Research In Applied Psychology

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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 18,344
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Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Week 9 Material


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the goal of applied research?

    • A.

      Focus on human behavior as an end in itself

    • B.

      Focus on treatments and investigating them use experimental design and other methods as well

    • C.

      Focus on interventions or investigating questions that have direct implications for interventions using a lot of research methods and experimental design

    • D.

      Focus on examining what the APA goes and how they effective things are as the MMPI

    Correct Answer
    C. Focus on interventions or investigating questions that have direct implications for interventions using a lot of research methods and experimental design
    Explanation
    The goal of applied research is to focus on interventions or investigating questions that have direct implications for interventions using a lot of research methods and experimental design. This type of research aims to find practical solutions to real-world problems and improve existing interventions or develop new ones. By using various research methods and experimental design, applied research seeks to gather data and evidence to support the effectiveness of these interventions and inform decision-making in practical settings.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a different type of research design?

    • A.

      Experimental

    • B.

      Questionnaires

    • C.

      Analogue

    • D.

      Psychotherapy process vs. outcome

    • E.

      Qualitative vs. quantitative

    Correct Answer
    B. Questionnaires
    Explanation
    Questionnaires are not a different type of research design. They are a data collection method used in various research designs, including experimental, qualitative, and quantitative designs. Questionnaires involve the use of structured sets of questions to gather information from participants, but they do not define the overall design or approach of the research study.

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  • 3. 

    What is generalizability?

    • A.

      Asks if the stress level of the groups differ after the intervention

    • B.

      Asks how general one intervention affects a person

    • C.

      Asks how well will the intervention work in other setting

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Asks how well will the intervention work in other setting
    Explanation
    This question is asking about the concept of generalizability. Generalizability refers to how well an intervention or study can be applied or extended to other settings or populations. It is concerned with the external validity of the intervention or study, and whether the findings can be generalized beyond the specific context in which they were obtained. Therefore, the correct answer is "asks how well will the intervention work in other setting".

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  • 4. 

    In psychotherapy research, a good control group does NOT have to be

    • A.

      Untreated

    • B.

      Randomly assigned

    • C.

      Matched to the treatment group on important variables

    • D.

      Randomly assigned

    Correct Answer
    A. Untreated
    Explanation
    A good control group in psychotherapy research does not have to be untreated because the purpose of a control group is to provide a baseline comparison for the treatment group. It is used to determine the effectiveness of the treatment by comparing it to a group that does not receive any treatment. The control group can receive a different type of treatment or a placebo, but it is not necessary for them to be completely untreated.

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  • 5. 

    A behaviorist would most likely use which method of measuring behavior?

    • A.

      Count specific behaviors in specific situations

    • B.

      An objective test to measure the trait

    • C.

      An MMPI

    • D.

      Have the client recall and list the instances of the behavior

    Correct Answer
    A. Count specific behaviors in specific situations
    Explanation
    A behaviorist would most likely use the method of counting specific behaviors in specific situations to measure behavior. This approach involves observing and recording the frequency or occurrence of specific behaviors in a controlled environment. By quantifying the behaviors, the behaviorist can analyze patterns and make objective conclusions about the individual's behavior. This method aligns with the behaviorist perspective, which emphasizes the importance of observable and measurable behaviors in understanding and modifying human behavior.

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  • 6. 

    In order to measure how effective a therapy is you could do all of the following EXCEPT....

    • A.

      Measure the pretreatment status of the client

    • B.

      Establish a control group that doesn't receive the therapy

    • C.

      Decide how you will measure any changes

    • D.

      Give all of your subjects all of the different therapies

    Correct Answer
    D. Give all of your subjects all of the different therapies
    Explanation
    To measure the effectiveness of a therapy, it is important to compare the outcomes of different groups. By giving all subjects all of the different therapies, it becomes impossible to determine which therapy is actually effective. This approach would not allow for the identification of specific therapy's impact on the clients' condition. Therefore, giving all subjects all of the different therapies is not a valid method to measure the effectiveness of a therapy.

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  • 7. 

    In psychotherapy research, symptom removal is

    • A.

      A relatively clear cut and easy to measure

    • B.

      Totally unimportant to most therapies

    • C.

      Focused on by behaviorists

    • D.

      The best measure of change

    Correct Answer
    C. Focused on by behaviorists
    Explanation
    Behaviorists in psychotherapy research focus on symptom removal as a measure of change. They believe that by eliminating or reducing symptoms, individuals will experience improvement in their mental health. This approach emphasizes observable behaviors and uses techniques such as conditioning and reinforcement to modify behavior and alleviate symptoms. Other therapies may prioritize different aspects of treatment, such as gaining insight into underlying issues or enhancing personal growth. However, behaviorists prioritize symptom removal as a primary goal of therapy.

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  • 8. 

    Which of following is NOT a therapeutic change, according to some theory of therapy?

    • A.

      Gaining increased knowledge about school subjects

    • B.

      Thinking more rationally

    • C.

      Stopping drinking

    • D.

      Increasing self-acceptance

    • E.

      Restructuring personality

    Correct Answer
    A. Gaining increased knowledge about school subjects
    Explanation
    Gaining increased knowledge about school subjects is not considered a therapeutic change according to some theories of therapy because therapy typically focuses on addressing emotional, psychological, and behavioral issues rather than academic knowledge. Therapeutic changes usually involve improving mental health, coping skills, relationships, and overall well-being. While gaining knowledge about school subjects can be beneficial for personal growth, it is not directly related to therapeutic goals in the context of therapy.

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  • 9. 

    The kinds of experiences therapists and clients have in therapy do not provide a scientifically reliable basis for knowledge. Which of the following is NOT a reason why?

    • A.

      Seeing is not necessarily knowing

    • B.

      We generalize from our particular vivid experiences to everyone

    • C.

      Most clients are not in therapy long enough for a reliable assessment

    • D.

      We humans have a tendency to place more confidence in a highly vivid experience than is warranted

    Correct Answer
    C. Most clients are not in therapy long enough for a reliable assessment
    Explanation
    Most clients not being in therapy long enough for a reliable assessment is not a reason why the kinds of experiences therapists and clients have in therapy do not provide a scientifically reliable basis for knowledge.

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  • 10. 

    Claiming success for therapy is always difficult because

    • A.

      Improvement cannot be accurately measured

    • B.

      There may be alternate reasons for any improvement

    • C.

      The long term effects haven't been measured

    • D.

      Psychologists themselves are making the claims

    Correct Answer
    B. There may be alternate reasons for any improvement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "there may be alternate reasons for any improvement." This is because when evaluating the success of therapy, it is important to consider that improvement in a patient's condition may not solely be attributed to the therapy itself. There could be other factors at play, such as natural healing processes, the placebo effect, or external events that contribute to the improvement. Therefore, it is difficult to confidently attribute success solely to the therapy without considering these alternate reasons.

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  • 11. 

    The role of a "placebo" in psychotherapy research is

    • A.

      As a curative factor

    • B.

      As a control group

    • C.

      Unnecessary

    • D.

      As part of drug treatment

    Correct Answer
    B. As a control group
    Explanation
    In psychotherapy research, a "placebo" is used as a control group. This means that participants in the study are divided into two groups: one group receives the actual treatment being tested, while the other group receives a placebo, which is an inactive substance or treatment that has no therapeutic effect. By comparing the outcomes of the two groups, researchers can determine the true effectiveness of the treatment being studied. Therefore, the role of a placebo in psychotherapy research is to serve as a control group for comparison purposes.

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  • 12. 

    All of the following are difficulties faced by researchers into the effectiveness of psychotherapy, EXCEPT

    • A.

      Agreeing on a measure of improvement

    • B.

      Agreeing on a definition of improvement

    • C.

      Refuting previous negative evidence

    • D.

      Implementing a good experimental design

    Correct Answer
    C. Refuting previous negative evidence
    Explanation
    Researchers into the effectiveness of psychotherapy face several difficulties, including agreeing on a measure and definition of improvement, implementing a good experimental design, and refuting previous negative evidence. However, the given answer states "EXCEPT," indicating that it is not a difficulty faced by researchers. Therefore, the correct answer is that refuting previous negative evidence is not a difficulty faced by researchers in this context.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 04, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Jendian
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