Latihan Unas Sosiologi 2011-2012 Skl 4

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| By Alfinsosiologi
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Latihan Unas Sosiologi 2011-2012 Skl 4 - Quiz

KOMPETENSI Mendeskripsikan penyimpangan dan pengendalian sosial. INDIKATOR 1. Menjelaskan sebab terjadinya perilaku menyimpang 2. Mengidentifikasi berbagai jenis perilaku menyimpang 3. Mengindentifikasi pengendalian sosial melalui berbagai jenis lembaga pengendalian sosial


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Perilaku menyimpang yang bukan termasuk sebagai tindak kriminalitas adalah….

    • A.

      Pengendara mobil yang ugal-ugalan

    • B.

      Perampokan terhadap penumpang bis kota

    • C.

      Pengusaha memanipulasi pajak

    • D.

      Remaja yang mabuk-mabukan

    • E.

      Penjudi yang berada di tengah masyarakat alim

    Correct Answer
    E. Penjudi yang berada di tengah masyarakat alim
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Penjudi yang berada di tengah masyarakat alim" because while gambling may be considered a deviant behavior, it is not necessarily a criminal act unless it is specifically prohibited by law in that particular jurisdiction. In this case, the question states that the gambler is in a religious or conservative community, implying that their behavior may be frowned upon by the community but not necessarily illegal.

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  • 2. 

    Beredarnya minuman keras di masyarakat mengakibatkan  banyaknya kaum remaja yang mengkonsumsinya, sehingga menjadi  pemabuk. Kasus tersebut termasuk jenis penyimpangan sosial…

    • A.

      Individu

    • B.

      Kelompok

    • C.

      sekunder

    • D.

      Primer

    • E.

      Gaya hidup

    Correct Answer
    D. Primer
    Explanation
    The given passage describes the circulation of alcoholic beverages in society leading to an increase in teenage consumption, resulting in alcoholism. This indicates that the issue is related to the initial or primary stage of deviance, where individuals engage in deviant behavior for the first time. Therefore, the correct answer is "primer."

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  • 3. 

    Apabila tindakan menyogok, menggelapkan uang negara, pelacuran dan lain-lain sudah dianggap hal yang biasa sedang sebelumnya dianggap sebagai hal yang sangat tercela, maka fenomena semacam ini dinamakan sebagai…..

    • A.

      Penyimpangan sebagai kesalahan sosialisasi

    • B.

      Perubahan pola hidup masyarakat modern

    • C.

      Penyimpangan sosialisasi sub kebudayaan

    • D.

      Penyimpangan sosial secara individual

    • E.

      Destrukturisasi pola kehidupan masyarakat

    Correct Answer
    A. Penyimpangan sebagai kesalahan sosialisasi
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that if actions such as bribery, embezzlement, prostitution, and others are now considered normal while they were previously considered highly condemnable, then this phenomenon is referred to as "penyimpangan sebagai kesalahan sosialisasi" or deviation as a socialization error. This implies that the change in societal norms and values has led to a shift in what is considered acceptable behavior, indicating a failure in socialization processes.

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  • 4. 

    Pada hari senin, sepulang sekolah, Cindy berniat pulang untuk bersantai karena tidak ada pekerjaan rumah yang diberikan guru nya hari itu. Namun, beberappa teman kelasnya berencana untuk pergi nonton bioskop setelah pulang sekolah. Akhirnya Cindi memutuskan untuk ikut menonton karena melihat semua teman-temannya pergi. Tindakan yang dilakukan cindi merupakan contoh…

    • A.

      Perilaku menyimpang

    • B.

      Sosialisasi yang tidak sempurna

    • C.

      Penyimpangan gaya hidup

    • D.

      Konformitas

    • E.

      Nilai sub kebudayaan yang menyimpang

    Correct Answer
    D. Konformitas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Konformitas" because Cindy decided to join her friends in going to the movies even though she initially planned to relax at home. This shows that she conformed to the group's plan and followed their actions, likely influenced by the desire to fit in and not feel left out.

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  • 5. 

    Sejak usia 17 tahun dodi sudah melakukan beberapa tindak kejahatan, seperti mencuri telepon genggam saat temannya sedang lengah, mencoba mengkonsumsi narkoba, mengacam adik kelas agar  memberinya uang. Selama ini ia memang belum pernah tertangkap, tetapi ketika pacarnya melaporkannya kepada pihak kepolisian atas tindak pelecehan seksual terhadap dirinya, dodi pun ditangkap dan semua kejahatannya terbongkar. Tindakan dodi termasuk dalam…

    • A.

      Perilaku menyimpang

    • B.

      Sosialisasi yang tidak sempurna

    • C.

      Penyimpangan gaya hidup

    • D.

      Konformitas

    • E.

      Nilai sub kebudayaan yang menyimpang

    Correct Answer
    C. Penyimpangan gaya hidup
    Explanation
    Dodi's actions, such as stealing, attempting drug use, and extorting money, can be considered as deviant behavior or a deviation from societal norms. However, it is specifically categorized as "penyimpangan gaya hidup" or deviant lifestyle because Dodi engages in multiple criminal activities that go against the accepted norms and values of society. This is further highlighted by the fact that his actions were exposed when he was arrested for sexual harassment, indicating a pattern of deviant behavior in his lifestyle.

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  • 6. 

    Seorang suami melarang istrinya berkumpul dengan ibu-ibu lain disekitar kediamannya dengan alasan ibu-ibu itu suka menggunjing orang lain, akhirnya terjadilah fitnah. Larangan suami terhadap istrinya itu termasuk dalam cakupan pengendalian sosial yaitu…

    • A.

      Pengawasan individu terhadap individu lain

    • B.

      Pengawaasan dari beberapa kelompok terhadap individu

    • C.

      Pengawasan kelompok terhadap individu

    • D.

      Pengawasan individu terhadap kelompok

    • E.

      Pengawasan dari kelompok terhadap kelompok

    Correct Answer
    A. Pengawasan individu terhadap individu lain
    Explanation
    The husband's restriction on his wife's interaction with other women in their vicinity is an example of social control. In this case, it falls under the category of individual monitoring of another individual's behavior. The husband is attempting to control his wife's actions and prevent her from engaging in gossip or spreading rumors, which can lead to defamation. This form of social control aims to regulate individual behavior within a community to maintain social order and prevent harm or conflict.

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  • 7. 

    Salah satu cara pengendalian sosial adalah gosip atau desas desus, contohnya seperti…

    • A.

      Berita media masa yang terbuka tentang tindakan kriminal yang dilakukan oleh pejabat negara

    • B.

      Beberapa opini masyarakat tentang tindkan kejahatan negara yang tidak berkaitan secara jelas

    • C.

      Unjuk rasa mahasiswa dan masyarakat mengenai reformasi

    • D.

      Kejahatan politik yang di beritakan media massa namun tidak ditanggapi masyarkat

    • E.

      Kejahatam politik dan ekonomi yang di tutup-tutupi namun akhirnya dapat diungkap oleh aparat keamanan

    Correct Answer
    E. Kejahatam politik dan ekonomi yang di tutup-tutupi namun akhirnya dapat diungkap oleh aparat keamanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kejahatam politik dan ekonomi yang di tutup-tutupi namun akhirnya dapat diungkap oleh aparat keamanan." This answer is the most fitting because it describes a situation where social control is exercised through gossip or rumors. In this case, the gossip or rumors revolve around political and economic crimes that are initially hidden or covered up but eventually exposed by security forces. This form of social control relies on the spread of information and public awareness to hold individuals or groups accountable for their actions.

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  • 8. 

    Memakai rok mini dan celana jeans pandek ketat kini sudah cenderung dianggap bukan hal yang aneh dan tidak sopan. Banyak remaja yang menggunakan pakaian serba minim untuk menunjukkan keindahan tubuh nya atau sekedar mengikuti gaya yang sedang menjadi unggulan para perancang. Tindakan kejahatan yang mungkin terpicu oleh hal tersebut tidak lagi dihiraukan. Fenomena yan terjadi di tengah masyarakat tersebut termasuk…

    • A.

      Pengendalian sosial

    • B.

      Dekadensi moral

    • C.

      Keteraturan sosial

    • D.

      Konflik sosial

    • E.

      Konsolidasi sosial

    Correct Answer
    B. Dekadensi moral
    Explanation
    The passage suggests that wearing mini skirts and tight jeans is no longer considered strange or inappropriate. Many teenagers wear revealing clothing to show off their bodies or to follow current fashion trends. The passage also mentions that criminal activities that may be triggered by this behavior are no longer ignored. This indicates a decline in moral values and a lack of concern for the potential consequences of such clothing choices. Therefore, the correct answer is "dekadensi moral" which means moral decadence.

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  • 9. 

    Masyarakat akan selalu mencegah, mengurangi, maupun menghilangkan penyimpangan-penyimpangan yang terjadi sehingga terwujud kembali keseimbangan sosial (social equilibrium) yang sering disebut sebagai…

    • A.

      Hukuman sosial

    • B.

      Sanksi sosial

    • C.

      pengendalian sosial

    • D.

      Keteraturan sosial

    • E.

      Integrasi sosial

    Correct Answer
    C. pengendalian sosial
    Explanation
    The term "pengendalian sosial" refers to the efforts made by society to prevent, reduce, or eliminate deviations that occur in order to restore social equilibrium. This involves the use of various mechanisms, such as social norms, values, and sanctions, to regulate and control the behavior of individuals within a community. By exercising social control, society aims to maintain order and stability, ensuring that individuals conform to accepted norms and values.

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  • 10. 

    Pembongkaran rumah-rumah liar di jalur hijau atau taman seperti yang terjadi di kota-kota besar, trmasuk pengendalian sosial yang disebut…

    • A.

      Persuasif

    • B.

      Koersif

    • C.

      Preventif

    • D.

      Isolasi

    • E.

      Represif

    Correct Answer
    B. Koersif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "koersif". The passage mentions the demolition of illegal houses in green areas or parks in big cities. This action can be seen as a form of social control. "Koersif" refers to the use of force or coercion to control or enforce certain behaviors. In this case, the demolition of the illegal houses can be seen as a coercive measure to enforce the rules and regulations regarding land use and preservation of green areas.

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  • 11. 

    Seorang remaja tertangkap basah saat menjcoba menghisap ganja. Ia mendapat julukan “pemakai narkoba”. Walau masih mencoba-coba, ia tertangkap basah lagi. Maka, masyarakat akan memberinya julukan sebagai “pecandu narkoba”. Akibatnya, ia mengidentifikasikan diri dan terlibat dalam kehidupan pecandu narkoba. Penyimpangan yang dilakukan remaja tersebut merupakan perilaku penyimpangan yang di sebabkan oleh…

    • A.

      Anomie

    • B.

      Sosialisasi tidak sempurna

    • C.

      Diferential association

    • D.

      Subkebudayan menyimpang

    • E.

      Labeling

    Correct Answer
    E. Labeling
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "labeling." The explanation for this answer is that the teenager is given the label of "drug user" by society after being caught trying marijuana. When the teenager is caught again, they are then labeled as a "drug addict." This labeling process leads to the teenager identifying themselves as a drug addict and becoming involved in the drug addict lifestyle. Therefore, the deviant behavior exhibited by the teenager is caused by the labeling process.

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  • 12. 

    Emansipasi wanita dalam kehidupan masyarakt yang memunculkan banyak wanita karir, merupakan perilaku menyimpang yang bersifat…

    • A.

      Positif

    • B.

      Negatif

    • C.

      Preventif

    • D.

      Represif

    • E.

      Persuasif

    Correct Answer
    A. Positif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "positif" because the sentence states that the emancipation of women in society has led to many women pursuing careers. This implies that the behavior of women pursuing careers is seen as positive.

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  • 13. 

    Disebuah desa terjadi tawuran antar remaja. Melihat hal tersebut  masyarakat setempat berinisiatif untuk menyelesaikan perselisihan melalui orang yang dihormati masyarakat. Jenis lembaga sosial yang berperan dalam pengendalian sosial di atas adalah…

    • A.

      Lembaga kepolisian

    • B.

      lembaga pengadilan

    • C.

      Adat istiadat

    • D.

      Tokoh masyarakat

    • E.

      Ahli agama

    Correct Answer
    D. Tokoh masyarakat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "tokoh masyarakat" because in the given scenario, the local community takes the initiative to resolve the conflict among teenagers through a respected individual. This indicates that the social institution involved in social control is the community leader or influential figure who is respected and trusted by the society to mediate and settle disputes.

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  • 14. 

    Di kampung mekar sari yang merupakan lingkungan kos mahasiswa, diketahui ada mahasisswa dan mahasiswi yang bukan muhrim berada di dalam kamar pada pukul 23.00 WIB. Melihat kejadian ntersebut, para pemuda dan pengurus kampung mengerebek dan menemukan kedua mahasiswa tersebut telah melakukan hubungan suami istri. Perilaku tersebut tidak biasa diterima oleh warga kampung, sehingga keduanya diusir dari kos dan diharuskan membayar denda. Contoh ini menunjukkan pengendalian sosial yang bersifat…

    • A.

      Persuasif

    • B.

      Preventif

    • C.

      Represif

    • D.

      Negatif

    • E.

      Efektif

    Correct Answer
    C. Represif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "represif". The explanation for this answer is that the actions taken by the village residents and officials to expel the two students and impose a fine on them demonstrate a form of social control that is repressive. Repressive social control involves the use of punishment, force, or coercion to enforce conformity to societal norms and values. In this case, the villagers' disapproval of the students' behavior led to their expulsion and the imposition of a fine, which can be seen as a repressive response to their actions.

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  • 15. 

    Siti adalah seorang istri yang ditinggal merantau oleh suaminya. Selama ditinggal suaminya, Siti sering menerima tamu laki-laki yang tidak dikenal warga. Dengan kejadian tersebut banyak warga yang menuduh siti telah berselingkuh. Mendengar celaan dari masyarakat akhirnya siti berubah, ia tidak lagi menerima tamu laki-laki yang bukan muhrim. Hal ini menunjukkan celaan merupakan salah satu cara pengendalian sosial secara…

    • A.

      Formal

    • B.

      Informal

    • C.

      Resmi

    • D.

      Tegas

    • E.

      Terstruktur

    Correct Answer
    B. Informal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "informal". The given scenario describes how Siti's behavior changes in response to the criticism and accusations from the community. She stops accepting male visitors who are not related to her, indicating that she is conforming to the informal social norms and expectations of the community. The criticism and gossip from the community serve as a form of informal social control, influencing Siti's behavior and causing her to modify her actions to align with the community's expectations.

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