Bone Tissue Trivia Questions: Quiz!

51 Questions | Total Attempts: 3610

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Bone Tissue Trivia Questions: Quiz!

Bone tissue is a mineralized connective tissue, which employs important functions in the body, such as support and safeguard of other tissues and mineral storage. Bone is a fragile structure depending on the different loading grades, and it depends on the mineral content that also strengthens the bone. Collagen provides the bone with elasticity. No bones about it; this quiz about bone tissue is for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bone consists of these issues:
    • A. 

      Bone or osseous tissue, mesothelium, dense connective tissue, epithelium, adipose tissue, and nervous tissue.

    • B. 

      Bone or osseous tissue, cartilage, dense connective tissue, epithelium, adipose tissue, and nervous tissue.

    • C. 

      Bone or osseous tissue, cartilage, dense connective tissue, keratinized stratified squamous epithelium, adipose tissue, and nervous tissue.

    • D. 

      Bone or osseous tissue, cartilage, dense connective tissue, epithelium, adipose tissue, and nervous tissue.

  • 2. 
    While histology is the study of tissues, osteology is the study of bone structure and the treatment of bone disorders.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    What are the functions of bone?
    • A. 

      Support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, adipose tissue production.

    • B. 

      Support, protection, cartilage production, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, triglyceride storage.

    • C. 

      Support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, glucose storage.

    • D. 

      Support, protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, triglyceride storage.

  • 4. 
    Consists of developing blood cells, adipocytes, fibroblasts, and macrophages:
    • A. 

      Osteoblasts

    • B. 

      Red bone marrow

    • C. 

      Spongy bone tissue

    • D. 

      Yellow bone marrow

  • 5. 
    The epiphyseal plate is a thin layer of cartilage covering the epiphysis*
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Bone's shaft or body of a bone; the long cylindrical main portion of the bone is:
    • A. 

      Epiphysis

    • B. 

      Endosteum

    • C. 

      Disphysis

    • D. 

      Articular cartilage

  • 7. 
    The distal or proximal ends of the bone are:
    • A. 

      Medullary

    • B. 

      Periosteum

    • C. 

      Diphysis

    • D. 

      Epiphysis

  • 8. 
    Thin layer of hyaline cartilage covering the epiphysis where the bone forms an articulation (joint) with another bone is:
    • A. 

      Medullary

    • B. 

      Epiphysis

    • C. 

      Articular cartilage

    • D. 

      Periosteum

  • 9. 
    A tough sheath of dense irregular connective tissue that surrounds the bone surface wherever it is not covered by articular cartilage. It functions in bone growth, assists in fracture repair, protects the bone, helps nourish bone tissue, and serves as an attachment site for tendons and ligaments and is called:
    • A. 

      Periosteum

    • B. 

      Metaphysis

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Medullary

  • 10. 
    The space within the diaphysis that contains fatty yellow bone marrow in adults is the marrow cavity or the:
    • A. 

      Diaphysis

    • B. 

      Medullary

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Epiphysis

  • 11. 
    A thin membrane that lines the medullary cavity, contains a single layer of bone forming cells, and a small amount of connective tissue is:
    • A. 

      Endosteum

    • B. 

      Metaphysis

    • C. 

      Articular cartilage

    • D. 

      Periosteum

  • 12. 
    Bone tissue, like other connective tissues, contains an abundant matrix of intercellular materials that surround widely separated cells. Unlike other connective tissues, the matrix of bone is very hard.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    The hardness of bone results from the presence of inorganic mineral salts, mainly:
    • A. 

      Lacunae

    • B. 

      Hydroxyapatite

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Canaliculi

  • 14. 
    Despite its hardness, bone is also flexible, a characteristic that enables it to resist various forces. The flexibility of bone depends upon its collagen fibers. Collagen fibers compose about 50% of the weight of bone. The remaining 50% of the bone matrix is water.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The cells in bone tissue include:
    • A. 

      Osteogenic cells, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and articular cartilage.

    • B. 

      Osteogenic cells, osteoblasts, lacunae, and osteoclasts.

    • C. 

      Osteogenic cells, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts.

    • D. 

      Osteology, osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts.

  • 16. 
    Unspecialized stem cells that are derived from mesenchyme, the tissue from which almost all connective tissues are formed. They are the only bone cells to undergo cell divisions; the resulting cells develop into osteoblasts are called:
    • A. 

      Osteoclasts

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts

    • D. 

      Osteogenic cells

  • 17. 
    Bone building cells that synthesize and secrete collagen fibers and other organic components needed to build the extracellular matrix of bone tissue, and initiate calcification are:
    • A. 

      Osteogenic cells

    • B. 

      Osteoblasts

    • C. 

      Osteocytes

    • D. 

      Osteoclasts

  • 18. 
    Mature bone cells that are the main cells in the bone tissue and maintain it's daily metabolism, such as the exchange of nutrients and wastes with the blood are:
    • A. 

      Osteocytes

    • B. 

      Osteoclasts

    • C. 

      Osteoblasts

    • D. 

      Osteogenic cells

  • 19. 
    Depending on the size and distribution of spaces between it's hard components, the regions of a bone may be categorized as compact or spongy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Bone tissue that contains few spaces and forms the external layer of all bones of the body and the bulk of the diaphysis of long bones is:
    • A. 

      Osteons

    • B. 

      Spongy bone tissue

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Compact bone tissue

  • 21. 
    Compact bone tissue contains red bone marrow.*
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Compact bone tissue is arranged in microscopic units called ________ or haversian systems.
    • A. 

      Hydroxyapatite

    • B. 

      Osteons

    • C. 

      Endosteum

    • D. 

      Trabeculae

  • 23. 
    Bone tissue which contains many large spaces, composes most of the bone tissue of short, flat, and irregulary shaped bones and most of the epiphysis of long bones is:
    • A. 

      Compact bone tissue

    • B. 

      Osteons

    • C. 

      Spongy bone tissue

    • D. 

      Endosteum

  • 24. 
    An irregular latticework of thin columns of bone that are microscopic units of spongy bone tissue:
    • A. 

      Hydroxyapatite

    • B. 

      Haversian systems

    • C. 

      Trabeculae

    • D. 

      Concentric lamellae

  • 25. 
    Circular canal in the center of an osteon (haversian system) that runs longitudinally through the bone; the canal contains blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves is a
    • A. 

      Central (haversian) canal

    • B. 

      Concentric Lamellae

    • C. 

      Lacunae

    • D. 

      Canaliculi

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