Ch 5: Infection Control: Principles And Practices

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Ch 5: Infection Control: Principles And Practices - Quiz

Living a healthy life does not only mean how to treat conditions, but also to prevent getting into the unhealthy state. Infection control is the first step of healthy living. The quiz below tests on its principles and practices.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Cocci are bacteria that are

    • A.

      Round shaped

    • B.

      Rod-shaped

    • C.

      Flat-shaped

    • D.

      Spore-shaped

    Correct Answer
    A. Round shaped
    Explanation
    Cocci are bacteria that are round shaped. This means that they have a spherical or oval shape, resembling small balls or discs. This shape allows them to easily divide and multiply, and it also helps them to adhere to surfaces. Cocci can be found in various arrangements, such as in pairs (diplococci), chains (streptococci), or clusters (staphylococci). Their round shape is an important characteristic used in their classification and identification.

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  • 2. 

    Which type of bacteria can cause strep throat or blood poisoning?

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Spirilla

    • C.

      Bacilli

    • D.

      Streptococci

    Correct Answer
    D. Streptococci
    Explanation
    Streptococci are a type of bacteria that can cause strep throat or blood poisoning. Streptococci are spherical bacteria that typically grow in chains or pairs. They are known for causing a wide range of infections, including strep throat, which is characterized by a sore throat, fever, and swollen lymph nodes. Streptococci can also cause more severe infections such as blood poisoning, also known as sepsis, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Therefore, streptococci are the correct answer for the bacteria that can cause strep throat or blood poisoning.

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  • 3. 

    Bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia are:

    • A.

      Diplococci

    • B.

      Diphtheria

    • C.

      Discarded

    • D.

      Toxins

    Correct Answer
    A. Diplococci
    Explanation
    Diplococci are bacteria that grow in pairs and can cause pneumonia. They are spherical in shape and typically arrange themselves in pairs, resembling two round balls stuck together. These bacteria are known to be a common cause of pneumonia, a respiratory infection that affects the lungs. They can infect the lungs and cause inflammation, leading to symptoms such as cough, fever, and difficulty breathing. Identifying diplococci in a clinical sample can help in diagnosing and treating pneumonia effectively.

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  • 4. 

    Lyme disease and syphilis are caused by spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria called:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Strep

    • C.

      Spirochetes

    • D.

      Cocci

    Correct Answer
    C. Spirochetes
    Explanation
    Among mammalian pathogens, some of the most invasive ones originate from a category of bacteria identified as spirochetes. These bacteria are responsible for diseases like syphilis, Lyme disease, relapsing fever, and leptospirosis. The majority of spirochetes are distinguished by their distinctive shapes and unique modes of movement.

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  • 5. 

    In 2000, a bacteria called Mycobacterium fortuitum caused a cleint outbreak due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for:

    • A.

      Sharp implements

    • B.

      Whirlpool foot spas

    • C.

      Shampoo stations

    • D.

      Styling chairs

    Correct Answer
    B. Whirlpool foot spas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is whirlpool foot spas. In 2000, a bacterial outbreak occurred due to the failure of the practitioner to follow proper disinfection guidelines for whirlpool foot spas. This suggests that the bacteria Mycobacterium fortuitum was able to thrive and spread in the foot spas, leading to the outbreak. It highlights the importance of maintaining proper hygiene and disinfection protocols in salon settings to prevent such incidents from happening.

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  • 6. 

    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called:

    • A.

      Nucleic acid

    • B.

      Cytoplasm

    • C.

      Protoplasm

    • D.

      Protons

    Correct Answer
    C. Protoplasm
    Explanation
    Bacteria generally consist of an outer cell wall containing a liquid called protoplasm. Protoplasm is the living substance within a cell that includes the cytoplasm and the nucleic acid. It is responsible for carrying out various cellular functions such as metabolism, growth, and reproduction. The cell wall of bacteria provides structural support and protection to the cell, and the protoplasm within the cell wall carries out the essential life processes. Protons, on the other hand, are subatomic particles found within the nucleus of an atom and are not directly related to the composition of bacterial cells.

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  • 7. 

    The process whereby bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells is:

    • A.

      Binary fission

    • B.

      Meiosis

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Metamorphosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Binary fission
    Explanation
    Binary fission is the correct answer because it is the process by which bacteria grow, reproduce, and divide into two new cells. During binary fission, a single bacterium replicates its DNA and then divides into two identical daughter cells. This process allows bacteria to rapidly multiply and colonize new environments. Meiosis is a type of cell division that occurs in sexually reproducing organisms, not bacteria. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy, and metamorphosis refers to the transformation of an organism's body structure during its development, which does not apply to bacteria.

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  • 8. 

    The presence of pus is a sign of:

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Congestion

    • C.

      Bacterial infection

    • D.

      Sunburn

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterial infection
    Explanation
    The presence of pus is a sign of bacterial infection. Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced in response to an infection. It is made up of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. When the body detects the presence of harmful bacteria, it sends white blood cells to the site of infection to fight off the invaders. As the white blood cells die in the process, they accumulate and form pus. Therefore, the presence of pus indicates an active bacterial infection in the body.

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  • 9. 

    A ___________ infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body.

    • A.

      Contagious

    • B.

      Local

    • C.

      Primary

    • D.

      Secondary

    Correct Answer
    B. Local
    Explanation
    A local infection appears as a lesion containing pus and is confined to a particular part of the body. This means that the infection is limited to a specific area and does not spread to other parts of the body. It is not contagious, meaning it cannot be easily transmitted from person to person. The terms "primary" and "secondary" do not accurately describe the characteristics of the infection, as they refer to the order in which diseases or conditions develop.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice?

    • A.

      Hepatitis

    • B.

      Scabies

    • C.

      Pediculosis capitis

    • D.

      Tinea pedis

    Correct Answer
    C. Pediculosis capitis
    Explanation
    Pediculosis capitis is a condition caused by an infestation of head lice. Head lice are tiny insects that live on the scalp and feed on blood. Infestation occurs through close contact with an infected person or by sharing personal items such as hats or combs. Symptoms of pediculosis capitis include itching, red bumps on the scalp, and the presence of lice or their eggs (nits) on the hair shafts. Treatment involves the use of medicated shampoos or lotions specifically designed to kill lice and their eggs.

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  • 11. 

    The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection is called

    • A.

      Immunity

    • B.

      Decontamination

    • C.

      Stasis

    • D.

      Regulation

    Correct Answer
    A. Immunity
    Explanation
    The correct answer is immunity. Immunity refers to the body's ability to defend itself against harmful pathogens and resist infection. It involves the activation of various immune cells and the production of antibodies to target and destroy foreign invaders. Immunity can be acquired naturally through exposure to pathogens or artificially through vaccination. It plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health and preventing diseases.

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  • 12. 

    Disinfectants used in salons must carry a(n) ____________ registration number.

    • A.

      Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

    • B.

      Occupation Protection Agency (OPA)

    • C.

      U.S. Department of Labor (DOL)

    • D.

      Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

    Correct Answer
    D. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    Explanation
    Disinfectants used in salons must carry a registration number from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The EPA is responsible for regulating and ensuring the safety of disinfectants and other chemicals used in various industries, including salons. Their registration number serves as an indication that the disinfectant has met the necessary standards and has been approved for use in salons. This helps to protect the health and safety of salon clients and workers by ensuring that the disinfectants used are effective and safe.

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  • 13. 

    Which agency publishes the guidelines known as Universal Precautions?

    • A.

      FDA

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      CDC

    • D.

      EPA

    Correct Answer
    C. CDC
    Explanation
    The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) introduced universal precautions in 1985, largely as a response to the HIV epidemic.

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  • 14. 

    A salon implement that accidentally comes in contact with blood or body fluids must be thoroughly cleaned and:

    • A.

      Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant

    • B.

      Rinsed in an EPA-registered tuberculocidal antiseptic that kills HIV and HBV

    • C.

      Placed in an EPA-registered antiseptic that kills HIV and hepatitis

    • D.

      Briefly dipped in an EPA-registered solution that kills HIV and AIDS

    Correct Answer
    A. Completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant
    Explanation
    When a salon implement comes in contact with blood or body fluids, it is important to thoroughly clean it to prevent the spread of infections. The correct answer states that the implement should be completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant. This is the most effective method of killing any potential pathogens present on the implement. Immersion ensures that all surfaces of the implement are exposed to the disinfectant, providing a thorough cleaning process. Using an EPA-registered disinfectant further ensures that the product has been tested and proven effective against a wide range of pathogens.

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  • 15. 

    Disinfectants with a high pH that can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes are:

    • A.

      Alcohol and bleach

    • B.

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C.

      Alcohol and quats

    • D.

      Phenolic disinfectants

    Correct Answer
    D. Phenolic disinfectants
    Explanation
    Phenolic disinfectants have a high pH and can cause skin irritation or burn the skin or eyes. This is because they contain phenol, which is a corrosive substance. When phenolic disinfectants come into contact with the skin or eyes, they can cause chemical burns or irritation. Therefore, phenolic disinfectants should be handled with caution and proper protective measures should be taken to prevent any harm.

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  • 16. 

    When washing your hands, you apply soap, lather and scrub your hands and under the free edges of the nails with a nail brush for at least:

    • A.

      5 min

    • B.

      1 min

    • C.

      45 sec

    • D.

      10 sec

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 min
    Explanation
    When washing your hands, it is recommended to apply soap, lather, and scrub your hands and under the free edges of the nails with a nail brush for at least 1 minute. This duration allows enough time for the soap to effectively remove dirt, germs, and bacteria from the hands and nails. Washing for a shorter period may not be sufficient to ensure proper cleanliness and hygiene.

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  • 17. 

    Antiseptic are effective for:

    • A.

      Disinfecting instruments

    • B.

      Killing germs on the hands

    • C.

      Disinfecting equiptment

    • D.

      Sterilizing equipment

    Correct Answer
    B. Killing germs on the hands
    Explanation
    Antiseptics are effective for killing germs on the hands because they contain antimicrobial agents that can destroy or inhibit the growth of microorganisms. When applied to the skin, antiseptics work by disrupting the cell membranes of bacteria and other pathogens, leading to their death. This makes antiseptics an important tool in maintaining hand hygiene and preventing the spread of infections. However, it is worth noting that antiseptics are not as effective as sterilization methods for completely eliminating all types of microorganisms on equipment or instruments.

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  • 18. 

    Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for:

    • A.

      Bloodborne pathogens

    • B.

      Nonpathogenic pathogens

    • C.

      Influenza

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    A. Bloodborne pathogens
    Explanation
    Universal Precautions require employees to assume that human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens. This means that employees must treat all blood and body fluids as if they are contaminated with pathogens that can be transmitted through the blood, such as HIV or hepatitis B. By assuming that all blood and body fluids are infectious, employees can take the necessary precautions to protect themselves and others from potential exposure to these pathogens.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is not part of your professional responsibilities?

    • A.

      Following state and federal law

    • B.

      Keep your license current

    • C.

      Check for changes to rules

    • D.

      Take shortcuts for cleaning

    Correct Answer
    D. Take shortcuts for cleaning
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "take shortcuts for cleaning". This is not part of your professional responsibilities because as a professional, it is your duty to follow state and federal laws, keep your license current, and check for changes to rules. Taking shortcuts for cleaning can compromise the quality and safety of your work, and may also be in violation of regulations and standards.

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  • 20. 

    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, you must circulate the disinfectant for ____________ or for the time recommended by the manufacturer.

    • A.

      5 min

    • B.

      10 min

    • C.

      60 sec

    • D.

      20 min

    Correct Answer
    B. 10 min
    Explanation
    When disinfecting a whirlpool foot spa after use by a client, it is important to circulate the disinfectant for a sufficient amount of time to ensure proper disinfection. The recommended time for circulating the disinfectant is 10 minutes, as stated in the answer. This duration allows the disinfectant to effectively kill any bacteria or germs that may be present in the foot spa, ensuring a clean and safe environment for the next client.

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  • 21. 

    You should clean a whirlpool foot spa and leave disinfectant solution in it overnight:

    • A.

      Every day

    • B.

      At least once a month

    • C.

      At least once a week

    • D.

      Never

    Correct Answer
    C. At least once a week
    Explanation
    Cleaning a whirlpool foot spa and leaving a disinfectant solution in it overnight at least once a week is necessary to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi. Regular use of the foot spa can lead to the accumulation of dirt, dead skin cells, and other contaminants, which can pose a risk to the user's health. Cleaning and disinfecting the foot spa weekly helps to remove these impurities and ensure a clean and safe environment for foot soaking.

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  • 22. 

    Which form of hepatitis is the most difficult to kill on a surface?

    • A.

      Hepatitis a

    • B.

      Hepatitis b

    • C.

      Hepatitis c

    • D.

      Hepatitis d

    Correct Answer
    B. Hepatitis b
    Explanation
    Hepatitis B is the correct answer because it is known to be more resistant and can survive on surfaces for longer periods of time compared to other forms of hepatitis. This is due to its ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions and remain infectious. Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infected blood or bodily fluids, making it important to take proper precautions to prevent its spread.

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  • 23. 

    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa at the end of the day, how should you dry it?

    • A.

      With a clean paper towel

    • B.

      With a clean linen towel

    • C.

      With a blowdryer

    • D.

      Let it air dry

    Correct Answer
    A. With a clean paper towel
    Explanation
    After cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa, it is recommended to dry it with a clean paper towel. This is because paper towels are disposable and can effectively absorb moisture, preventing the growth of bacteria or mold. Using a clean linen towel may not be as hygienic, as it can retain moisture and potentially harbor bacteria. Similarly, using a blowdryer may not be as effective in completely drying the foot spa, leaving it prone to bacterial growth. Letting it air dry may take longer and also increases the risk of contamination. Therefore, using a clean paper towel is the most suitable option for ensuring proper hygiene and preventing the spread of infections.

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  • 24. 

    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide, or AHP, is a recently approved form of disinfectant that only needs to be changed every:

    • A.

      5 days

    • B.

      30 days

    • C.

      7 days

    • D.

      14 days

    Correct Answer
    D. 14 days
    Explanation
    Accelerated hydrogen peroxide (AHP) is a type of disinfectant that has been approved recently. The key characteristic of AHP is that it only needs to be changed every 14 days. This means that it remains effective for a longer period compared to other disinfectants. By using AHP, the frequency of changing the disinfectant is reduced, saving time and effort in maintaining a clean and hygienic environment.

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  • 25. 

    Mix disinfectants properly by _____________

    • A.

      Adding disinfectant to water

    • B.

      Adding water to disinfectant

    • C.

      Stirring the mixture until foamy

    • D.

      Adding hard tap water only to disinfectant

    Correct Answer
    A. Adding disinfectant to water
    Explanation
    The correct answer is adding disinfectant to water. This is because when mixing disinfectants, it is important to add the disinfectant to water rather than the other way around. This allows for proper dilution and ensures that the disinfectant is evenly distributed throughout the water. Adding water to disinfectant may result in an uneven mixture and could potentially lead to ineffective disinfection. Stirring the mixture until foamy or adding hard tap water only to disinfectant are not necessary steps for properly mixing disinfectants.

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  • 26. 

    Licensing, enforcement, and you conduct when you are working in the salon are regulated by _________

    • A.

      Federal

    • B.

      State

    • C.

      City

    • D.

      International

    Correct Answer
    B. State
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "state" because licensing, enforcement, and conduct regulations for working in a salon are typically governed by the state government. Each state has its own set of rules and requirements that salon professionals must adhere to in order to ensure safety, professionalism, and quality of service. These regulations may include obtaining a state-issued license, following specific health and safety guidelines, and maintaining ethical standards.

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  • 27. 

    Some ________ disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment.

    • A.

      Antifungal

    • B.

      Nonporous

    • C.

      Hospital

    • D.

      Tuberculocidal

    Correct Answer
    D. Tuberculocidal
    Explanation
    Tuberculocidal disinfectants are harmful to salon tools and equipment. Tuberculocidal disinfectants are specifically designed to kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis, which makes them highly potent and potentially damaging to certain materials. Therefore, using tuberculocidal disinfectants on salon tools and equipment can cause harm and should be avoided.

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  • 28. 

    As a cosmetologist, you are _________ to recommend treatments for diseases.

    • A.

      Required

    • B.

      Not allowed

    • C.

      Encouraged

    • D.

      Allowed

    Correct Answer
    B. Not allowed
    Explanation
    As a cosmetologist, you are not allowed to recommend treatments for diseases. This is because cosmetologists are not trained or licensed to diagnose or treat medical conditions. Their expertise lies in providing beauty and aesthetic services, such as hair styling, makeup application, and skincare treatments. Recommending treatments for diseases should be left to medical professionals who have the necessary knowledge and qualifications to provide appropriate medical care.

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  • 29. 

    Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around

    • A.

      The lunula

    • B.

      The nail tip

    • C.

      Any part of the nail

    • D.

      The nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Any part of the nail
    Explanation
    Cosmetologists are not allowed to trim or cut living skin around any part of the nail. This includes the lunula, the nail tip, and the nail bed. Trimming or cutting living skin can lead to injury or infection, so cosmetologists need to exercise caution and adhere to safety regulations when providing nail services.

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  • 30. 

    Fungal infections are much more common on the _________ than on the hands.

    • A.

      Ears

    • B.

      Feet

    • C.

      Cheeks

    • D.

      Knees

    Correct Answer
    B. Feet
    Explanation
    Fungal infections are much more common on the feet than on the hands because the feet are often enclosed in shoes and socks, creating a warm and moist environment that is ideal for fungal growth. Additionally, the feet are more prone to sweating and have a higher number of sweat glands, which further contributes to the development of fungal infections. The hands, on the other hand, are exposed to more air and are usually washed more frequently, making them less susceptible to fungal infections. Therefore, the correct answer is feet.

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  • 31. 

    A surface must be properly cleaned before it can be:

    • A.

      Disinfected

    • B.

      Painted

    • C.

      Redecorated

    • D.

      Resurfaced

    Correct Answer
    A. Disinfected
    Explanation
    Before a surface can be disinfected, it must be properly cleaned. Cleaning removes dirt, dust, and debris from the surface, allowing the disinfectant to come into direct contact with the microorganisms that may be present. Without proper cleaning, the disinfectant may not be able to effectively kill the bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens on the surface. Therefore, cleaning is a necessary step before disinfection can take place.

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  • 32. 

    Sterilization is the most reliable means of:

    • A.

      Infection control

    • B.

      Cleaning

    • C.

      Decontamination

    • D.

      Workplace safety

    Correct Answer
    A. Infection control
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the most reliable means of infection control because it completely eliminates or destroys all forms of microbial life, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. This process ensures that any instruments, surfaces, or materials that have been sterilized are free from any potential pathogens that could cause infections. Other methods such as cleaning, decontamination, and workplace safety measures may help reduce the risk of infections to some extent, but sterilization is the only method that guarantees complete elimination of all microorganisms.

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  • 33. 

    If the label on a disinfection product includes the word concentrate, it means that the product must be:

    • A.

      Used without water

    • B.

      Heated during use

    • C.

      Diluted before use

    • D.

      Heated before use

    Correct Answer
    C. Diluted before use
    Explanation
    If a disinfection product label includes the word "concentrate," it means that the product needs to be diluted before use. Concentrated disinfection products are typically highly potent and should not be used in their undiluted form. Diluting the product with water ensures that it is safe and effective for use, as it reduces the concentration of active ingredients to a suitable level. Using the product without dilution may result in excessive potency, which can be harmful or ineffective in disinfecting surfaces or objects.

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  • 34. 

    Quat solutions are ____________ disinfectants when used properly in a salon.

    • A.

      Very effective

    • B.

      Somewhat effective

    • C.

      Never effective

    • D.

      Dangerous

    Correct Answer
    A. Very effective
    Explanation
    Quat solutions are considered very effective disinfectants when used properly in a salon. This means that when quat solutions are used according to the recommended guidelines and procedures, they have a high level of efficacy in killing or inhibiting the growth of microorganisms. This makes them a reliable and efficient choice for maintaining a clean and sanitary environment in a salon setting.

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  • 35. 

    Using _________ bleach can damage metal and plastic.

    • A.

      To little

    • B.

      Diluted

    • C.

      Any amount

    • D.

      Too much

    Correct Answer
    D. Too much
    Explanation
    Using too much bleach can damage metal and plastic. When bleach is used in excessive amounts, it can cause corrosion and discoloration on metal surfaces. It can also degrade and weaken plastic materials, making them brittle and prone to cracking or breaking. Therefore, it is important to use bleach in the appropriate and recommended quantities to avoid damaging these materials.

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  • 36. 

    Fumigants are ________ in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas.

    • A.

      Used carefully

    • B.

      No longer used

    • C.

      Used after hours

    • D.

      Only used sometimes

    Correct Answer
    B. No longer used
    Explanation
    Fumigants are no longer used in salons because they produce potentially harmful formaldehyde gas. This implies that in the past, fumigants might have been used in salons, but due to the risks associated with formaldehyde gas, they have been discontinued. The use of fumigants can pose health hazards to both salon workers and customers, so it is safer to avoid their use altogether.

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  • 37. 

    Never let disinfectants such a phenols and quats come in contact with your:

    • A.

      Implements

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Gloves

    • D.

      Clothing

    Correct Answer
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    Disinfectants such as phenols and quats are strong chemicals that are used to kill bacteria and viruses. They can be harmful if they come in contact with the skin. Skin is a sensitive part of the body and direct exposure to these chemicals can cause irritation, burns, or other adverse reactions. Therefore, it is important to avoid letting disinfectants come in contact with the skin to protect oneself from any potential harm.

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  • 38. 

    Items that are ___________ are also considered absorbent

    • A.

      Phenolic

    • B.

      Parasitic

    • C.

      Pathogenic

    • D.

      Porous

    Correct Answer
    D. Porous
    Explanation
    Porous items have small holes or spaces that allow liquids or gases to pass through them. This characteristic of porosity enables them to absorb liquids or gases, making them absorbent. Therefore, items that are porous are also considered absorbent.

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  • 39. 

    Salons should keep a ____________ that identifies each time a piece of equipment is used, cleaned, disinfected, tested, and maintained

    • A.

      List

    • B.

      Diary

    • C.

      Logbook

    • D.

      Journal

    Correct Answer
    C. Logbook
    Explanation
    A logbook is a record-keeping tool that allows salons to track the usage, cleaning, disinfection, testing, and maintenance of their equipment. By maintaining a logbook, salons can ensure that each piece of equipment is properly maintained and meets the necessary hygiene standards. This helps in maintaining a safe and clean environment for both the salon staff and customers.

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  • 40. 

    There is no additive, powder, or tablet that eliminates the need for you to ___________ equipment such as whirlpool spas.

    • A.

      Clean and steralize

    • B.

      Clean and disinfect

    • C.

      Clean and maintain

    • D.

      Clean and immunize

    Correct Answer
    B. Clean and disinfect
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "clean and disinfect." This is because additives, powders, or tablets cannot completely eliminate the need for cleaning and disinfecting equipment such as whirlpool spas. While they may help in some aspects of maintenance, they cannot replace the necessary steps of cleaning and disinfecting to ensure proper hygiene and safety.

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  • 41. 

    Not having __________ available poses a health risk to anyone exposed to hazardous materials and violates federal and state regulations

    • A.

      MSDSs

    • B.

      MRSAs

    • C.

      HRVs

    • D.

      CDCs

    Correct Answer
    A. MSDSs
    Explanation
    MSDSs, or Material Safety Data Sheets, are important documents that provide information about the potential hazards of chemicals and materials. Not having MSDSs available can be dangerous as it poses a health risk to individuals who may be exposed to hazardous materials without knowledge of the associated risks. Additionally, the absence of MSDSs violates federal and state regulations that require employers to provide this information to employees and ensure their safety in the workplace.

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  • 42. 

    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are _________ regular soaps or detergents.

    • A.

      Slightly more effective than

    • B.

      No more effective than

    • C.

      Just as effective as

    • D.

      Slightly less effective than

    Correct Answer
    B. No more effective than
    Explanation
    Antimicrobial and antibacterial soaps are stated to be "no more effective than" regular soaps or detergents. This implies that there is no significant difference in effectiveness between these specialized soaps and regular ones. Both types of soaps are equally effective in terms of their ability to kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms and bacteria.

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  • 43. 

    The ___________ include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.

    • A.

      Universal Preconditions

    • B.

      Universal Provisions

    • C.

      Universal Precautions

    • D.

      Universal Preparations

    Correct Answer
    C. Universal Precautions
    Explanation
    Universal Precautions include hand washing, wearing gloves, and properly handling and disposing of items that may have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids. These precautions are necessary to prevent the transmission of infectious diseases and protect both healthcare workers and patients. By following universal precautions, healthcare professionals can minimize the risk of exposure to potentially harmful pathogens and maintain a safe and healthy environment.

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  • 44. 

    After they have been properly cleaned and disinfected, implements should be stored in a(n) __________ container.

    • A.

      Permanently sealed

    • B.

      Disposable

    • C.

      Clean, uncovered

    • D.

      Clean, covered

    Correct Answer
    D. Clean, covered
    Explanation
    After implements have been properly cleaned and disinfected, it is important to store them in a clean, covered container. This helps to prevent any contamination or dirt from getting onto the implements and ensures that they remain in a hygienic condition until they are next used. Storing them in a clean, covered container also protects them from any external factors that could potentially affect their cleanliness or effectiveness.

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  • 45. 

    When cleaning and disinfecting a ___________, remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions

    • A.

      Whirlpool foot spa

    • B.

      Air-jet basin

    • C.

      Pipe-less foot spa

    • D.

      Disinfecting foot spa

    Correct Answer
    C. Pipe-less foot spa
    Explanation
    When cleaning and disinfecting a pipe-less foot spa, it is important to remove the impeller, footplate, and any other removable parts according to the manufacturer's instructions. This is because these parts can harbor bacteria and other contaminants that may not be effectively cleaned or disinfected while still attached to the foot spa. By removing these parts, it allows for a more thorough cleaning and disinfection process, ensuring the safety and hygiene of the foot spa for future use.

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  • 46. 

    At the end of every day, you should properly clean the nonwhirlpool foot basin or tub and then add the appropriate amount of disinfectant and let it soak for:

    • A.

      10 min

    • B.

      5 min

    • C.

      1 min

    • D.

      10 sec

    Correct Answer
    A. 10 min
    Explanation
    At the end of every day, it is important to properly clean the nonwhirlpool foot basin or tub to maintain hygiene and prevent the spread of bacteria or infections. Adding the appropriate amount of disinfectant and letting it soak for 10 minutes ensures that any remaining germs or contaminants are effectively killed or neutralized. This duration allows enough time for the disinfectant to work effectively and eliminate any potential health risks.

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  • 47. 

    Before beginning any service, you should wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a:

    • A.

      Chemical disinfectant

    • B.

      Clean, disinfected nail brush

    • C.

      Clean, disinfected sponge

    • D.

      Chemical exfoliant

    Correct Answer
    B. Clean, disinfected nail brush
    Explanation
    Before beginning any service, it is important to wash your hands using pump soap, water, and a clean, disinfected nail brush. This is because a nail brush can help to thoroughly clean the nails and the spaces underneath, removing any dirt, bacteria, or other contaminants that may be present. By using a clean and disinfected nail brush, you can ensure that your hands are properly cleaned and prepared for the service, reducing the risk of spreading germs or infections.

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  • 48. 

    Something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection is called:

    • A.

      Infectious

    • B.

      Contagious

    • C.

      Diseased

    • D.

      Fungicidal

    Correct Answer
    A. Infectious
    Explanation
    An infectious disease is caused by the presence of a pathogenic microorganism, such as a virus, bacteria, or parasite, that can be transmitted from one individual to another. The term "infectious" describes the ability of the disease to spread from person to person through various modes of transmission, including direct contact, airborne droplets, or contaminated surfaces. It encompasses a wide range of illnesses, including common colds, influenza, tuberculosis, and sexually transmitted infections. Therefore, "infectious" is the appropriate term to describe something caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.

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  • 49. 

    The one-celled microorganisms having both plant and animal characteristics are called:

    • A.

      Flagella

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Cocci

    • D.

      Bacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are one-celled microorganisms that can have both plant-like and animal-like characteristics. They can photosynthesize like plants and also consume organic matter like animals. Bacteria can be found in various environments and play important roles in nutrient cycling, decomposition, and disease-causing infections. Therefore, the correct answer is bacteria.

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  • 50. 

    The transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking is known as __________ transmission.

    • A.

      Sanitary

    • B.

      Infection

    • C.

      Sterile

    • D.

      Direct

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct
    Explanation
    Direct transmission refers to the spread of infectious diseases through direct contact with an infected person or their bodily fluids. This can occur through activities such as touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, or talking. In direct transmission, there is no intermediary or vector involved in the transmission process. It is a direct transfer of pathogens from one person to another.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 08, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 01, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Ninjaswan88
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