Hidden EP Quiz No.04

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Hidden EP Quiz No.04 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is not a benefit from having large greenspace in cities? 

    • A.

      Absorbs air pollution

    • B.

      Gives off oxygen

    • C.

      Cools the air as water transpires

    • D.

      Provides habitat to wild beasts

    • E.

      Provides shade with 1ess electricity required

    • F.

      Muffles noise and creates an island of peace

    Correct Answer
    D. Provides habitat to wild beasts
    Explanation
    Large greenspaces in cities provide numerous benefits, such as absorbing air pollution, giving off oxygen, cooling the air through water transpiration, providing shade with less electricity required, muffling noise, and creating an island of peace. However, providing habitat to wild beasts is not considered a benefit of having large greenspaces in cities. While greenspaces may provide habitat for wildlife, the presence of wild beasts can pose safety concerns for residents and may lead to conflicts between humans and wildlife.

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  • 2. 

    A 'drainage basin' is the total land area that contributes runoff to a given stream. What characteristic of a drainage basin causes it to have an 'efficient' response to rainfall? 

    • A.

      Sloping topography in bowl-like formation

    • B.

      Permeable soils

    • C.

      Plasticity of clay bottom

    • D.

      Filtration by its wetlands

    Correct Answer
    A. Sloping topography in bowl-like formation
    Explanation
    A drainage basin with sloping topography in a bowl-like formation allows for efficient response to rainfall because it facilitates the quick flow of water towards the stream. The sloping terrain ensures that water can easily flow downhill, minimizing the time it takes for runoff to reach the stream. The bowl-like formation further helps to collect and concentrate the runoff, directing it towards the stream. This efficient response to rainfall reduces the risk of flooding and allows for effective water management within the drainage basin.

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  • 3. 

    Under RA 8371, this refers to "all areas generally belonging to ICCs/lPs comprising lands, inland waters, coastal areas, and natural resources therein, held under a claim of ownership, occupied or possessed by ICCs/lPs, by themselves or through their ancestors, since time immemorial, continuously up to the present." 

    • A.

      Tribal land

    • B.

      Cultural heritage

    • C.

      Autonomous region

    • D.

      Ethnic realm

    • E.

      Ancestral domain

    Correct Answer
    E. Ancestral domain
    Explanation
    Under RA 8371, the term "ancestral domain" refers to all areas that are generally owned, occupied, or possessed by ICCs/lPs (Indigenous Cultural Communities/Indigenous Peoples). These areas include lands, inland waters, coastal areas, and the natural resources found within them. The ownership and occupation of these areas by ICCs/lPs can be traced back to their ancestors since time immemorial and continues to the present. Therefore, the correct answer is ancestral domain.

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  • 4. 

    According to RA 8749, this geographic-based document integrates primary data and information on natural resources and anthropogenic activities on the land as evaluated using various risk assessment and forecasting methodologies, and evaluates environment quality and carrying capacity of an area in such a way that enables planners and government decision-makers to anticipate the type of development control necessary in the planning area.

    • A.

      Natural Resources Inventory

    • B.

      Environmental Accounting

    • C.

      Biogeographic Compendium

    • D.

      Eco-Profile

    Correct Answer
    D. Eco-Profile
    Explanation
    According to RA 8749, an Eco-Profile is a geographic-based document that integrates primary data and information on natural resources and anthropogenic activities on the land. It uses various risk assessment and forecasting methodologies to evaluate environment quality and carrying capacity of an area. The purpose of an Eco-Profile is to enable planners and government decision-makers to anticipate the type of development control necessary in the planning area. Therefore, an Eco-Profile is the correct answer as it aligns with the description provided in the question.

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  • 5. 

    In HLURB Guidelines for CLUP, which of the following does not fall under the 'social sector'?

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Tourism

    • C.

      Health

    • D.

      Police Protective Services

    • E.

      Sports and Recreation

    Correct Answer
    B. Tourism
    Explanation
    Tourism does not fall under the 'social sector' in the HLURB Guidelines for CLUP. The social sector typically encompasses areas related to human well-being and social development such as education, health, police protective services, and sports and recreation. While tourism can have social impacts, it is primarily considered as an economic sector that focuses on attracting visitors and generating revenue through travel and hospitality services.

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  • 6. 

    In HLURB Guidelines for CLUP, which of the following does not fall under the 'economic sector'?

    • A.

      Housing

    • B.

      Mining

    • C.

      ICT and Business Process Outsourcing

    • D.

      Mariculture

    • E.

      Small Scale Industries

    Correct Answer
    A. Housing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Housing. Housing does not fall under the 'economic sector' as it is primarily related to providing shelter and accommodation for individuals and families. While housing may have economic implications, it is not considered a sector that directly contributes to the production of goods and services or generates income and employment opportunities on a large scale. The other options, such as Mining, ICT and Business Process Outsourcing, Mariculture, and Small Scale Industries, are all sectors that are directly involved in economic activities and contribute to the overall economy.

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  • 7. 

    This process defines the physical platform of development at the local level, and proceeds by systematically evaluating alternative patterns of resource use,choosing that use which meets specified goals, and drawing-up appropriate policies and programs, directed to the best use of land in view of accepted objectives, and of environmental and societal opportunities and constraints.

    • A.

      Framework Planning

    • B.

      Strategic Planning

    • C.

      Land Use Planning

    • D.

      Development Planning

    Correct Answer
    C. Land Use Planning
    Explanation
    Land use planning is the correct answer because the given process involves evaluating alternative patterns of resource use and choosing the best use of land based on specified goals and objectives. It also takes into consideration environmental and societal opportunities and constraints. This aligns with the concept of land use planning, which involves making decisions about how land should be utilized in order to achieve desired outcomes and optimize resource allocation.

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  • 8. 

    This document consists of specific proposals to guide growth in a locality including statements about community goals, priorities, strategies, and socially-desired mix of resource uses. These are illustrated by maps,diagrams,charts,tables that show a coherent spatial framework for environment protection, economic production, settlements, and infrastructure.

    • A.

      Charrette

    • B.

      Chatroulette

    • C.

      Comprehensive Land Use Plan

    • D.

      Strategic Plan

    • E.

      Framework Plan

    Correct Answer
    C. Comprehensive Land Use Plan
    Explanation
    A comprehensive land use plan is a document that provides specific proposals and guidelines for the growth and development of a particular locality. It includes statements about community goals, priorities, strategies, and a desired mix of resource uses. The plan is typically illustrated with maps, diagrams, charts, and tables that create a spatial framework for environment protection, economic production, settlements, and infrastructure. This plan helps to guide and manage the future development of the area in a coordinated and sustainable manner.

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  • 9. 

    An essential part of land-use planning, this activity occurs after strategic planning but before the detailed layout  of location, and aims to characterize and design a parcel of land or specific section of town so that it can function effectively in relation to the complexity and scale of proposed development and the range of land uses around it.

    • A.

      Estate Planning

    • B.

      Wards and Precincts Planning

    • C.

      Parcellary Planning

    • D.

      Site Planning

    • E.

      Project Planning

    Correct Answer
    D. Site Planning
    Explanation
    Site planning is an essential part of land-use planning that occurs after strategic planning but before the detailed layout of a location. Its aim is to characterize and design a parcel of land or specific section of town so that it can function effectively in relation to the proposed development and the surrounding land uses. This involves considering the complexity and scale of the development, as well as the overall context of the area. Site planning helps ensure that the land is utilized efficiently and that the development integrates well with its surroundings.

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  • 10. 

    This concerns the arrangement, appearance and functionality of a whole town or city, in particular the shape and form of the city blocks, the uses of public space, the articulation of physical features in three dimensions, so that residents and visitors alike can make high-quality connections between people, places and buildings.

    • A.

      Architectural Master Plan

    • B.

      Cityscape and Streetscape

    • C.

      Urban Design

    • D.

      Form and Style

    • E.

      Visual Panorama

    Correct Answer
    C. Urban Design
    Explanation
    Urban Design refers to the arrangement, appearance, and functionality of a town or city. It involves the shaping and forming of city blocks, the use of public spaces, and the integration of physical features in three dimensions. Urban design aims to create high-quality connections between people, places, and buildings, ensuring a cohesive and well-designed urban environment for residents and visitors.

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  • 11. 

    This refers to the division of a community into districts or sections according to present and potential uses of land in order to maximize, regulate, and direct their use and development.

    • A.

      Wards & Precincts Planning

    • B.

      Subdivision Plats

    • C.

      Land Allocation and Apportionment

    • D.

      Zoning

    Correct Answer
    D. Zoning
    Explanation
    Zoning refers to the division of a community into districts or sections based on the current and future land uses. This division aims to maximize, regulate, and direct the use and development of land in those areas. Zoning helps to ensure that different areas are designated for specific purposes, such as residential, commercial, or industrial, in order to maintain a balance and prevent incompatible land uses. It also allows for better planning and management of resources, infrastructure, and amenities within each zone.

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  • 12. 

    It is an integrated development scheme wherein a defined area is comprehensively planned as a unitary entity such that innovations in site design and building design are rewarded by government with some flexibility in zoning, usually relaxation of standards or their replacement with negotiated agreement between the developer and the LGU.

    • A.

      Enterprise Zone

    • B.

      Sites and Services model

    • C.

      Zonal Improvement Program

    • D.

      Planned Unit Development

    Correct Answer
    D. Planned Unit Development
    Explanation
    Planned Unit Development is the correct answer because it refers to an integrated development scheme where a specific area is planned as a cohesive unit. This scheme encourages innovative site and building designs by offering the government's flexibility in zoning regulations, such as relaxation of standards or negotiated agreements between the developer and the local government unit.

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  • 13. 

    This type of land regulation says that man-made structures should be of such height,bulk, or design so as not to upstage, play down, or draw attention away from a landmark (e.g. Rizal Monument ), natural landscape, or character of place

    • A.

      Design Aesthetics

    • B.

      Architectural Masterplan

    • C.

      Cultural Mapping

    • D.

      Form-Zoning

    Correct Answer
    D. Form-Zoning
    Explanation
    Form-Zoning is the correct answer because it refers to a type of land regulation that focuses on the height, bulk, and design of man-made structures in relation to landmarks, natural landscapes, or the character of a place. This regulation aims to ensure that structures do not overshadow or detract attention from these important features. This type of zoning helps maintain the visual harmony and aesthetic appeal of an area by controlling the form and appearance of buildings.

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  • 14. 

    An innovation in land-use regulation in which the right to develop a property can be separated or severed from ownership of land in a particular zoning district, then sold or passed on to another property owner, and exercised in connection with the development of land in some other part of the jurisdiction.

    • A.

      Market-based instrument

    • B.

      Commutation of Rights

    • C.

      Property Conversion

    • D.

      Transfer of Oeve!opment Rights

    Correct Answer
    D. Transfer of Oeve!opment Rights
    Explanation
    Transfer of Development Rights is an innovation in land-use regulation where the right to develop a property can be separated from ownership of the land and transferred to another property owner in a different zoning district. This allows for the development of land in a different part of the jurisdiction. It is a market-based instrument that allows for the transfer and sale of development rights, providing flexibility in land-use planning and encouraging more efficient land use.

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  • 15. 

    Which is not considered 'production land' in a Philippine LGU? 

    • A.

      Agro-industrial estate

    • B.

      Cropland

    • C.

      Orchard

    • D.

      Fishpond

    • E.

      Fishpen

    Correct Answer
    E. Fishpen
    Explanation
    A fishpen is not considered 'production land' in a Philippine LGU because it is a type of enclosure or structure used for fish farming, typically located in bodies of water such as lakes or rivers. While it may be used for commercial purposes and contribute to the production of fish, it is not classified as a type of land or agricultural area like the other options provided (agro-industrial estate, cropland, orchard).

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  • 16. 

    Which type of land use is not described as 'urban'? 

    • A.

      Residential

    • B.

      Institutional

    • C.

      Industrial

    • D.

      Mineral

    Correct Answer
    D. Mineral
    Explanation
    Mineral land use is not described as 'urban' because it involves the extraction and utilization of natural resources such as minerals, metals, and fossil fuels. Unlike urban land use, which is associated with residential, institutional, and industrial activities in densely populated areas, mineral land use typically occurs in rural or remote regions where mining operations take place. This type of land use is focused on resource extraction rather than urban development and infrastructure.

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  • 17. 

    Which type of land use is most easily reversible or convertible to its original state? 

    • A.

      Forest land

    • B.

      Memorial park

    • C.

      Infrastructure land

    • D.

      Commercial

    Correct Answer
    A. Forest land
    Explanation
    Forest land is the most easily reversible or convertible to its original state. This is because forests can be regrown and restored relatively quickly compared to other types of land use. Forests have the ability to regenerate naturally through processes such as natural seed dispersal and succession. Additionally, reforestation efforts can be undertaken to speed up the restoration process. On the other hand, land uses like memorial parks, infrastructure development, and commercial areas often involve permanent changes to the landscape that are difficult or impossible to reverse.

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  • 18. 

    What is the percent slope of a land parcel that has a change in elevation ('rise') of 8 meters and is 160 meters long?

    • A.

      8%

    • B.

      7%

    • C.

      6%

    • D.

      5%

    • E.

      4%

    Correct Answer
    D. 5%
    Explanation
    slope= rise/run x 100

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  • 19. 

    In slope analysis, land with slope 0% to 3% is described as 

    • A.

      Even and smooth

    • B.

      Flat to gently sloping

    • C.

      Level to nearly level

    • D.

      Gently to moderately undulating

    Correct Answer
    C. Level to nearly level
    Explanation
    In slope analysis, land with a slope of 0% to 3% is described as "level to nearly level." This means that the land is mostly flat with a slight incline or decline. It is not completely flat, but the slope is very gentle and does not vary significantly. This description indicates that the land is relatively even and smooth, making it suitable for various activities such as construction, agriculture, or recreational use.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following soil types has the greatest permeability, and hence has the least nutrient-holding capacity? 

    • A.

      Sand

    • B.

      Clay

    • C.

      Silt

    • D.

      Loam

    • E.

      Humus

    Correct Answer
    A. Sand
    Explanation
    Sand has the greatest permeability among the given soil types. This means that water can easily pass through the spaces between the sand particles, allowing for good drainage. However, because of its larger particle size, sand has a lower surface area and fewer binding sites for nutrients, resulting in the least nutrient-holding capacity compared to other soil types.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is not a factor to determine suitability of land for agricultural use? 

    • A.

      Climate and rainfall

    • B.

      Soil quality

    • C.

      Geologic fault lines

    • D.

      Slope

    Correct Answer
    C. Geologic fault lines
    Explanation
    Geologic fault lines are not a factor to determine the suitability of land for agricultural use. Climate and rainfall, soil quality, and slope are all important factors to consider when determining if land is suitable for agriculture. Geologic fault lines, on the other hand, are geological features that indicate the presence of tectonic activity and do not directly impact the agricultural potential of the land.

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  • 22. 

    These are lands capable of intensive use or cultivation over time and can sustain the productivity levels of crops in a given climatic region without adversely affecting the immediate or adjoining environment.

    • A.

      Agro-industrial estate

    • B.

      Prime agricultural land

    • C.

      Alluvial fans

    • D.

      Icefields or mud paddies

    Correct Answer
    B. Prime agricultural land
    Explanation
    Prime agricultural land refers to lands that have the potential for intensive use or cultivation over time. These lands can sustain the productivity levels of crops in a specific climatic region without causing harm to the immediate or adjoining environment. This means that the soil quality, water availability, and other factors necessary for successful agriculture are present in these lands. They are ideal for farming and can support high crop yields without causing environmental degradation.

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  • 23. 

    The recommended map scale for provinces is 1:50,000 while that for town/city CLUP should be at least

    • A.

      1 :200,000

    • B.

      1:100,000

    • C.

      1:25,000

    • D.

      1:10,000

    Correct Answer
    D. 1:10,000
    Explanation
    The recommended map scale for provinces is 1:50,000, which means that one unit on the map represents 50,000 units on the ground. Since town/city CLUPs require more detailed information, a smaller scale is needed. A scale of 1:10,000 would provide a higher level of detail, with one unit on the map representing 10,000 units on the ground. This smaller scale allows for a more precise representation of the features and characteristics of towns and cities, making it suitable for CLUPs.

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  • 24. 

    Which of those listed below is not a 'thematic' map? 

    • A.

      Political - administrative boundaries

    • B.

      NPAAAD map

    • C.

      Slope map

    • D.

      Forest cover map

    Correct Answer
    A. Political - administrative boundaries
    Explanation
    The political - administrative boundaries map is not a thematic map because it does not represent a specific theme or topic. Thematic maps are designed to convey information about a particular theme or subject, such as population density, land use, or climate. In contrast, political - administrative boundaries maps typically show the boundaries and divisions of countries, states, or regions, which is not a specific theme but rather a general reference.

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  • 25. 

    'Contour lines' on a topographic map indicate 

    • A.

      Soil classes

    • B.

      Layers of vegetative cover

    • C.

      Demarcation lines

    • D.

      Elevation intervals

    Correct Answer
    D. Elevation intervals
    Explanation
    Contour lines on a topographic map indicate elevation intervals. These lines connect points of equal elevation, allowing the viewer to understand the shape and relief of the land. By closely examining the contour lines, one can determine the steepness of slopes, identify valleys and ridges, and visualize the overall topography of the area. The spacing between the contour lines indicates the change in elevation, with closer lines indicating steeper terrain and wider gaps representing flatter areas. Therefore, contour lines are a crucial tool for understanding the elevation and landscape features of a specific area.

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  • 26. 

    An 'analytical' map is a composite or overlay of two or more 

    • A.

      Base maps

    • B.

      Thematic maps

    • C.

      Aspect maps

    • D.

      Choropleth maps

    Correct Answer
    B. Thematic maps
    Explanation
    An 'analytical' map refers to a type of map that is created by combining or overlaying two or more thematic maps. Thematic maps are maps that represent specific themes or topics, such as population density or temperature distribution. Therefore, the correct answer is thematic maps, as they are the type of maps that are used to create an analytical map.

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  • 27. 

    In agricultural land use planning, the soil characteristics of solum depth and clay-silt fraction that would ensure good plant growth are

    • A.

    • B.

      >100 cm and >80%

    • C.

      50-100 cm and 40-80%

    • D.

      10-50 cm and 10-40%

    Correct Answer
    B. >100 cm and >80%
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ">100 cm and >80%". In agricultural land use planning, a deep solum depth of over 100 cm allows for better root penetration and water storage capacity, which are essential for plant growth. Additionally, a high clay-silt fraction of over 80% indicates a soil with good water-holding capacity and nutrient retention, which also contribute to favorable conditions for plant growth.

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  • 28. 

    It is a computer system consisting of software and hardware components that are used to organize, store, process, analyze and display multiple layers of spatially-referenced information about geographically located features. 

    • A.

      Geodesy and Geodetics

    • B.

      Global Positioning System

    • C.

      Electronic Cadastral System

    • D.

      Geographic Information System

    Correct Answer
    D. Geographic Information System
    Explanation
    A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computer system that combines software and hardware components to manage and analyze spatially-referenced information about features located on the Earth's surface. It allows users to organize, store, process, and display multiple layers of data, such as maps, satellite imagery, and demographic information. GIS is widely used in various fields, including urban planning, environmental management, and transportation, to make informed decisions based on spatial analysis and visualization of data.

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  • 29. 

    These are geometric coordinates for designating the location of places on the surface of the Earth; the First gives the location of a place above or below the equator, expressed by angular measurements ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° at the poles, while the Second gives the location of a place east or west of an upright line called the prime meridian, and is measured in angles ranging from 0° at the prime meridian to 180° at the International Date Line.

    • A.

      Landmass and ocean

    • B.

      Cartesian x,y, points

    • C.

      North pole & south pole

    • D.

      Latitude and longitude

    Correct Answer
    D. Latitude and longitude
    Explanation
    The given answer, latitude and longitude, accurately describes the geometric coordinates used to designate the location of places on the Earth's surface. Latitude represents the location of a place above or below the equator, ranging from 0° at the equator to 90° at the poles. Longitude, on the other hand, represents the location of a place east or west of the prime meridian, ranging from 0° at the prime meridian to 180° at the International Date Line. Together, latitude and longitude provide a precise way to identify any location on Earth.

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  • 30. 

    Prior to the development of computer mapping software in the mid-1970s, spatial analysis was done manually by overlaying different thematic maps of the same scale, principally to determine 

    • A.

      Geohazards and physical constraints

    • B.

      Areas that are ideal for urban development

    • C.

      Critical areas for rehabilitation or intervention

    • D.

      All of the choices

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the choices
    Explanation
    Prior to the development of computer mapping software in the mid-1970s, spatial analysis was done manually by overlaying different thematic maps of the same scale. This technique was used to determine geohazards and physical constraints, areas that are ideal for urban development, and critical areas for rehabilitation or intervention. Therefore, the correct answer is all of the choices.

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  • 31. 

    This refers to aerial photographs that have been rectified to produce an accurate image of the Earth by removing tilt of planet, relief displacements, and topographic distortions which occurred when the photo was taken from an airplane 

    • A.

      Photogrammetry

    • B.

      Orthophotography

    • C.

      Remote sensing

    • D.

      Geomatics

    • E.

      Geodetics

    Correct Answer
    B. Orthophotography
    Explanation
    An orthophoto, orthophotograph or orthoimage is an aerial photograph geometrically corrected ("orthorectified") such that the scale is uniform: the photo has the same lack of distortion as a map.(Source: Wikipedia)

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  • 32. 

    In a computer graphics/mapping system, this is a data structure for representing point and line data by means of x,y,z geometric coordinates; it can also be a set of line segments joined end-to-end to make a curved path in space. 

    • A.

      Vector

    • B.

      Raster

    • C.

      Curvature

    • D.

      Field

    • E.

      Node

    Correct Answer
    A. Vector
    Explanation
    A vector is a data structure that is commonly used in computer graphics and mapping systems to represent point and line data using x, y, and z coordinates. It can also be used to create curved paths in space by joining line segments end-to-end. Vectors are efficient for storing and manipulating geometric data and are widely used in various applications such as 3D modeling, animation, and GIS.

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  • 33. 

    According to Prof. Ernesto Serote, this is the process of putting two or more thematic maps on top of each other to determine areas of convergence of certain features of land contributing to the suitability of the area to a particular purpose, and conversely, to eliminate or screen out areas that are not suitable for that purpose. 

    • A.

      Thematic superimposition

    • B.

      Cartographic merging

    • C.

      Sieve analysis

    • D.

      Spatial modeling

    Correct Answer
    C. Sieve analysis
    Explanation
    Sieve analysis is the correct answer because it involves the process of putting two or more thematic maps on top of each other to determine areas of convergence of certain features of land contributing to the suitability of the area to a particular purpose, and conversely, to eliminate or screen out areas that are not suitable for that purpose. This method is commonly used in cartography and spatial analysis to analyze and interpret data from multiple maps to make informed decisions about land suitability.

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  • 34. 

    What rational tool do planners use in selecting from alternative land use schemes? 

    • A.

      Checklist of criteria

    • B.

      Linear programming

    • C.

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • D.

      Computer simulation

    Correct Answer
    C. Cost-benefit analysis
    Explanation
    Planners use cost-benefit analysis as a rational tool in selecting from alternative land use schemes. This involves evaluating the costs and benefits associated with each option and comparing them to determine the most advantageous choice. By considering the financial implications and potential benefits of different land use schemes, planners can make informed decisions that maximize the overall benefits for the community or organization involved.

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  • 35. 

    By taking into account both quantitative values and non-quantitative values, 'Planning Balance Sheet' is an 'extended' 'multiple-criteria' form of 

    • A.

      Cost-revenue analysis

    • B.

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • C.

      Cost-effectiveness analysis

    • D.

      Cost-estimate analysis

    Correct Answer
    B. Cost-benefit analysis
    Explanation
    The 'Planning Balance Sheet' is an 'extended' 'multiple-criteria' form of cost-benefit analysis because it considers both quantitative values (costs and benefits) and non-quantitative values (such as social, environmental, and ethical factors) when evaluating a project or decision. Cost-benefit analysis involves comparing the costs and benefits of different options to determine the best course of action, and the 'Planning Balance Sheet' expands on this by incorporating multiple criteria and factors to provide a more comprehensive analysis.

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  • 36. 

    This refers to the wise and prudent use of any resource that is held in trust. 

    • A.

      Technocracy

    • B.

      Shepherding

    • C.

      Protectionism

    • D.

      Championing

    • E.

      Stewardship

    Correct Answer
    E. Stewardship
    Explanation
    Stewardship refers to the wise and prudent use of any resource that is held in trust. It involves taking responsibility for managing and protecting resources for the benefit of others. This includes ensuring sustainability, conservation, and responsible use of resources. Stewardship is about being accountable and making decisions that consider the long-term impacts and benefits for both current and future generations. It implies a sense of caretaking and responsibility towards the resources entrusted to one's care.

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  • 37. 

    In all but one of the following measures, Land Use Planning works with Nature by conserving natural resources. 

    • A.

      Interconnect open space and greenways to provide corridors and refuge for wildlife

    • B.

      Delineate clear town edges or greenbelts to protect surrounding farmland

    • C.

      Encourage quarrying near main rivers to generate substantial revenues for the municipality

    • D.

      Create neighborhood pocket-parks and urban mini-forests to serve as lungs of the city/town

    Correct Answer
    C. Encourage quarrying near main rivers to generate substantial revenues for the municipality
  • 38. 

    This is the legal term for forest at 1,000 meters elevation or more or with steep gradients at 50% or more, which perform vital ecological functions and must therefore be kept perpetually in natural state and free from human intrusion. 

    • A.

      Everlasting Forest

    • B.

      Permanent Forest

    • C.

      Virginal Fores!

    • D.

      Primeval Forest

    Correct Answer
    B. Permanent Forest
    Explanation
    A "Permanent Forest" is the legal term for a forest at 1,000 meters elevation or more, or with steep gradients at 50% or more, that must be kept perpetually in a natural state and free from human intrusion. This term is used to describe forests that perform vital ecological functions and are of high conservation value. The term "Permanent Forest" implies that these forests are protected and preserved indefinitely to maintain their ecological integrity.

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  • 39. 

    This is the scientific term for old-growth forest in tropical countries that is dominated by broad-leaf trees which form thick canopy thus allowing little sunlight on the forest floor, and includes much-prized hardwood species such as red lauan, white lauan, red narra, tanguile, tiaong, almon, bagtikan, apitong, kamagong, yakal, and mayapis. 

    • A.

      Dipterocarp Forest

    • B.

      Deciduous Forest

    • C.

      Coniferous or 'Pine' Forest

    • D.

      Tropical Scrub Forest

    • E.

      Mossy Forest

    • F.

      Sub-marginal Forest

    • G.

      Mangrove Forest

    • H.

      Ever-green Forest

    Correct Answer
    A. Dipterocarp Forest
    Explanation
    Dipterocarp Forest is the correct answer because it accurately describes the characteristics of the forest mentioned in the question. Dipterocarp forests are found in tropical countries and are dominated by broad-leaf trees that form a thick canopy, blocking sunlight from reaching the forest floor. The forest includes valuable hardwood species such as red lauan, white lauan, red narra, and others mentioned in the question. Dipterocarp forests are known for their high biodiversity and are important for conservation efforts.

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  • 40. 

    All but one of the following are sub-categories of Forest Reserve. 

    • A.

      Permanent Forest

    • B.

      Critical River Watershed

    • C.

      Mangrove Forest

    • D.

      Military and Civil Reservations

    Correct Answer
    D. Military and Civil Reservations
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Military and Civil Reservations. This is because the question asks for sub-categories of Forest Reserve, and all the other options listed (Permanent Forest, Critical River Watershed, and Mangrove Forest) are sub-categories of Forest Reserve. However, Military and Civil Reservations are not sub-categories of Forest Reserve, making them the exception in this case.

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  • 41. 

    Under RA 7586, these are identified portions of land and water, remarkable areas, biogeographic zones, habitats of rare and endangered species- all set aside by reason of their unique physical and biological significance, to be managed to enhance biological diversity, and to be secured from destructive human exploitation. 

    • A.

      National Heritage Parks and Reservations

    • B.

      Resource Reserve

    • C.

      Ecological Zones

    • D.

      Protected Areas

    Correct Answer
    D. Protected Areas
    Explanation
    Under RA 7586, the identified portions of land and water, remarkable areas, biogeographic zones, and habitats of rare and endangered species are referred to as "Protected Areas." These areas are set aside because of their unique physical and biological significance. The purpose of designating them as protected areas is to enhance biological diversity and protect them from destructive human exploitation. Therefore, the correct answer is "Protected Areas."

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  • 42. 

    A 'watershed' is principally a source of 

    • A.

      Timber for processing into lumber, shelter materials, paper

    • B.

      Charcoal for grill requirements of five-star restaurants

    • C.

      Food and prey for biodiverse species in rivers, streams

    • D.

      Water for humans, animals, plants, and other species

    Correct Answer
    D. Water for humans, animals, plants, and other species
    Explanation
    A watershed refers to an area of land where all the water that falls within it drains into a common water body, such as a river or a lake. It is responsible for providing water not only for humans but also for animals, plants, and other species that rely on it for survival. This water is essential for drinking, irrigation, and supporting diverse ecosystems. The other options mentioned, such as timber, shelter materials, paper, and charcoal, are not the primary purpose of a watershed.

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  • 43. 

    Under RA 7586, poor communities occupying sections of forestland continuously for at least 5 years prior to legal proclamations, who are dependent on the forest for subsistence, are considered "tenured migrant communities" and are engaged by government to undertake reforestation and upland management under this specific program. 

    • A.

      Agro-Forestry

    • B.

      Sloping Agricultural Land Technology

    • C.

      Integrated Social Forestry

    • D.

      Industrial Forestry

    Correct Answer
    C. Integrated Social Forestry
    Explanation
    Under RA 7586, poor communities that have been occupying sections of forestland for at least 5 years and are dependent on the forest for their subsistence are considered "tenured migrant communities." These communities are engaged by the government to participate in reforestation and upland management under the Integrated Social Forestry program. This program aims to integrate the social, economic, and ecological aspects of forest management, allowing local communities to have a sustainable livelihood while also protecting and conserving the forest resources.

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  • 44. 

    Under Executive Order 23 dated February 1,2011 declaring "moratorium on the cutting and harvesting of timber," which of the following is exempted from the total log ban until the year 2016? 

    • A.

      Concessions signed by DENR secretary

    • B.

      Conversion of mangrove forests

    • C.

      Selective or rotational harvesting in industrial and commercial plantations

    • D.

      Small-scale tree cutting, 'carabao logging,' and kaingin

    Correct Answer
    C. Selective or rotational harvesting in industrial and commercial plantations
    Explanation
    Selective or rotational harvesting in industrial and commercial plantations is exempted from the total log ban until the year 2016 under Executive Order 23. This means that logging activities can still take place in these plantations as long as they follow a selective or rotational approach, which allows for sustainable management of the forests. This exemption recognizes the importance of these plantations for industries and commercial purposes, while still ensuring that logging is done in a responsible and sustainable manner.

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  • 45. 

    Under Executive Order 26 series of 2011 which declared the National Greening Program as DA-DAR-DENR Convergence Initiative, how many tree seedlings should each government employee plant each year, a requirement that also applies to students identified by DEPED and CHED? 

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      25

    • D.

      30

    • E.

      35

    Correct Answer
    A. 10
    Explanation
    According to Executive Order 26 series of 2011, each government employee and students identified by DEPED and CHED are required to plant 10 tree seedlings each year as part of the National Greening Program.

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  • 46. 

    Under RA 9175 Chainsaw Act of 2002, one of the following does not possess a chainsaw in a legal manner. 

    • A.

      Has a subsisting timber license agreement, production sharing agreement, or a private land timber permit

    • B.

      Is duly elected official of upland barangay

    • C.

      Is an orchard and fruit tree farmer

    • D.

      Is a licensed wood processor who cuts only timber that has been legally sold

    • E.

      Is an industrial tree farmer

    Correct Answer
    B. Is duly elected official of upland barangay
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "is duly elected official of upland barangay" because under RA 9175 Chainsaw Act of 2002, all the other options possess a chainsaw in a legal manner. The law allows individuals with subsisting timber license agreements, production sharing agreements, or private land timber permits to possess chainsaws. It also allows licensed wood processors who cut legally sold timber and industrial tree farmers to possess chainsaws. However, being a duly elected official of an upland barangay does not grant the individual the right to possess a chainsaw in a legal manner under this law.

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  • 47. 

    This broad category refers to land deliberately kept undeveloped for its contribution to the amenity value of the environment. It offers opportunities for adventure recreation or passive leisure at low-cost, and at the same time, serves as protection buffer around sensitive areas and hazardous installations.

    • A.

      Wilderness

    • B.

      Tourism & Recreation Zone

    • C.

      Rangeland

    • D.

      Open Space

    Correct Answer
    D. Open Space
    Explanation
    Open Space refers to land that is intentionally left undeveloped for its aesthetic and environmental value. It provides opportunities for various recreational activities and passive leisure at a low cost. Additionally, it acts as a protective buffer around sensitive areas and hazardous installations, ensuring their safety.

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  • 48. 

    PD 705 Revised Forestry Code Section 16 affirms that, after a salvage zone of 40 meters from the hightide-mark or shoreline, there shall be protective strips of mangroves or swamps along the coast with width of at least 

    • A.

      20 meters

    • B.

      25 meters

    • C.

      30 meters

    • D.

      35 meters

    • E.

      40 meters

    Correct Answer
    A. 20 meters
    Explanation
    According to PD 705 Revised Forestry Code Section 16, there should be protective strips of mangroves or swamps along the coast with a width of at least 20 meters after a salvage zone of 40 meters from the high tide mark or shoreline.

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  • 49. 

    Republic Act that provides for "conservation and protection of wildlife resources and their habitats" is numbered as 

    • A.

      RA 9147

    • B.

      RA 9714

    • C.

      RA 4791

    • D.

      RA147􀀟

    Correct Answer
    A. RA 9147
    Explanation
    RA 9147 is "Wildlife Resources Conservation and Protection Act" (2001)

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  • 50. 

    PD 1067 Water Code of 1976 Article 51 requires a three-meter easement from the banks of creeks, canals, and esteros, in urban areas, but MMDA Resolution 3 s. 1996, has expanded the easement for Metro Manila areas adjoining water bodies as measured from the banks of Pasig River, tributary streams and the shoreline, to be at least 

    • A.

      10 meters

    • B.

      20 meters

    • C.

      40 meters

    • D.

      5 meters

    Correct Answer
    A. 10 meters
    Explanation
    PD 1067 Water Code of 1976 Article 51 mandates a three-meter easement from the banks of creeks, canals, and esteros in urban areas. However, MMDA Resolution 3 s. 1996 has extended this easement for Metro Manila areas adjacent to water bodies, such as the Pasig River, tributary streams, and the shoreline. According to the resolution, the easement should be at least 10 meters. Therefore, the correct answer is 10 meters, as it is the minimum distance required by the MMDA resolution.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

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  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 30, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Rdakis
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