Final Exam Nursing 102 (Lab Part 1)

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Final Exam Nursing 102 (Lab Part 1) - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A group of therapies used in combination to mobilize pulmonary secretions

    Explanation
    Chest physiotherapy refers to a group of therapies that are used together to mobilize pulmonary secretions. This treatment approach aims to help clear mucus and other secretions from the lungs and airways, improving breathing and preventing complications such as infections. Chest physiotherapy techniques may include postural drainage, percussion, vibration, and breathing exercises. By combining these therapies, chest physiotherapy can effectively promote the clearance of pulmonary secretions and improve respiratory function.

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  • 2. 

    Blood sugar <70 mg/dl

    Explanation
    Hypoglycemia is a condition characterized by low blood sugar levels, specifically below 70 mg/dl. This can occur due to various reasons such as excessive insulin production, certain medications, or underlying health conditions. When blood sugar levels drop too low, it can lead to symptoms like dizziness, confusion, weakness, and even loss of consciousness. Therefore, the answer "hypoglycemia" is correct as it accurately identifies the condition associated with blood sugar levels below 70 mg/dl.

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  • 3. 

    Blood sugar >120 mg/dl

    Explanation
    Hyperglycemia is a condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, typically above 120 mg/dl. This can occur due to various factors such as inadequate insulin production or insulin resistance. When blood sugar levels are consistently elevated, it can lead to symptoms like increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. Long-term hyperglycemia can have serious health consequences, including damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and organs. Therefore, the given answer "hyperglycemia" is correct as it accurately describes the condition of having blood sugar levels above 120 mg/dl.

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  • 4. 

    Excessive thirst

    Explanation
    Polydypsia is a medical term that refers to excessive thirst. It is a condition characterized by an intense and persistent feeling of thirst, leading to the consumption of large amounts of fluids. This can be caused by various factors such as diabetes, certain medications, or hormonal imbalances. Polydypsia is often accompanied by increased urination and can be a symptom of an underlying medical condition.

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  • 5. 

    Servings of milk products per day (8oz per serving)

    Explanation
    The given answer of 3 implies that the recommended daily intake of milk products is 3 servings, with each serving being 8oz. This suggests that consuming 24oz of milk products per day is considered ideal.

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  • 6. 

    Servings of fruits per day

  • 7. 

    Servings of vegtables per day

    Explanation
    The recommended number of servings of vegetables per day is 2-3. This means that it is advised to consume at least 2-3 servings of vegetables daily in order to maintain a balanced and healthy diet. Vegetables are rich in essential vitamins, minerals, and fiber, and consuming an adequate amount can contribute to overall well-being and prevent various diseases.

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  • 8. 

    Servings of breads and cereals per day

    Explanation
    The given answer of 6 represents the recommended number of servings of breads and cereals per day. This suggests that individuals should consume 6 servings of breads and cereals daily to maintain a balanced and healthy diet.

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  • 9. 

    Amount of meat or beans per day

    Explanation
    The correct answer is 51/2 oz because it is the specified amount of meat or beans per day.

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  • 10. 

    Inadequate tissue oxigenation at the cellular level

    Explanation
    Hypoxia refers to inadequate tissue oxygenation at the cellular level. This condition can occur due to various reasons such as reduced oxygen supply, impaired oxygen utilization, or decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. When cells do not receive enough oxygen, their normal metabolic processes are disrupted, leading to cellular dysfunction and potentially organ damage. Therefore, hypoxia accurately describes the condition of inadequate tissue oxygenation at the cellular level.

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  • 11. 

    Major inspiratory muscle of respiration

    Explanation
    The diaphragm is the major inspiratory muscle of respiration. It is a dome-shaped muscle located at the base of the lungs. During inhalation, the diaphragm contracts and moves downward, creating a vacuum that allows air to be drawn into the lungs. This muscle plays a crucial role in the process of breathing and is responsible for the majority of the work involved in inhalation.

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  • 12. 

    Diaphragm is innervated by:

    Explanation
    The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle that plays a crucial role in breathing. It separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities and contracts and relaxes to facilitate inhalation and exhalation. The phrenic nerve is responsible for innervating the diaphragm. It arises from the cervical spine and provides motor and sensory innervation to the diaphragm. When the phrenic nerve is stimulated, it causes the diaphragm to contract, leading to inhalation. Therefore, the phrenic nerve is the correct answer for the innervation of the diaphragm.

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  • 13. 

    Phrenic nerve exits spinal cord at which cervical vertebrae

    Explanation
    The phrenic nerve exits the spinal cord at the fourth cervical vertebrae. This nerve plays a crucial role in controlling the diaphragm, which is the main muscle involved in the process of breathing. The fourth cervical vertebrae, also known as C4, is located in the neck region and is responsible for transmitting signals from the brain to the diaphragm. Damage or impairment to the phrenic nerve can lead to respiratory difficulties and impaired breathing.

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  • 14. 

    Low oxygen level in arterial blood

    Explanation
    Hypoxemia refers to a condition where there is a low level of oxygen in the arterial blood. It occurs when there is a disruption in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs, leading to a decrease in the amount of oxygen reaching the bloodstream. This can be caused by various factors such as lung diseases, respiratory disorders, or a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Hypoxemia can result in symptoms like shortness of breath, confusion, and cyanosis (bluish discoloration of the skin). Treatment involves addressing the underlying cause and providing supplemental oxygen if necessary.

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  • 15. 

    Difficulty breathing while lying down

    Explanation
    Orthopnea is a medical condition characterized by difficulty breathing while lying down. This is due to the increased pressure on the chest and lungs when in a horizontal position. Orthopnea is commonly associated with heart failure, as the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, causing fluid to accumulate in the lungs. This accumulation of fluid makes it harder for the lungs to expand fully, leading to breathing difficulties. Therefore, orthopnea is the correct answer for the given symptom.

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  • 16. 

    Coughing up blood or bloody sputum

    Explanation
    Hemoptysis refers to the act of coughing up blood or bloody sputum. It is a symptom that can be caused by various conditions such as lung infections, bronchitis, tuberculosis, or even lung cancer. The presence of blood in the sputum can indicate damage or irritation in the respiratory system. Therefore, hemoptysis is the correct medical term to describe the act of coughing up blood or bloody sputum.

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  • 17. 

    Difficult or labored breathing

    Explanation
    Dyspnea is a medical term used to describe difficult or labored breathing. It is a symptom that can be caused by various underlying conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, or anxiety. The term dyspnea encompasses a range of breathing difficulties, including shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, or the feeling of not being able to get enough air. It is important to identify the cause of dyspnea in order to provide appropriate treatment and management for the individual experiencing this symptom.

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  • 18. 

    Process of adding water to gas.

    Explanation
    Humidification refers to the process of adding water vapor to a gas, typically to increase its moisture content. This can be done through various methods such as spraying water into the gas stream or passing the gas over a water surface. In the context of the given question, the process of adding water to gas aligns with the definition of humidification.

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  • 19. 

    Process of adding moisture or medication to inspired air by mixing particles with air

    Explanation
    Nebulization is the process of adding moisture or medication to inspired air by mixing particles with air. This technique involves converting liquid medication into a fine mist or aerosol, which can then be inhaled into the lungs. Nebulizers are commonly used to treat respiratory conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). By delivering medication directly to the lungs, nebulization ensures effective and targeted treatment.

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  • 20. 

    Age groups where injuries are the leading cause of death

    Explanation
    Injuries are the leading cause of death in the age groups of infants, toddlers, and preschoolers. This means that within these specific age ranges, injuries are the most common reason for fatalities. It is important to note that this answer is based on the given information and does not include any additional details or statistics.

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  • 21. 

    This age group may engage in risk taking behaviors (drugs, MVA, drowing, alcohol)

    Explanation
    Adolescence is a stage of development characterized by increased risk-taking behaviors. During this period, individuals may engage in activities such as drug use, motor vehicle accidents, drowning, and alcohol consumption. This is often attributed to factors such as peer pressure, curiosity, and a desire for independence. Adolescents may have a limited understanding of the potential consequences of their actions, leading to risky behaviors. It is important for parents, educators, and healthcare professionals to provide guidance and support to help adolescents navigate these challenges and make informed decisions.

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  • 22. 

    Stage of infection when acute symptoms disapear

    Explanation
    Convalescence refers to the stage of infection when acute symptoms disappear. This is the period during which the body gradually recovers and returns to its normal state after being affected by an illness or infection. It is characterized by the restoration of strength, vitality, and overall health. During this stage, the immune system continues to fight any remaining pathogens and the individual may still be contagious to others, albeit to a lesser extent.

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  • 23. 

    Age group that threats are related to lifestyle habbits (drug use, alcohol, stress)

    Explanation
    The age group that threats are related to lifestyle habits such as drug use, alcohol consumption, and stress is the adult age group. This is because adults are more likely to engage in these behaviors compared to younger age groups. Additionally, adults may face more stressors and responsibilities in their daily lives, which can contribute to unhealthy lifestyle habits. Therefore, it is important for adults to be aware of the potential threats associated with these lifestyle habits and take necessary precautions to maintain their health and well-being.

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  • 24. 

    Age group affected by physiological changes, effects of meds, psychological factors, illness & accidents

    Explanation
    Physiological changes, effects of medications, psychological factors, illness, and accidents can all have a significant impact on individuals' health and well-being. Older adults are particularly susceptible to these factors due to the natural aging process, increased likelihood of chronic conditions, and potential side effects of medications. Additionally, psychological factors such as stress and depression can further exacerbate the effects of physiological changes and illnesses. Furthermore, older adults may be more prone to accidents and injuries due to decreased mobility and balance. Overall, older adults are more vulnerable to the various factors mentioned in the question, making them the age group most affected.

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  • 25. 

    Stage of infection when you feel the non-specific symptoms (tired)

    Explanation
    The prodomal stage refers to the initial stage of an infection, where the individual starts experiencing non-specific symptoms such as fatigue. During this stage, the body is fighting off the infection, and the symptoms may not be specific to a particular illness. Therefore, the answer "Prodomal" accurately describes the stage of infection when non-specific symptoms like fatigue are felt.

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  • 26. 

    Stage of infection when client shows S/S (sore throat)

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "illness." This refers to the stage of infection when a client starts to show signs and symptoms of a sore throat. At this stage, the individual may experience discomfort, pain, or irritation in the throat, which can be caused by various factors such as a viral or bacterial infection. It is important to note that this stage indicates that the infection has progressed and the individual is experiencing noticeable symptoms.

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  • 27. 

    This age requires education about safe play and the need for safety protective equipment for sports

    Explanation
    During the school age, children are at a stage where they are more involved in physical activities and sports. They are also more independent and may engage in activities that involve potential risks. Therefore, at this age, it becomes crucial to educate children about safe play and the importance of using safety protective equipment while participating in sports. This helps in preventing injuries and promoting a safer environment for children to engage in physical activities.

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  • 28. 

    Absence of pathogenic microorganisms

    Explanation
    Asepsis refers to the absence of pathogenic microorganisms. It is a state of being free from harmful bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens that can cause infections or diseases. Asepsis is important in medical settings, such as hospitals and clinics, to prevent the spread of infections and maintain a clean and safe environment for patients. By practicing aseptic techniques, healthcare professionals can reduce the risk of contamination and ensure the well-being of individuals under their care.

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  • 29. 

    Stage of infection between entrance of pathogen and appearance of first symptoms

    Explanation
    The stage of infection between the entrance of the pathogen and the appearance of the first symptoms is called incubation. During this period, the pathogen replicates and multiplies within the body, but the person infected does not show any signs or symptoms of the illness yet. The length of the incubation period can vary depending on the specific pathogen and the individual's immune response.

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  • 30. 

    A protective reaction that neutralizes pathogens and repairs body cells

    Explanation
    The inflammatory process is a protective reaction that neutralizes pathogens and repairs body cells. When the body detects an injury or infection, it triggers inflammation as a defense mechanism. This process involves the release of chemicals that increase blood flow to the affected area, causing redness, swelling, and heat. The increased blood flow helps deliver immune cells and nutrients to fight off pathogens and promote tissue repair. Inflammation is a crucial response in the body's immune system and plays a vital role in maintaining overall health and well-being.

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  • 31. 

    Low pitched contineous sounds caused by secretions in the large airway

    Explanation
    Rhonci refers to low-pitched continuous sounds caused by secretions in the large airway. These sounds are typically heard during auscultation of the chest and are indicative of airway obstruction or narrowing. Rhonci can be heard in conditions such as bronchitis, pneumonia, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The presence of rhonci suggests the accumulation of mucus or other secretions in the airways, leading to a partial blockage and creating the characteristic sound.

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  • 32. 

    Fever greater than 105.8 F

    Explanation
    Hyperperexia is a medical condition characterized by an extremely high body temperature, typically greater than 105.8 F. This condition is often associated with severe infections, heat stroke, or adverse reactions to certain medications. Hyperperexia can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. The term "fever greater than 105.8 F" in the question indicates an extremely high body temperature, which aligns with the definition of hyperperexia. Therefore, hyperperexia is the correct answer.

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  • 33. 

    Infection that affects intire body, can be fatal

    Explanation
    The term "systemic" refers to something that affects the entire body. In the context of the given information, a systemic infection is one that spreads throughout the body and can potentially be life-threatening. This term is commonly used in medicine to describe infections or diseases that have widespread effects on various organs and systems within the body.

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  • 34. 

    High pitched contineous musical sound heard on expiration

    Explanation
    Wheeze is a high-pitched continuous musical sound that is heard during expiration. It is typically caused by the narrowing or obstruction of the airways, such as in conditions like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). When the airways become narrowed, air passing through them creates a turbulent flow, resulting in the characteristic wheezing sound. Wheezing can be a sign of respiratory distress and should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.

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  • 35. 

    Discontineous sounds usually heard on inspiration, may be high pitched popping sound or low pitched bubbling sound

    Explanation
    Crackles are discontinuous sounds that are commonly heard on inspiration. They can be described as high-pitched popping sounds or low-pitched bubbling sounds. These sounds are typically heard during the examination of the lungs and can indicate the presence of fluid or mucus in the airways. Crackles are often associated with conditions such as pneumonia, bronchitis, or congestive heart failure.

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  • 36. 

    Average adult pulse

    Explanation
    The average adult pulse refers to the normal range of heartbeats per minute for a healthy adult. In this case, the correct answer is 70-80 bpm, indicating that a typical adult's pulse rate should fall within this range. A pulse rate outside of this range may suggest an abnormality or underlying health condition.

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  • 37. 

    Average new born pulse

    Explanation
    The average pulse rate for a newborn baby is typically between 120 to 160 beats per minute (bpm). This range is considered normal and healthy for infants. A newborn's heart beats faster than an adult's because their bodies are smaller and their cardiovascular system is still developing. As they grow and mature, their pulse rate will gradually decrease. Monitoring the pulse rate is important to ensure the baby's heart is functioning properly and to detect any potential health issues.

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  • 38. 

    Average infant pulse

    Explanation
    The average infant pulse refers to the normal range of heartbeats per minute for infants, which is 100-120 bpm. This range indicates a healthy heart rate for infants, ensuring that their circulatory system is functioning properly. It is important to monitor an infant's pulse rate as any significant deviation from this range may indicate an underlying health issue that requires medical attention.

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  • 39. 

    WBC count

    Explanation
    The normal range for white blood cell (WBC) count is typically between 5,000 and 10,000 cells per microliter of blood. This range is considered normal because it indicates a healthy immune system. WBCs are an essential part of the body's defense against infections and diseases. If the WBC count is below 5,000, it may indicate a weakened immune system, while a count above 10,000 could suggest an ongoing infection or inflammation. Therefore, the range of 5,000-10,000 is considered normal for a healthy individual.

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  • 40. 

    Temp greater than 100.4 F

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "pyrexia" because it is a medical term used to describe a condition where the body temperature is higher than normal, specifically when it exceeds 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Pyrexia is commonly known as fever and is often a symptom of an underlying illness or infection.

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  • 41. 

    Lying on back

    Explanation
    The term "supine" refers to the position of lying on one's back with the face and torso facing upward. This position is often used in medical contexts, such as during physical examinations or surgeries. The word "supine" accurately describes the given phrase "lying on back," making it the correct answer.

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  • 42. 

    Lying face down

    Explanation
    The term "prone" refers to the position of lying face down. This means that the correct answer for the question is "prone."

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  • 43. 

    The wave that begins when th left ventrical contracts & ends when ventricle relaxes

    Explanation
    The correct answer is pulse because the pulse refers to the wave of pressure that is created when the left ventricle of the heart contracts and pumps blood into the arteries. This wave travels through the arteries and can be felt as a throbbing sensation in various parts of the body, such as the wrist or neck. The pulse is a direct result of the heart's pumping action and provides important information about a person's heart rate and rhythm.

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  • 44. 

    Breathing >20 bpm

    Explanation
    Tachypnea refers to an increased respiratory rate, typically greater than 20 breaths per minute. This can be caused by various factors such as anxiety, fever, respiratory infections, or certain medical conditions. Tachypnea is the correct answer because it accurately describes the condition of breathing at a rate higher than the normal range.

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  • 45. 

    Hyperthermia is when core temp drops below

  • 46. 

    How long should you wait to take oral temp. when pt. has been eating, drinking, chewing gum or smoking

    Explanation
    When a patient has been eating, drinking, chewing gum, or smoking, it is important to wait for 15-30 minutes before taking their oral temperature. This is because these activities can temporarily affect the temperature readings in the mouth. Waiting for this duration allows the mouth to return to its normal temperature, providing a more accurate reading.

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  • 47. 

    Pulse less than 60 bpm

    Explanation
    The term "bradypnea" refers to a condition characterized by an abnormally slow breathing rate. In this case, the clue "pulse less than 60 bpm" suggests that the person's heart rate is slow, which can lead to a decreased respiratory rate. Therefore, the correct answer is "bradypnea."

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  • 48. 

    Pulse rate greater than 100 bpm

    Explanation
    Tachycardia refers to a condition where the pulse rate exceeds the normal range of 60-100 beats per minute. In this case, the given information states that the pulse rate is greater than 100 bpm, indicating tachycardia. Tachycardia can be caused by various factors such as stress, anxiety, physical exertion, certain medications, or underlying medical conditions. It is important to monitor and manage tachycardia as it can lead to symptoms like dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, and in severe cases, can even pose a risk to the individual's health.

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  • 49. 

    Cessation of breathing

    Explanation
    Apnea refers to the cessation or temporary pause in breathing. It is a condition characterized by the absence of airflow through the nose or mouth for a certain period of time. This interruption in breathing can occur during sleep (known as sleep apnea) or during waking hours (known as central apnea). The term "cessation of breathing" is synonymous with apnea, as it accurately describes the condition where breathing stops temporarily. Therefore, the given answer, apnea, is correct.

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  • 50. 

    Systolic BP less than 90

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "hypotension" because systolic blood pressure (BP) less than 90 is considered low and falls within the range of hypotension. Hypotension is a medical condition characterized by abnormally low blood pressure, which can lead to symptoms such as dizziness, fainting, and fatigue.

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