Maintain daily body fluid requirements
Restore with the anticipation of fluid loss
Replace current body fluid losses
All the above
Restore previous body fluid losses
Cells that need to be "dried" out are best served by this solution.
A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid.
This type of fluid helps with renal problems of over drying cells.
This type of fluid helps release more NA through the renal system by extracting excess water from the cells.
It has a higher osmolality than plasma
It draws fluid out of the cells.
It pushes fluid into the cells.
It has a lower osmolality than plasma
It is used to keep BP lower during surgery.
It is used to when there is slight to moderate loss of blood volume.
It is used when there is substantial loss of blood and BP needs to be raised.
All patients are put on hypertonic IV solutions when in surgery.
Hypertonic solutions could rob the cells of Na.
Hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more.
Hypertonic solutions will not affect the Na in cells.
Regulated by BP and kidney perfusion
Regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH
Reflects the blood osmolality
Not affected by K pumps.
All the above
It is preferable to use tap water.
Improperly mixed bags can cause K problems.
Should never be infused into a pt.
To fast an infusion can cause problems.
Every K IV order should be double checked with the MD.
K is used to heal damaged cells.
K is horded by cells that are damaged.
K is released from damaged blood cells.
K is not important to blood cells but the tissue needs it to function under stress.
The use of non sparring diuretics helps promote K health.
Urine promotion helps to clear K.
Renal failure decreases the amount of K.
K is vital to renal function.
Keeps K from being moved out of the cells.
Insulin neutralizes K.
K promotes diabetes.
K binds with insulin lowering the available K, keeping the cells healthy.
Whole grain bread.
Low Na broth.
Beans and chicken.
Hypokalemia can lead to bracycardia/arrythmias.
Hypokalemia can cause muscle twitching and paralysis.
Hypokalemia can decrease BT.
Hypokalemia will cause an increase in serum K.
Decreased consumption of bananas.
Bowel management care.
Use of rapid weight loss programs.
Increased insulin in diabetics.