Supervisors, managers and team leaders
Members of your family or friends, not employed by the organisation
Occupational health and safety officers/ representatives
Health and safety committees
Other persons authorised or nominated by the enterprise or industry
Check the Industrial Relations web site from your State Government Department, and keep up to date with issues affecting OHS.
If you are unsure of how to perform a task safely, then ask someone else to do it.
If you use the last band-aid in the first aid kit tell somebody that the kit needs restocking, or organise to restock the goods yourself.
Set a good example, stay alert and do not take unnecessary risks
Ask your supervisor where the first aid kit is located in your workplace. Who has access to the first aid kit, and who is responsible for restocking it.
Every organisation must have a designated OHS officer and personnel who is responsible for the safety of the individuals who work there.
Each organisation has its own set of organisational procedures to follow should the need arise and it is up to the employee to seek these on commencing employment.
Each state has information developed using the (OHS) regulations providing information relating to the health and safety representatives.
Health and safety representatives can be either health and safety officers, coordinators or advisers.
Health and safety representatives are employees who are elected by their co-workers to represent them on health and safety issues in the workplace.
They have no legal liability for their actions, or lack of action on any matter in their role as representative.
They are not responsible for enforcing safe working practices or procedures.
They are appointed by management
They are not paid for taking on this position.
Their role is to facilitate communication on health and safety issues between employer and employee in order to manage the health and safety risks in the organisation
The organisation should speak on their behalf. Should the worker find that the organisation does not act on their behalf effectively, there is a commonwealth representative who can provide a company facilitator to meet those needs.
The Nursing Federation Union will provide an advocate who can intervene by removing the current OHS management team from the organisation.
The organisation should provide a means (such as an advocate) who can speak on their behalf. Should the worker find that this route of raising the issue is not possible, there is available in each state and territory, a representative, whether through a union (eg the Nursing Federation Union) who can provide a representative to meet those needs.
The worker should see their local councilor and apply for a government grant to investigate OHS infringements.
It is the organisation's responsibility to make sure that you have access to the information you need to know about and encourage you to be part of any ongoing OHS training, particularly if there are changes to the current information.
Along with the roles of OHS representatives and OHS officers, there is the formation of health and safety committees, who provide a forum for workers to help manage their own health and safety and assist in providing a safer, healthier workplace. You will be made aware of these representatives and committees.
It is compulsory for new employees to join the OHS committee so that they can be involved in identifying, recommending and ensuring that all issues that are raised during the meetings are then followed through. It is the only way of being involved and ensuring a safe and healthy work environment.
When you are first employed, you will be given an orientation to the workplace and shown where you can find things such as the procedures manual, the first aid kit, fire extinguishers, fire exits etc.
Raise the issue with the health and safety representative, officer or committee.
Carry out the activity as best as you can.
Refuse to undertake the activity and demand that the OHS committee meets immediately
Ask someone who knows the procedures and clarify with him or her, your understanding of what you have been told.
In order for an OHS program to be effective all staff members must be made aware of OHS legislation and of how to access the organisation's OHS policies and procedures.
In order for an OHS program to be effective all staff members must be aware of their own rights and responsibilities.
In order for an OHS program to be effective all staff members must be advised on the best ways to manage and minimise risks
In order for an OHS program to be effective the employer should reduce the number of employees who have access to OHS data.
Once a safety program has been established employee awareness of safety and requirements should be consistently reinforced.
OHS meetings need to be used to impart OHS information and updates
OHS meetings need to be conducted to ensure that teams/ sections/ divisions within the organisation are meeting their OHS responsibilities
Safety procedures, measures and requirements can be updated through training delivered by expert consultants.
OHS meetings need to be at least 2 hours long to be effective.
Safety procedures, measures and requirements can be updated through in-house training
Codes of Practice provide documented advice on methods of achieving the minimum acceptable levels of safety performance, to employers in various industries.
Codes of Practice do not have the same legal enforcements as legislation.
Codes of Practice can be used to prosecute an organisation that can prove that it has been complying with its responsibilities.
Codes of Practice might be used to provide evidence that an organisation is not meeting minimum requirements
Codes of Practice can provide prima facie (on its first appearance, or at first sight) evidence to show that an employer or employee has breached the duty of care they are given under the OHS Act.