Endocrine And Reproductive Systems

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 2316

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Endocrine And Reproductive Systems

Test your knowledge of the endocrine and reproductive systems


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of these statements is correct?
    • A. 

      The adrenal cortex secretes adrenaline

    • B. 

      The adrenal cortex secretes glucagon

    • C. 

      The adrenal cortex secretes mineralcorticoids eg aldosterone

    • D. 

      The adrenal cortex secretes insulin

  • 2. 
    Goitre is a pathology of the
    • A. 

      Ovaries

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Parathyroids

    • D. 

      Adrenals

  • 3. 
    Where is the pituitary gland located?
    • A. 

      Head

    • B. 

      Neck

    • C. 

      Pelvis

    • D. 

      Abdomen

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements is correct?
    • A. 

      Endocrine glands secrete substances into ducts

    • B. 

      Endocrine glands secrete substances directly into target cells

    • C. 

      Endocrine glands secrete substances into the lymphatic system

    • D. 

      Endocrine glands secrete substances into to blood system

  • 5. 
    Functions of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) include
    • A. 

      Decreasing urine production

    • B. 

      Increasing urine production

    • C. 

      Decreasing stress response

    • D. 

      Increasing stress response

  • 6. 
    The hormone melatonin is secreted by which gland?
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Pineal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Thymus

  • 7. 
    Luteinising hormone is secreted by which gland?
    • A. 

      Ovaries

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Pineal

    • D. 

      Pituitary

  • 8. 
    The release of which hormone is stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system?
    • A. 

      Somatotropin

    • B. 

      Melatonin

    • C. 

      Adrenaline

    • D. 

      Insulin

  • 9. 
    Which two hormones function in the control of blood calcium levels?
    • A. 

      Oxytocin and calcitonin

    • B. 

      Oxytocin and human growth hormone

    • C. 

      Calcitonin and parathormone

    • D. 

      Thyroxin and parathormone

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a hormone?
    • A. 

      Chemical messenger

    • B. 

      Secreted by exocrine glands

    • C. 

      Transported in the blood

    • D. 

      Regulates activity of target cells

  • 11. 
    Steroid hormones include
    • A. 

      Sex hormones

    • B. 

      Insulin

    • C. 

      Oxytocin

    • D. 

      Thyroxin

  • 12. 
    Which gland does the hypothalamus have a direct influence on?
    • A. 

      Pituitary

    • B. 

      Pineal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Thymus

  • 13. 
    Which hormone is responsible for the development of male secondary sexual characteristics?
    • A. 

      Testosterone

    • B. 

      Oestrogen

    • C. 

      Progesterone

    • D. 

      Thyroxine

  • 14. 
    What is the main action of oxytocin?
    • A. 

      Stimulates the development of oocytes

    • B. 

      Stimulates ovulation

    • C. 

      Stimulates uterine contractions during labour

    • D. 

      Reducs volume of urine produced

  • 15. 
    Which one of the following is NOT  stimulated by insulin?
    • A. 

      The conversion of glucose to glycogen

    • B. 

      The conversion of glycogen to glucose

    • C. 

      The entry of glucose into cells

    • D. 

      The reduction of blood glucose levels

  • 16. 
    What characterises the menopause?
    • A. 

      The appearance of secondary sexual characteristics

    • B. 

      The start of menstruation

    • C. 

      The cessation of ovulation and menstruation

    • D. 

      The start of ovulation

  • 17. 
    The epididymis is the site of
    • A. 

      Spermatogenesis

    • B. 

      Sperm maturation

    • C. 

      Oogenesis

    • D. 

      Ova maturation

  • 18. 
    How many chromosomes are found in a haploid human cell?
    • A. 

      13

    • B. 

      23

    • C. 

      43

    • D. 

      46

  • 19. 
    What is the correct definition of the term gamete?
    • A. 

      An organ where sex cells are produced

    • B. 

      A fertilised ovum

    • C. 

      A cell produced by mitosis

    • D. 

      A mature sex cell

  • 20. 
    Which of the following structures is found in both male and female bodies?
    • A. 

      Vas deferens

    • B. 

      Uterus

    • C. 

      Urethra

    • D. 

      Oviduct

  • 21. 
    What is the function of the testes?
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Osmoregulation

    • C. 

      Oogenesis

    • D. 

      Spermatogenesis

  • 22. 
    Which of the following structures does NOT secrete fluids that form semen?
    • A. 

      Seminal vesicles

    • B. 

      Prostate gland

    • C. 

      Corpus luteum

    • D. 

      Bulbourethral gland

  • 23. 
    Where in the female reproductive system does fertilisation normally occur?
    • A. 

      Urethra

    • B. 

      Fallopian tube

    • C. 

      Uterus

    • D. 

      Ovary

  • 24. 
    How long is a typical human pregnancy?
    • A. 

      One trimester

    • B. 

      Two trimesters

    • C. 

      Three trimesters

    • D. 

      Four trimesters

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