22 Branches Of Science

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22 Branches Of Science - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Write your text here

  • 2. 

     a science that deals with the atmosphere and with weather

    • A.

      Climatology

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Atmospheric chemistry

    • D.

      Atmospheric physics

    Correct Answer
    B. Meteorology
    Explanation
    Meteorology is the correct answer because it is the science that specifically deals with the atmosphere and weather. It focuses on studying and predicting atmospheric conditions such as temperature, humidity, precipitation, and wind patterns. Climatology, on the other hand, is the study of long-term weather patterns and trends. Atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics are related fields but they are more focused on studying the chemical and physical properties of the atmosphere rather than weather specifically.

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  • 3. 

    Is a branch of atmospheric science in which the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and that of other planets is studied

    • A.

      Climatology

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Atmospheric chemistry

    • D.

      Atmospheric physics

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmospheric chemistry
    Explanation
    Atmospheric chemistry is the correct answer because it is the branch of atmospheric science that specifically focuses on studying the chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere and the atmospheres of other planets. This field involves investigating the composition, reactions, and transformations of gases, aerosols, and other chemical species in the atmosphere. By studying atmospheric chemistry, scientists can gain insights into the processes and interactions that occur in the atmosphere, such as the formation of pollutants, the depletion of ozone, and the effects of greenhouse gases on climate change.

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  • 4. 

     the scientific study of climates

    • A.

      Climatology

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Atmospheric chemistry

    • D.

      Atmospheric physics

    Correct Answer
    A. Climatology
    Explanation
    Climatology is the scientific study of climates, including the long-term patterns, variations, and changes in weather conditions over time. It focuses on analyzing and understanding the climate system, including factors such as temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, and atmospheric conditions. Climatology helps in predicting future climate trends and assessing the impacts of climate change on ecosystems, human activities, and the environment. It encompasses various aspects of meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, and atmospheric physics, but its main emphasis is on studying the broader climate patterns and their underlying causes.

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  • 5. 

    Is the application of physics to the study of the atmosphere

    • A.

      Climatology

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Atmospheric chemistry

    • D.

      Atmospheric physics

    Correct Answer
    D. Atmospheric physics
    Explanation
    Atmospheric physics is the study of the physical processes that occur in the Earth's atmosphere. It involves the application of various principles and laws of physics to understand and explain phenomena such as weather patterns, atmospheric circulation, and the behavior of gases and particles in the atmosphere. This field of study helps scientists gain insights into the dynamics of the atmosphere and its interactions with other components of the Earth system, contributing to our understanding of climate change and weather forecasting.

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  • 6. 

    The scientific study of rocks, including petrography and petrogenesis.

    • A.

      Sedimentology

    • B.

      Mineralogy

    • C.

      Statigraphy

    • D.

      Petrology

    Correct Answer
    D. Petrology
    Explanation
    Petrology is the scientific study of rocks, focusing on their composition, texture, and origin. It involves the examination of rocks through techniques such as petrography (the study of rock thin sections) and petrogenesis (the study of rock formation processes). Petrology is specifically concerned with understanding the different types of rocks, their mineralogy, and how they are formed. Sedimentology, mineralogy, and stratigraphy are related fields but do not encompass the comprehensive study of rocks that petrology does.

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  • 7. 

    The science or study of minerals.

    • A.

      Statigraphy

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Sedimentology

    • D.

      Mineralogy

    Correct Answer
    D. Mineralogy
    Explanation
    Mineralogy is the correct answer because it refers to the science or study of minerals. It involves the identification, classification, and understanding of minerals, including their composition, structure, properties, and occurrences.

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  • 8. 

    A branch of geology dealing with the classification, nomenclature, correlation, and interpretation of stratified rocks.

    • A.

      Statigraphy

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Sedimentology

    • D.

      Atmospheric physics

    Correct Answer
    A. Statigraphy
    Explanation
    Stratigraphy is the branch of geology that focuses on the classification, nomenclature, correlation, and interpretation of stratified rocks. It involves studying the different layers of rocks and understanding their formation, composition, and age. This field helps geologists understand the Earth's history and make predictions about the geological processes that have occurred over time.

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  • 9. 

    The study of sedimentary rocks

    • A.

      Sedimentology

    • B.

      Meteorology

    • C.

      Atmospheric chemistry

    • D.

      Geology

    Correct Answer
    A. Sedimentology
    Explanation
    Sedimentology is the study of sedimentary rocks, which involves examining the processes of deposition, erosion, and transportation of sediments. This field of study focuses on understanding the formation, composition, and characteristics of sedimentary rocks, as well as the interpretation of geological history and environmental conditions. Meteorology is the study of weather and atmospheric phenomena, while atmospheric chemistry focuses on the chemical composition and processes in the Earth's atmosphere. Geology is a broader field that encompasses the study of the Earth's solid materials, including rocks, minerals, and the processes that shape the Earth's structure. Therefore, sedimentology is the most appropriate answer in the context of studying sedimentary rocks.

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  • 10. 

    The science dealing with the chemical changes in and the composition of the earths crust

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Geochemistry

    • C.

      Geology

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    B. Geochemistry
    Explanation
    Geochemistry is the correct answer because it is the branch of science that specifically deals with the chemical changes occurring in the Earth's crust and the composition of the crust itself. It focuses on studying the distribution and behavior of elements and compounds in rocks, minerals, soils, and water, and how they interact with each other. This field of study helps in understanding various geological processes, such as the formation of minerals, the movement of fluids in the Earth's crust, and the impact of human activities on the environment.

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  • 11. 

    The science dealing with the occurrence and distribution of underground water.

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Geomorphology

    • C.

      Hydrogeology

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydrogeology
    Explanation
    Hydrogeology is the correct answer because it is the science that specifically focuses on the occurrence and distribution of underground water. It involves studying the movement, quality, and availability of groundwater, as well as the geological formations that hold and transmit water. Meteorology deals with the study of weather and atmospheric conditions, while geomorphology focuses on landforms and their evolution. Sedimentology is the study of sediment and its properties. None of these sciences specifically address underground water occurrence and distribution like hydrogeology does.

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  • 12. 

    The scientific study of bodies of fresh water, as lakes and ponds, with reference to their physical, geographical, biological, and other features

    • A.

      Limnology

    • B.

      Atmospheric physics

    • C.

      Geology

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    A. Limnology
    Explanation
    Limnology is the correct answer because it specifically refers to the scientific study of bodies of fresh water, such as lakes and ponds. It encompasses various aspects including the physical, geographical, biological, and other features of these bodies of water. Atmospheric physics, geology, and sedimentology may be related to the study of fresh water bodies, but they do not encompass all the aspects covered by limnology.

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  • 13. 

    The branch of physical geography dealing with the ocean.

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Geomorphology

    • C.

      Geology

    • D.

      Oceanography

    Correct Answer
    D. Oceanography
    Explanation
    Oceanography is the correct answer because it is the branch of physical geography that specifically focuses on the study of the ocean. It involves examining various aspects of the ocean, such as its physical properties, marine life, and the processes that occur within it. Meteorology, geomorphology, and geology are all related fields of study but do not specifically deal with the ocean.

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  • 14. 

    The branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes.

    • A.

      Physiology

    • B.

      Zoology

    • C.

      Botany

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    A. Physiology
    Explanation
    Physiology is the correct answer because it is the branch of biology that focuses on studying the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts. It involves the investigation of all the physical and chemical processes that occur within organisms. This field of study helps us understand how different systems in the body work together to maintain homeostasis and carry out essential functions.

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  • 15. 

    The science dealing with the structure of animals and plants.

    • A.

      Botany

    • B.

      Zoology

    • C.

      Anatomy

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    C. Anatomy
    Explanation
    Anatomy is the science that deals with the structure of animals and plants. It focuses on studying the internal and external structures of organisms, including their organs, tissues, and cells. This field of study helps in understanding the organization and functioning of living organisms. Botany is the study of plants, zoology is the study of animals, and sedimentology is the study of sedimentary rocks. While these fields may involve aspects of anatomy, they do not specifically focus on the structure of organisms as a whole.

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  • 16. 

    The branch of biology dealing with fungi

    • A.

      Mycology

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Bacteriology

    • D.

      Cytplasm

    Correct Answer
    A. Mycology
    Explanation
    Mycology is the correct answer because it is the branch of biology that specifically focuses on the study of fungi. Fungi are a distinct group of organisms that include mushrooms, molds, and yeasts. Mycologists study various aspects of fungi, such as their classification, ecology, genetics, and their interactions with other organisms. Bacteriology, on the other hand, is the branch of biology that deals with the study of bacteria, while cytoplasm refers to the jelly-like substance within a cell.

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  • 17. 

    The study of the microscopic appearance of cells, especially for the diagnosis of abnormalities and malignancies.

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Bacteriology

    • C.

      Geology

    • D.

      Cytology

    Correct Answer
    D. Cytology
    Explanation
    Cytology is the study of the microscopic appearance of cells, particularly for the identification of abnormalities and malignancies. This field focuses on analyzing the structure, function, and behavior of cells, allowing for the detection and diagnosis of diseases such as cancer. By examining cells under a microscope, cytologists can identify any irregularities or abnormalities in cell structure or behavior, aiding in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions.

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  • 18. 

    A branch of microbiology dealing with the identification, study, and cultivation of bacteria and with their applications in medicine, agriculture, industry, and biotechnology.

    • A.

      Bacteria

    • B.

      Bacteriology

    • C.

      Cytology

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    B. Bacteriology
    Explanation
    Bacteriology is the correct answer because it is the branch of microbiology that focuses on the identification, study, and cultivation of bacteria. It also involves understanding the applications of bacteria in various fields such as medicine, agriculture, industry, and biotechnology.

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  • 19. 

    The science of plants; the branch of biology that deals with plant life.

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Botany

    • C.

      Plantism

    • D.

      Farmer

    Correct Answer
    B. Botany
    Explanation
    Botany is the correct answer because it is the branch of biology that specifically focuses on the study of plant life. It involves the scientific examination of plants, including their structure, growth, reproduction, and classification. Botanists study various aspects of plants, such as their physiology, ecology, and evolution. This field of science helps us understand the importance of plants in our ecosystem, their role in providing food and oxygen, and their potential uses in medicine and agriculture.

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  • 20. 

    The science or branch of biology dealing with animals.

    • A.

      Zoology

    • B.

      Animalism

    • C.

      Botany

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    A. Zoology
    Explanation
    Zoology is the correct answer because it is the science or branch of biology that specifically deals with animals. It focuses on the study of animal behavior, anatomy, physiology, classification, and evolution. Animalism is not a recognized term in the field of biology, botany deals with the study of plants, and sedimentology is the study of sedimentary rocks.

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  • 21. 

    The Bachelor of Science in _________ provides knowledge, skills and relevant experience to students in the fundamentals of surveying and mapping work, geodesy, remote sensing, geographic information systems and oceanography.

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Geomorphology

    • C.

      Geodetic engineering

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    C. Geodetic engineering
    Explanation
    The Bachelor of Science in geodetic engineering provides knowledge, skills, and relevant experience to students in the fundamentals of surveying and mapping work, geodesy, remote sensing, geographic information systems, and oceanography. Geodetic engineering is a field that focuses on the measurement and representation of the Earth's surface and its features. It involves the use of advanced technology and mathematical techniques to accurately determine the shape, size, and position of points on the Earth's surface. This knowledge is essential for various applications such as land surveying, navigation, and mapping.

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  • 22. 

    The study of the characteristics, origin, and development of landforms.

    • A.

      Geology

    • B.

      Geomorphology

    • C.

      Geochemistry

    • D.

      Sedimentology

    Correct Answer
    B. Geomorphology
    Explanation
    Geomorphology is the study of the characteristics, origin, and development of landforms. It focuses on understanding the processes that shape the Earth's surface, such as erosion, weathering, and tectonic activity. Geomorphologists examine the formation of mountains, valleys, rivers, and other land features, and they also investigate how these landforms change over time. This field of study is closely related to geology, but it specifically focuses on the surface features of the Earth. Geochemistry and sedimentology, on the other hand, deal with the chemical composition and deposition of rocks and sediments respectively, and are not directly related to the study of landforms.

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  • 23. 

    The science that deals with the study of soils.

    • A.

      Meteorology

    • B.

      Geomorphology

    • C.

      Pedology

    • D.

      Geology

    Correct Answer
    C. Pedology
    Explanation
    Pedology is the correct answer because it is the branch of science that specifically focuses on the study of soils. This field examines the formation, classification, and mapping of soils, as well as their physical, chemical, and biological properties. Pedologists analyze the processes that shape soils over time and how they interact with the environment. Meteorology is the study of the atmosphere and weather patterns, geomorphology focuses on landforms and their evolution, and geology deals with the study of rocks and the Earth's structure.

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