Evolution Unit Post-assessment (Grade 7)

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Tagscience
T
Tagscience
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 46 | Total Attempts: 17,246
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 167

SettingsSettingsSettings
Evolution Quizzes & Trivia

Evolution Unit Post-Assessment (Grade 7)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

      Which statement best describes evolution (Standard 3.1a)?

    • A.

      Evolution is a predictable change from simple to complex organisms.

    • B.

      Evolution is a process of change through time.

    • C.

      Evolution often proceeds from complex to simpler organisms.

    • D.

      Evolution causes organisms to develop characteristics they need.

    • E.

      Evolution explains how monkeys transformed into humans.

    Correct Answer
    B. Evolution is a process of change through time.
    Explanation
    Evolution is a process of change through time. This statement best describes evolution because it acknowledges that evolution is a gradual process that occurs over time. It does not imply a specific direction or pattern of change, such as from simple to complex organisms or from complex to simpler organisms. It also does not suggest that evolution is driven by the development of characteristics that organisms need or that it explains how monkeys transformed into humans. Instead, it simply states that evolution is a process of change that occurs over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

      Variations within species are most likely the result of (Standard 3.1 b).

    • A.

      Mutations and sexual reproduction

    • B.

      Mitosis and asexual reproduction

    • C.

      Overpopulation and recombination

    • D.

      Synapsis and disjunction

    • E.

      Genetic engineering and gene therapy

    Correct Answer
    A. Mutations and sexual reproduction
    Explanation
    Variations within species are most likely the result of mutations and sexual reproduction. Mutations are random changes in the DNA sequence that can lead to new traits and genetic variations within a population. Sexual reproduction, on the other hand, involves the combination of genetic material from two parents, resulting in offspring with a unique combination of traits. Therefore, both mutations and sexual reproduction contribute to the variation observed within a species.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

      Mutations are considered a basis for evolution because they (Standard 3.1c).

    • A.

      Result in variation among organisms

    • B.

      Occur in body cells instead of egg or sperms

    • C.

      Are important unless the environment changes

    • D.

      Survive only if beneficial

    • E.

      They are created by mutagens

    Correct Answer
    A. Result in variation among organisms
    Explanation
    Mutations are considered a basis for evolution because they result in variation among organisms. Mutations are changes in the DNA sequence of an organism, which can lead to new traits or characteristics. These variations can be beneficial, neutral, or harmful to an organism. When beneficial mutations occur, they can provide an advantage to the organism in its environment, increasing its chances of survival and reproduction. Over time, these advantageous traits can become more common in a population, leading to evolution. Therefore, mutations are important for introducing genetic diversity and driving the process of natural selection.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

      Mutations are (Standard 3.1d):

    • A.

      Random chance events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in gametes

    • B.

      Nonrandom events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in gametes

    • C.

      Random chance events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in somatic cells

    • D.

      Nonrandom events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in somatic cells

    • E.

      Nonrandom events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in both gametes and somatic cells

    Correct Answer
    A. Random chance events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in gametes
    Explanation
    Mutations are random chance events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in gametes. This means that mutations can happen randomly during the formation of gametes (sperm and egg cells) and if these mutations are present in the gametes, they can be inherited by the offspring. Mutations that occur in somatic cells, which are all other cells in the body except for the gametes, are not passed on to offspring. Therefore, the correct answer is that mutations are random chance events that can be passed on to offspring if they occur in gametes.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

      Which statement best explains the decreased effectiveness of an insecticide (Standard 3.1e)?

    • A.

      The insecticide caused mutations that resulted in immunity in the mosquito.

    • B.

      Mosquitoes resistant to the insecticide lived and produced offspring.

    • C.

      The insecticide reacted chemically with the DNA of the mosquitoes and was destroyed.

    • D.

      All of the mosquitoes produced antibodies that activated the insecticide.

    • E.

      As the mosquitoes grew older, they quickly evolved resistance to the insecticide.

    Correct Answer
    B. Mosquitoes resistant to the insecticide lived and produced offspring.
    Explanation
    The decreased effectiveness of the insecticide can be best explained by the fact that mosquitoes resistant to the insecticide survived and were able to pass on their resistance to their offspring. This suggests that the population of mosquitoes gradually developed immunity to the insecticide over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

      Charles Darwin proposed that organism produce many more offspring than can possibly survive on the limited amount of resources available to them.  According to Darwin, the offspring that are most likely to survive are those that (Standard 3.1f):

    • A.

      Are born first and grow fastest

    • B.

      Mutate faster

    • C.

      Are largest and most aggressive

    • D.

      Have no natural predators

    • E.

      Are best adapted to the environment

    Correct Answer
    E. Are best adapted to the environment
    Explanation
    Charles Darwin proposed that organisms produce many more offspring than can possibly survive on the limited amount of resources available to them. According to Darwin, the offspring that are most likely to survive are those that are best adapted to the environment. This means that they have inherited traits and characteristics that allow them to better compete for resources, avoid predators, and thrive in their specific environment. Being well adapted increases their chances of survival and reproductive success, ensuring that their genes are passed on to future generations.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

      Which of the following factors increases the likelihood that at least some members of a species will survive under changed environmental conditions (Standard 3.1h)?

    • A.

      A population of at least 10,000 organisms

    • B.

      A slow mutation rate

    • C.

      Parents that care for their young

    • D.

      Interspecies competition

    • E.

      Variation of organisms within the species

    Correct Answer
    E. Variation of organisms within the species
    Explanation
    Variation of organisms within the species increases the likelihood that at least some members of the species will survive under changed environmental conditions. This is because variation allows for a wider range of traits and adaptations within the population, increasing the chances that some individuals will possess traits that are beneficial in the new environment. This variation can arise through genetic mutations, genetic recombination during reproduction, or genetic drift. Overall, having variation within a species increases its ability to adapt and survive in changing environments.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

      Some behaviors such as mating and caring for young are genetically determined in certain species of birds.  The presence of these behaviors is most likely due to the fact that  (Standard 3.1i)

    • A.

      Birds do not have the ability to learn

    • B.

      Individual birds need to learn to survive and reproduce

    • C.

      These behaviors helped birds to survive in the past

    • D.

      Within their lifetimes, birds developed these behaviors

    • E.

      These behaviors were taught to them by their parents

    Correct Answer
    C. These behaviors helped birds to survive in the past
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the presence of genetically determined behaviors in certain species of birds is most likely due to the fact that these behaviors helped birds to survive in the past. This implies that these behaviors have been naturally selected over time because they provided an advantage for survival and reproduction.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

      The theory that evolutionary change is slow and continuous is known as(Standard 3.1l)

    • A.

      Punctuated equilibrium

    • B.

      Gradualism

    • C.

      Speciation

    • D.

      Geographic isolation

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Gradualism
    Explanation
    Gradualism is the theory that evolutionary change occurs slowly and continuously over long periods of time. This theory suggests that species gradually change and adapt to their environment through small, incremental changes over generations. It contrasts with punctuated equilibrium, which proposes that evolutionary change occurs in rapid bursts followed by long periods of stability. Speciation refers to the formation of new species, while geographic isolation refers to the physical separation of populations, leading to the development of new species. Therefore, the correct answer is gradualism, as it encompasses the idea of slow and continuous evolutionary change.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The diagram below shows a comparison of nitrogen base sequences in the DNA of some organisms to those of a human.  According to this diagram humans may be most closely related to the (Standard 3.1 k)?

    • A.

      Gorilla

    • B.

      Chimpanzee

    • C.

      Ancestral primate

    • D.

      Orangutan

    • E.

      Gorilla and orangutan combined

    Correct Answer
    B. Chimpanzee
    Explanation
    The correct answer is chimpanzee. The diagram shows a comparison of nitrogen base sequences in the DNA of different organisms. Humans are most closely related to chimpanzees based on the similarity of their DNA sequences.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

      Rate, on a scale of 1-4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you already know about evolution.

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
  • 12. 

      Rate, on a scale of 1-4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested you are in evolution.

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    The answer to this question is a list of all the options, which are 1, 2, 3, and 4. This suggests that the question is asking for the respondent's level of interest in evolution on a scale of 1 to 4, with 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest. The respondent is expected to choose one of these options based on their personal level of interest in the topic.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 22, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Tagscience
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.