Ensure that health professionals understand the chain of command.
Be certain there is no discrimination by ethnicity or race.
Eradicate communicable disease in all healthcare settings.
Apply current scientifically accepted principles appropriately to the work environment.
Approximately 1.7 million hospital patients per year get an infection while being treated for another illness or injury.
Patients in home care or nursing homes are at risk for developing HAIs.
Infection control programs have been shown to reduce HAIs.
HAIs are generally mild and, fortunately, present low risk
Pathogen and contact with the infected person
Virus, bacterium, and parasite
Agent, mode of transmission, and susceptible host
Poor infection control practices and a poor immune system
a. Drainage from a wound.
b. The respiratory tract.
c. Urine and feces.
d. Saliva and vomitus.
Gastrointestinal and urinary tracts.
Nose, mouth, and anus.
Protecting the immune systems of both patients and healthcare workers
Isolating healthcare workers from all infected patients
Using PPE with all infected patients
Rotating shifts of healthcare workers to minimize exposure to infectious disease
Prompt and thorough reporting
Isolation of infected patients
Use of gloves
Documenting the vital signs.
Talking with the patient's family and friends.
Contact Precautions for anyone with any type of infection.
Educating healthcare workers in appropriate preventive procedures
Moving the patient to the far side of a double room.
Cohorting with another patient infected by the same microorganism.
Eliminating hand washing and toileting facilities, which only serve to spread infection.
Installing a separate room air conditioner.