Do you have any knowledge about fluids and electrolyte imbalance? Try this 'Fluid and electrolyte imbalance' quiz that is given here, and you'll get to test your understanding of this topic. Electrolyte imbalance (also termed water-electrolyte imbalance) can be described as an abnormality in the concentration of electrolytes in the body that occurs when the body has too much or too little water. Do you wish to check your knowledge further? Give this quiz a try!
Maintain daily body fluid requirements
Restore with the anticipation of fluid loss
Replace current body fluid losses
All the above
Restore previous body fluid losses
Cells that need to be "dried" out are best served by this solution.
A pt that has had diuretic therapy (DKA) will benefit from replacing cellular fluid.
This type of fluid helps with renal problems of over drying cells.
This type of fluid helps release more NA through the renal system by extracting excess water from the cells.
Hypertonic solutions could rob the cells of Na.
Hypertonic solutions could increase the level of Na even more.
Hypertonic solutions will not affect the Na in cells.
Regulated by BP and kidney perfusion
Regulated by hormones such as aldosterone and ADH
Reflects the blood osmolality
Not affected by K pumps.
All the above
It is preferable to use tap water.
Improperly mixed bags can cause K problems.
Should never be infused into a pt.
To fast an infusion can cause problems.
Every K IV order should be double checked with the MD.
The use of non sparring diuretics helps promote K health.
Urine promotion helps to clear K.
Renal failure decreases the amount of K.
K is vital to renal function.
Keeps K from being moved out of the cells.
Insulin neutralizes K.
K promotes diabetes.
K binds with insulin lowering the available K, keeping the cells healthy.
Whole grain bread.
Low Na broth.
Beans and chicken.
Decreased consumption of bananas.
Bowel management care.
Use of rapid weight loss programs.
Increased insulin in diabetics.
Ca needs are not important to a person under 33.
Ca is stored in the liver and pancrease.
Ca needs vitamin D to be absorbed in the GI tract.
Ca needs aldosterone to be absorbed in the kidneys.
Here's an interesting quiz for you.