Image Processing MCQ Quiz! Test

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 588
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 589

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• 1.

Intensity levels in 8-bit image are:

• A.

126

• B.

255

• C.

256

• D.

512

C. 256
Explanation
The intensity levels in an 8-bit image range from 0 to 255. This is because 8 bits can represent 2^8 (256) different values, starting from 0. Therefore, the correct answer is 256.

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• 2.

An image accentuating a specific range is called?

• A.

Slicing

• B.

Cutting

• C.

Enhancing

• D.

Restoring

A. Slicing
Explanation
An image accentuating a specific range is called "slicing". Slicing refers to the process of selecting and extracting a specific range or portion of an image. It allows focusing on a particular area of interest by isolating and highlighting it while disregarding the rest of the image. This technique is commonly used in image processing and analysis tasks to extract relevant information or enhance specific features.

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• 3.

The color transformation is processed between the:

• A.

Single colour model

• B.

Dual colour model

• C.

Tri colour model

• D.

Any colour model

A. Single colour model
Explanation
The color transformation is processed between the single color model. This means that the transformation occurs within a model that represents colors using only one color channel, such as grayscale or black and white. In this model, each pixel is represented by a single value that determines its intensity or brightness. The transformation can involve changing the intensity or brightness of the pixels to achieve a desired effect or to convert the image to a different color space.

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• 4.

Black color in image processing is usually represented by the:

• A.

1

• B.

255

• C.

0

• D.

16

C. 0
Explanation
In image processing, black color is usually represented by the value 0. This is because in the RGB color model, which is commonly used in digital images, black is the absence of any color. In this model, each pixel is represented by three color channels - red, green, and blue - and the intensity of each channel is represented by a value ranging from 0 to 255. When all three color channels have the value 0, it results in a completely black pixel. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.

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• 5.

Full color images have at least:

• A.

One component

• B.

Two component

• C.

3 component

• D.

No component

C. 3 component
Explanation
Full color images have at least three components. This is because full color images are typically represented using the RGB color model, which consists of three primary colors: red, green, and blue. Each pixel in the image is composed of different intensities of these three colors, resulting in a wide range of colors and shades. Therefore, a full color image requires three components to accurately represent the color information for each pixel.

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• 6.

For HSI color space, no of transformations will be:

• A.

0

• B.

1

• C.

2

• D.

3

• E.

4

D. 3
Explanation
In the HSI color space, there are three major transformations that can be applied to an image. These transformations include changing the hue, saturation, and intensity values. By adjusting these three components, the overall appearance and color balance of the image can be altered. Therefore, the correct answer is 3, indicating that there are three transformations available in the HSI color space.

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• 7.

Hue and saturation, both together produce:

• A.

Brightness

• B.

Transmiticity

• C.

Chromaticity

• D.

Reflecticity

C. Chromaticity
Explanation
Hue and saturation are both attributes of color. Hue refers to the specific wavelength of light that a color represents, while saturation refers to the intensity or purity of a color. When combined, hue and saturation determine the chromaticity of a color, which refers to its position on the color spectrum. Therefore, the correct answer is chromaticity.

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• 8.

The image can be blurred using:

• A.

Low pass filter

• B.

Contouring

• C.

Erosion

• D.

high pass filter

A. Low pass filter
Explanation
A low pass filter is used to blur an image by allowing only the lower frequency components to pass through while attenuating the higher frequency components. This means that the high frequency details in the image are reduced, resulting in a smoother and less sharp appearance. By applying a low pass filter, the image is effectively blurred.

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• 9.

0 degree of red color in hue image will correspond to:

• A.

Boundary

• B.

Edges

• C.

White region

• D.

Black region

D. Black region
Explanation
In a hue image, the color red is represented by a value of 0 degrees. This means that any pixel with a hue value of 0 degrees will correspond to the color red. However, since the question asks for the corresponding region, the correct answer would be the black region. This is because in a hue image, the black region represents areas where there is no color, and therefore a hue value of 0 degrees would indicate the absence of any color, resulting in a black region.

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• 10.

In c(x,y) x, y are the

• A.

Spatial variables

• B.

Frequency variables

• C.

Intensity variables

• D.

Non of above

A. Spatial variables
Explanation
The correct answer is "Spatial variables." In the function c(x,y), x and y are typically used to represent the spatial coordinates or positions in a two-dimensional space. Therefore, they can be considered as spatial variables.

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• 11.

Green plus blue color produces:

• A.

Magenta

• B.

Red

• C.

Yellow

• D.

Cyan

D. Cyan
Explanation
When green and blue colors are mixed together, they combine to form cyan. Cyan is a secondary color that is created by mixing equal parts of green and blue. It is a bright, light blue color that is commonly found in nature, particularly in bodies of water such as oceans and lakes. Cyan is also a primary color in the subtractive color model, which is used in printing and mixing pigments. Therefore, cyan is the correct answer in this case.

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• 12.

RGB represents:

• A.

Gray image

• B.

Colour image

• C.

Primary colours

• D.

Secondary colours

C. Primary colours
Explanation
RGB represents the primary colours. The acronym RGB stands for Red, Green, and Blue, which are the primary colours of light. In the RGB color model, these three colours are combined in different intensities to create a wide range of colours. By varying the intensity of each primary colour, it is possible to produce millions of different shades and hues, resulting in a colour image. Therefore, the correct answer is primary colours.

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• 13.

Colour models

• A.

HSI

• B.

RGB

• C.

CMY

• D.

All of above

D. All of above
Explanation
The correct answer is "all of above" because the question is asking about color models, and HSI, RGB, and CMY are all different color models. HSI stands for Hue, Saturation, and Intensity, which is a cylindrical color model. RGB stands for Red, Green, and Blue, which is an additive color model commonly used in electronic displays. CMY stands for Cyan, Magenta, and Yellow, which is a subtractive color model used in printing. Therefore, all three options mentioned in the question are valid color models.

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• 14.

Digitization of spatial co-ordinates (x,y)is called

• A.

Pixel

• B.

Picture elements

• C.

Voxels

• D.

All of above

A. Pixel
Explanation
The correct answer is pixel. In the context of digitizing spatial coordinates, a pixel refers to a single point or element in a digital image or display. It represents the smallest unit of information that can be displayed or processed in a digital image. The coordinates (x,y) are used to specify the location of each pixel in the image, allowing for the accurate representation of the image's content. Therefore, pixel is the term used to describe the digitization of spatial coordinates.

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• 15.

Image sharpness can be done using

• A.

Enhancement

• B.

Restoration

• C.

Edge detection

• D.

All of above

A. Enhancement
Explanation
Image sharpness can be achieved through enhancement techniques. Enhancement refers to the process of improving the visual quality of an image by adjusting various parameters such as contrast, brightness, and sharpness. By applying enhancement techniques, the image's details and edges can be enhanced, resulting in improved sharpness. Restoration, on the other hand, is a process that aims to recover or reconstruct missing or damaged parts of an image. Edge detection is a technique used to identify and highlight the boundaries or edges of objects in an image, which can be useful for various image processing tasks but is not specifically focused on image sharpness. Therefore, the correct answer is enhancement.

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• 16.

Histogram

• A.

Defines image

• B.

Represents image

• C.

Represents distribution

• D.

All of above

C. Represents distribution
Explanation
The correct answer is "represents distribution". A histogram is a graphical representation of the distribution of data. It shows the frequency or occurrence of different values in a dataset. In the context of an image, a histogram represents the distribution of pixel intensities. It provides information about the brightness levels present in the image, allowing us to analyze and understand the overall distribution of pixel values. Therefore, the statement "represents distribution" accurately describes the purpose and function of a histogram.

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• 17.

Enhancement is a

• A.

Method

• B.

Technique

• C.

Algorithm

• D.

All of above

B. Technique
Explanation
The term "enhancement" refers to the process of improving or increasing the quality, effectiveness, or value of something. In this context, "technique" is the most appropriate answer as it refers to a specific method or approach used to achieve enhancement. The other options - method, algorithm, and all of the above - are not as specific and do not directly relate to the concept of enhancement.

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• 18.

Average filtering technique is also called as

• A.

Black filter

• B.

Block filter

• C.

Box filter

• D.

All of above

C. Box filter
Explanation
Average filtering technique is also called a box filter because it involves replacing each pixel in an image with the average value of its neighboring pixels. This technique is commonly used in image processing to reduce noise and blur an image. The name "box filter" refers to the shape of the neighborhood used for averaging, which is typically a square or rectangular box.

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• 19.

Laplacian technique  is in

• A.

Frequency domain

• B.

Spatial domain

• C.

Time domain

• D.

All of above

B. Spatial domain
Explanation
The Laplacian technique is in the spatial domain. This means that it operates on the image data directly in its original spatial representation. In contrast, frequency domain techniques involve transforming the image into the frequency domain using techniques such as the Fourier Transform. Time domain techniques, on the other hand, focus on analyzing the image data over time. Therefore, the Laplacian technique specifically operates in the spatial domain.

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• 20.

Secondary colours are:

• A.

Blue red yellow

• B.

Green blue red

• C.

Red cyan yellow

• D.

Magenta cyan yellow

D. Magenta cyan yellow
Explanation
The correct answer is magenta, cyan, yellow. These colors are known as secondary colors because they are created by mixing two primary colors. Magenta is formed by mixing blue and red, cyan is formed by mixing blue and green, and yellow is formed by mixing red and green. These secondary colors are commonly used in color theory and are essential in the subtractive color model used in printing and painting.

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• 21.

Image represents

• A.

F(x,y)

• B.

F(x,y,z)

• C.

F(x,y,z,i)

• D.

All of above

D. All of above
Explanation
The image represents multiple variables, as indicated by the presence of "x", "y", "z", and "i". The notation "f(x,y)", "f(x,y,z)", and "f(x,y,z,i)" suggests that the function "f" can take different numbers of variables as input. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of above" because the image represents all the mentioned possibilities.

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• 22.

Image can be acquired using

• A.

Camera

• B.

Sensor

• C.

CCD

• D.

All of above

D. All of above
Explanation
The image can be acquired using a camera, sensor, or CCD. This means that any of these options can be used to capture an image. A camera is a device that is specifically designed for capturing images, while a sensor is a component within a camera that detects and records light. CCD (Charge-Coupled Device) is a type of image sensor that converts light into electrical signals. Therefore, all of the options mentioned (camera, sensor, and CCD) can be used to acquire an image.

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• 23.

Using threshold image can be visualised as:

• A.

Grey

• B.

Binary

• C.

Colour

• D.

All of above

B. Binary
Explanation
Using threshold image can be visualized as a binary image. In thresholding, a grayscale image is converted into a binary image by selecting a threshold value. Pixels with intensity values below the threshold are assigned one value (usually black) and those above the threshold are assigned another value (usually white). Therefore, the resulting image will have only two possible intensity values, representing the presence or absence of the desired feature.

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• 24.

If pixel values are 0 or 1 image is gray.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
If pixel values are 0 or 1, it does not necessarily mean that the image is gray. The pixel values of an image represent the intensity or color of each pixel. In a gray image, all pixels have the same intensity level, resulting in shades of gray. However, in an image with pixel values of 0 or 1, it could be a binary image where 0 represents black and 1 represents white. It could also be a binary image with only two colors, such as black and red, where 0 represents black and 1 represents red. Therefore, the statement is false.

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• 25.

CMY model is used for printing.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The CMY model, which stands for cyan, magenta, and yellow, is actually used for subtractive color mixing in printing. In this model, these three colors are combined in different proportions to create a wide range of colors. Therefore, the given statement is false as the CMY model is used for printing purposes.

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• 26.

F(u,v) represents frequency domain.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because F(u,v) does represent the frequency domain. In signal processing, the frequency domain is a representation of a signal in terms of its frequency components. F(u,v) is commonly used to denote the frequency domain representation of a signal in two dimensions, where u and v represent the frequency coordinates. By analyzing the frequency domain, we can gain insights into the different frequency components present in a signal and manipulate them accordingly.

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• 27.

EM spectrum is used for imaging.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The electromagnetic (EM) spectrum is indeed used for imaging. The EM spectrum includes a range of wavelengths, from radio waves to gamma rays, and different imaging techniques utilize different parts of this spectrum. For example, X-rays are used in medical imaging to visualize bones and tissues, while infrared radiation is used in thermal imaging to detect heat signatures. Additionally, visible light is used in photography and microscopy to capture images. Therefore, it is true that the EM spectrum is used for imaging.

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• 28.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
RADAR, which stands for Radio Detection and Ranging, uses radio waves in the microwave range to detect and locate objects. Microwaves have properties that make them suitable for RADAR applications, such as their ability to travel long distances, penetrate through various materials, and provide accurate measurements of distance, speed, and direction. Therefore, the statement that RADAR signals use the microwave range is true.

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• 29.

Maximum gray levels for visualization.

• A.

255

• B.

256

• C.

512

• D.

68

B. 256
Explanation
The maximum number of gray levels for visualization is 256. This means that when representing an image in grayscale, there are 256 different shades of gray that can be used. Each shade corresponds to a specific intensity value, with 0 being black and 255 being white. Having 256 gray levels allows for more detailed and nuanced representations of images in grayscale.

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• 30.

HSI can be represented as RGB.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
HSI (Hue, Saturation, Intensity) is a color model that represents colors based on their hue, saturation, and intensity values. RGB (Red, Green, Blue) is another color model that represents colors based on the amount of red, green, and blue light present. While they are different color models, it is possible to convert between HSI and RGB representations. Therefore, the statement that HSI can be represented as RGB is true.

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• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Dec 16, 2018
Quiz Created by
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