Can You Pass This EMT General Pharmacology Test?

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Can You Pass This EMT General Pharmacology Test? - Quiz

The Knowledge of Pharmacology is essential for an Emergency Medical Technician(EMT). It is the science of drugs and their effects on the body which incorporates biomedical science, linking together chemistry, physiology and pathology. This quiz has been created to test your knowledge and prepare you for General Pharmacology Test. Read the questions carefully and answer. So, let's try out the quiz. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Brand name of a medication.

    • A. 

      Medicinology name

    • B. 

      Generic name

    • C. 

      Trade name

    • D. 

      Chemical name

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade name
    Explanation
    A trade name refers to the brand name of a medication. It is the name under which a pharmaceutical company markets and sells a particular medication. Trade names are usually catchy and easy to remember, and they are used to differentiate a medication from other similar products in the market. The trade name is often trademarked and protected by law, allowing the pharmaceutical company to have exclusive rights to use it.

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  • 2. 

    Drug that helps to constrict the blood vessels and relax airway passages; it may be used to counter a severe allergic reaction.

    • A. 

      Ephinephrine

    • B. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Oral glucose

    Correct Answer
    A. Ephinephrine
    Explanation
    Epinephrine is a drug that constricts blood vessels and relaxes airway passages. This action helps to counter a severe allergic reaction by reducing swelling and opening up the airways, making it easier to breathe. Epinephrine is commonly used in emergency situations such as anaphylaxis, where a rapid and severe allergic reaction can cause difficulty in breathing and potentially be life-threatening. By administering epinephrine, the symptoms of the allergic reaction can be quickly alleviated, allowing time for further medical intervention if necessary.

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  • 3. 

    Solid form of a drug; compressed powder.

    • A. 

      Capsule

    • B. 

      Gel

    • C. 

      Tablet

    • D. 

      Suspension

    Correct Answer
    C. Tablet
    Explanation
    A tablet is a solid form of a drug that is made by compressing a powder. This process involves compressing the drug powder into a solid shape, often with the help of binders and excipients. Tablets are commonly used in pharmaceuticals because they are easy to manufacture, handle, and administer. They are also convenient for patients to take, as they can be easily swallowed with or without water.

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  • 4. 

    Powder, usually pre-mixed with water, that will absorb some poisons and help prevent them from being absorbed by the body.

    • A. 

      Activated charcoal

    • B. 

      Antiarrhythmic

    • C. 

      Anticonculsant

    • D. 

      Bronchodilator

    Correct Answer
    A. Activated charcoal
    Explanation
    Activated charcoal is a powder that, when mixed with water, has the ability to absorb certain poisons in the body, preventing them from being absorbed further. This is due to its large surface area and porous nature, which allows it to bind to toxins and chemicals. By doing so, activated charcoal can help to reduce the effects of poisoning and promote the elimination of toxins from the body.

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  • 5. 

    This gas, in its pure form, is used as a drug to treat any patient whose medical or traumatic condition causes them to be hypoxis, or low in oxygen.

    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Nitrate oxide

    Correct Answer
    A. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Oxygen is the correct answer because it is used as a drug to treat patients who are hypoxic or low in oxygen. Oxygen therapy is commonly administered to patients with conditions such as respiratory distress, heart failure, or severe trauma, where supplemental oxygen can help improve oxygen levels in the body and support vital organ function. Oxygen is essential for cellular respiration and plays a crucial role in maintaining normal physiological processes in the body.

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  • 6. 

    Liquid form of a drug in which a powder is mixed with a slurry or water.

    • A. 

      Capsule

    • B. 

      Pill

    • C. 

      Suspension

    • D. 

      Gel

    Correct Answer
    C. Suspension
    Explanation
    A suspension is a liquid form of a drug where a powder is mixed with a slurry or water. In a suspension, the solid particles are not completely dissolved in the liquid, but rather dispersed throughout it. This allows for the drug to be evenly distributed and easily administered. Capsules and pills are solid forms of medication, while gels are semi-solid. Therefore, suspension is the correct answer as it describes the specific liquid form with mixed powder.

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  • 7. 

    The study of drugs and their effects is called.

    • A. 

      Physiology

    • B. 

      Anatomy

    • C. 

      Medicinology

    • D. 

      Pharmacology

    Correct Answer
    D. Pharmacology
    Explanation
    Pharmacology is the study of drugs and their effects. It involves understanding how drugs interact with the body, their mechanisms of action, and their therapeutic uses. This field is crucial in developing new medications, understanding drug interactions, and ensuring the safe and effective use of drugs in patients. Physiology is the study of how the body functions, anatomy is the study of the structure of the body, and "medicinology" is not a recognized term in the field of healthcare.

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  • 8. 

    Medications that are routinely carried on the EMS unit are

    • A. 

      Activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen

    • B. 

      Oxygen and nitroglycerin

    • C. 

      Epinephrine and prescribed inhalers

    • D. 

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen
    Explanation
    The medications that are routinely carried on the EMS unit are activated charcoal, oral glucose, and oxygen. These medications are essential for various emergency situations. Activated charcoal is used to treat poisoning or overdose by binding to toxins in the stomach and preventing their absorption. Oral glucose is given to patients with low blood sugar levels to quickly raise their blood sugar levels. Oxygen is administered to patients who are experiencing difficulty breathing or low oxygen levels. These medications cover a range of common emergencies and are crucial in providing immediate care to patients in need.

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  • 9. 

    Activated charcoal is an example of a

    • A. 

      Liquid for injection

    • B. 

      Prescribed inhaler

    • C. 

      Fine powder for inhalation

    • D. 

      Powder, usually pre-mixed with water

    Correct Answer
    D. Powder, usually pre-mixed with water
    Explanation
    Activated charcoal is a fine powder that is commonly used for various purposes, including medical treatments. It is often mixed with water to form a suspension before administration. This mixture allows the activated charcoal to be easily ingested or applied to the affected area. Therefore, the correct answer is "powder, usually pre-mixed with water."

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  • 10. 

    Activated charcoal is given to a patient because it

    • A. 

      Can be used in a patient without a gag reflex

    • B. 

      Displaces poisons by surface tension

    • C. 

      Will bind some poisons to its surface

    • D. 

      Prevents the patient from vomiting

    Correct Answer
    C. Will bind some poisons to its surface
    Explanation
    Activated charcoal is given to a patient because it will bind some poisons to its surface. Activated charcoal has a large surface area and a porous structure, which allows it to adsorb toxins and chemicals present in the gastrointestinal tract. By binding to the surface of activated charcoal, these toxins are prevented from being absorbed into the bloodstream and can be safely eliminated from the body through feces. This makes activated charcoal an effective treatment for poisoning or overdose cases, as it helps to reduce the absorption of harmful substances in the digestive system.

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  • 11. 

    Poorly managed diabetes can cause

    • A. 

      Absorption of poisons

    • B. 

      Hypoxia, or low oxygen

    • C. 

      Dilation of the coronary arteries

    • D. 

      Altered mental status

    Correct Answer
    D. Altered mental status
    Explanation
    Poorly managed diabetes can lead to altered mental status. This is because high blood sugar levels can affect the brain and cause confusion, difficulty concentrating, and changes in behavior. Additionally, if diabetes is not properly controlled, it can lead to complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is a serious condition that can cause a state of confusion called diabetic encephalopathy. Therefore, it is important for individuals with diabetes to manage their blood sugar levels effectively to prevent these complications and maintain optimal mental health.

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  • 12. 

    Oral glucose is given between the patient's cheek and gum because

    • A. 

      This area will cause the patient to regurgitate the stomach's contents

    • B. 

      It will assist in dilating the coronary vessels as much as possible

    • C. 

      This area contains blood vessels that allow easy absorption into the bloodstream

    • D. 

      It will not be aspirated if the patient suddenly becomes unconscious

    Correct Answer
    C. This area contains blood vessels that allow easy absorption into the bloodstream
    Explanation
    Oral glucose is given between the patient's cheek and gum because this area contains blood vessels that allow easy absorption into the bloodstream. This method of administration ensures that the glucose is rapidly absorbed and can quickly raise the patient's blood sugar levels. Additionally, administering the glucose in this area reduces the risk of aspiration if the patient suddenly becomes unconscious, as it is less likely to be inhaled into the lungs.

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  • 13. 

    Examples of medications a patient may have in his possession that the EMT-B may assist the patient in taking under the appropriate circumstances are

    • A. 

      Epinephrine auto-injector, a prescribed inhaler, and nitroglycerin

    • B. 

      Insulin, antihypertensives, and anticonvulsants

    • C. 

      Activated charcol, glucose injections, and anticonvulsants

    • D. 

      Home oxygen, antihypertensives, and anti-inflammatories

    Correct Answer
    A. Epinephrine auto-injector, a prescribed inhaler, and nitroglycerin
    Explanation
    The EMT-B may assist the patient in taking medications such as an epinephrine auto-injector, a prescribed inhaler, and nitroglycerin under appropriate circumstances. These medications are commonly used in emergency situations to treat conditions like severe allergic reactions, asthma, and chest pain. The EMT-B is trained to administer these medications safely and effectively to provide immediate relief and stabilize the patient's condition until further medical care is available.

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  • 14. 

    Patients who have a medical history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis may carry

    • A. 

      A bronchoconstrictor

    • B. 

      Nitroglycerin

    • C. 

      A bronchodilator

    • D. 

      An epinephrine auto-injector

    Correct Answer
    C. A bronchodilator
    Explanation
    Patients who have a medical history of asthma, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis may carry a bronchodilator because these conditions are characterized by airway constriction and inflammation, leading to difficulty in breathing. A bronchodilator helps to relax and widen the airways, making it easier for the patients to breathe. It helps to relieve symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. By carrying a bronchodilator, patients can use it as needed to alleviate their respiratory symptoms and improve their overall lung function.

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  • 15. 

    The drug nitroglycerin is used to _______ vessels.

    • A. 

      Constrict the peripheral

    • B. 

      Dilate the peripheral

    • C. 

      Dilate the coronary

    • D. 

      Constrict the coronary

    Correct Answer
    C. Dilate the coronary
    Explanation
    Nitroglycerin is a drug commonly used to dilate the coronary vessels. This means that it helps to widen or expand the blood vessels that supply the heart with oxygen and nutrients. By dilating the coronary vessels, nitroglycerin improves blood flow to the heart muscle, relieving symptoms of angina (chest pain) and potentially preventing heart attacks.

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  • 16. 

    The government publication listing all drugs in the United States is called.

    • A. 

      Hazmat Guidebook

    • B. 

      U.S. Pharmacopoeia

    • C. 

      Physician's Desk Reference

    • D. 

      National Medicine Guidebook

    Correct Answer
    B. U.S. Pharmacopoeia
    Explanation
    The U.S. Pharmacopoeia is a government publication that lists all drugs in the United States. It serves as a comprehensive reference for healthcare professionals, providing information on drug standards, quality control, and usage guidelines. The Hazmat Guidebook is unrelated to drugs and focuses on hazardous materials. The Physician's Desk Reference is a valuable resource for medical professionals but specifically provides information on prescription drugs. The National Medicine Guidebook is not a recognized publication, making U.S. Pharmacopoeia the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    The name that the manufacturer uses in marketing a drug is called the _____ name.

    • A. 

      Generic

    • B. 

      Original

    • C. 

      Trade

    • D. 

      Official

    Correct Answer
    C. Trade
    Explanation
    The name that the manufacturer uses in marketing a drug is called the trade name. This is the name under which the drug is marketed and sold to the public. It is often a catchy and memorable name that helps to differentiate the drug from others in the market. The trade name is usually protected by trademark laws and is exclusive to the manufacturer.

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  • 18. 

    A circumstance in which a drug should not be used because it may cause harm to the patient or offer no effect in improving the patient's condition or illness is called a(n).

    • A. 

      Adverse reaction

    • B. 

      Contraindication

    • C. 

      Side effect

    • D. 

      Indication

    Correct Answer
    B. Contraindication
    Explanation
    A contraindication refers to a situation where a drug should not be used because it can potentially cause harm to the patient or have no positive effect on their condition or illness. It is a precautionary measure taken to avoid any adverse reactions or negative outcomes that may arise from using the drug in such circumstances.

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  • 19. 

    An action of a drug that is other than the desired action is called.

    • A. 

      Contraindication

    • B. 

      Systemic effect

    • C. 

      Overdose

    • D. 

      Side effect

    Correct Answer
    D. Side effect
    Explanation
    A side effect refers to an unintended or unwanted action of a drug that occurs in addition to the desired therapeutic effect. These effects can be both mild and severe, and may occur in different parts of the body. Side effects are often listed on drug labels and are important for healthcare professionals and patients to be aware of. They can range from minor discomforts to serious complications, and may vary from person to person. Monitoring and managing side effects is crucial in ensuring the safe and effective use of medications.

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  • 20. 

    Prior to administering a medication to a patient, you must know all of the following EXCEPT

    • A. 

      The route of administration

    • B. 

      The proper dose to administer

    • C. 

      The actions the medication will take

    • D. 

      Both the genertic and chemical names

    Correct Answer
    D. Both the genertic and chemical names
    Explanation
    Before administering a medication to a patient, it is important to know the route of administration, the proper dose to administer, and the actions the medication will take. However, knowing both the generic and chemical names of the medication is not necessary for administration.

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  • 21. 

    Drugs prescribed for pain relief are called

    • A. 

      Analgesics

    • B. 

      Antiarrhytmics

    • C. 

      Antihypertensivies

    • D. 

      Anticonvulsants

    Correct Answer
    A. Analgesics
    Explanation
    Analgesics are drugs that are prescribed for pain relief. They work by blocking the pain signals in the body, reducing or eliminating pain sensations. Antiarrhythmics are medications used to treat abnormal heart rhythms, antihypertensives are drugs used to lower high blood pressure, and anticonvulsants are prescribed to prevent or control seizures. However, in the context of pain relief, analgesics are specifically designed to target and alleviate pain, making them the correct answer.

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  • 22. 

    Drugs prescribed to reduce high blood pressure are called

    • A. 

      Antyhypertensives

    • B. 

      Antiarrhythmics

    • C. 

      Analgesics

    • D. 

      Anticonvulsants

    Correct Answer
    A. Antyhypertensives
    Explanation
    The correct answer is antyhypertensives. These drugs are specifically prescribed to lower high blood pressure. They work by relaxing and widening the blood vessels, reducing the force against the walls of the arteries, and ultimately decreasing blood pressure. Antiarrhythmics are medications used to treat irregular heart rhythms, analgesics are pain relievers, and anticonvulsants are prescribed for seizures.

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  • 23. 

    Drugs prescribed for heart rhythm disorders are called

    • A. 

      Antiarrhythmics

    • B. 

      Antidiabetics

    • C. 

      Anticonvulsants

    • D. 

      Bronchodilators

    Correct Answer
    A. Antiarrhythmics
    Explanation
    Antiarrhythmics are drugs that are specifically prescribed for heart rhythm disorders. They work by regulating the electrical signals in the heart, helping to restore a normal heart rhythm. Antidiabetics are drugs used to manage diabetes, anticonvulsants are used to control seizures, and bronchodilators are used to treat respiratory conditions. Therefore, the correct answer is antiarrhythmics.

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  • 24. 

    Drugs prescribed to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes are called

    • A. 

      Bronchospasms

    • B. 

      Bronchodilators

    • C. 

      Bronchoconstrictors

    • D. 

      Anticonvulsants

    Correct Answer
    B. Bronchodilators
    Explanation
    Bronchodilators are drugs that are prescribed to relax the smooth muscles of the bronchial tubes. These medications help to widen the airways and make breathing easier for individuals with conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). By relaxing the smooth muscles, bronchodilators can help to relieve bronchospasms, which are characterized by the constriction or narrowing of the bronchial tubes. Bronchoconstrictors, on the other hand, would have the opposite effect, causing the bronchial tubes to constrict further. Anticonvulsants are a completely unrelated class of medications used to treat seizures.

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  • 25. 

    Drugs prescribed for prevention and control of seizures are called

    • A. 

      Antidiabetics

    • B. 

      Antihypertensives

    • C. 

      Anticonvulsants

    • D. 

      Antidepressents

    Correct Answer
    C. Anticonvulsants
    Explanation
    Anticonvulsants are drugs prescribed for the prevention and control of seizures. They work by suppressing the excessive electrical activity in the brain that leads to seizures. Antidiabetics are drugs used to manage diabetes by controlling blood sugar levels, antihypertensives are drugs used to lower high blood pressure, and antidepressants are drugs used to treat depression and other mental health conditions. Therefore, anticonvulsants are specifically designed to address seizures and are the correct answer in this context.

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  • 26. 

    Drugs prescribed to help regulate the emotional activity of patients to minimize the psychological and emotional peaks and valleys are called

    • A. 

      Antidepressants

    • B. 

      Analgesics

    • C. 

      Anticonvulsants

    • D. 

      Antiarrhythmics

    Correct Answer
    A. Antidepressants
    Explanation
    Antidepressants are drugs prescribed to regulate the emotional activity of patients and minimize psychological and emotional peaks and valleys. They are commonly used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, and other mood disorders. These medications work by balancing certain chemicals in the brain, such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, which are involved in regulating mood. By stabilizing these chemicals, antidepressants can help improve mood, reduce symptoms of depression, and prevent relapses.

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