Chapter 6: Bone Tissue

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Chapter 6: Bone Tissue - Quiz

Present in every vertebrate animal, the bone tissue is one aspect of the body that assists in rigidity, motor function, and body movement. The bones are known as an indispensable part featured in the human body.
What do you know about the bone tissue? Let our quiz help you find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the hard outer layer of the bone tissue known as? 

    • A.

      Compact Bone      

    • B.

      Cardinal Bone  

    • C.

      Cortical Bone  

    • D.

      Crip Bone

    Correct Answer
    C. Cortical Bone  
    Explanation
    The hard outer layer of bone tissue is known as cortical bone. This layer is dense and provides strength and protection to the bone. Compact bone refers to the dense, hard layer of bone tissue found beneath the periosteum. Cardinal bone and crip bone are not recognized terms in relation to bone anatomy.

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  • 2. 

    What is the hard exterior of the bone called? 

    • A.

      Cornwall

    • B.

      Wall

    • C.

      Cortex

    • D.

      Crip

    Correct Answer
    C. Cortex
    Explanation
    The hard exterior of the bone is called the cortex.

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  • 3. 

    What part gives the bone a smooth, white, and solid appearance? 

    • A.

      Compact Bone      

    • B.

      Cardinal Bone  

    • C.

      Cortical Bone  

    • D.

      Crip Bone

    Correct Answer
    C. Cortical Bone  
    Explanation
    Cortical bone gives the bone a smooth, white, and solid appearance. Cortical bone, also known as compact bone, is the dense outer layer of bone that provides strength and protection. It is composed of tightly packed layers of bone tissue, which gives it a smooth and solid appearance. This type of bone is found in the shafts of long bones and the outer layers of all bones in the body.

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  • 4. 

    How many percent does the cortical bone hold of the total bone mass of an adult human skeleton? 

    • A.

      50

    • B.

      60

    • C.

      80

    • D.

      90

    Correct Answer
    C. 80
    Explanation
    The cortical bone holds approximately 80% of the total bone mass in an adult human skeleton. This type of bone is dense and compact, forming the outer layer of the bone. It provides strength, support, and protection to the skeleton. The remaining 20% of the bone mass is made up of trabecular bone, which is spongy and found at the ends of long bones and in the vertebrae.

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  • 5. 

    What is the multiple microscopic columns of a bone called? 

    • A.

      Collage

    • B.

      Neurogenics

    • C.

      Osteon

    • D.

      Capper

    Correct Answer
    C. Osteon
    Explanation
    An osteon is the correct answer because it refers to the multiple microscopic columns found in a bone. These columns are arranged in a circular pattern and are responsible for providing strength and support to the bone structure. Each osteon consists of concentric layers of bone tissue called lamellae, which surround a central canal that contains blood vessels and nerves. The osteons work together to form the compact bone, giving it its characteristic strength and resilience.

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  • 6. 

    What is the cancellous bone also called? 

    • A.

      Spongy Bone    

    • B.

      Soapy Bone 

    • C.

      Sapey Bone  

    • D.

      Sappy Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Spongy Bone    
    Explanation
    The cancellous bone is also called spongy bone. This type of bone tissue has a porous and honeycomb-like structure, with small spaces filled with bone marrow. It is found at the ends of long bones, in the pelvic bones, ribs, and in the vertebrae. The spongy bone provides structural support and helps to reduce the weight of the skeleton.

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  • 7. 

    What is the trabecular bone also called? 

    • A.

      Spongy Bone    

    • B.

      Soapy Bone 

    • C.

      Sapey Bone  

    • D.

      Sappy Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Spongy Bone    
    Explanation
    Trabecular bone is also known as spongy bone. It is a type of bone tissue that is found at the ends of long bones, in the vertebrae, and in the flat bones of the skull. It has a porous and honeycomb-like structure, with interconnected spaces filled with bone marrow. This type of bone provides support and strength to the skeleton while also allowing for flexibility and shock absorption.

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  • 8. 

    Which of these is the internal tissue of the skeletal bone? 

    • A.

      Spongy Bone    

    • B.

      Soapy Bone 

    • C.

      Sapey Bone  

    • D.

      Sappy Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Spongy Bone    
    Explanation
    Spongy bone is the correct answer because it is the internal tissue of the skeletal bone. Spongy bone, also known as cancellous bone, is found at the ends of long bones and inside the vertebrae. It has a spongy or porous structure, with trabeculae forming a network of spaces filled with bone marrow. This type of bone tissue provides support and strength to the bone while also allowing for the storage of bone marrow, which produces blood cells.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is an open cell porous network? 

    • A.

      Spongy Bone    

    • B.

      Soapy Bone 

    • C.

      Sapey Bone  

    • D.

      Sappy Bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Spongy Bone    
    Explanation
    Spongy bone is an open cell porous network because it has a lattice-like structure with numerous spaces filled with bone marrow. These spaces allow for the exchange of nutrients, gases, and waste products between the blood vessels and bone cells. This porous network also provides flexibility and reduces the overall weight of the bone while maintaining its strength.

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  • 10. 

    What is the production of blood cells in the bone tissue known as? 

    • A.

      Hematopoiesis

    • B.

      Cordoba

    • C.

      Litmus

    • D.

      Haemorrhage

    Correct Answer
    A. Hematopoiesis
    Explanation
    Hematopoiesis is the correct answer because it refers to the process of blood cell production in the bone tissue. This process involves the differentiation and proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells into various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Hematopoiesis occurs primarily in the bone marrow, although it can also occur in other organs during certain conditions.

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