Eu Law Exam

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Eu Law Exam - Quiz

Revision for European Union Law


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How many countries are part of the European Union?

    • A.

      27

    • B.

      29

    • C.

      31

    • D.

      25

    Correct Answer
    A. 27
    Explanation
    There are currently 27 countries that are part of the European Union. These countries have joined the EU through a process of accession, which involves meeting certain criteria and obligations set by the EU. The EU aims to promote economic and political integration among its member states, and the number of countries in the EU has expanded over time as more countries have joined.

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  • 2. 

    What was the vision of the European Economic Community (EEC)?

    • A.

      Countries who trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict

    • B.

      Countries who trade with one another and become economically interdependent for financial gain

    • C.

      Countries who allow citizens of other member states to move freely within their country will earn a higher economic status

    • D.

      Countries allow people and goods to flow freely in and out the country in order improve the economy

    Correct Answer
    A. Countries who trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict
    Explanation
    The vision of the European Economic Community (EEC) was that countries who trade with one another become economically interdependent and are therefore more likely to avoid conflict. This implies that by promoting economic cooperation and integration among member states, the EEC aimed to foster peace and stability in Europe.

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  • 3. 

    Which countries initially become part of the EEC in 1958?

    • A.

      Belgium

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Italy

    • E.

      Luxembourg

    • F.

      Netherlands

    • G.

      United Kingdom

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Belgium
    B. Germany
    C. France
    D. Italy
    E. Luxembourg
    F. Netherlands
    Explanation
    The countries that initially became part of the EEC in 1958 were Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. These six countries were the founding members of the European Economic Community, which aimed to promote economic integration and cooperation among its member states. The EEC later evolved into the European Union, with more countries joining over time.

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  • 4. 

    The EEC is now know as the:

    • A.

      EU

    • B.

      TFEU

    • C.

      EEC

    • D.

      TEU

    Correct Answer
    A. EU
    Explanation
    The correct answer is EU. The EEC, which stands for European Economic Community, is now known as the European Union (EU). The EU is a political and economic union of 27 member states located primarily in Europe. It was established with the aim of promoting peace, stability, and economic prosperity among its member countries. The EU has evolved over time and has expanded its scope beyond just economic cooperation to include areas such as foreign policy, security, and social policies.

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  • 5. 

    The EU is based on the rule of law.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The EU is based on the rule of law because it is a supranational organization that operates under a legal framework. The EU treaties establish the legal foundation for its functioning, and all EU institutions and member states are bound by these laws. The rule of law ensures that decisions and actions within the EU are guided by legal principles, promoting fairness, accountability, and the protection of individual rights. It also allows for the resolution of disputes through legal mechanisms and upholds the principle that no one is above the law.

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  • 6. 

    In regards the EU, which statement is true?

    • A.

      Everything it does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by all member countries

    • B.

      Everything it does is founded on common law, voluntarily and democratically agreed by all member countries

    • C.

      Everything it does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by most member countries

    • D.

      Everything it does is founded on treaties, involuntarily and democratically agreed by the majority of member states

    Correct Answer
    A. Everything it does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by all member countries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that everything the EU does is founded on treaties, voluntarily and democratically agreed by all member countries. This means that the EU's actions and decisions are based on legally binding agreements that have been willingly and democratically accepted by all of its member states. These treaties serve as the foundation for the EU's policies, laws, and regulations, ensuring that they are collectively agreed upon and uphold the principles of democracy and voluntary cooperation among member countries.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following are core values of the EU?

    • A.

      Human dignity

    • B.

      Freedom

    • C.

      Democracy

    • D.

      Equality

    • E.

      The rule of law

    • F.

      Respect for human rights

    • G.

      Animal welfare

    • H.

      Environmental efficiency

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Human dignity
    B. Freedom
    C. Democracy
    D. Equality
    E. The rule of law
    F. Respect for human rights
    Explanation
    The core values of the EU include human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law, and respect for human rights. These values form the foundation of the EU's principles and guide its policies and actions. They reflect the EU's commitment to protecting and promoting the rights and well-being of its citizens, as well as upholding democratic principles and the rule of law. Animal welfare and environmental efficiency, while important, are not explicitly mentioned as core values of the EU.

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  • 8. 

    In which document will you find the core values of the EU?

    • A.

      Charter of Fundamental Rights

    • B.

      Treaty of Rome

    • C.

      Maastricht Treaty

    • D.

      The Human Rights Act

    Correct Answer
    A. Charter of Fundamental Rights
    Explanation
    The core values of the EU can be found in the Charter of Fundamental Rights. This document outlines the fundamental rights and principles that the EU is committed to upholding, including human dignity, freedom, equality, solidarity, and respect for human rights. It serves as a reference point for the EU's policies and actions, ensuring that these values are protected and promoted throughout the member states. The Treaty of Rome and Maastricht Treaty are important EU treaties, but they do not specifically address the core values of the EU. The Human Rights Act is a domestic legislation in the UK and is not directly related to the EU's core values.

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  • 9. 

    The EU institutions are not legally bound to uphold the core values, it is just frowned upon if they do not.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The EU institutions are legally bound to uphold the core values. It is not just frowned upon if they do not, but rather a requirement for them to adhere to these values.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following are correct in relation to the single market of the EU?

    • A.

      It enables all goods, services, money and people to move freely

    • B.

      It enables most goods, services, money and people to move freely

    • C.

      It is the EU's main economic engine

    • D.

      It is the original reason the EU was formed

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. It enables most goods, services, money and people to move freely
    C. It is the EU's main economic engine
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the single market of the EU enables most goods, services, money, and people to move freely. This means that there are some restrictions or limitations on the movement of these elements within the single market. Additionally, it states that the single market is the EU's main economic engine, indicating that it plays a significant role in driving economic activity within the EU.

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  • 11. 

    Which treaty founded the EEC?

    • A.

      Treaty of Rome

    • B.

      Treaty of Lisbon

    • C.

      Maastricht Treaty

    • D.

      Treaty of Nice

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Rome
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Rome is the correct answer because it was the treaty that established the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1957. The EEC was created to promote economic integration and cooperation among its member states. The treaty laid the foundation for the establishment of a common market and the free movement of goods, services, capital, and people within the EEC. It also established common policies in areas such as agriculture and competition. The Treaty of Rome was a significant step towards European integration and paved the way for the formation of the European Union.

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  • 12. 

    Members of the EU Parliament are directly elected by voters in the EU.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Members of the EU Parliament are directly elected by voters in the EU. This means that citizens of EU member countries have the opportunity to vote for their representatives in the EU Parliament. The EU Parliament is composed of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) who are elected through a proportional representation system. This system ensures that the number of MEPs from each country is in proportion to its population. Therefore, the statement is true as the EU Parliament is directly elected by voters.

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  • 13. 

    How often are members of the EU Parliament elected by EU voters?

    • A.

      Every 3 years

    • B.

      Every 5 years

    • C.

      Every year

    • D.

      Every 10 years

    Correct Answer
    B. Every 5 years
    Explanation
    Members of the EU Parliament are elected by EU voters every 5 years. This ensures that there is a regular turnover of representatives and allows for democratic accountability. It also provides stability and continuity in the functioning of the EU Parliament, as members have a fixed term in office before facing re-election. This periodicity allows voters to assess the performance of their representatives and make informed choices during elections.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following are main law-making institutions in the EU?

    • A.

      The European Parliament

    • B.

      The Council of the European Union (The Council)

    • C.

      The European Judiciary

    • D.

      The Government

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The European Parliament
    B. The Council of the European Union (The Council)
    Explanation
    The European Parliament and the Council of the European Union (The Council) are the main law-making institutions in the EU. The European Parliament is directly elected by EU citizens and represents their interests, while The Council represents the governments of EU member states. These two institutions work together to propose, amend, and adopt EU laws, ensuring democratic decision-making and representation of both citizens and member states. The European Judiciary, although an important institution in the EU, is responsible for interpreting and applying EU law rather than making it. The Government is not specifically mentioned as a main law-making institution in the EU.

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  • 15. 

    The European Parliament works with the Council to decide on the content of EU laws and officially adopt them.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The European Parliament collaborates with the Council to determine the substance of European Union (EU) laws and formally approve them. This means that both institutions work together to shape and finalize EU legislation. The European Parliament, as the directly elected legislative body of the EU, plays a crucial role in this process by representing the interests of EU citizens and providing democratic legitimacy to the decision-making process. The Council, on the other hand, represents the governments of EU member states. Together, they ensure the adoption of EU laws that reflect the interests and concerns of both the citizens and the member states.

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  • 16. 

    Which Treaty gives the European Parliament more influence over EU law-making?

    • A.

      Treaty of Lisbon

    • B.

      Treaty of Rome

    • C.

      Treaty of Nice

    • D.

      Treaty of Amsterdam

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Lisbon
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Lisbon gives the European Parliament more influence over EU law-making. This treaty, which was signed in 2007 and entered into force in 2009, strengthened the powers of the European Parliament by expanding its role in the legislative process. It increased the Parliament's co-decision powers, allowing it to have equal decision-making authority with the Council of the European Union in many policy areas. This means that the Parliament has more influence in shaping EU legislation and policies, making the Treaty of Lisbon the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    If a new country wants to join the EU it does not need the permission of the European Parliament.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In order for a new country to join the EU, it does require the permission of the European Parliament. The European Parliament plays a crucial role in the decision-making process for admitting new member states. It has the power to approve or reject the accession of a new country into the EU. Therefore, the statement that a new country does not need the permission of the European Parliament is false.

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  • 18. 

    How many members of the Commission are there?

    • A.

      25

    • B.

      27

    • C.

      29

    • D.

      31

    Correct Answer
    B. 27
    Explanation
    There are 27 members in the Commission.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following are roles of the European Parliament?

    • A.

      Ordinary Legislative Procedure

    • B.

      Democratic Supervision

    • C.

      Supervising the budget

    • D.

      Arranging the signings of current Treaties by member states

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ordinary Legislative Procedure
    B. Democratic Supervision
    C. Supervising the budget
    Explanation
    The European Parliament has several roles, including the Ordinary Legislative Procedure, which involves the parliament's participation in the decision-making process for new laws. Democratic Supervision refers to the parliament's oversight of the European Commission and other EU institutions to ensure accountability and transparency. Additionally, the parliament is responsible for Supervising the budget, ensuring that EU funds are allocated and spent properly. Arranging the signings of current Treaties by member states, however, is not a role of the European Parliament.

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  • 20. 

    Under the Lisbon Treaty the number of Members of European Parliament (MEPs) from each member state is in proportion to its population. What is the minimum and maximum number of MEPs for each country?

    • A.

      Min - 9. Max - 99

    • B.

      Min - 6. Max - 96

    • C.

      Min - 3. Max - 83

    • D.

      Min 10. Max - 110

    Correct Answer
    B. Min - 6. Max - 96
    Explanation
    Under the Lisbon Treaty, the number of Members of European Parliament (MEPs) from each member state is determined based on the country's population. The minimum number of MEPs for each country is 6, while the maximum number is 96. This means that smaller countries with lower populations will have a minimum representation of 6 MEPs, while larger countries with higher populations can have up to 96 MEPs. This proportional representation ensures that each country has a fair and balanced voice in the European Parliament.

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  • 21. 

    European Council meetings are essentially summits where EU leaders meet to decide on what?

    • A.

      Broad political priorities

    • B.

      Major initiatives

    • C.

      New legislation

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Broad political priorities
    B. Major initiatives
    Explanation
    European Council meetings are essentially summits where EU leaders meet to discuss and determine broad political priorities and major initiatives. These meetings serve as platforms for leaders to come together and establish the main goals and directions for the European Union. They discuss and make decisions on issues such as economic policies, foreign relations, security, and other key areas that require coordination and cooperation among member states. While new legislation may be a part of the discussions, the primary focus is on setting the overall political agenda and strategic direction for the EU.

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  • 22. 

    How often do the European Council meet?

    • A.

      4 times per year

    • B.

      2 times per year

    • C.

      Once a year

    • D.

      Once every 5 years

    Correct Answer
    A. 4 times per year
    Explanation
    The European Council meets four times per year. This allows for regular discussions and decision-making among the leaders of the European Union member states. The frequency of the meetings ensures that important issues can be addressed in a timely manner and allows for the coordination of policies and strategies at the European level. By meeting four times per year, the European Council can effectively fulfill its role as the highest political authority in the EU and provide guidance and direction for the Union's overall agenda.

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  • 23. 

    The European Council is in charge of setting the EU's general political direction and priorities.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The European Council is indeed responsible for setting the EU's general political direction and priorities. As an institution of the European Union, it consists of the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission. The European Council meets regularly to discuss and make decisions on important issues and policies, shaping the overall direction of the EU. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 24. 

    The European Council has the power to pass laws.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The European Council does not have the power to pass laws. The European Council is an institution of the European Union that consists of the heads of state or government of EU member states. Its main role is to provide political guidance and set the overall direction and priorities of the EU. However, the power to pass laws lies with the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, not the European Council.

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  • 25. 

    Who is the European Council made up of?

    • A.

      Heads of state of every EU country

    • B.

      The Commission President

    • C.

      The European Council President

    • D.

      The European Parliament President

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Heads of state of every EU country
    B. The Commission President
    C. The European Council President
    Explanation
    The European Council is made up of the heads of state of every EU country, the Commission President, and the European Council President. This composition ensures that all EU member states are represented in the decision-making process. The heads of state bring the perspectives and interests of their respective countries, while the Commission President represents the executive branch of the EU. The European Council President, on the other hand, is responsible for chairing and coordinating the meetings of the European Council. Together, these individuals form the core of the European Council and play a crucial role in shaping EU policies and decisions.

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  • 26. 

    How many official institutions are there in the EU?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 7
    Explanation
    There are 7 official institutions in the EU. These institutions include the European Parliament, the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, and the Court of Auditors. Each institution has its own specific role and responsibilities within the EU's decision-making process and governance structure.

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  • 27. 

    The ECJ is bound to follow the opinion(s) of the Advocate General(s).

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "The ECJ is bound to follow the opinion(s) of the Advocate General(s)" is false. While the Advocate General's opinion is influential, the ECJ is not legally bound to follow it. The Advocate General provides non-binding opinions to assist the ECJ in reaching a decision, but the ECJ is an independent judicial body that ultimately makes its own judgments based on the law.

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  • 28. 

    When a country becomes part of the EU it gives up decision making powers in certain areas to the EU.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    When a country becomes part of the EU, it agrees to transfer some of its decision-making powers to the EU. This means that the country no longer has complete autonomy in certain areas and must abide by the decisions made by the EU. This is a fundamental aspect of EU membership and is necessary for the functioning of the union as a whole.

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  • 29. 

    Which 3 models describe the EU.

    • A.

      Inter-governmental co-operation

    • B.

      Supra-national authority

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Interdependent economics

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Inter-governmental co-operation
    B. Supra-national authority
    C. Federalism
    Explanation
    The EU can be described by three models: inter-governmental co-operation, supra-national authority, and federalism. Inter-governmental co-operation refers to the cooperation between different governments within the EU. Supra-national authority refers to the authority held by the EU institutions over member states. Federalism refers to the sharing of powers between the central EU institutions and member states. These three models capture the different aspects of the EU's structure and functioning, highlighting the cooperation, authority, and power distribution within the organization.

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  • 30. 

    Who funded the Marshall Plan 1947?

    • A.

      USA

    • B.

      United Kingdom

    • C.

      Asia

    • D.

      Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. USA
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan, officially known as the European Recovery Program, was funded by the United States. It was an initiative to provide economic aid to Western European countries after World War II in order to help them rebuild their economies and prevent the spread of communism. The plan was proposed by U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall and was implemented from 1948 to 1952. The United States provided billions of dollars in grants, loans, and technical assistance to countries in need, helping to revitalize their industries, infrastructure, and overall economic stability.

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  • 31. 

    The Marshall Plan kick started economic revival and was a demonstration of Europe working together to achieve an aim.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Marshall Plan was a program initiated by the United States after World War II to provide economic aid to war-torn European countries. It aimed to promote economic recovery and stability in Europe by providing financial assistance for reconstruction and development. The plan was successful in jump-starting the economies of many European countries and fostering cooperation among them. Therefore, the statement that the Marshall Plan kick-started economic revival and demonstrated Europe working together to achieve an aim is true.

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  • 32. 

    Which idea was formed to create a new structure for the coal and steel trade and culminated the European Coal and Steel Trade Community Treaty?

    • A.

      The Schumann Plan

    • B.

      The Marshall Plan

    • C.

      Treaty of Rome

    • D.

      Maastricht Treaty

    Correct Answer
    A. The Schumann Plan
    Explanation
    The Schumann Plan was formed to create a new structure for the coal and steel trade and culminated in the European Coal and Steel Community Treaty. This plan, proposed by French Foreign Minister Robert Schumann in 1950, aimed to integrate the coal and steel industries of European countries to prevent future wars and foster economic cooperation. The treaty established a supranational organization that would oversee these industries and promote collaboration among member states. The Schumann Plan laid the foundation for further European integration and eventually led to the formation of the European Union.

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  • 33. 

    What did the ECSC achieve?

    • A.

      Formed the basis of co-operation between member states

    • B.

      Created the European Community

    • C.

      Created a common market

    • D.

      Came up with an independent legal personality

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Formed the basis of co-operation between member states
    B. Created the European Community
    C. Created a common market
    D. Came up with an independent legal personality
    Explanation
    The ECSC (European Coal and Steel Community) achieved several significant outcomes. Firstly, it formed the basis of cooperation between member states, fostering collaboration and unity among European nations. Additionally, it played a crucial role in creating the European Community, which further strengthened European integration. The ECSC also established a common market, promoting the free movement of goods, services, and capital within member states. Lastly, it came up with an independent legal personality, granting the organization the ability to enter into agreements and engage in legal actions.

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  • 34. 

    What was the aim of the wider common market?

    • A.

      Any goods, services and capital should be able to move freely between the MS

    • B.

      The majority of goods, services and capital could move freely between MS

    • C.

      Good, services and capital should move freely between most MS

    Correct Answer
    A. Any goods, services and capital should be able to move freely between the MS
    Explanation
    The aim of the wider common market was to allow any goods, services, and capital to move freely between the member states. This means that there should be no restrictions or barriers in place that would hinder the movement of these economic factors across the member states. The goal was to create a seamless and integrated market where businesses and individuals can trade and invest without facing unnecessary obstacles.

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  • 35. 

    When did the European Coal and Steel Community Treaty expire?

    • A.

      It hasn't

    • B.

      2002

    • C.

      2000

    • D.

      2009

    Correct Answer
    B. 2002
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2002 because the European Coal and Steel Community Treaty, which was signed in 1951, had a duration of 50 years. Therefore, it expired in 2002.

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  • 36. 

    What is the EEC also known as?

    • A.

      Treaty of Rome

    • B.

      Treaty of Nice

    • C.

      Treaty of Lisbon

    • D.

      Maastricht Treaty

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Rome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Treaty of Rome. The EEC, which stands for European Economic Community, is also known as the Treaty of Rome. This treaty was signed in 1957 and established the EEC, which aimed to create a common market among its member states. The Treaty of Rome laid the foundation for the European Union and its economic integration.

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  • 37. 

    Why didn't the UK sign up to the Treaty of Rome?

    • A.

      There was too much loss of sovereignty

    • B.

      There were not enough economic benefits

    • C.

      The possible immigration was seen as a threat

    • D.

      The proposal was to federal

    Correct Answer
    A. There was too much loss of sovereignty
    Explanation
    The UK did not sign up to the Treaty of Rome because it believed that there would be too much loss of sovereignty. This means that the UK did not want to give up its own decision-making powers and have them transferred to a supranational organization like the European Union. The UK valued its independence and ability to make its own laws and regulations, and felt that joining the Treaty of Rome would restrict its ability to do so.

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  • 38. 

    What are the FOUR fundamental freedoms?

    • A.

      Free movement of goods

    • B.

      Free movement of labour

    • C.

      Free movement of business

    • D.

      Free movement of capital

    • E.

      Equality of Human Rights

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Free movement of goods
    B. Free movement of labour
    C. Free movement of business
    D. Free movement of capital
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the four fundamental freedoms in the context of the European Union. These freedoms include the free movement of goods, labor, business, and capital. These principles aim to create a single market within the EU, allowing for the unrestricted movement of goods, services, and people across member states. It promotes economic integration, competition, and growth within the EU by removing barriers and facilitating trade and investment between member countries. The inclusion of "Equality of Human Rights" in the answer is incorrect as it is not one of the four fundamental freedoms.

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  • 39. 

    The UK tried to apply the EFTA 1960 in 1961 - however it got vetoed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In 1961, the UK attempted to apply the EFTA 1960, which refers to the European Free Trade Association established in 1960. However, their attempt was unsuccessful as it was vetoed. This implies that the statement "The UK tried to apply the EFTA 1960 in 1961 - however it got vetoed" is true.

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  • 40. 

    Following the Merger Treaty, what institutions were formed as a result?

    • A.

      The Council of Ministers

    • B.

      The European Commission

    • C.

      The ECJ

    • D.

      The Assembly/The European Parliament

    • E.

      All of the above

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above." Following the Merger Treaty, all of the mentioned institutions were formed as a result. The Council of Ministers, the European Commission, the ECJ, and the Assembly/European Parliament were established to facilitate the functioning of the European Union and its decision-making processes.

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  • 41. 

    What style of voting did the Luxembourg Accords 1965 call for?

    • A.

      Unanimous voting

    • B.

      Qualified majority

    Correct Answer
    B. Qualified majority
    Explanation
    The Luxembourg Accords 1965 called for qualified majority voting. This means that decisions could be made if a certain percentage of member states agreed, rather than requiring unanimous agreement from all member states. This style of voting allows for more efficient decision-making and can help prevent gridlock or veto power by a single member state.

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  • 42. 

    After the EEC broke down the Single European Act 1986 tried to rectify it and move it forward again.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Single European Act of 1986 was indeed an attempt to rectify and move forward the European Economic Community (EEC) after it had experienced some breakdown. The act aimed to establish a single market within the EEC by eliminating barriers to trade and harmonizing regulations among member states. This was done in order to enhance economic integration and strengthen the functioning of the EEC. Therefore, the statement that the Single European Act 1986 tried to rectify and move the EEC forward again is true.

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  • 43. 

    The Maastricht Treaty is also known as:

    • A.

      TEU

    • B.

      TFEU

    • C.

      EEC

    • D.

      ECSC

    Correct Answer
    A. TEU
    Explanation
    The Maastricht Treaty is also known as the Treaty on European Union (TEU). This treaty was signed in Maastricht, Netherlands in 1992 and is considered a milestone in the history of European integration. It established the European Union (EU) and introduced the concept of a common currency, the Euro. The TEU also expanded the EU's competences in areas such as foreign policy, justice, and home affairs. It laid the foundation for further treaties and reforms that have shaped the EU as we know it today.

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  • 44. 

    The TEU 1992 deals with narrow aims of the EU

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the TEU 1992, which stands for the Treaty on European Union, does not deal with narrow aims of the EU. In fact, the TEU 1992 is a significant treaty that established the foundation for the European Union. It introduced the concept of European citizenship, outlined the objectives and principles of the EU, and provided a framework for the development of common policies and cooperation among member states. Therefore, the TEU 1992 has broader aims and implications for the EU rather than narrow ones.

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  • 45. 

    Select the statements that apply to the Amsterdam Treaty 1997.

    • A.

      This is about the consolidation of the community

    • B.

      This is about the extension of the community

    • C.

      This focuses on human rights and freedoms

    • D.

      This said MS had to comply with the rule of law

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. This is about the consolidation of the community
    C. This focuses on human rights and freedoms
    D. This said MS had to comply with the rule of law
    Explanation
    The Amsterdam Treaty of 1997 aimed to consolidate the European Community by strengthening its institutions and decision-making processes. It also focused on promoting and protecting human rights and freedoms within the member states. The treaty emphasized that member states had to comply with the rule of law, ensuring that they adhere to legal and democratic principles.

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  • 46. 

    Which treaty aimed to do what the Treaty of Amsterdam did not achieve?

    • A.

      Treaty of Nice

    • B.

      Treaty of Rome

    • C.

      Treaty of Lisbon

    • D.

      Accession Treaty

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Nice
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Nice aimed to achieve what the Treaty of Amsterdam did not.

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  • 47. 

    What is weighted voting?

    • A.

      Gives more votes to countries with more people in

    • B.

      Gives more votes to smaller countries

    • C.

      Gives even votes to all countries

    • D.

      Treats larger countries votes as priority

    Correct Answer
    A. Gives more votes to countries with more people in
    Explanation
    Weighted voting is a system that gives more voting power to countries with larger populations. This means that countries with more people have a greater influence in decision-making processes. This approach recognizes the principle of "one person, one vote," where the voting power is proportional to the population size. By giving more votes to countries with more people, it ensures that their interests and perspectives are adequately represented in the decision-making process.

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  • 48. 

    A constitution successfully written and accepted following the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe 2004.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    It was rejected in numerous referendums. This treaty has now been abandoned.

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  • 49. 

    Which treaty is also known as the Reform Treaty?

    • A.

      Treaty of Lisbon

    • B.

      Treaty of Rome

    • C.

      Treaty of Amsterdam

    • D.

      Treaty of Nice

    Correct Answer
    A. Treaty of Lisbon
    Explanation
    The Treaty of Lisbon is also known as the Reform Treaty because it was designed to reform the European Union's institutional structure and decision-making processes. It was signed in 2007 and came into force in 2009, replacing the failed European Constitution. The treaty aimed to streamline and simplify EU decision-making, enhance the role of national parliaments, and increase the transparency and democratic accountability of the EU institutions. It also introduced new provisions in areas such as foreign policy, defense, and justice and home affairs. Overall, the Treaty of Lisbon was a significant step in the ongoing process of European integration and reform.

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  • 50. 

    The ECJ isn't allowed to deal with stuff under policing.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the European Court of Justice (ECJ) does not have jurisdiction over matters related to policing. The ECJ is primarily responsible for interpreting EU law and ensuring its uniform application across member states. Policing is a national competence, meaning that each member state is responsible for its own police forces and law enforcement activities. Therefore, the ECJ does not have the authority to handle or make decisions on policing matters.

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