaning that there are methods and resources available to investigate and analyze it. Secondly, it should have utility and relevance, implying that the findings of the research will have practical applications and contribute to the existing body of knowledge. Lastly, the research problem should be new and add something valuable to the existing knowledge, ensuring that it fills a gap or addresses a significant issue. Therefore, the correct answer is "all the above" as all these conditions need to be satisfied for a research problem to be feasible.

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  • 28. 

    Bibliography given in a research report:

    • A.

      Has no relevance to research

    • B.

      Shows vast knowledge of the researcher

    • C.

      Helps those interested in further research

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Helps those interested in further research
    Explanation
    The presence of a bibliography in a research report indicates that the researcher has provided a list of sources they have consulted and referenced in their work. This helps those interested in further research as it allows them to access and explore the same sources to gain a deeper understanding of the topic. It also demonstrates that the researcher has conducted a thorough literature review and is supporting their arguments with credible and relevant sources. Therefore, the correct answer is that the bibliography helps those interested in further research.

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  • 29. 

    Fundamental research reflects the ability to:

    • A.

      Expound new principles

    • B.

      Synthesize new ideals

    • C.

      Evaluate the existing material concerning research

    • D.

      Study the existing literature regarding various topics

    Correct Answer
    A. Expound new principles
    Explanation
    Fundamental research involves the exploration and discovery of new principles in a specific field of study. It goes beyond evaluating existing material or studying existing literature, and instead focuses on expanding knowledge by uncovering and explaining new principles. This could involve developing new theories, concepts, or frameworks that contribute to the understanding of a particular subject. By expounding new principles, fundamental research pushes the boundaries of knowledge and contributes to the advancement of a discipline.

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  • 30. 

    The study in which the investigators attempt to trace an effect is known as:

    • A.

      Survey Research

    • B.

      Historical Research

    • C.

      Summative Research

    • D.

      'Ex-post Facto' Research

    Correct Answer
    D. 'Ex-post Facto' Research
    Explanation
    Ex-post facto research refers to a type of study where investigators analyze the effects of an independent variable that has already occurred or cannot be manipulated. This type of research aims to trace the cause and effect relationship between variables by examining existing data or events retrospectively. It is different from survey research, historical research, and summative research, which focus on different aspects of data collection and analysis.

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  • 31. 

    The experimental study is based on:

    • A.

      Survey of literature

    • B.

      Conceptual parameters

    • C.

      Replication of research

    • D.

      The manipulation of variables

    Correct Answer
    D. The manipulation of variables
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The manipulation of variables." In an experimental study, researchers manipulate the independent variable(s) to observe the effect on the dependent variable(s). This allows them to establish cause-and-effect relationships and test hypotheses. By controlling and manipulating variables, researchers can isolate the specific factors that influence the outcome of the study. This is a key characteristic of experimental research, distinguishing it from other methods such as surveys, literature reviews, or conceptual parameters.

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  • 32. 

    The main characteristic of scientific research is:

    • A.

      Empirical

    • B.

      Theoretical

    • C.

      Experimental

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The main characteristic of scientific research is that it encompasses all of the above options: empirical, theoretical, and experimental. Scientific research involves gathering empirical evidence through observation and experimentation, which is then used to develop and test theories. Theoretical research involves the development of new concepts and models, while experimental research involves conducting controlled experiments to test hypotheses. Therefore, all of these characteristics are essential components of scientific research.

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  • 33. 

    Research problem is selected from the stand point of:

    • A.

      Social relevance

    • B.

      Financial support

    • C.

      Researcher's interest

    • D.

      Availability of relevant literature

    Correct Answer
    A. Social relevance
    Explanation
    Research problem is selected from the standpoint of social relevance because it is important to address issues that have a significant impact on society. By selecting a research problem that is socially relevant, researchers can contribute to the betterment of society by exploring solutions, generating knowledge, and informing policy decisions. This ensures that the research is meaningful and has practical implications for addressing societal challenges.

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  • 34. 

    The research is always 

    • A.

      Exploring new knowledge

    • B.

      Verifying the old knowledge

    • C.

      Filling the gap between knowledge

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Research is a process of seeking new knowledge by conducting investigations and experiments. It involves exploring uncharted territories and discovering new information. Additionally, research also involves verifying existing knowledge through replication and validation. It aims to ensure the accuracy and reliability of previous findings. Furthermore, research fills the gap between existing knowledge by identifying areas that require further investigation and providing new insights and understanding. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of these" as research encompasses all these aspects.

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  • 35. 

    How can the objectivity of the research be enhanced?

    • A.

      Through its validity

    • B.

      Through its reliability

    • C.

      Through its impartiality

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The objectivity of research can be enhanced through its validity, reliability, and impartiality. Validity ensures that the research measures what it intends to measure and accurately represents the phenomenon being studied. Reliability ensures that the research produces consistent and dependable results that can be replicated. Impartiality ensures that the research is free from bias and personal opinions, allowing for an objective analysis of the data. By incorporating all of these factors, the research can be considered more objective and trustworthy.

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  • 36. 

    Action-research is:

    • A.

      An applied research

    • B.

      A longitudinal research

    • C.

      A research carried out to solve immediate problems

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    Action-research is a type of research that involves both practical application and the collection of data over an extended period of time. It is characterized by its focus on solving immediate problems and implementing the findings into practice. Therefore, it can be considered as an applied research since it aims to address real-world issues and make a direct impact. Additionally, the term "longitudinal research" refers to studies conducted over a prolonged period, which aligns with the nature of action-research. Hence, the correct answer is "All the above."

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  • 37. 

    If a researcher conducts research on finding out which administrative style contributes more to institutional effectiveness? This will be an example of

    • A.

      Applied Research

    • B.

      Action Research

    • C.

      Basic Research

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Applied Research
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the researcher is conducting research with the intention of finding out which administrative style contributes more to institutional effectiveness. This aligns with the concept of applied research, which aims to solve practical problems and provide solutions to real-world issues. The researcher's goal is to apply the findings of the research to improve the effectiveness of institutions, making it a clear example of applied research.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following variables cannot be expressed in quantitative terms?

    • A.

      Marital Status

    • B.

      Numerical Aptitude

    • C.

      Professional Attitude

    • D.

      Socio-economic Status

    Correct Answer
    C. Professional Attitude
    Explanation
    Professional Attitude cannot be expressed in quantitative terms because it is a subjective characteristic that relates to an individual's behavior, values, and mindset in a professional setting. It is not something that can be measured or quantified using numbers or numerical data. Marital Status, Numerical Aptitude, and Socio-economic Status, on the other hand, can all be expressed in quantitative terms as they can be measured using specific criteria or metrics such as numbers, scores, or income levels.

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  • 39. 

    A doctor studies the relative effectiveness of two drugs of dengue fever. His research would be classified as

    • A.

      Case Study

    • B.

      Ethnography

    • C.

      Descriptive Survey

    • D.

      Experimental Research

    Correct Answer
    D. Experimental Research
    Explanation
    The doctor's study involves comparing the effectiveness of two drugs for dengue fever. This suggests that the doctor is conducting an experiment where they manipulate the independent variable (the drug) and measure the dependent variable (effectiveness) to determine the cause-and-effect relationship between the two. Experimental research involves controlling variables and randomly assigning participants to different conditions, which aligns with the doctor's study design.

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  • 40. 

    A research paper is a brief report of research work based on

    • A.

      Primary Data only

    • B.

      Secondary Data only

    • C.

      Both Primary and Secondary Data

    • D.

      None of the above 

    Correct Answer
    C. Both Primary and Secondary Data
    Explanation
    A research paper is a comprehensive report that presents the findings of a research study. It is based on both primary and secondary data sources. Primary data refers to the data collected firsthand by the researcher through experiments, surveys, interviews, etc. Secondary data, on the other hand, is the data that has been previously collected by someone else and is used by the researcher for analysis and interpretation. Therefore, a research paper includes information from both primary and secondary data sources to provide a well-rounded and informed perspective on the research topic.

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