Quiz On Gram Stain

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Hepado11398
H
Hepado11398
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 2,948
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 3,020

SettingsSettingsSettings
Quiz On Gram Stain - Quiz

Gram stain is a test that looks for bacteria in wounds on the skin and other areas where an infection is thought to have occurred. This quiz is aimed at testing your knowledge about the topic. The quiz will be a great help if you want to gain practical and functional knowledge about it. The quiz contains various questions ranging from easy medium to hard level that would help in clarifying your concepts. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Gram stain differentiates bacteria on the basis of _____________ and _____________ concentration in the cell wall.

    • A.

      Protein ; lipid

    • B.

      Lipid ; peptidoglycan

    • C.

      Phospholipid ; peptidoglycan

    • D.

      Peptidoglycan ; lipoprotein

    Correct Answer
    B. Lipid ; peptidoglycan
    Explanation
    Gram stain differentiates bacteria on the basis of lipid and peptidoglycan concentration in the cell wall. This staining technique involves the use of crystal violet dye, iodine, alcohol, and safranin. Gram-positive bacteria have a thick layer of peptidoglycan in their cell wall, which retains the crystal violet dye and appears purple under a microscope. Gram-negative bacteria have a thinner layer of peptidoglycan and an outer membrane containing lipids. The alcohol decolorizes the Gram-negative bacteria, making them appear pink when stained with safranin. Therefore, the presence of lipids and peptidoglycan in the cell wall is what allows the differentiation between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Old Gram-negative bacteria may apperar this color after Gram staining?

    • A.

      Red

    • B.

      Purple

    • C.

      Clear

    • D.

      Green

    Correct Answer
    A. Red
    Explanation
    Gram-negative bacteria may appear red after Gram staining because they have a thinner peptidoglycan layer in their cell wall. During the Gram staining process, the bacteria are first stained with crystal violet dye, then treated with iodine, which forms a complex with the dye. When the bacteria are washed with alcohol or acetone, the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is disrupted, leading to the loss of the crystal violet-iodine complex. As a result, the bacteria do not retain the initial purple color and instead take up the counterstain safranin, which appears red under the microscope.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    What would be the color of Gram-positive bacteria if instead of 95% ethyl alcohol acid-alcohol was used as a decolorizer in Gram staining procedure?

    • A.

      Purple

    • B.

      Clear

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Some purple and some red

    Correct Answer
    C. Red
    Explanation
    If acid-alcohol was used as a decolorizer instead of 95% ethyl alcohol in the Gram staining procedure, the color of Gram-positive bacteria would be red. This is because acid-alcohol is a stronger decolorizer than ethyl alcohol, and it would remove the crystal violet stain from the Gram-positive bacteria, causing them to appear red after the counterstain with safranin.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    How many reagents are used in Gram stain?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    D. 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4 because the Gram stain technique requires the use of four different reagents. These reagents include crystal violet, iodine, ethanol or acetone, and safranin. Each reagent plays a specific role in the staining process, which helps to differentiate between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Crystal violet stains all bacteria, iodine acts as a mordant to fix the stain, ethanol or acetone is used as a decolorizer to remove the stain from Gram-negative bacteria, and safranin is a counterstain that stains the Gram-negative bacteria pink. Therefore, four reagents are necessary for a complete Gram stain procedure.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which of the following bacterim is Gram-positive, spherail shape (coccus), and grows in bunches?

    • A.

      Bacillus cereus

    • B.

      Staphylococcus epidermidis

    • C.

      Micrococcus luteus

    • D.

      Escherichia coli

    Correct Answer
    B. Staphylococcus epidermidis
    Explanation
    Staphylococcus epidermidis is the correct answer because it is a Gram-positive bacterium that has a spherical shape (coccus) and grows in clusters or bunches. Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive bacterium, but it has a rod-shaped (bacillus) morphology. Micrococcus luteus is also a Gram-positive bacterium, but it typically grows in tetrads or irregular clusters, not bunches. Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative bacterium and does not have a spherical shape or grow in bunches.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following bacteria is Gram-negative, cylendrical shape (bacillus), and grows in pairs?

    • A.

      Micrococcus luteus

    • B.

      Escherichia coli

    • C.

      Staphylococcus epidermidis

    • D.

      Bacillus cereus

    Correct Answer
    B. Escherichia coli
    Explanation
    Escherichia coli is a Gram-negative bacterium that is cylindrical in shape, commonly known as a bacillus. It grows in pairs, which means that two cells are attached to each other. Micrococcus luteus is a Gram-positive bacterium and does not match the given characteristics. Staphylococcus epidermidis is also Gram-positive and typically grows in clusters, not pairs. Bacillus cereus is a Gram-positive bacterium and has a rod-like shape, but it does not grow in pairs. Therefore, the correct answer is Escherichia coli.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The cell wall of ______ contains lipopolysaccharide

    • A.

      Gram positive bacteria

    • B.

      Fungi

    • C.

      Algae

    • D.

      Gram negative bacteria

    Correct Answer
    D. Gram negative bacteria
    Explanation
    The cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria contains lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Gram-negative bacteria have a unique cell wall structure that includes an outer membrane containing LPS, which is a complex molecule made up of lipids and carbohydrates. This outer membrane is distinct from the peptidoglycan layer found in both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Gram-positive bacteria, on the other hand, lack the outer membrane and do not contain LPS in their cell walls.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Iodine is used as a mordant?

    • A.

      Mordant

    • B.

      Catalyst

    • C.

      Indicator

    • D.

      Solubalizer

    Correct Answer
    A. Mordant
    Explanation
    Iodine is used as a mordant because it has the ability to fix dyes to fabrics and enhance their colorfastness. Mordants are substances that are used in dyeing and printing processes to improve the adherence of dyes to the fibers of the material being dyed. They create a chemical bond between the dye and the fabric, making the color more permanent and resistant to fading. Iodine, with its strong affinity for certain dyes, acts as an effective mordant in dyeing processes.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Gram staining method developed?

    • A.

      Christian Gram

    • B.

      Michael Gram

    • C.

      John Stuart Gram

    • D.

      Thomas Gram

    Correct Answer
    A. Christian Gram
    Explanation
    The Gram staining method was developed by Christian Gram. He was a Danish bacteriologist who invented this technique in 1884. The method is used to differentiate bacteria into two major groups, Gram-positive and Gram-negative, based on the differences in their cell wall structure. This staining method has been widely used in microbiology to identify and classify bacteria, as well as to guide treatment decisions in clinical settings.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    In which year Gram staining method was developed?

    • A.

      1883

    • B.

      1878

    • C.

      1866

    • D.

      1857

    Correct Answer
    A. 1883
    Explanation
    The Gram staining method was developed in 1883. This method is used to differentiate bacteria into two major groups, Gram-positive and Gram-negative, based on the differences in their cell wall composition. The method was named after the Danish bacteriologist Hans Christian Gram, who developed it. Gram staining has since become one of the most important techniques in microbiology and is widely used in the identification and classification of bacteria.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Sep 13, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 17, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Hepado11398
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.