Final Exam Review Part 2

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 53

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Earthquake Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    List the eons from oldest to youngest.
    • A. 

      Proterozoic, Phanerozoic, Hadean, Archaen

    • B. 

      Hadean, Proterozoic, Archean, Phanerozoic

    • C. 

      Archaen, Phanerozoic, Proterozoic, Hadean

    • D. 

      Hadean, Archaen, Proterozoic, Phanerozoic

  • 2. 
    Oceanic lithosphere that is old will subduct at 90 degree angles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Put these three Earthquakes in order of smallest to largest amount of energy released.
    • A. 

      Haiti, Chile, Japan

    • B. 

      Haiti, Japan, Chile

    • C. 

      Japan, Chile, Haiti

    • D. 

      Chile, Japan, Haiti

  • 4. 
    What is the most abundant mineral on Earth’s surface?
    • A. 

      Quartz

    • B. 

      Feldspars

    • C. 

      Muscovite

    • D. 

      Olivine

  • 5. 
    Which of these is a trigger of mass wasting?
    • A. 

      Adding vegetation

    • B. 

      Earthquakes

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      B and c

  • 6. 
    A ridge axis is elevated when spreading rates are low.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Which era means “recent life”?
    • A. 

      Paleozoic

    • B. 

      Cenozoic

    • C. 

      Mesozoic

    • D. 

      Precambriazoic

  • 8. 
    Which of these geologic events happened in the Mesozoic era?
    • A. 

      Pangaea began to break apart

    • B. 

      Pangaea assembled

    • C. 

      Cratons were created

    • D. 

      Eastern and Western margins of North America began to differ from each other

  • 9. 
    Subduction of a lithospheric plate occurs at which type of plate boundary?
    • A. 

      Divergent

    • B. 

      Tranform

    • C. 

      Oceanic-continental

    • D. 

      Continental-continental

  • 10. 
    Which of the following comprises soil?
    • A. 

      Humus

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Air

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    What is the mathematical law that describes groundwater flow?
    • A. 

      Darcy’s law

    • B. 

      Quadratic formula

    • C. 

      Pythagorean theorem

    • D. 

      Theory of Relativity

  • 12. 
    The primary means of heat transfer within Earth is:
    • A. 

      Mantle convection

    • B. 

      Mantle conduction

    • C. 

      The outer core

    • D. 

      The Sun

  • 13. 
    You will find massive sediment accumulation on:
    • A. 

      Ocean trenches

    • B. 

      Abyssal plains

    • C. 

      Oceanic ridges

    • D. 

      Guyots

  • 14. 
    How easily water can move through a rock:
    • A. 

      Porosity

    • B. 

      Permeability

  • 15. 
    Which of the following factors does not affect rock strength?
    • A. 

      Time

    • B. 

      Temperature

    • C. 

      Rock type

    • D. 

      Igneous texture

  • 16. 
    When broad upwarps in basement rock deform the overlying cover of sedimentary strata and generate large folds. When upwarping produces a circular or slightly elongated structure this is called a ______.
    • A. 

      Dome

    • B. 

      Anticline

    • C. 

      Basin

    • D. 

      Syncline

  • 17. 
    These surface waves move in a ripple motion.
    • A. 

      P waves

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      L waves

    • D. 

      R waves

  • 18. 
    The most important factor driving metamorphism is:
    • A. 

      Pressure

    • B. 

      Chemically active fluids

    • C. 

      Heat

    • D. 

      Foliation

  • 19. 
    Volcanoes can be found at the following plate boundaries except:
    • A. 

      Divergent

    • B. 

      Oceanic-oceanic convergent

    • C. 

      Oceanic-continental convergent

    • D. 

      Transform fault

  • 20. 
    The last step that a scientist will take is:
    • A. 

      Observe natural events

    • B. 

      Theorize

    • C. 

      Hypothesize

    • D. 

      Collect data

  • 21. 
    Two minerals with exactly the same chemical composition cannot have different internal structures:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    An example of a concordant igneous intrusion is a:
    • A. 

      Pluton

    • B. 

      Dike

    • C. 

      Batholith

    • D. 

      Sill

  • 23. 
    This type of volcano has a very simple, distinctive shape determined by the slope that loose pyroclastic material maintains as it comes to rest.
    • A. 

      Startovolcano

    • B. 

      Shield

    • C. 

      Cinder cone

    • D. 

      Caldera

  • 24. 
     Minerals are highly segregated and give the rock a banded appearance in this foliated texture.
    • A. 

      Schistosity

    • B. 

      Gneissic

    • C. 

      Slatey

    • D. 

      Rock

  • 25. 
    Which of these is not a greenhouse gas? a) nitrogen   b) CO2   c) methane   d) water vapor
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      CO2

    • C. 

      Methane

    • D. 

      Water vapor

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