Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance MCQ Quiz

Reviewed by Farah Naz
Farah Naz, MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
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Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.
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Fluid And Electrolyte Imbalance MCQ Quiz - Quiz


Do you have any knowledge about fluids and electrolyte imbalance? Try this 'fluid and electrolyte imbalance' quiz and test your understanding of this topic. Electrolyte imbalance (also termed water-electrolyte imbalance) can be described as an abnormality in the concentration of electrolytes in the body that occurs when the body has too much or too little water. Do you wish to check your knowledge further? Give this quiz a try!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Three reasons for IV fluid use is:

    • A.

      Maintain daily body fluid requirements

    • B.

      Restore with the anticipation of fluid loss

    • C.

      Replace current body fluid losses

    • D.

      All the above

    • E.

      Restore previous body fluid losses

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Maintain daily body fluid requirements
    C. Replace current body fluid losses
    E. Restore previous body fluid losses
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "maintain daily body fluid requirements, replace current body fluid losses, and restore previous body fluid losses." This answer encompasses all three reasons for IV fluid use mentioned in the question. IV fluids are used to maintain the body's daily fluid requirements, replace any fluid losses that have occurred, and restore any previous fluid losses that may have happened.

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  • 2. 

    A solution that is similar to the osmolality of plasma that will cause no cell damage, it is called:

    • A.

      Hypotonic

    • B.

      Normal Saline

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Hypertonic

    Correct Answer
    C. Isotonic
    Explanation
    An isotonic solution has a similar osmolality to plasma, meaning it has the same concentration of solutes as the fluid inside the cells in our body. This balance prevents water from moving in or out of the cells, which would cause damage. Therefore, an isotonic solution will not cause any cell damage. Hypotonic solutions have a lower osmolality, causing water to move into the cells and potentially causing them to burst. Hypertonic solutions have a higher osmolality, causing water to move out of the cells and potentially causing them to shrink. Normal saline is a specific type of isotonic solution that contains 0.9% sodium chloride.

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  • 3. 

    Can the use of isotonic IV fluids cause problems?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The use of isotonic IV fluids can cause problems because they can lead to fluid overload, especially in patients with impaired kidney function or heart failure. This can result in symptoms such as swelling, shortness of breath, and increased blood pressure. Additionally, isotonic IV fluids can also cause electrolyte imbalances, such as hyponatremia or hypernatremia, which can have detrimental effects on the body's functioning. Therefore, it is important to carefully monitor the administration of isotonic IV fluids and adjust the dosage according to the patient's specific needs.

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  • 4. 

    A solution that is lower in osmolality of plasma that will cause a cell to swell, it is called:

    • A.

      Hyportonic

    • B.

      Normal Saline

    • C.

      Isotonic

    • D.

      Hypertonic

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyportonic
    Explanation
    A solution that is lower in osmolality than plasma will cause a cell to swell because water will move into the cell to equalize the concentration of solutes. This type of solution is called hypotonic.

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  • 5. 

    A nurse understands hypotonic solutions when the nurse states:

    • A.

      Cells that need to be "dried" out are best served by this solution.

    • B.

      A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid.

    • C.

      This type of fluid helps with renal problems of over drying cells.

    • D.

      This type of fluid helps release more NA through the renal system by extracting excess water from the cells.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid.
    C. This type of fluid helps with renal problems of over drying cells.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid." This statement indicates that hypotonic solutions are beneficial for patients who have had diuretic therapy, as it helps in replacing the cellular fluid that may have been lost. Additionally, hypotonic solutions can also help with renal problems caused by over-drying cells.

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  • 6. 

    Which type of fluid can cause ICP and 3rd spacing problems along with water intoxication?

    • A.

      Isotonic

    • B.

      Hypertonic

    • C.

      Normal Saline

    • D.

      Hypotonic

    Correct Answer
    D. Hypotonic
    Explanation
    Hypotonic fluids have a lower concentration of solutes compared to the body's cells. When these fluids are administered, they can cause water to move into the cells through osmosis, leading to swelling and potentially causing increased intracranial pressure (ICP). Additionally, hypotonic fluids can cause third spacing, which refers to the movement of fluid from the intravascular space into the interstitial space, leading to edema and decreased circulating blood volume. Lastly, excessive intake of hypotonic fluids can result in water intoxication, as the body's electrolyte balance is disrupted.

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  • 7. 

    Nick has had surgery and is having post op edema.  Which solution would you expect, as the nurse, to see being used for Nick?

    • A.

      Isotonic

    • B.

      Hypertonic

    • C.

      Hypotonic

    • D.

      Normal Saline

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertonic
    Explanation
    After surgery, it is common for patients to experience post-operative edema, which is the swelling caused by excess fluid in the body's tissues. To reduce this swelling, a hypertonic solution would be used. Hypertonic solutions have a higher concentration of solutes compared to the body's cells, which helps draw out the excess fluid from the tissues and into the bloodstream. This helps to decrease the edema and promote healing. Therefore, as a nurse, it would be expected to see a hypertonic solution being used for Nick to address his post-op edema.

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  • 8. 

    A nurse understands the danger or hypertonic solutions and hypernatremia when the nurse states:

    • A.

      Hypertonic solutions could rob the cells of Na.

    • B.

      Hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more.

    • C.

      Hypertonic solutions will not affect the Na in cells.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more.
    Explanation
    Hypertonic solutions contain a higher concentration of sodium compared to the cells. When these solutions are administered, they can cause an increase in the level of sodium in the body, leading to hypernatremia. This occurs because the higher concentration of sodium in the solution draws water out of the cells through osmosis, causing the cells to shrink and the sodium levels in the body to rise. Therefore, the nurse's statement that hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more is correct.

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  • 9. 

    Which condition needs extra assessment when considering hypertonic solutions?

    • A.

      Respiratory

    • B.

      Renal

    • C.

      Heart

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    C. Heart
    Explanation
    When considering hypertonic solutions, extra assessment is needed for the condition of the heart. Hypertonic solutions have a higher concentration of solutes compared to the body's cells, which can cause fluid to be drawn out of the cells and into the bloodstream. This can lead to an increase in blood volume and put additional strain on the heart. Therefore, it is important to assess the condition of the heart before administering hypertonic solutions to ensure it can handle the increased workload.

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  • 10. 

    Serum Na is what?

    • A.

      Regulated by BP and kidney perfusion

    • B.

      Regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH

    • C.

      Reflects the blood osmolality

    • D.

      Not affected by K pumps.

    • E.

      All the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Regulated by BP and kidney perfusion
    B. Regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH
    C. Reflects the blood osmolality
    Explanation
    Serum Na, or serum sodium, is regulated by both blood pressure (BP) and kidney perfusion. BP and kidney perfusion play a crucial role in maintaining the balance of sodium in the body. Additionally, serum sodium levels are also regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH. These hormones help in controlling the reabsorption and excretion of sodium by the kidneys. Lastly, serum sodium reflects the blood osmolality, which is a measure of the concentration of solutes in the blood. Therefore, all of the above options are correct explanations for serum Na.

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  • 11. 

    Hypernatremia can be caused by:

    • A.

      Diabetes insipidous

    • B.

      Diarrhea

    • C.

      Excess sweating

    • D.

      High fever

    • E.

      Heatstroke

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Diabetes insipidous
    B. Diarrhea
    C. Excess sweating
    D. High fever
    E. Heatstroke
    Explanation
    Hypernatremia is a condition characterized by high levels of sodium in the blood. It can be caused by various factors including diabetes insipidus, which is a condition that affects the body's ability to regulate fluid balance. Diarrhea, excess sweating, and high fever can also lead to hypernatremia as they cause excessive fluid loss from the body. Heatstroke, a condition caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures, can also result in hypernatremia due to dehydration. Therefore, all the mentioned conditions can contribute to the development of hypernatremia.

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  • 12. 

      Hyponatremia GI losses include: (Select all that apply.)

    • A.

      Emisis

    • B.

      NG suctioning

    • C.

      Burns

    • D.

      Diarrhea

    • E.

      Diuretics

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Emisis
    B. NG suctioning
    D. Diarrhea
    Explanation
    The correct answer is emesis, NG suctioning, and diarrhea. These three conditions can lead to hyponatremia due to the loss of sodium in the gastrointestinal tract. Emesis refers to vomiting, which can result in the expulsion of stomach contents containing sodium. NG suctioning involves the removal of gastric contents through a tube, leading to sodium loss. Diarrhea is the frequent passage of loose or watery stools, which can also result in the loss of sodium through the intestines. These three conditions can cause an imbalance in sodium levels and lead to hyponatremia.

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  • 13. 

    When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, what concern is there?

    • A.

      Hyponatremia

    • B.

      Hypernatremia

    • C.

      Caridovascular overload

    • D.

      It is preferable to use tap water.

    Correct Answer
    A. Hyponatremia
    Explanation
    When giving an enema or tube feeding with tap water, there is a concern for hyponatremia. Hyponatremia refers to a low concentration of sodium in the blood, which can occur if excessive amounts of water are introduced into the body. Tap water does not contain a balanced concentration of electrolytes like sodium, which can lead to an imbalance and potentially cause hyponatremia. Therefore, it is not preferable to use tap water for enemas or tube feedings to avoid the risk of hyponatremia.

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  • 14. 

    K is important for what functions?

    • A.

      Renal function

    • B.

      Muscle function

    • C.

      Insulin

    • D.

      Fat regulation

    • E.

      Protein regulation

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Muscle function
    C. Insulin
    E. Protein regulation
    Explanation
    K is important for muscle function, insulin, and protein regulation. Vitamin K plays a crucial role in the synthesis of proteins involved in muscle function, such as clotting factors and proteins in smooth muscle cells. It is also necessary for the activation of certain proteins involved in insulin signaling and glucose metabolism. Additionally, vitamin K is involved in the regulation of protein synthesis, helping to maintain proper protein levels in the body.

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  • 15. 

     A nurse understands potassium (K+)IV infusion when the nurse states:

    • A.

      Improperly mixed bags can cause K problems.

    • B.

      Should never be infused into a pt.

    • C.

      Too fast IV K+ infusion can cause problems(cardiac arrest).

    • D.

      Every K+ IV order should be double-checked with the MD.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Should never be infused into a pt.
    C. Too fast IV K+ infusion can cause problems(cardiac arrest).
    Explanation
    The nurse understands K (potassium) IV infusion when they state that it should never be infused into a patient and that too fast an infusion can cause problems. This shows that the nurse is aware of the potential dangers and risks associated with potassium infusion and understands the importance of proper administration and monitoring. Additionally, the statement suggests that the nurse knows that potassium IV orders should always be double-checked with the MD, indicating a thorough understanding of the need for collaboration and communication with the medical team.

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  • 16. 

     A nurse understands K+(potassium) and renal function when the nurse states:

    • A.

      The use of non-sparing diuretics helps promote K+ health.

    • B.

      Promoting urination helps clear K+.

    • C.

      Renal failure decreases the amount of K+.

    • D.

      K+ is vital to renal function.

    Correct Answer
    B. Promoting urination helps clear K+.
    Explanation
    Urine promotion helps to clear K+ because the kidneys are responsible for filtering waste products, including potassium, from the blood and excreting them in urine. By promoting urine production, the kidneys are able to remove excess potassium from the body, maintaining a healthy balance. This is especially important in individuals with renal failure, as their kidneys may not be functioning properly and may not be able to adequately clear potassium. Therefore, promoting urine production can help prevent potassium buildup and maintain renal function.

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  • 17. 

    Why is insulin good for K+(potassium) regulation?

    • A.

      Keeps K+ from being moved out of the cells.

    • B.

      Insulin neutralizes K+.

    • C.

      K+ promotes diabetes.

    • D.

      K+ binds with insulin, lowering the available K+ and keeping the cells healthy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Keeps K+ from being moved out of the cells.
    Explanation
    Insulin is good for K+ regulation because it prevents potassium (K+) from being moved out of the cells. Insulin acts as a signal that tells the cells to take up glucose and potassium from the bloodstream. By keeping K+ inside the cells, insulin helps maintain the balance of electrolytes and ensures the proper functioning of various cellular processes. This is important for overall cell health and prevents imbalances that could lead to complications.

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  • 18. 

    A patient is hyperkalemic, which foods are best for this patient?

    • A.

      Whole grain bread.

    • B.

      Low Na broth.

    • C.

      Beans and chicken.

    • D.

      Pudding

    Correct Answer
    C. Beans and chicken.
    Explanation
    Beans and chicken are the best foods for a hyperkalemic patient because they are low in potassium. Hyperkalemia is a condition characterized by high levels of potassium in the blood, so it is important for the patient to consume foods that are low in potassium to help regulate their potassium levels. Whole grain bread and pudding may contain higher levels of potassium, while low Na broth may not have a significant impact on potassium levels. Therefore, beans and chicken are the most suitable options for this patient.

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  • 19. 

    In teaching a patient about hypokalemia, what is the most important education to be done?

    • A.

      Decrease consumption of bananas.

    • B.

      Bowel management care.

    • C.

      Use of rapid weight loss programs.

    • D.

      Increase insulin in diabetics.

    Correct Answer
    B. Bowel management care.
    Explanation
    The most important education to be done in teaching about hypokalemia is bowel management care. Hypokalemia is a condition characterized by low levels of potassium in the blood, which can lead to various gastrointestinal symptoms, including constipation. Therefore, educating patients about proper bowel management, such as increasing fiber intake, staying hydrated, and regular exercise, is crucial in managing hypokalemia effectively. This education can help prevent further complications and improve overall gastrointestinal health.

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  • 20. 

    How much Ca is stored in the bones?

    • A.

      1%

    • B.

      2%

    • C.

      95%

    • D.

      99%

    Correct Answer
    D. 99%
    Explanation
    Approximately 99% of the body's calcium is stored in the bones. Calcium is an essential mineral for bone health and plays a crucial role in maintaining their strength and structure. It is constantly being deposited and withdrawn from the bones in a process called bone remodeling. This balance is important for maintaining calcium levels in the blood and ensuring proper functioning of various bodily processes.

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  • 21. 

    PTH is released when Ca++ is at what level?

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Average

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Low
    Explanation
    PTH is released when Ca++ is at a low level. This hormone helps to regulate calcium levels in the blood by stimulating the release of calcium from bones and increasing calcium reabsorption in the kidneys. Therefore, when the calcium level is below the normal range, the parathyroid glands release PTH to restore the balance.

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  • 22. 

    Calcitonin is released when Ca++ levels are at:

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Average

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. High
    Explanation
    Calcitonin is a hormone released by the thyroid gland in response to high levels of calcium (Ca++) in the blood. It helps to regulate calcium levels by inhibiting the release of calcium from the bones and promoting its excretion by the kidneys. Therefore, when the Ca++ levels are high, calcitonin is released to lower the calcium levels and maintain homeostasis.

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  • 23. 

    A nurse understands Ca++ and hormones when the nurse states:

    • A.

      Ca++ needs are not important to a person under 33.

    • B.

      Ca++ is stored in the liver and pancreas.

    • C.

      Ca++ needs vitamin D to be absorbed in the GI tract.

    • D.

      Ca++ needs aldosterone to be absorbed in the kidneys.

    Correct Answer
    C. Ca++ needs vitamin D to be absorbed in the GI tract.
    Explanation
    Calcium (Ca) needs vitamin D to be absorbed in the GI tract. Vitamin D plays a crucial role in the absorption of calcium from the intestines into the bloodstream. Without sufficient levels of vitamin D, the body cannot effectively absorb calcium, leading to calcium deficiency. Therefore, it is important for a nurse to understand that calcium needs vitamin D for proper absorption in the gastrointestinal tract.

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  • 24. 

    What symptoms do patients with Hyperkalemia exhibit?

    • A.

      Memory Loss

    • B.

      Vision Loss

    • C.

      Constipation

    • D.

      Polyuria

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Memory Loss
    C. Constipation
    D. Polyuria
    Explanation
    Patients with Hyperkalemia may exhibit memory loss, constipation, and Polyuria. Hyperkalemia is a condition characterized by high levels of potassium in the blood. Memory loss can occur due to the effects of elevated potassium on the brain. Constipation can result from the disruption of normal muscle contractions in the digestive system caused by high potassium levels. Polyuria, or excessive urination, can occur as the body tries to eliminate excess potassium through the urine. These symptoms can help healthcare providers identify and diagnose Hyperkalemia in patients.

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  • 25. 

    Which deficiencies are linked to hypocalcemia?

    • A.

      PTH

    • B.

      Magnesium

    • C.

      Aldosterone

    • D.

      Testosterone

    • E.

      Vitamin D

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. PTH
    B. Magnesium
    E. Vitamin D
    Explanation
    Hypocalcemia is a condition characterized by low levels of calcium in the blood. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) plays a crucial role in regulating calcium levels by stimulating the release of calcium from bones and increasing its absorption from the intestines. Therefore, a deficiency in PTH can lead to hypocalcemia. Magnesium is also essential for proper calcium metabolism, as it helps in the activation of vitamin D, which in turn promotes calcium absorption from the intestines. Therefore, a deficiency in magnesium can contribute to hypocalcemia. Similarly, vitamin D deficiency can lead to impaired calcium absorption and hypocalcemia. Aldosterone and testosterone deficiencies are not directly linked to hypocalcemia.

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  • 26. 

    Tetany, or the muscles tightening, is considered the most characteristic sign of:

    • A.

      Hyponatremia

    • B.

      Hypokalemia

    • C.

      Hypocalcemia

    • D.

      Polyuria

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypocalcemia
    Explanation
    Tetany is a condition characterized by muscle tightening or spasms, and it is most commonly associated with hypocalcemia, which is a low level of calcium in the blood. Calcium plays a crucial role in muscle contraction and relaxation, so when its levels are low, it can lead to increased muscle excitability and spasms. Hyponatremia refers to low sodium levels, which do not directly cause muscle tightening. Hypokalemia is low potassium levels, which can cause muscle weakness but not necessarily muscle tightening. Polyuria refers to excessive urination and is not directly related to muscle tightening. Therefore, hypocalcemia is the most characteristic sign of tetany.

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  • 27. 

    Chvostek sign is understood by the nurse when the nurse states:

    • A.

      A neurological response to painful stimuli

    • B.

      A cardiac auscultation finding indicating arrhythmia

    • C.

      A facial muscle twitch elicited by tapping the facial nerve

    • D.

      A positive response to the Babinski reflex in infants

    Correct Answer
    C. A facial muscle twitch elicited by tapping the facial nerve
    Explanation
    Chvostek sign is a clinical sign that involves the facial nerve (cranial nerve VII). It is demonstrated by tapping on the facial nerve, usually at the angle of the jaw. A positive Chvostek sign is indicated by the twitching of the facial muscles, particularly the muscles around the mouth and eye.

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  • 28. 

    A nurse understands Trousseaus when the nurse states:

    • A.

      This occurs when taking a patient’s BP results in carpal spasm and dorsiflexion of the hand.

    • B.

      When the knee reflex is slow acting when struck by a mallet.

    • C.

      A finger runs down the trigeminal nerve, making the mouth droop in that direction.

    Correct Answer
    A. This occurs when taking a patient’s BP results in carpal spasm and dorsiflexion of the hand.
    Explanation
    Trousseaus refers to a phenomenon where a patient experiences carpal spasm or dorsiflexion of the hand when their blood pressure is taken. This is a sign of hypocalcemia or low levels of calcium in the blood. The muscles in the hand contract involuntarily due to the excitability of the nerves caused by the low calcium levels. This can be a useful diagnostic tool for identifying hypocalcemia in patients.

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  • 29. 

    Which is vital to muscles, red blood cells, metabolism of carbs, and acid-base balance?

    • A.

      Magnesium

    • B.

      Phosphorus

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      K

    • E.

      Na

    Correct Answer
    B. Phosphorus
    Explanation
    Phosphorus is vital to muscles because it is a key component of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), which is the molecule that provides energy for muscle contractions. It is also essential for the formation and maintenance of red blood cells, as it is involved in the synthesis of DNA and RNA. Phosphorus plays a crucial role in the metabolism of carbohydrates by helping to convert them into energy. Additionally, it is important for maintaining the acid-base balance in the body, as it acts as a buffer to regulate pH levels.

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  • 30. 

    An increase in phosphorus may cause high deposits of calcium in which body regions?

    • A.

      Joints

    • B.

      Arteries

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Corneas

    • E.

      Kidneys

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Joints
    B. Arteries
    C. Skin
    D. Corneas
    E. Kidneys
    Explanation
    An increase in phosphorus can lead to high deposits of calcium in various parts of the body, including joints, arteries, skin, corneas, and kidneys. This is because an imbalance in phosphorus levels can disrupt the normal regulation of calcium in the body, leading to its accumulation in these different tissues.

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  • 31. 

    What causes hyperphosphatemia?

    • A.

      Excessive consumption of bananas

    • B.

      Excessive diuretic use

    • C.

      Excessive use of laxatives

    • D.

      Excessive vitamin D

    Correct Answer(s)
    C. Excessive use of laxatives
    D. Excessive vitamin D
    Explanation
    Excessive use of laxatives can cause hyperphosphatemia because laxatives can lead to excessive excretion of phosphate through the stool. This can result in an imbalance in the body's phosphate levels, leading to hyperphosphatemia. Similarly, excessive intake of vitamin D can also cause hyperphosphatemia, as vitamin D promotes the absorption of phosphate from the intestines, leading to an increased level of phosphate in the blood.

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  • 32. 

    What does magnesium balance with

    • A.

      Ca

    • B.

      Na

    • C.

      K

    • D.

      Phosphorus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ca
    D. Phosphorus
    Explanation
    Magnesium balances with calcium and phosphorus. Magnesium and calcium work together to regulate muscle and nerve function, maintain a healthy heart rhythm, and support bone health. Phosphorus is also important for bone health and energy production. These three minerals work in harmony to ensure proper cellular function and maintain overall health. Sodium (Na) and potassium (K) are not directly involved in the balance with magnesium.

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  • 33. 

    What is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia?

    • A.

      Hepatic failure

    • B.

      Renal failure

    • C.

      Pulmonary disorders

    • D.

      Cardiovascular disorders

    Correct Answer
    B. Renal failure
    Explanation
    Renal failure is the most common cause of hypermagnesemia. In renal failure, the kidneys are unable to properly filter and excrete magnesium, leading to its accumulation in the body. This can result in elevated levels of magnesium in the blood, causing hypermagnesemia. Other conditions such as hepatic failure, pulmonary disorders, and cardiovascular disorders may also contribute to hypermagnesemia, but they are not as commonly associated with it as renal failure.

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  • 34. 

    What is an emergency treatment for hypermagnesemia?

    • A.

      IV Phosphorus

    • B.

      IV Ca

    • C.

      IV Na

    • D.

      IV K

    Correct Answer
    B. IV Ca
    Explanation
    IV Ca (intravenous calcium) is the correct answer for emergency treatment of hypermagnesemia. Hypermagnesemia is a condition characterized by high levels of magnesium in the blood, which can lead to muscle weakness, cardiac arrhythmias, and respiratory depression. IV calcium is given as a treatment because it antagonizes the effects of magnesium on the heart and neuromuscular system, helping to restore normal function. It can help counteract the potentially life-threatening effects of hypermagnesemia and stabilize the patient's condition.

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  • 35. 

    Hypomagnesemia is most often caused by:

    • A.

      Chronic alcoholism

    • B.

      GI impairment

    • C.

      Malnutrition

    • D.

      Poorly controlled diabetes

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    Hypomagnesemia, a condition marked by low magnesium levels in the blood, can arise from multiple factors, including chronic alcoholism, gastrointestinal impairments like chronic diarrhea or malabsorption syndromes, malnutrition due to a diet lacking magnesium-rich foods, and, to some extent, poorly controlled diabetes that results in excessive magnesium loss through increased urination. These conditions affect magnesium levels in the body by interfering with its absorption, leading to magnesium deficiency. Magnesium is essential for various bodily functions, making the management of hypomagnesemia and its underlying causes crucial for overall health.

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Farah Naz |MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 11, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
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    Expert Reviewed by
    Farah Naz
  • Jan 02, 2009
    Quiz Created by
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