History And Careers Of Applied Psychology

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
At ProProfs Quizzes, our dedicated in-house team of experts takes pride in their work. With a sharp eye for detail, they meticulously review each quiz. This ensures that every quiz, taken by over 100 million users, meets our standards of accuracy, clarity, and engagement.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| Written by Jendian
J
Jendian
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 14,444
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 221

SettingsSettingsSettings
Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Week 2 Material


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Several events during the 1940s helped to influence the course of clinical psychology. Which of the following did NOT contribute to this growth?

    • A. 

      An increased funding for clinical psychology

    • B. 

      The formation of the APA

    • C. 

      The development of MMPI

    • D. 

      The increase in training due to the demands of WWII

    Correct Answer
    C. The development of MMPI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the development of MMPI." The MMPI, or Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, was actually a significant contribution to the field of clinical psychology during the 1940s. It was a psychological test developed to assess personality traits and psychopathology, and it played a crucial role in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Therefore, it did contribute to the growth of clinical psychology during that time period.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    An important difference between a psychiatrist and a clinical psychologist is....

    • A. 

      Psychology is scientific

    • B. 

      Psychiatry treats the mind and body

    • C. 

      Psychiatry requires psychology courses

    • D. 

      Psychiatry requires and MD degree

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychiatry requires and MD degree
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "psychiatry requires an MD degree." This is because psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in diagnosing and treating mental illnesses. They undergo medical training, including completing medical school and a residency program in psychiatry. On the other hand, clinical psychologists typically hold a doctoral degree in psychology and focus on assessing and treating mental health disorders through therapy and counseling. While psychology is a scientific field and psychiatry does treat the mind and body, the key distinction here is that psychiatrists require an MD degree.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which of the following may prescribe drugs in all states?

    • A. 

      Psychiatric nurses

    • B. 

      Psychiatrists

    • C. 

      Social workers

    • D. 

      Clinical psychologists

    Correct Answer
    B. Psychiatrists
    Explanation
    Psychiatrists may prescribe drugs in all states because they are medical doctors specialized in mental health. They have completed medical school and a residency in psychiatry, which allows them to diagnose and treat mental illnesses, including prescribing medication. On the other hand, psychiatric nurses, social workers, and clinical psychologists may have different roles and responsibilities, but they do not have the authority to prescribe drugs in all states.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Dr. Santos has a practice dealing with adults making career changes. Dr. Santos is MOST LIKELY a

    • A. 

      Counseling psychologist

    • B. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • C. 

      Educational psychologist

    • D. 

      Forensic psychologist

    Correct Answer
    A. Counseling psychologist
    Explanation
    Based on the information provided, Dr. Santos specializes in adults making career changes. This suggests that Dr. Santos is likely a counseling psychologist. Counseling psychologists focus on helping individuals cope with and overcome personal, social, and career-related challenges. They provide guidance and support to help individuals make informed decisions and navigate career transitions. Clinical psychologists typically work with individuals experiencing mental health issues, educational psychologists focus on learning and educational processes, and forensic psychologists specialize in applying psychology to legal and criminal justice settings. Therefore, counseling psychologist is the most suitable option given the context.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    At the end of training, a clinical psychologist should be competent in all of the following EXCEPT

    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Psychotherapy

    • C. 

      Understanding and/or conducting research

    • D. 

      Psychoanalysis

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychoanalysis
    Explanation
    A clinical psychologist should be competent in assessment, psychotherapy, and understanding and/or conducting research. However, psychoanalysis is not a required competency for a clinical psychologist. Psychoanalysis is a specific therapeutic approach that involves exploring unconscious thoughts and feelings to gain insight into psychological issues. While some clinical psychologists may choose to incorporate elements of psychoanalysis into their practice, it is not a necessary skill for all clinical psychologists.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    If you were interested mainly in doing research in a particular area of psychology, you would get a...

    • A. 

      Medical doctor degree

    • B. 

      Doctor of philosophy degree

    • C. 

      Doctor of education degree

    • D. 

      Doctor of psychology degree

    Correct Answer
    D. Doctor of psychology degree
    Explanation
    If you were interested mainly in doing research in a particular area of psychology, you would get a doctor of psychology degree. This degree is specifically focused on research and prepares individuals for careers in academia or research settings. It provides advanced knowledge and skills in research methodology, data analysis, and conducting independent research. A doctor of psychology degree is more research-oriented compared to other degrees such as a medical doctor degree, which is focused on clinical practice, or a doctor of education degree, which is geared towards education and administration. A doctor of philosophy degree is also research-focused but is more broadly applicable across various disciplines.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Which of the following was NOT an early advocate for humane treatment of the mentally disturbed?

    • A. 

      Dorothea dix

    • B. 

      Heinrich kramer

    • C. 

      Philippe pinel

    • D. 

      William tuke

    Correct Answer
    B. Heinrich kramer
    Explanation
    Heinrich Kramer was not an early advocate for humane treatment of the mentally disturbed. While Dorothea Dix, Philippe Pinel, and William Tuke were all early advocates who worked towards improving the conditions and treatment of the mentally ill, Heinrich Kramer is not known for his contributions in this area.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Dr. Long’s has verified his training, and has taken and passed a test in order to practice. Dr. Short’s has informed the state that he is practicing.

    • A. 

      Both are certified but states requirements vary

    • B. 

      Dr. long is licensed and dr. short is certified

    • C. 

      Dr, long is certified and dr. short is registered

    • D. 

      Dr. long is licensed and dr. short is registered

    Correct Answer
    D. Dr. long is licensed and dr. short is registered
  • 9. 

    Which mental health professional would be most likely to accept and be trained specifically in the medical model of mental illness?

    • A. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • B. 

      Social worker

    • C. 

      MFCC/MFT

    • D. 

      Psychiatrist

    Correct Answer
    D. Psychiatrist
    Explanation
    A psychiatrist would be most likely to accept and be trained specifically in the medical model of mental illness. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illnesses. They approach mental health from a medical perspective, focusing on biological factors, such as genetics and neurochemistry, and often prescribe medication as part of the treatment plan. Other mental health professionals, such as clinical psychologists, social workers, and MFCC/MFTs, may have different theoretical orientations and treatment approaches that may not align as closely with the medical model.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The Vail Model generally focuses on

    • A. 

      Training as a scholar-practitioner

    • B. 

      Training as specifically in family systems theory and interventions

    • C. 

      Training to become a psychiatric nurse

    • D. 

      Training to be a full-time researcher

    Correct Answer
    A. Training as a scholar-practitioner
    Explanation
    The Vail Model is a training approach that emphasizes the development of individuals as scholar-practitioners. This means that the focus is on equipping individuals with both theoretical knowledge and practical skills in their respective fields. The model encourages individuals to actively engage in research, critical thinking, and the application of evidence-based practices. By training as a scholar-practitioner, individuals are prepared to bridge the gap between theory and practice, and contribute to the advancement of knowledge in their field while also providing effective and informed interventions.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Who founded the first psychological clinic in the U.S (1896) to provide service for school children?

    • A. 

      Frank Parsons

    • B. 

      Freud

    • C. 

      Lightner Witmer

    • D. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

    Correct Answer
    C. Lightner Witmer
    Explanation
    Lightner Witmer founded the first psychological clinic in the U.S in 1896 to provide services for school children. This clinic marked an important milestone in the field of psychology as it focused on the practical application of psychological principles to help children with learning and behavioral difficulties. Witmer's clinic paved the way for the development of clinical psychology as a distinct discipline, emphasizing the importance of assessment, diagnosis, and intervention in psychological practice.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.