Trivia Quiz: General Science Basic Test!

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Trivia Quiz: General Science Basic Test! - Quiz

Are you looking for a trivia quiz to prepare you on a general science basic test? Science is the study of living things and their interaction with their environment. To better understand all you have learnt in your science class, you need to keep testing yourself, and the quiz below is a perfect start. Do give it a chance and be a step closer to getting the grade you need in the test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    _______ are necessary for the body's maintenance, growth, and repair.

    • A.

      Proteins

    • B.

      Fats

    • C.

      Carbohydrates

    • D.

      Vitamins

    Correct Answer
    A. Proteins
    Explanation
    Proteins are necessary for the body's maintenance, growth, and repair. They are essential for building and repairing tissues, producing enzymes and hormones, and supporting the immune system. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of life. They play a vital role in various physiological processes and are needed for the overall functioning of the body.

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  • 2. 

    On a Fahrenheit thermometer the boiling point of water at sea level is?

    • A.

      100 degrees

    • B.

      180 degrees

    • C.

      212 degrees

    • D.

      373 degrees

    Correct Answer
    C. 212 degrees
    Explanation
    The boiling point of water at sea level on a Fahrenheit thermometer is 212 degrees. This is a well-known fact in science and is widely taught in schools. The Fahrenheit scale is commonly used in the United States, and 212 degrees Fahrenheit is the temperature at which water transitions from a liquid to a gas.

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  • 3. 

    The process by which blood cells absorb oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide and water vapor is called?

    • A.

      Decomposition

    • B.

      Photosynthesis

    • C.

      Oxidation

    • D.

      Respiration

    Correct Answer
    D. Respiration
    Explanation
    Respiration is the correct answer because it is the process by which blood cells absorb oxygen and eliminate carbon dioxide and water vapor. During respiration, oxygen is taken in by the cells and used to produce energy, while carbon dioxide and water vapor are released as waste products. This process occurs in all living organisms, including humans, and is essential for the survival and functioning of cells. Decomposition is the breakdown of organic matter, photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy, and oxidation is a chemical reaction involving the loss of electrons.

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  • 4. 

    _____ carry blood back to the heart from the capillaries.

    • A.

      Arteries

    • B.

      Veins

    • C.

      Ventricles

    • D.

      Red blood cells

    Correct Answer
    B. Veins
    Explanation
    Veins carry blood back to the heart from the capillaries. Unlike arteries, which carry oxygenated blood away from the heart, veins transport deoxygenated blood back to the heart. This blood is then pumped to the lungs to be oxygenated before returning to the heart to be distributed to the rest of the body. Veins have thinner walls and valves that prevent the backflow of blood, ensuring that it flows in one direction towards the heart.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following depicts a chemical process?

    • A.

      Helium is combined with neon.

    • B.

      Iron forms rust.

    • C.

      Water causes soil erosion.

    • D.

      Ice melts.

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron forms rust.
    Explanation
    Iron forming rust is a chemical process because it involves a chemical reaction. Rust is formed when iron reacts with oxygen in the presence of water, resulting in the formation of iron oxide. This reaction changes the chemical composition of the iron, making it a chemical process. On the other hand, the other options mentioned are physical processes. Combining helium with neon, melting ice, and water causing soil erosion are all physical changes that do not involve a chemical reaction.

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  • 6. 

    What type of blood is a universal donor?

    • A.

      O

    • B.

      A

    • C.

      AB

    • D.

      B

    Correct Answer
    A. O
    Explanation
    Blood type O is considered the universal donor because it lacks both A and B antigens on the red blood cells. This means that it can be safely transfused to individuals of any blood type without causing an adverse immune reaction. In contrast, individuals with blood types A, B, or AB have specific antigens on their red blood cells that can trigger an immune response if they receive blood from a donor with a different blood type. Therefore, blood type O is the safest and most compatible option for transfusions in emergency situations when the recipient's blood type is unknown.

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  • 7. 

    Blood enters the right atrium of the heart from the

    • A.

      Aorta

    • B.

      Pulmonary vein

    • C.

      Vena cava

    Correct Answer
    C. Vena cava
    Explanation
    The vena cava is the correct answer because it is the main vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the body back to the heart. It enters the right atrium of the heart, where the blood is then pumped to the right ventricle and eventually to the lungs for oxygenation. The aorta is the main artery that carries oxygenated blood away from the heart, while the pulmonary vein carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following substances has the highest pH?

    • A.

      Ammonia

    • B.

      Isopropyl alcohol

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Battery acid

    Correct Answer
    A. Ammonia
    Explanation
    Ammonia has the highest pH among the given substances. pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution, with values ranging from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, while values below 7 are acidic and values above 7 are alkaline. Ammonia is a weak base and when dissolved in water, it forms ammonium hydroxide, which has a pH greater than 7. Therefore, ammonia has the highest pH compared to isopropyl alcohol, water, and battery acid.

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  • 9. 

    The bulk of digestion takes place in the

    • A.

      Pancreas

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Small intestine

    • D.

      Large intestine

    Correct Answer
    C. Small intestine
    Explanation
    The small intestine is the correct answer because it is the primary site of digestion and absorption of nutrients in the digestive system. It receives enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver, which help break down food into smaller molecules that can be absorbed into the bloodstream. The small intestine also has specialized structures called villi and microvilli, which increase its surface area for efficient absorption of nutrients. The stomach primarily functions to break down food mechanically and initiate the digestion of proteins, while the large intestine mainly absorbs water and electrolytes, and forms and stores feces.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is NOT part of a female reproductive system?

    • A.

      Oviduct

    • B.

      Ovary

    • C.

      Uterus

    • D.

      Testes

    Correct Answer
    D. Testes
    Explanation
    The testes are not part of the female reproductive system. The testes are male reproductive organs responsible for producing sperm and testosterone. In females, the oviduct, ovary, and uterus are all essential parts of the reproductive system. The oviduct, also known as the fallopian tube, is where fertilization occurs. The ovary produces eggs and hormones like estrogen and progesterone. The uterus, also called the womb, is where a fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus.

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  • 11. 

    A ______ is a unit of inheritance.

    • A.

      Phenotype

    • B.

      Genotype

    • C.

      Allele

    • D.

      Gene

    Correct Answer
    D. Gene
    Explanation
    A gene is a unit of inheritance that carries the genetic information for a specific trait or characteristic. It is a segment of DNA that contains the instructions for building and functioning of a specific protein or RNA molecule. Genes are passed down from parents to offspring and determine various traits and characteristics, such as eye color, height, and susceptibility to certain diseases. They play a crucial role in the development and functioning of living organisms.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is a sedimentary rock?

    • A.

      Granite

    • B.

      Marble

    • C.

      Shale

    • D.

      Slate

    Correct Answer
    C. Shale
    Explanation
    Shale is a sedimentary rock because it is formed from the accumulation of fine-grained sediment, such as clay and silt, over a long period of time. These sediments are compacted and cemented together, resulting in the formation of shale. Granite and marble, on the other hand, are both igneous rocks, meaning they are formed from the cooling and solidification of molten rock. Slate is a metamorphic rock, formed from the transformation of pre-existing rock under high pressure and temperature. Therefore, shale is the only option that fits the criteria of being a sedimentary rock.

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  • 13. 

    This is the collection of all populations of a habitiat.

    • A.

      Community

    • B.

      Population

    • C.

      Ecosystem

    • D.

      Biome

    Correct Answer
    A. Community
    Explanation
    A community refers to the collection of all populations of different species that live and interact in a specific habitat. It includes various organisms such as plants, animals, and microorganisms that coexist and depend on each other for survival. This term represents the ecological relationships and interactions between different species within a given ecosystem.

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  • 14. 

    A vulture would be considered a

    • A.

      Producer

    • B.

      Decomposer

    • C.

      Scavenger

    • D.

      Consumer

    Correct Answer
    C. Scavenger
    Explanation
    A vulture would be considered a scavenger because it feeds on dead animals. Scavengers play an important role in ecosystems by cleaning up carcasses and preventing the spread of diseases. They obtain nutrients by consuming the remains of dead organisms, which makes them different from producers, decomposers, and consumers.

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  • 15. 

    What type of rock is obsidian?

    • A.

      Sedimentary

    • B.

      Igneous

    • C.

      Metamorphic

    Correct Answer
    B. Igneous
    Explanation
    Obsidian is a type of rock that is formed from molten lava that cools quickly, resulting in a glass-like texture. This process occurs in volcanic environments, making obsidian an igneous rock. It does not undergo the processes of sedimentation or metamorphism, which are characteristic of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, respectively.

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  • 16. 

    During a lunar eclipse

    • A.

      The Moon lies between the Earth and Sun

    • B.

      The Sun lies between the Moon and Earth

    • C.

      The Earth lies between the Moon and Sun

    Correct Answer
    C. The Earth lies between the Moon and Sun
    Explanation
    During a lunar eclipse, the Earth lies between the Moon and the Sun. This is because the Moon moves into the Earth's shadow, causing it to appear darkened or reddish in color. The alignment of the Earth, Moon, and Sun is such that the Earth blocks the direct sunlight from reaching the Moon, creating the eclipse phenomenon.

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  • 17. 

    A centimeter is

    • A.

      One one-hundredth of a meter

    • B.

      One one-thousandth of a meter

    • C.

      One-tenth of a meter

    Correct Answer
    A. One one-hundredth of a meter
    Explanation
    A centimeter is a unit of length in the metric system. It is equal to one one-hundredth of a meter. This means that there are 100 centimeters in one meter.

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  • 18. 

    Momentum is

    • A.

      The push or pull that forces an object to change its speed or direction.

    • B.

      The rate of change of velocity.

    • C.

      The rate at which an object changes position.

    • D.

      The product of an object's mass and its velocity.

    Correct Answer
    D. The product of an object's mass and its velocity.
    Explanation
    Momentum is the product of an object's mass and its velocity. It is the quantity of motion an object possesses and is a vector quantity, meaning it has both magnitude and direction. The correct option is not provided, but it aligns more closely with the definition of momentum.

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  • 19. 

    What color light has the highest frequency?

    • A.

      Yellow

    • B.

      Green

    • C.

      Red

    • D.

      Violet

    Correct Answer
    D. Violet
    Explanation
    Violet light has the highest frequency among the given options. The frequency of light is directly proportional to its energy, so higher frequency light has higher energy. Violet light has shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies compared to other colors in the visible light spectrum. It is followed by blue, green, yellow, orange, and red, with red having the lowest frequency.

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  • 20. 

    The major portion of an atom's mass consists of

    • A.

      Neutrons and protons

    • B.

      Electrons and protons

    • C.

      Electrons and neutrons

    • D.

      Neutrons and positrons

    Correct Answer
    A. Neutrons and protons
    Explanation
    The major portion of an atom's mass consists of neutrons and protons. Neutrons and protons are found in the nucleus of an atom, which is the central part. Electrons, on the other hand, are located in the electron cloud surrounding the nucleus and have a much smaller mass compared to neutrons and protons. Positrons, which are positively charged particles, are not found in the nucleus and are not a major component of an atom's mass.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is NOT an example of an arthropod?

    • A.

      Crab

    • B.

      Centipede

    • C.

      Sea horse

    • D.

      Spider

    Correct Answer
    C. Sea horse
    Explanation
    A sea horse is not an example of an arthropod because it belongs to the class of fish, not arthropods. Arthropods are characterized by having jointed legs and a segmented body, which sea horses do not possess. Sea horses have a unique body structure with a head and neck that resemble a horse, a long snout, and a prehensile tail. They are marine creatures and are classified as fish, not arthropods.

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  • 22. 

    Table salt is considered

    • A.

      Ionic compound

    • B.

      Ion

    • C.

      Covalent compound

    Correct Answer
    A. Ionic compound
    Explanation
    Table salt, also known as sodium chloride (NaCl), is considered an ionic compound. This is because it is formed by the transfer of electrons between sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl) atoms. Sodium donates one electron to chlorine, resulting in the formation of Na+ and Cl- ions. These oppositely charged ions are held together by strong electrostatic forces of attraction, forming a crystal lattice structure. Ionic compounds have high melting and boiling points, are usually soluble in water, and conduct electricity when dissolved or molten, all of which are characteristics exhibited by table salt.

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  • 23. 

    Over the course of 24 hours

    • A.

      The Earth rotates 360 degrees around the Sun

    • B.

      The Moon rotates 360 degrees around the Earth

    • C.

      The Earth rotates 360 degrees about its axis

    • D.

      The Moon rotates 360 degrees about its axis

    Correct Answer
    C. The Earth rotates 360 degrees about its axis
    Explanation
    The Earth rotates 360 degrees about its axis in 24 hours. This means that it completes one full rotation in a day. The rotation of the Earth on its axis is what causes day and night on our planet. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the planet are exposed to the Sun's light, creating the cycle of day and night.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following kingdoms is considered the most primitive?

    • A.

      Fungi

    • B.

      Protista

    • C.

      Monera

    • D.

      Plantae

    Correct Answer
    C. Monera
    Explanation
    Monera is considered the most primitive kingdom because it consists of single-celled organisms, such as bacteria, which lack a nucleus and other complex organelles. These organisms are believed to be the earliest forms of life on Earth and have a simple structure and metabolism compared to organisms in other kingdoms. Fungi, Protista, and Plantae are more advanced kingdoms with more complex cellular structures and specialized functions.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following is the phylum that includes man?

    • A.

      Animalia

    • B.

      Chordata

    • C.

      Mammalia

    • D.

      Primata

    Correct Answer
    B. Chordata
    Explanation
    The phylum that includes man is Chordata. This phylum is characterized by the presence of a notochord, a hollow nerve cord, and pharyngeal slits. Humans, being vertebrates, belong to the phylum Chordata along with other animals such as fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 31, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 27, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Elliottrice
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