Cells that need to be "dried" out are best served by this solution.
A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid.
This type of fluid helps with renal problems of over drying cells.
This type of fluid helps release more NA through the renal system by extracting excess water from the cells.
Hypertonic solutions could rob the cells of Na.
Hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more.
Hypertonic solutions will not affect the Na in cells.
Regulated by BP and kidney perfusion
Regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH
Reflects the blood osmolality
Not affected by K pumps.
All the above
It is preferable to use tap water.
Improperly mixed bags can cause K problems.
Should never be infused into a pt.
To fast an infusion can cause problems.
Every K IV order should be double checked with the MD.
The use of non sparring diuretics helps promote K health.
Urine promotion helps to clear K.
Renal failure decreases the amount of K.
K is vital to renal function.
Keeps K from being moved out of the cells.
Insulin neutralizes K.
K promotes diabetes.
K binds with insulin lowering the available K, keeping the cells healthy.
Whole grain bread.
Low Na broth.
Beans and chicken.
Ca needs are not important to a person under 33.
Ca is stored in the liver and pancrease.
Ca needs vitamin D to be absorbed in the GI tract.
Ca needs aldosterone to be absorbed in the kidneys.
This occurs when taking a pt BP and they get a dorsaflexion in the hand.
When the knee reflex is slow acting when struck by a malllet.
A finger run down the trigeminal nerve that makes the mouth droop in that direction.