Ancient Greek: History Of Art And Architecture! Trivia Quiz

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Ancient Greek: History Of Art And Architecture! Trivia Quiz - Quiz

The history of art and architecture in Ancient Greece is divided into three basic eras and was inspired by the theory and practice of earlier Egyptian stonemasons and builders. The Greeks set about replacing the wooden structures of their public buildings with stone structures. Some of the common types of public buildings were temples, municipal structures, theatres, and sports stadiums. Get to learn more about Ancient Greek history of art and architecture in this trivia quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Or of pertaining to Greek culture and art of the times of Alexander the Great's death in 323 C through the 1st century during which the Greek dynasties were established in Egypt, Syria and Persia

    Explanation
    The term "hellenistic" refers to the period of time and the cultural, artistic, and political developments that occurred in the Greek world after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC until the 1st century AD. During this time, Greek dynasties were established in Egypt, Syria, and Persia, and Greek culture and art spread throughout these regions. The term "hellenistic" is used to describe the fusion of Greek and local cultures during this period, resulting in a unique blend of artistic and cultural styles.

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  • 2. 

    Of or pertaining to ancient Greek history, culture, art, especially before the time of Alexander the Great.

    Explanation
    The term "hellenic" refers to anything related to ancient Greek history, culture, and art, specifically before the era of Alexander the Great. This includes aspects such as language, literature, philosophy, architecture, and more. The word "hellenic" is derived from the Greek word "Hellēnikos," which means "Greek." It is used to describe the period before Alexander's conquests, which marked a significant shift in Greek culture and influence.

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  • 3. 

    Characterized by movement, towards increasing naturalness and freedom of form. 

  • 4. 

    Greek pottery style characterized by rectilinear meander patterns. 

    Explanation
    Geometric is the correct answer because it refers to a Greek pottery style characterized by rectilinear meander patterns. This style of pottery was popular during the Geometric period in ancient Greece, which lasted from around 900 to 700 BCE. The rectilinear meander patterns were often used to decorate the pottery, creating a distinctive geometric aesthetic. This style marked a shift away from the previous Mycenaean style, which featured more organic and curvilinear designs. The geometric style is known for its simplicity and precision, reflecting the cultural and artistic values of the time.

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  • 5. 

    Greek pottery style characterized by the assimilation of Eastern iconography.

    Explanation
    The term "orientalizing" refers to a specific style of Greek pottery that emerged during the 7th century BC. This style is characterized by the incorporation and assimilation of Eastern iconography and artistic motifs into Greek pottery. The influence of Eastern cultures, particularly those from the Near East and Egypt, can be seen in the use of exotic animals, mythical creatures, and intricate patterns in the designs. The orientalizing style marked a period of cultural exchange and artistic experimentation in ancient Greece, as they borrowed and adapted elements from neighboring civilizations.

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  • 6. 

    Pottery style where the artist painted the figure in black silhouette with a slip made of clay and water. 

    Explanation
    The black figure pottery style refers to a technique used by ancient Greek artists where they painted the figures in black silhouette against a reddish clay background. This was achieved by applying a slip, a mixture of clay and water, which turned black when fired in the kiln. The details of the figures were then incised into the black silhouette, creating a contrasting effect. This style was popular from the 7th to 5th centuries BC and is considered a significant development in Greek ceramic art.

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  • 7. 

    Greek pottery style where the artist drew figures in red against a black background.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "red figure" because it refers to a Greek pottery style where the artist drew figures in red against a black background. This technique was popular during the 6th and 4th centuries BCE and allowed for more detailed and naturalistic depictions of figures compared to the earlier black-figure style. The red figure technique involved painting the background black and leaving the figures in the natural red color of the clay. This style was widely used in the production of various types of pottery, including vases and cups.

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  • 8. 

    A wash of white clay formed the background. Figures were then applied in black and additional colors were added. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "white ground" because the passage states that a wash of white clay formed the background. This indicates that the background was created using white clay, which is commonly referred to as a white ground. Additionally, figures were applied in black and additional colors were added on top of the white ground.

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  • 9. 

    Water jar with three handles.

    Explanation
    A hydria is a type of water jar that typically has three handles. It was commonly used in ancient Greece for carrying and storing water. The three handles allowed for easier transportation and pouring of the water. The word "hydria" itself is derived from the Greek word "hydor" which means water. Therefore, the answer "hydria" is the correct term for a water jar with three handles.

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  • 10. 

    Flask for storing and pouring oil.

    Explanation
    A lekythos is a type of ancient Greek vessel used for storing and pouring oil. It typically has a narrow neck and a single handle, making it easy to pour the oil without spilling. The given statement "Flask for storing and pouring oil" accurately describes the function of a lekythos, making it the correct answer.

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  • 11. 

    Bowl for mixing wine and water.

    Explanation
    A krater is a type of bowl that was commonly used in ancient Greece for mixing wine and water. It had a wide, shallow shape with two handles on either side for easy lifting and pouring. The mixture of wine and water was a common practice in ancient Greek culture, as it was believed to enhance the flavor and reduce the intoxicating effects of pure wine. The krater was an important vessel for social gatherings and symposiums, where people would come together to drink, discuss, and enjoy each other's company.

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  • 12. 

    Vessel for storing honey, olive oil, wine, and water.

    Explanation
    An amphora is a type of vessel that was commonly used in ancient times for storing various liquids such as honey, olive oil, wine, and water. It has a narrow neck and two handles, making it easy to transport and pour. The word "amphora" is derived from the Greek word "amphoreus," which means "to carry on both sides." This container was widely used in the Mediterranean region and played a significant role in trade and commerce during ancient times.

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  • 13. 

    Drinking cups

    Explanation
    A kylix is a type of drinking cup used in ancient Greece. It has a shallow bowl with two horizontal handles on either side. The shape of the kylix allowed for easy drinking and handling. It was commonly used for serving wine during social gatherings and symposiums. The word "kylix" is derived from the Greek word "kylix" which means cup or goblet.

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  • 14. 

    Jug for pouring wine.

    Explanation
    The term "oenochoe" refers to a jug specifically designed for pouring wine. This term is often used in the context of ancient Greek and Roman pottery, where oenochoes were commonly used for serving and pouring wine during social gatherings and feasts. The word "oenochoe" itself is derived from the Greek words "oinos" meaning wine, and "cheo" meaning to pour. Therefore, the correct answer "oenochoe" accurately describes a jug used for pouring wine.

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  • 15. 

    Earliest and most massive order. the column has no base, a fluted shaft, and plain capital. 

    Explanation
    The given description matches the characteristics of the Doric order in classical architecture. The Doric order is known for its simplicity and strength, with a column that has no base, a fluted shaft, and a plain capital. It is considered to be one of the earliest and most massive orders in classical architecture.

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  • 16. 

    Topmost step of three steps.

    Explanation
    The topmost step of a three-step structure is called a stylobate. The term "stylobate" refers to the continuous base or platform upon which the columns of a classical temple are placed. It is the lowest level of the temple's foundation and provides support for the columns and the rest of the structure. In this context, the stylobate represents the highest step or level of the three-step design.

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  • 17. 

    The column itself composed of individual sections.

    Explanation
    The given sentence states that "The column itself composed of individual sections." This means that the column is made up of separate sections. The word "shaft" is the correct answer because it is a term often used to describe a long, vertical, or inclined structure that is used to support or connect different parts of a building or machine. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the individual sections mentioned in the sentence are referring to the sections of a shaft.

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  • 18. 

    The snug band at the top of the shaft.

    Explanation
    The term "necking" refers to the process of reducing the diameter of a material, typically in the form of a cylindrical shape, at a specific section. In this context, the "snug band at the top of the shaft" suggests that the diameter of the shaft has been reduced at that particular area, creating a narrower section. This can be achieved through various manufacturing processes, such as cold working or hot working, and is commonly used in engineering applications to enhance the strength or functionality of the material.

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  • 19. 

    Flat curved element, like a plate, with rounded sides.

    Explanation
    An echinus is a term used in architecture to describe a flat curved element, such as a plate, with rounded sides. It is commonly found in the design of columns and capitals, adding a decorative and ornamental touch to the structure. The echinus serves as a transition between the column shaft and the abacus, providing a visually pleasing and aesthetically appealing element to the overall design.

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  • 20. 

    Flat square above the echinus

    Explanation
    The given statement describes the location of the abacus, stating that it is positioned flat and square above the echinus. An abacus is a calculating tool that consists of a series of rods or wires with beads that can be moved back and forth. In this context, it suggests that the abacus is situated directly above the echinus, which is a decorative element found in classical architecture, typically located at the top of a column.

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  • 21. 

    Forms the lintel

    Explanation
    The given answer, "entablature," is correct because the entablature is the horizontal, decorative element that rests on top of the columns and forms the lintel. It is a prominent feature in classical architecture and consists of three main parts: the architrave, frieze, and cornice. The entablature helps to support the roof or upper structure of the building and adds visual interest and ornamentation to the overall design.

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  • 22. 

    The plain, horizontal member above a capital. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "architrave." An architrave is a plain, horizontal member that is located above a capital. It is typically found in classical architecture and serves as the lowest part of an entablature. The architrave is responsible for distributing the weight of the structure above it, and it often features decorative elements such as moldings or carvings.

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  • 23. 

    A band above the architrave consisting of alternating triglyphs and metopes.

    Explanation
    A frieze is a decorative band that is typically located above the architrave. It is made up of alternating triglyphs and metopes, which are architectural elements commonly found in classical Greek and Roman buildings. Triglyphs are rectangular blocks with vertical grooves, while metopes are the spaces between the triglyphs that can be decorated with sculptures or reliefs. The frieze serves as a decorative element and can depict various scenes or motifs.

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  • 24. 

    Rectangles with vertical incisions carved into their surfaces.

    Explanation
    Triglyphs are a characteristic feature of the Doric order in classical architecture. They are rectangular blocks with vertical incisions carved into their surfaces. These incisions are typically evenly spaced and can be seen between the metopes on the frieze of a Doric entablature. Triglyphs are an important element in the overall design of a Doric temple and are used to create a sense of rhythm and order. They are often seen in ancient Greek and Roman temples and are a defining feature of the Doric architectural style.

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  • 25. 

    Slabs of a stone either plane or with sculpture in relief.

    Explanation
    Metopes are slabs of stone that can be either plain or carved with sculptures in relief. They are typically found in classical architecture, particularly in Greek temples. These decorative panels are usually placed between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze. The metopes often depict mythological scenes or important events, adding artistic and narrative elements to the overall design of the building.

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  • 26. 

    A short band under the triglyph. 

    Explanation
    A regula is a short band that is typically found under the triglyph.

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  • 27. 

    A raised band or fillet separating the frieze from the architrave on a  Doric entablature.

    Explanation
    A taenia is a raised band or fillet that is used to separate the frieze from the architrave on a Doric entablature. It serves as a decorative element and adds visual interest to the architectural structure. The taenia helps to define the different sections of the entablature and provides a clear distinction between the frieze and the architrave.

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  • 28. 

    The projection above the frieze to protect it from the weather. 

    Explanation
    A cornice is a decorative molding that is placed above the frieze to protect it from the weather. It serves as a projection that shields the frieze from rain, snow, and other elements, helping to preserve its integrity and prevent damage. The cornice also adds aesthetic value to the architecture by providing a decorative element that enhances the overall design of the building.

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  • 29. 

    Rested on the cornice.

    Explanation
    The word "pediment" is the correct answer because it is the architectural term that refers to the triangular space above a doorway or window that is typically decorated with sculptures or other ornamental features. The phrase "rested on the cornice" suggests that the pediment is positioned on top of the cornice, which is the horizontal projection that forms the uppermost part of a classical entablature. Therefore, the word "pediment" accurately describes the architectural element being referred to in the given statement.

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  • 30. 

    A frieze bearing carved figures of people or animals. 

  • 31. 

    An encircling band, molding or fillet, on capital or shaft of a column.

    Explanation
    An annulet is a term used in architecture to refer to an encircling band, molding, or fillet that is found on the capital or shaft of a column. It is a decorative element that adds visual interest and detail to the column. The annulet can be seen as a horizontal band that wraps around the column, creating a distinct separation between different sections of the column. It is often used as a decorative feature in classical architecture, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to the overall design.

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  • 32. 

    A decorative motif consisting of a series of long, rounded, parallel grooves. 

    Explanation
    Fluting refers to a decorative motif that consists of a series of long, rounded, parallel grooves. This term is commonly used in architecture and design to describe the ornamental grooves found on columns, pillars, and other structural elements. The grooves are usually evenly spaced and create a visually pleasing pattern. Fluting adds texture and visual interest to the surface it is applied to, enhancing the overall aesthetic appeal of the design.

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  • 33. 

    A rounded channel or groove.

    Explanation
    A flute is a musical instrument that consists of a long, rounded channel or groove. It is typically made of metal or wood and produces sound when air is blown across a hole in the instrument. The term "flute" can also refer to the groove or channel itself, which is why it is the correct answer to the given question.

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  • 34. 

    A classical order that developed in the Greek colonies of Asia Minor. The fluted shaft has a vase and it has a volute capital. 

    Explanation
    The given description mentions a classical order that developed in the Greek colonies of Asia Minor. It further describes a fluted shaft with a vase and a volute capital. Based on this information, the correct answer is "ionic." The Ionic order is characterized by its fluted columns, volute capitals, and decorative friezes. This order was indeed developed in ancient Greece and was commonly used in the architecture of Greek colonies in Asia Minor.

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  • 35. 

    A variant of the ionic with its plinth and fluted shaft and its distinct ornate capital.

    Explanation
    The given description mentions a variant of the ionic column, which has a plinth (a square base), a fluted shaft (with vertical grooves), and a distinct ornate capital (the top part of the column). This description matches the characteristics of the Corinthian column, which is known for its decorative and elaborate capital featuring acanthus leaves. Therefore, the correct answer is Corinthian.

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  • 36. 

    A spiral, scroll-like ornament, as on the capitals of the ionic, Corinthian and composite orders. 

    Explanation
    A volute is a decorative element commonly found on the capitals of the ionic, Corinthian, and composite orders in architecture. It is a spiral or scroll-like ornament that adds visual interest and complexity to the design. The volute is often seen as a symbol of elegance and sophistication in classical architecture.

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  • 37. 

    A vertical guideline through the eye of a value in an Ionic capital, from which the spiral form is determined. 

    Explanation
    The term "cathetus" refers to a vertical guideline that runs through the eye of a value in an Ionic capital. This guideline is used to determine the spiral form of the capital.

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  • 38. 

    A narrow part of the surface of a column left between adjoining flutes.

    Explanation
    A fillet is a narrow part of the surface of a column that is left between adjoining flutes. In architectural design, columns often have flutes, which are vertical grooves or ridges. The fillet is the smooth, flat surface that separates these flutes. It provides a visual break and adds detail to the column's design.

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  • 39. 

    A small, concave curve joining the shaft of a classical column to its base.

    Explanation
    Apophyge refers to a small, concave curve that connects the shaft of a classical column to its base. This architectural feature adds a subtle transition and aesthetic appeal to the overall design of the column.

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  • 40. 

    An ornamental bracket, usually in the form of a scroll with acanthus, used in series beneath the corona of a Corinthian, composite or roman ionic cornice. 

    Explanation
    A modillion is an ornamental bracket that is typically in the shape of a scroll with acanthus leaves. It is used in a series beneath the corona of a Corinthian, composite, or Roman Ionic cornice.

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  • 41. 

    Placement of two columns or pilasters very close together.

    Explanation
    Accouplement refers to the placement of two columns or pilasters very close together. This architectural technique is often used to create a sense of symmetry and balance in a structure. By placing the columns or pilasters close together, it creates a visual connection between them and enhances the overall aesthetic appeal of the design. This technique is commonly seen in classical architecture and can be found in various buildings and structures around the world.

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  • 42. 

    A spiral ornament, as any of the volutes issuing from a cauliculus in a Corinthian capital. 

    Explanation
    A helix is a spiral ornament, specifically referring to any of the volutes that come out from a cauliculus in a Corinthian capital.

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  • 43. 

    An ornament, as on the corinthian capital, patterned after the large, toothed leaves of a Mediterranean plant.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is acanthus. Acanthus is an ornament that is often found on the Corinthian capital, which is the top part of a column. This ornament is designed to resemble the large, toothed leaves of a Mediterranean plant. The acanthus motif is a common decorative element in classical architecture and can be seen in various forms of art and design.

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  • 44. 

    Any of the ornamental stalks rising between the acanthus leaves of a corinthian capital. 

    Explanation
    A cauliculus refers to any of the ornamental stalks that rise between the acanthus leaves of a Corinthian capital. In Corinthian architecture, the capital is the topmost part of a column or pillar, and the acanthus leaves are a common decorative element. The cauliculus adds further ornamentation to the capital by creating a series of stalks that rise between the leaves. This term is specific to Corinthian architecture and is used to describe a particular feature of the capital design.

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  • 45. 

    The technique applied on columns which do not taper in a straight line, but bulge outward about one-third of the way up from the base. 

    Explanation
    Entasis is a technique used in architecture where columns are designed to have a slight outward bulge about one-third of the way up from the base. This technique is employed to create an optical illusion that makes the columns appear straight and symmetrical when viewed from a distance. By adding this subtle curvature, the columns avoid looking too thin or tapering, resulting in a more visually pleasing and balanced design.

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  • 46. 

    A small flat plain surface used to separate other moldings. 

    Explanation
    A fillet is a small flat plain surface used to separate other moldings. It is a decorative element that is often used to add visual interest and definition to architectural details such as cornices, baseboards, and door frames. The fillet is typically a narrow strip of material, such as wood or plaster, that is applied between two larger moldings to create a clean and distinct separation. This helps to enhance the overall appearance and craftsmanship of the molding design.

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  • 47. 

    A convex curved surface, quarter-circle, often with egg & dart motif. 

    Explanation
    The term "ovolo" refers to a convex curved surface that is often seen in a quarter-circle shape. This surface is commonly adorned with an egg and dart motif.

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  • 48. 

    A concave surface approximating the interior curve of a quarter circle. 

    Explanation
    A cavetto is a concave surface that closely resembles the interior curve of a quarter circle. It is a type of molding or architectural feature that is often used to add decorative detail to the edges of columns, walls, or furniture. The term "cavetto" is derived from the Italian word for "hollow" or "cavity," which accurately describes the shape of this particular surface.

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  • 49. 

    An S-shaped curved surface that starts & ends horizontally; usually with honeysuckle motif. 

    Explanation
    Cyma recta is a term used in architecture to describe an S-shaped curved surface that begins and ends horizontally. It is often adorned with a honeysuckle motif. This architectural element is commonly found in classical and neoclassical designs, adding a sense of elegance and sophistication to the overall structure. The cyma recta curve creates a visually pleasing and harmonious effect, making it a popular choice in architectural ornamentation.

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  • 50. 

    Starts & ends vertically; with waterleaf. 

    Explanation
    The given answer, "cyma reversa," is a term used in architecture to describe a molding or cornice that starts and ends vertically and is concave in shape. In this case, it is specifically mentioned that the molding or cornice is associated with waterleaf, which is a type of decorative foliage motif commonly used in classical architecture. Therefore, "cyma reversa" is the correct answer as it accurately describes the given description.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Sep 26, 2011
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