Interesting Earth, Sun, Moon, And Weather Quiz

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We welcome you to this interesting, earth, sun, moon, and weather quiz! Do this quiz to prepare yourself for the upcoming unit test about these topics. All you have to do is to answer all the questions correctly and get your results. Think you can do it? You can take this quiz as many times as you prefer for fun. Why not invite some of your friends for a fun competition? Wouldn't it be super fun? Let's see who wins! Good luck!

• 1.

Which ones is NOT a celestial object?

• A.

Satellite

• B.

Dwarf planet

• C.

Moon

• D.

Humans

D. Humans
Explanation
Celestial objects are things that occur take up space in outer space. Humans take up space on Earth so it isn't considered a celestial object. Earth takes up space in the universe so it can be considered a celestial object.

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• 2.

Day and night are caused by

• A.

the tilt of Earth's axis.

• B.

Earth's revolution around the sun.

• C.

Eclipses.

• D.

Earth's rotation on its axis.

D. Earth's rotation on its axis.
Explanation
Day and night is caused by Earth's rotation on its axis. The tilt of Earth and Earth's revolution around the sun causes seasons.

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• 3.

One complete revolution of Earth around the sun takes about

• A.

One rotation.

• B.

one season.

• C.

one year.

• D.

One eclipse.

C. one year.
Explanation
It takes 365 days (or 1 year) for Earth to rotate around the sun once. In that time, there are 4 seasons.

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• 4.

Earth has seasons because

• A.

Earth rotates on its axis.

• B.

the distance between Earth and the sun changes.

• C.

Earth's axis is tilted as it moves around the sun.

• D.

The temperature of the sun changes.

C. Earth's axis is tilted as it moves around the sun.
Explanation
Earth is tilted on an axis, so different amounts of sunlight reaches Earth at different angles. This is what causes seasons to occur.

The distance between the Earth and Sun changes because Earth's orbit around the sun is an elliptical shape but that isn't the main cause of seasons.

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• 5.

When the north end of Earth's axis is tilted toward the sun, North America will experience

• A.

More indirect rays and shorter days.

• B.

More indirect rays and longer days.

• C.

more direct rays and shorter days.

• D.

more direct rays and longer days.

D. more direct rays and longer days.
Explanation
Remember that the summer solstice occurs when the northern hemisphere of Earth is tilted towards the Sun. The direct rays causes longer and warmer days.

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• 6.

In the Southern Hemisphere, the summer solstice occurs when the sun is shining on

• A.

the equator.

• B.

The northern hemisphere.

• C.

The southern hemisphere.

• D.

The The Tropic of Cancer.

C. The southern hemisphere.
Explanation
The Tropic of Cancer is in the northern hemisphere. Remember when sunlight is directly on the southern hemisphere then that area will experience a summer solstice.

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• 7.

An equinox occurs when

• A.

neither end of Earth's axis is tilted toward nor away from the sun.

• B.

the north end of Earth's axis is tilted away from the sun.

• C.

the north end of Earth's axis is tilted toward the sun.

• D.

Earth's axis is parallel to the sun's rays.

A. neither end of Earth's axis is tilted toward nor away from the sun.
Explanation
Equinox occur when Earth's axis is perpendicular to the sun's rays. Earth's axis is not tiled towards nor away from the sun. The axis is at a 90 degree angle to the sun's rays.

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• 8.

Because the moon rotates once for each revolution around Earth

• A.

You see some phases more than others.

• B.

a different side of the moon faces Earth each day.

• C.

you never see the far side (opposite side) of the moon.

• D.

The far side of the moon is visible only during the full moon phase.

C. you never see the far side (opposite side) of the moon.
Explanation
You never see the far side of the moon (opposite side) because the moon rotates once for each revolution around Earth.

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• 9.

The phase of the moon you see depends on

• A.

Where you are on Earth's surface.

• B.

how much of the sunlit side of the moon faces Earth.

• C.

how much of the moon's surface is lit by the sun.

• D.

Whether or not an eclipse is occurring.

B. how much of the sunlit side of the moon faces Earth.
Explanation
The phase of the moon you see depends on how much of the sunlit side of the moon faces Earth. This is because the moon does not emit its own light, but rather reflects the sunlight. As the moon orbits around the Earth, the amount of the sunlit side that is visible from Earth changes, resulting in different phases of the moon. When the sunlit side is fully facing Earth, we see a full moon, and when none of the sunlit side is facing Earth, we see a new moon. The different phases, such as crescent, quarter, and gibbous, occur depending on the angle at which the sun's light hits the moon and how much of that illuminated side is visible from Earth.

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• 10.

From new moon phase to full moon phase you see

• A.

an increasing amount of the lighted side of the moon.

• B.

a decreasing amount of the lighted side of the moon.

• C.

the same amount of the lighted side of the moon.

• D.

more of the lighted side, then less of the lighted side of the moon.

A. an increasing amount of the lighted side of the moon.
Explanation
During the transition from the new moon phase to the full moon phase, the amount of the moon's lighted side that is visible from Earth gradually increases. This is because as the moon orbits around the Earth, the angle between the sun, Earth, and moon changes, causing different portions of the moon's surface to be illuminated. As the moon moves from the new moon phase to the full moon phase, more and more of the lighted side becomes visible, resulting in an increasing amount of the moon's lighted side being seen from Earth.

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• 11.

For a solar eclipse to occur,

• A.

the sun must be directly between Earth and the moon.

• B.

the moon must be directly between Earth and the sun.

• C.

the moon must be directly behind Earth.

• D.

Earth must be directly between the sun and the moon.

B. the moon must be directly between Earth and the sun.
Explanation
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon blocks sunlight and casts a shadow on Earth.

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• 12.

During what phase can a lunar eclipse occur?

• A.

new moon

• B.

First quarter

• C.

waxing gibbous

• D.

Full moon

D. Full moon
Explanation
Remember that a lunar eclipse occurs when the sun blocks the light of the moon. The entire moon is only visible during a full moon.

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• 13.

You are less likely to see a solar eclipse than a lunar eclipse because

• A.

the moon's shadow covers all of Earth during a lunar eclipse.

• B.

New moon phases occur less often than full moon phases.

• C.

only people on the daytime side of Earth can see a solar eclipse.

• D.

you must be in the moon's shadow to see a solar eclipse. you must be in the moon's shadow to see a solar eclipse.

D. you must be in the moon's shadow to see a solar eclipse. you must be in the moon's shadow to see a solar eclipse.
Explanation

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• 14.

Tides are caused mainly by

• A.

Earth's rotation on its axis, causing water to move.

• B.

differences in how much the sun pulls on different parts of Earth.

• C.

Strong winds blowing water onto coasts.

• D.

Differences in how much the moon pulls on different parts of Earth.

D. Differences in how much the moon pulls on different parts of Earth.
Explanation
Tides are primarily caused by the gravitational pull of the moon on different parts of the Earth. The moon's gravitational force is stronger on the side of the Earth that is closer to it, causing a bulge in the ocean known as a high tide. On the opposite side of the Earth, there is also a high tide due to the moon's gravitational force pulling the Earth away from the water. This creates a second bulge in the ocean. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the planet experience these tidal bulges, resulting in the regular rise and fall of the tides.

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• 15.

Most places on Earth experience

• A.

One high tide and one low tide about every 25 hours (almost a day).

• B.

Two high tides and one low tide about every 25 hours (almost a day).

• C.

one high tide and one low tide about every 12.5 hours (almost half a day).

• D.

Two high tides and two low tides about every 12.5 hours (almost half a day).

C. one high tide and one low tide about every 12.5 hours (almost half a day).
Explanation
There are usually 2 high tides and 2 low tides in about a day, so in about half a day there should be 1 low tide and 1 high tide.

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• 16.

Galileo saw that much of the moon's surface is covered with round pits (holes) called

• A.

highlands.

• B.

seas.

• C.

craters.

• D.

maria.

C. craters.
Explanation
Galileo observed that the moon's surface is filled with round pits, which are known as craters. These craters are formed due to the impact of meteoroids and other celestial bodies on the moon's surface. The presence of these craters indicates that the moon has undergone a history of intense bombardment from space debris. The other options, such as highlands, seas, and maria, do not accurately describe the round pits on the moon's surface.

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• 17.

The force of friction pulls the moon and Earth toward each other. _________________________

gravity
Explanation
Gravity is the force of attraction between two objects with mass. In the case of the moon and Earth, gravity is the force that pulls them towards each other. This gravitational force is responsible for keeping the moon in orbit around the Earth and also causes tides on Earth. Without the force of gravity, the moon and Earth would not be pulled towards each other, and their relationship would be completely different.

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• 18.

The lighted half of the moon faces away from Earth during the ____________________ phase.

new moon
Explanation
During the new moon phase, the moon is positioned between the Earth and the Sun. This means that the side of the moon that is illuminated by the Sun is facing away from Earth, making it appear as if there is no visible moon in the sky. This is why the lighted half of the moon faces away from Earth during the new moon phase.

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• 19.

Any object that revolves around another object in space is called a ____________________.

satellite
Explanation
A satellite is any object that revolves around another object in space. Satellites can be natural, such as moons, or artificial, such as man-made objects launched into orbit around the Earth. They are used for various purposes, including communication, weather monitoring, navigation, and scientific research. Satellites are essential for modern telecommunications and play a crucial role in providing services like global positioning systems (GPS) and satellite television.

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• 20.

• 21.

In the table, how many tides occur on Monday? Tide TableBaffin Bay Tide Data TableDayTimeHeight (meters) Monday       Tuesday     Wednesday     Thursday 6:00 A.M. 2:00 P.M. 10:30 P.M.   7:30 A.M. 5:00 P.M.   3:00 A.M. 1:30 P.M.   12:30 A.M. 12:30 P.M. 12:00 A.M. 1.5 6.7 1.7   6.5 1.9   6.3 2.1   6.1 2.3 5.9

• A.

2 tides

• B.

3 tides

• C.

1 tide

• D.

4 tides

B. 3 tides
Explanation
Two low tides and one high tide occurs. Some places may not have 4 tides because
the shapes of bays, inlets, and the ocean floor can affect the flow of water.

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• 22.

Use the table, describe how the height of the tides changes from Monday to Thursday. Tide TableBaffin Bay Tide Data TableDayTimeHeight (meters) Monday       Tuesday     Wednesday     Thursday 6:00 A.M. 2:00 P.M. 10:30 P.M.   7:30 A.M. 5:00 P.M.   3:00 A.M. 1:30 P.M.   12:30 A.M. 12:30 P.M. 12:00 A.M. 1.5 6.7 1.7   6.5 1.9   6.3 2.1   6.1 2.3 5.9

• A.

The high tides get lower and the low tides get higher.

• B.

The high tides get higher and the low tides get lower.

• C.

The low tides get lower and the low tides get higher.

• D.

The high tides get lower and the low tides get lower.

A. The high tides get lower and the low tides get higher.
Explanation
The high tides get lower and the low tides get higher.

On Monday, the first tide of the day was at 6:00AM and it was at 1.5m. (low tide)
On Thursday, the first tide of the day was at 12:30AM and it was at 6.1m. (higher)
This shows that the low tide got higher.

On Monday, the second tide of the day was at 2:00PM and it was at 6.7m. (high tide)
On Thursday, the second tide of the day was at 12:30AM and it was at 2.3m. (lower)
This shows that the high tide got lower.

On Monday, the third tide of the day was at 10:30PM and it was at 1.7m. (low tide)
On Thursday, the third tide of the day was at 12:00AM and it was at 5.9m. (higher)
This shows that the low tide got higher.

Therefore, the high tides get lower and the low tides get higher.

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• 23.

• 24.

• 25.

Winds are caused by differences in

• A.

precipitation.

• B.

Humidity.

• C.

air pressure.

• D.

turbulence. turbulence.

C. air pressure.
Explanation
Remember that air moves from an area of high air pressure to an area of low air pressure. Movement of air is called wind.

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• 26.

Cool air masses tend to

• A.

Rises and flows over warm air masses.

• B.

rises because it is pushed up by warm air masses.

• C.

Falls and flow under warm air masses.

• D.

Mix easily with warm air masses.

C. Falls and flow under warm air masses.
Explanation
Cool air masses tend to fall and flow under warm air masses because cool air is denser than warm air. This density difference causes the cool air to sink and flow beneath the warm air. As a result, the cool air displaces the warm air and creates a boundary between the two air masses. This phenomenon is known as subsidence, and it is a characteristic of stable atmospheric conditions.

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• 27.

Any form of water that falls from clouds is called

• A.

Dew.

• B.

evaporation.

• C.

Condensation.

• D.

precipitation.

D. precipitation.
Explanation
Remember the water cycle.

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• 28.

• 29.

• 30.

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