Lead Up To The Russian Revolution

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Lead Up To The Russian Revolution - Quiz

Test your knowledge of significant people and events in the lead up to the 1917 Russian Revolution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When did Nicholas 11 ascend to the throne?

    • A.

      2010

    • B.

      1884

    • C.

      1894

    • D.

      1904

    • E.

      1984

    Correct Answer
    C. 1894
    Explanation
    Nicholas II ascended to the throne in 1894.

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  • 2. 

    What is the meaning of the term autocracy?

    • A.

      A form of governemnt in which one person rules with unlimited authority and one person posseses unlimited power.

    • B.

      A new vehicle manufactured by Ferrari.

    • C.

      The Russian word for power.

    • D.

      Another name for a dictator.

    Correct Answer
    A. A form of governemnt in which one person rules with unlimited authority and one person posseses unlimited power.
    Explanation
    Autocracy refers to a form of government where one person holds unlimited authority and possesses absolute power. In an autocratic system, this individual has complete control over decision-making and governance, without any checks or balances from other branches or individuals. It is characterized by a lack of political pluralism, limited or no civil liberties, and a concentration of power in the hands of a single ruler. This term is distinct from the other options provided, as it specifically pertains to a type of government rather than a vehicle, a word in another language, or a synonym for a dictator.

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  • 3. 

    To whom was Nicholas married?There are 2 answers from the list below, as she changed her name after marrying Nicholas.

    • A.

      Alexandra Windsor

    • B.

      Alix of Hesse

    • C.

      Lady Gaga

    • D.

      Alexndra Fedorovna

    • E.

      Gertrude Petersburg

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Alix of Hesse
    D. Alexndra Fedorovna
    Explanation
    Nicholas was married to Alix of Hesse, who later changed her name to Alexandra Fedorovna.

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  • 4. 

    Why did the Tsar fall under the influence of Rasputin?

    • A.

      He was an old friend who he trusted.

    • B.

      His wife believed that Rasputin was a great opera singer

    • C.

      His wife believed that Rasputin had special powers, which could help heal their son when he suffered a bleed.

    • D.

      All of Russia was scared of him.

    Correct Answer
    C. His wife believed that Rasputin had special powers, which could help heal their son when he suffered a bleed.
    Explanation
    Rasputin gained influence over the Tsar because the Tsar's wife, Alexandra, believed that he possessed special healing powers that could help their son when he suffered from a bleed. This belief led to the Tsar allowing Rasputin to have a significant role in the royal family, as he trusted his wife's judgment and wanted to do whatever he could to help their son.

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  • 5. 

    When did Russia begin a program of modernisation?

    • A.

      When the Romoanov Family first came to power

    • B.

      In 1913 just prior to WW1

    • C.

      Under Sergei Witte - 1892 - 1903

    • D.

      Under Stalin with his 5 Year Programs

    • E.

      When Lenin came to power

    Correct Answer
    C. Under Sergei Witte - 1892 - 1903
    Explanation
    Under Sergei Witte - 1892 - 1903, Russia began a program of modernization. Sergei Witte served as the Minister of Finance and Prime Minister of the Russian Empire during this period. He implemented various economic reforms and policies aimed at modernizing Russia's industry, transportation, and infrastructure. Witte's efforts included the construction of railways, the expansion of foreign trade, and the promotion of industrialization. This period of modernization under Witte's leadership played a crucial role in transforming Russia into a more industrialized and modern nation.

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  • 6. 

    How did the Russian government pay for the modernisation?

    • A.

      Huge foreign loans

    • B.

      Increased taxes on nobles

    • C.

      Sold off some of therir territory to the Japanese

    • D.

      Sold Alasaka to United Staes of America

    Correct Answer
    A. Huge foreign loans
    Explanation
    The Russian government paid for the modernization through huge foreign loans. This means that they borrowed a significant amount of money from other countries in order to fund their efforts to modernize. This approach allowed them to access the necessary funds without relying solely on their own resources or increasing taxes on nobles. Additionally, selling off territory to the Japanese or Alaska to the United States of America were not mentioned as methods of payment for modernization in this context.

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  • 7. 

    What effect did the modernisation have on the peasantry?

    • A.

      Drew many peasants to the cities seeking work

    • B.

      Improved their living conditions

    • C.

      Made farming easier for the peasants due to the new farm machinery being produced in the factories

    • D.

      They had electricity in their homes for the first time

    Correct Answer
    A. Drew many peasants to the cities seeking work
    Explanation
    The modernization had the effect of drawing many peasants to the cities seeking work. This means that as modernization and industrialization took place, peasants left their rural areas and moved to the cities in search of employment opportunities. This shift from agriculture-based livelihoods to urban industrial jobs was a significant consequence of modernization.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following were reasons for discontent prior to 1905? You can select as many (1 - 5) of the answers as you think are correct  from the list below.

    • A.

      Poor working conditions in the factories

    • B.

      Lack of political reform

    • C.

      The October Manifesto

    • D.

      Brutal repression of opposition

    • E.

      Russo Japanese war

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Poor working conditions in the factories
    B. Lack of political reform
    D. Brutal repression of opposition
    E. Russo Japanese war
    Explanation
    The reasons for discontent prior to 1905 included poor working conditions in the factories, lack of political reform, brutal repression of opposition, and the Russo-Japanese war. These factors contributed to widespread dissatisfaction among the population, as they faced harsh working conditions, limited political rights, government suppression of dissent, and the negative impact of the war on the economy and national pride.

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  • 9. 

    What affect did the modernisation process have on the nobles in Russia?

    • A.

      They became frustrated with the cars they bought

    • B.

      Nobles lost some of their power to the new industrial entrepreneurs

    • C.

      Had difficulty learning how to drive cars

    • D.

      Boycotted anything produced in the new industrial factories

    Correct Answer
    B. Nobles lost some of their power to the new industrial entrepreneurs
    Explanation
    During the modernisation process in Russia, the nobles experienced a loss of power to the new industrial entrepreneurs. This can be inferred from the fact that the question asks about the effect of modernisation on the nobles, and the answer choice states that they lost some of their power. This suggests that the rise of industrialisation and the emergence of new entrepreneurs led to a shift in power dynamics, diminishing the influence and authority of the nobles.

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  • 10. 

    The Bolsheviks were part of which broad political group.

    • A.

      Liberals

    • B.

      Social Revolutionaries

    • C.

      Marxists

    • D.

      Monarchists

    Correct Answer
    C. Marxists
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Marxists because the Bolsheviks were a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, which later became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The Bolsheviks, led by Vladimir Lenin, believed in the principles of Marxism and sought to establish a socialist state through revolution. They advocated for the overthrow of the capitalist system and the establishment of a dictatorship of the proletariat.

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  • 11. 

    Why did Nicholas proclaim the "October Manifesto"?

    • A.

      He thought it was good time to start reform

    • B.

      He was pressured into it by Sergei Witte

    • C.

      Rasputin suggested it as a means to hold off revolution

    • D.

      To appease the liberals by offering civil liberties and a state duma

    • E.

      To stop the people of Russia thinking about the defeat in the Russo - Japanese war of 1905

    Correct Answer
    D. To appease the liberals by offering civil liberties and a state duma
    Explanation
    Nicholas proclaimed the "October Manifesto" to appease the liberals by offering civil liberties and a state duma. This decision was likely driven by the desire to pacify the growing unrest and dissatisfaction among the liberal factions in Russia. By granting civil liberties and establishing a state duma, Nicholas aimed to address their demands for political representation and reform, in the hopes of preventing further revolutionary movements and maintaining stability in the country.

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  • 12. 

    Who was Peter Stolypin?

    • A.

      Rasputins minder from 1906 to 1912

    • B.

      Prime Minister of Russia from 1906 to 1911

    • C.

      President of Russia from 1904 to 1910

    • D.

      Tsaravich Alexei's minder from 1905 to 1910

    • E.

      Minister of Interior from 1904 to 1913

    Correct Answer
    B. Prime Minister of Russia from 1906 to 1911
    Explanation
    Peter Stolypin was the Prime Minister of Russia from 1906 to 1911.

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  • 13. 

    Who was Sergei Witte?

    • A.

      A famous Russian Playwright

    • B.

      A Famous Russian General

    • C.

      Principal dancer of the Bolshei Ballet from 1907 to 1914

    • D.

      Responsible for the October Manifesto

    • E.

      Gregoria Witte's younger brother

    Correct Answer
    D. Responsible for the October Manifesto
    Explanation
    Sergei Witte was responsible for the October Manifesto. The October Manifesto was a document issued by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in 1905, in response to the 1905 Russian Revolution. It granted civil liberties and established the State Duma, the first elected legislative body in Russia. Sergei Witte, a prominent statesman and politician, played a crucial role in drafting and implementing this manifesto, which aimed to appease the revolutionary movement and bring about political reforms in Russia.

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  • 14. 

    Who was Lenin?

    • A.

      Leader of the Mensheviks

    • B.

      Co Author fo the Communist Manifesto

    • C.

      A member of the Beatles

    • D.

      Leader of the Bolsheviks

    Correct Answer
    D. Leader of the Bolsheviks
    Explanation
    Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks, a faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. He played a crucial role in the Russian Revolution and became the first head of the Soviet Union. Lenin's leadership and ideology were instrumental in shaping the Bolshevik movement and establishing a communist regime in Russia. His policies aimed to create a classless society and redistribute wealth and power to the working class. Lenin's leadership and contributions to the Bolshevik cause make him the correct answer in this context.

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  • 15. 

    When and where was Peter Stolypin assassinated?

    • A.

      At the Bolshei ballet performance of Swan Lake on 29th February 1911

    • B.

      At the Kiev Opera house on 1st Septemebr 1911

    • C.

      At the Winter Palace on Bloody Sunday 1905

    • D.

      He was not assassinated

    Correct Answer
    B. At the Kiev Opera house on 1st Septemebr 1911
    Explanation
    Peter Stolypin was assassinated at the Kiev Opera house on 1st September 1911.

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  • 16. 

    What was important about Stolypins ideas?

    • A.

      Stolypin attempted to provide a balance between the introduction of much needed land reform and suppression of radicals

    • B.

      Stolypin understood the need to make the Duma open to universal suffrage

    • C.

      Stolypin was a first to convince Tsar Nicholas 11 of the need for reform

    • D.

      Stolypin was the first Russian to survive an asassintion attempt whilst in the Duma

    Correct Answer
    A. Stolypin attempted to provide a balance between the introduction of much needed land reform and suppression of radicals
    Explanation
    Stolypin's ideas were important because he recognized the importance of implementing land reform to address the social and economic issues in Russia. He also understood the need to suppress radical movements that posed a threat to the stability of the government. By attempting to strike a balance between these two objectives, Stolypin aimed to bring about much-needed reforms while maintaining order in the country. This approach was significant as it acknowledged the need for change while also addressing the concerns of those who feared the potential consequences of radical reforms.

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  • 17. 

    Waht role did Trotsky play in the 1905 uprisings (Revolution)?

    • A.

      Led the Bloody Sunday march on the Winter Palace

    • B.

      Leader of the first St Petersburg Soviet formed in 1905

    • C.

      Led an assassination attempt on Nicholas 11

    • D.

      Created the seperation between Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks

    Correct Answer
    B. Leader of the first St Petersburg Soviet formed in 1905
    Explanation
    Trotsky played the role of being the leader of the first St Petersburg Soviet formed in 1905.

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  • 18. 

    Who was the leader of the Duma in January 1917?

    • A.

      Rodzyanko

    • B.

      Stalin

    • C.

      Lenin

    • D.

      Rasputin

    • E.

      Kerensky

    Correct Answer
    A. Rodzyanko
    Explanation
    Rodzyanko was the leader of the Duma in January 1917. The Duma was the legislative body of the Russian government at that time. Rodzyanko's leadership of the Duma during this period was significant because it was during this time that the Russian Revolution took place, leading to the overthrow of the Tsarist regime. Rodzyanko played a crucial role in the events leading up to the revolution, including his support for the establishment of a Provisional Government.

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  • 19. 

    What was the capital of the Russian Empire at the turn of the century (1900)?

    • A.

      Leningrad

    • B.

      Stalingrad

    • C.

      Moscow

    • D.

      St Petersburg

    • E.

      Petrograd

    Correct Answer
    D. St Petersburg
    Explanation
    St Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire at the turn of the century (1900). It was founded by Peter the Great in 1703 and remained the capital until 1918 when it was renamed Petrograd. St Petersburg was known for its grand architecture, cultural significance, and being the political and cultural center of Russia during that time period.

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  • 20. 

    What was the capital of Russia called after WW1 was declared?

    • A.

      Leningrad

    • B.

      Stalingrad

    • C.

      Moscow

    • D.

      St Petersburg

    • E.

      Petrograd

    Correct Answer
    E. Petrograd
    Explanation
    After World War 1 was declared, the capital of Russia was renamed Petrograd. This change was made to remove any German-sounding elements from the city's name, as Germany was the enemy during the war. The name Petrograd remained until 1924 when it was changed to Leningrad in honor of Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Russian Revolution.

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  • 21. 

    Who led the march on the Winter Palace in 1905?

    • A.

      Leon Trotsky

    • B.

      Vladimir Lenin

    • C.

      Josef Stalin

    • D.

      Father Gapon

    • E.

      Father Gregorio Rasputin

    Correct Answer
    D. Father Gapon
    Explanation
    Father Gapon led the march on the Winter Palace in 1905. He was a Russian Orthodox priest and a key figure in the Russian Revolution of 1905. Gapon organized a peaceful protest march to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II, demanding better working conditions and political reforms. However, the march turned violent when the Imperial Guard opened fire on the protesters, resulting in the Bloody Sunday massacre. While Leon Trotsky, Vladimir Lenin, Josef Stalin, and Father Gregorio Rasputin were all significant figures in Russian history, they were not the leaders of the march on the Winter Palace in 1905.

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  • 22. 

    Is is estimated how many people marched on the Winter Palace on Bloody Sunday?

    • A.

      Approximatley 200

    • B.

      Approximatley 500

    • C.

      Approximatley 5000

    • D.

      Approximatley 50000

    • E.

      Approximatley 200000

    Correct Answer
    E. Approximatley 200000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is approximately 200,000. This suggests that a large number of people marched on the Winter Palace on Bloody Sunday.

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  • 23. 

    When did Tasr Nicholas 11 abdicate?

    • A.

      February 1916

    • B.

      October 1916

    • C.

      February 1917

    • D.

      October 1917

    Correct Answer
    C. February 1917
  • 24. 

    What was  "zemstva"?

    • A.

      A federal government organisation

    • B.

      A local government organisation

    • C.

      An international government organisation

    • D.

      A Russian fashion design house responsible for dressing the Royal family.

    Correct Answer
    B. A local government organisation
    Explanation
    Zemstva refers to a local government organization in Russia. It was established in the late 19th century and consisted of elected representatives from the rural population. The zemstva had responsibilities in areas such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure development at the local level. They played a significant role in the governance of rural areas and were an important part of the overall administrative structure in Russia during that time.

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  • 25. 

    Who killed Rasputin?

    • A.

      Tsar Nicholas 11

    • B.

      Prince of Pruple Rain

    • C.

      Prince Felix Yusupov

    • D.

      Peter Stolypin

    • E.

      Head of the Ohkrana

    Correct Answer
    C. Prince Felix Yusupov
    Explanation
    Prince Felix Yusupov is believed to have played a major role in the assassination of Rasputin. Rasputin was a controversial figure who held significant influence over the Russian royal family, particularly Tsar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra. Yusupov, along with a group of conspirators, lured Rasputin to his palace and attempted to poison him. When the poison failed to kill him, Yusupov shot Rasputin multiple times. They then tied him up and threw him into the Neva River. Yusupov's involvement in the murder has been widely documented and he confessed to his role in the assassination.

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  • 26. 

    What was a Duma?

    • A.

      Used on beds instead of blankets in Russia

    • B.

      A local council

    • C.

      An elected parliament

    • D.

      The name given to the Tsars advisers

    • E.

      The group of people who led the Russian Orthodox church

    Correct Answer
    C. An elected parliament
    Explanation
    A Duma refers to an elected parliament. In Russia, the Duma was the lower house of the legislative body during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It was established as a result of the Russian Revolution of 1905, and its purpose was to represent the interests of the people and provide a platform for political discussions and decision-making. The Duma played a significant role in the political landscape of Russia, particularly during the early stages of the country's transition towards a more democratic system of governance.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following was not one of Tsar Nicholas's children?

    • A.

      Olga

    • B.

      Anastasia

    • C.

      Maria

    • D.

      Alexei

    • E.

      Rizania

    Correct Answer
    E. Rizania
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rizania because Rizania was not one of Tsar Nicholas's children. Tsar Nicholas had four children named Olga, Anastasia, Maria, and Alexei. Rizania is not a known child of Tsar Nicholas, making it the correct answer.

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  • 28. 

    Which group of Historians believe WW1 was the most inmportant factor in the Russian Revolution?

    • A.

      Soviet Historians

    • B.

      Liberal Historians

    • C.

      Revisionist Historians

    Correct Answer
    B. Liberal Historians
    Explanation
    Liberal historians believe that WW1 was the most important factor in the Russian Revolution. They argue that the war created economic and social instability in Russia, leading to discontent among the population. The strain of the war on the Russian economy, combined with military failures and high casualties, weakened the government's legitimacy and sparked revolutionary sentiments. Liberal historians also emphasize the impact of the war on the Russian military, which suffered from poor leadership and inadequate resources, further eroding support for the Tsarist regime.

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  • 29. 

    Follow the link to play the media file and then answer the question. Do the lyrics of this song accurately represent Rasputin and his impact on the Russian Royal family?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kvDMlk3kSYg

    Correct Answer
    Yes
    yes
    No
    no
    A little bit
  • 30. 

    Take the time to view in full this video (approx. 8 minutes). After watching this video would you change any of your answers in the test?http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YdAt2pTtjpM

    Correct Answer
    Yes
    No
    yes
    no
    maybe
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