Chapter 16, Fluid And Chemical Balance

38 Questions | Total Attempts: 98

Chemical Quizzes & Trivia

In this scientific quiz we’ll be taking a look at the topics of fluid and chemical balance, with a number of questions regarding blood, positive and negative charges, cells, tissues, plasma, electrolytes and much more. Think you can get all of the questions correct? Let’s find out!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Mix of water, chemicals (electrolytes and nonelectrolytes), and blood cells
  • 2. 
    Fluid inside cell
  • 3. 
    Fluid outside cells
  • 4. 
    Fluid in tissue space between and around cells
  • 5. 
    Watery plasma, or serum, of blood
  • 6. 
    Chemical compounds (sodium and chloride) that are dissolved, absorbed, and distributed in body fluid and possess electrical charge
  • 7. 
    Substances that carry either a positive or negative electrical charge
  • 8. 
    Electrolytes with a postive charge
  • 9. 
    Electrolytes with a negative charge
  • 10. 
    Electrolytes that are measured in the serum of blood
  • 11. 
    Chemical compounds that remain bound together when dissolved in a solution and do not conduct electricity
  • 12. 
    Consists of 3 liters of plasma (fluid), 2 liters of blood cells, and is comprised of WBC, RBC, and platelets
  • 13. 
    Helps to regulate the distribution of water by controlling the movement of fluid from on location to another
  • 14. 
    Regulates movement of water and substances from a compartment where pressure is higher to one that is lower
  • 15. 
    Undissolved protein substances such as albumin and blood cells within body fluids that do not readily pass through membranes
  • 16. 
    Pressure exerted against a membrane
  • 17. 
    Physiologic process in which dissolved substances move from an area of higher concentration to one that is lower through a semipermeable membrane
  • 18. 
    Identical balance of cations with anions
  • 19. 
    Process in which certain dissolved substances require the assistance of a carrier molecule to pass from one side of a semipermeable membrane to the other, also regulates chemical balance
  • 20. 
    ___________ is the carrier substance for glucose
  • 21. 
    Process of chemical distribution that requires an energy source, involves adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
  • 22. 
    A low volume in the extracellular fluid compartments
  • 23. 
    A higher than normal volume of water in intravascular fluid compartments and is another example of a fluid balance
  • 24. 
    Develops when excess fluid is distributed to the interstitial space
  • 25. 
    The movement of intravascular fluid to nonvascular compartments, where it becomes trapped and useless
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