Infection Control Microrganisms Quiz

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Infection Control Microrganisms Quiz - Quiz

When we take a look at the subject of infection control, we’re looking at the many helpful ways in which we can prevent people from being contaminated by harmful microorganisms like bacteria and viruses, so that we can avoid contracting illnesses of varying degrees of severity. Do you know as much as you should about infection control? Take the following quiz to find out. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The one-celled microrganisms also known as germs or microbes are:

    • A.

      Viruses

    • B.

      Fungui

    • C.

      Bacteria

    • D.

      Cilia

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacteria
    Explanation
    Bacteria are one-celled microorganisms commonly known as germs or microbes. They are prokaryotic organisms that can be found in various environments, including soil, water, and the human body. Unlike viruses, which are acellular and require a host to reproduce, bacteria are independent and can reproduce on their own. Fungi, on the other hand, are eukaryotic organisms that include molds and yeasts. Cilia are not microorganisms but are hair-like structures found on the surface of certain cells.

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  • 2. 

    Parasites area type of

    • A.

      Disease

    • B.

      Pathogenic virus

    • C.

      Non pathogenic bacteria

    • D.

      Pathogenic bacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Pathogenic virus
    Explanation
    Parasites are organisms that live in or on another organism and rely on it for nourishment and survival. They can cause various diseases in their host. While viruses are not technically considered parasites, they can be pathogenic and cause diseases in their host organisms. Therefore, the correct answer is pathogenic virus.

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  • 3. 

    Bacteria that cause dissease are called

    • A.

      Non pathogenic

    • B.

      Protozoa

    • C.

      Pathogenic

    • D.

      Saprophytes

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathogenic
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are known for causing diseases in humans, animals, and plants. They have the ability to invade and multiply within the host's body, leading to various infections and illnesses. This is in contrast to non-pathogenic bacteria, which do not cause any harm or disease. Protozoa are single-celled organisms that can cause diseases, but they are not specifically referred to as bacteria. Saprophytes, on the other hand, are organisms that obtain nutrients from dead or decaying organic matter and do not cause diseases. Therefore, the correct answer is pathogenic.

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  • 4. 

    Disease in plant or animal tissue is caused by

    • A.

      Acidophilous

    • B.

      Saprophytes

    • C.

      Pathogenic bacteria

    • D.

      Non pathogenic bacteria

    Correct Answer
    C. Pathogenic bacteria
    Explanation
    Pathogenic bacteria are capable of causing diseases in both plant and animal tissues. They are able to invade and multiply within the host, leading to various symptoms and damage to the tissues. Acidophilous and saprophytes do not necessarily cause diseases, as acidophilous refers to organisms that thrive in acidic environments and saprophytes are organisms that obtain nutrients from decaying organic matter. Non-pathogenic bacteria do not cause diseases either, as they do not have the ability to invade and harm the host tissues. Therefore, the presence of pathogenic bacteria is the most likely cause of disease in plant or animal tissue.

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  • 5. 

    The technical term for bacteria that lives on dead matter is

    • A.

      Parasites

    • B.

      Viruses

    • C.

      Saprofytes

    • D.

      Flagella

    Correct Answer
    C. Saprofytes
    Explanation
    The technical term for bacteria that lives on dead matter is saprofytes.

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  • 6. 

    The spirilla bacteria treponema pallida causes

    • A.

      Syphilis

    • B.

      Tuberculosis

    • C.

      Peneumonia

    • D.

      Abscesses

    Correct Answer
    A. Syphilis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum. It can be transmitted through sexual contact, blood transfusion, or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. Syphilis can cause a wide range of symptoms and complications if left untreated, including sores, rashes, fever, fatigue, and damage to the heart, brain, and other organs. Treatment usually involves antibiotics to kill the bacteria and prevent further complications.

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  • 7. 

    The type oif bacteria called cocci have

    • A.

      Spiral shape

    • B.

      Rounbd shape

    • C.

      Rod shape

    • D.

      Corkscrew shape

    Correct Answer
    B. Rounbd shape
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "round shape". Cocci are a type of bacteria that are spherical or round in shape. They can occur singly, in pairs (diplococci), in chains (streptococci), or in clusters (staphylococci). This shape allows them to easily divide and multiply, and they are commonly found in various environments, including the human body.

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  • 8. 

    The type of bacteria that has a rod shape is called

    • A.

      Diplococci

    • B.

      Staphylococci

    • C.

      Spirrilla

    • D.

      Bacilli

    Correct Answer
    D. Bacilli
    Explanation
    Bacilli are a type of bacteria that have a rod shape. They are characterized by their elongated and cylindrical structure. Unlike diplococci and staphylococci, which are spherical in shape, and spirilla, which are spiral-shaped, bacilli have a distinct rod-like appearance. Therefore, the correct answer is bacilli.

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  • 9. 

    Pus-forming bacteria that cause strep throat and blod poisoning are

    • A.

      Streptococci

    • B.

      Bacilli

    • C.

      Stephylococci

    • D.

      Diplococci

    Correct Answer
    A. Streptococci
    Explanation
    The correct answer is streptococci. Streptococci are pus-forming bacteria that can cause strep throat and blood poisoning. They are spherical in shape and usually form chains. Other options such as bacilli, staphylococci, and diplococci are different types of bacteria but are not specifically associated with strep throat and blood poisoning.

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  • 10. 

    The bacteria with the corkscrew or spira lshape are

    • A.

      Staphylococci

    • B.

      Sperilla

    • C.

      Diplococci

    • D.

      Bacilli

    Correct Answer
    B. Sperilla
    Explanation
    The correct answer is spirilla. Spirilla are bacteria that have a corkscrew or spiral shape. Staphylococci are spherical bacteria that form clusters, diplococci are spherical bacteria that form pairs, and bacilli are rod-shaped bacteria. Therefore, none of these options have the characteristic shape described in the question.

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  • 11. 

    In California in 2000, in normaloly harmless bacteria that caus infections in over 100 pedicure clients was

    • A.

      Mycobacterium fortuitum fure

    • B.

      Pseudomonas

    • C.

      Borrelia burgdoferi

    • D.

      Treponema pallida

    Correct Answer
    A. Mycobacterium fortuitum fure
    Explanation
    In California in 2000, a bacteria called mycobacterium fortuitum fure caused infections in over 100 pedicure clients. This bacteria is normally harmless but in this case, it resulted in infections.

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  • 12. 

    Cocci rarely

    • A.

      Show self -vement

    • B.

      Undergo mitosis

    • C.

      Reproduce

    • D.

      Are pathogenic

    Correct Answer
    A. Show self -vement
  • 13. 

    Certain bacteria move about with the help of hair like extensions called

    • A.

      Spores

    • B.

      Saprofytes

    • C.

      Diplococci

    • D.

      Falgella

    Correct Answer
    D. Falgella
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "falgella" because it refers to the hair-like extensions that certain bacteria use for movement. These extensions, also known as flagella, help bacteria to swim and navigate through their environment. They are whip-like structures made of proteins that rotate like propellers, allowing bacteria to move in various directions. Flagella are essential for bacteria to find nutrients, avoid harmful substances, and colonize new areas.

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  • 14. 

    Mitosis is a proces by wich bacteria

    • A.

      Divide

    • B.

      Release toxins

    • C.

      Move about

    • D.

      Become inactive

    Correct Answer
    A. Divide
    Explanation
    Mitosis is a process in which bacteria divide. This is a fundamental biological process that allows bacteria to reproduce and increase their population. During mitosis, the genetic material of the bacteria is replicated and then divided equally into two daughter cells. This ensures that each daughter cell receives a complete set of genetic information and can function independently. Therefore, the correct answer is "divide".

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  • 15. 

    Certain bacteria, during their inactive stage, form outer coveriung called

    • A.

      Daughter cells

    • B.

      Comunnicable

    • C.

      Cronic

    • D.

      Congenital

    Correct Answer
    B. Comunnicable
  • 16. 

    A tipical example of a general infection is

    • A.

      Epidemic

    • B.

      Pimple

    • C.

      Syphillius

    • D.

      Skin lession

    Correct Answer
    C. Syphillius
    Explanation
    Syphilis is a typical example of a general infection because it is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It can affect various parts of the body, including the skin, mucous membranes, and internal organs. Syphilis is highly contagious and can be transmitted through sexual contact or from mother to child during pregnancy. The infection progresses in stages, starting with the appearance of a painless sore or lesion at the site of infection, followed by a rash, flu-like symptoms, and potentially serious complications if left untreated.

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  • 17. 

    A sign ofa bacteria infection is

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Bleeding

    • C.

      Cold

    • D.

      Parasites

    Correct Answer
    A. Pus
    Explanation
    Pus is a thick, yellowish fluid that is produced as a result of the body's immune response to a bacterial infection. It is composed of dead white blood cells, bacteria, and tissue debris. The presence of pus is a clear indication that there is an ongoing bacterial infection in the body. It is commonly seen in conditions such as abscesses, infected wounds, and certain types of bacterial skin infections. Therefore, pus is a reliable sign of a bacterial infection.

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  • 18. 

    Diseases cause by viruses include

    • A.

      Measles

    • B.

      Abscensses and boils

    • C.

      Strep throat adn blood poisoning

    • D.

      Tuberculosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Measles
    Explanation
    Measles is caused by a virus called the measles virus. It is a highly contagious respiratory infection that spreads through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus enters the body through the respiratory system and then spreads throughout the body, causing a characteristic rash, fever, cough, and other symptoms. Measles is a viral disease and is caused specifically by the measles virus, making it a correct answer in the given list of diseases caused by viruses.

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  • 19. 

    Pnetrating cells and becoming part of them is characteristic of

    • A.

      Bactetria

    • B.

      Parasites

    • C.

      Viruses

    • D.

      Fungi

    Correct Answer
    C. Viruses
    Explanation
    Viruses are known for their ability to invade and penetrate host cells, where they take control of the cellular machinery and use it to replicate themselves. Unlike bacteria, parasites, and fungi, viruses lack the necessary cellular machinery to survive and reproduce on their own. Therefore, they rely on infecting host cells and becoming an integral part of them in order to carry out their life cycle.

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  • 20. 

    Hepatitis is caused by a bloodbornevirus and invovles inflammation of the

    • A.

      Liver

    • B.

      Kidneys

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Heart

    Correct Answer
    A. Liver
    Explanation
    Hepatitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the liver. It is commonly caused by a bloodborne virus, such as hepatitis A, B, or C. The virus enters the body through contaminated blood or bodily fluids and attacks the liver, leading to inflammation and damage to liver cells. This can result in various symptoms, including fatigue, jaundice, abdominal pain, and liver dysfunction. Therefore, the correct answer is liver.

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  • 21. 

    The disease that breaks down the body's immune system is known as

    • A.

      Hepatitis

    • B.

      Pediculosis capitis

    • C.

      Tuberculosis

    • D.

      AIDS

    Correct Answer
    D. AIDS
    Explanation
    AIDS is the correct answer because it is a disease that weakens and destroys the body's immune system. It is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and can lead to severe illness and opportunistic infections.

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  • 22. 

    Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is caused by

    • A.

      The herpes virus

    • B.

      Contaminated food

    • C.

      Poor personal hygiene

    • D.

      The HIV

    Correct Answer
    D. The HIV
    Explanation
    AIDS is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV attacks the immune system and weakens it over time, making the body vulnerable to various infections and diseases. The herpes virus, contaminated food, and poor personal hygiene are not direct causes of AIDS. HIV is the virus that specifically targets and damages the immune system, leading to the development of AIDS.

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  • 23. 

    The HIV virus is not transmited

    • A.

      Through unprotected sexual contact

    • B.

      By kissing or hugging

    • C.

      Through cutsand sores

    • D.

      By IV users sharing needles

    Correct Answer
    B. By kissing or hugging
    Explanation
    The HIV virus is not transmitted through kissing or hugging because it is primarily spread through direct contact with certain body fluids, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. Kissing and hugging do not involve the exchange of these fluids, making it a low-risk activity for HIV transmission. However, it is important to note that open mouth kissing with an HIV-positive person who has bleeding gums or sores in the mouth could potentially pose a risk. Therefore, it is always advisable to practice safe behaviors and get tested regularly to prevent the spread of HIV.

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  • 24. 

    One way in which bacteria anc viruses can enter the body is through

    • A.

      Dry skin

    • B.

      Oily skin

    • C.

      Broken skin

    • D.

      Moist skin

    Correct Answer
    C. Broken skin
    Explanation
    Bacteria and viruses can enter the body through broken skin because it provides a direct pathway for these microorganisms to invade the body's tissues and bloodstream. When the skin is broken, whether it is due to a cut, scrape, or any other type of injury, it creates an opening that allows bacteria and viruses to bypass the body's natural defense mechanisms and enter the bloodstream. This can lead to infections and other health complications.

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  • 25. 

    Fungi, or vegetable parasites, cause contagious diseases such as

    • A.

      Flu

    • B.

      Ringworm

    • C.

      Hepatitis

    • D.

      Tuberculosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Hepatitis
    Explanation
    Fungi are known to cause various contagious diseases, including hepatitis. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a viral infection. While the other options listed, such as flu, ringworm, and tuberculosis, are caused by different pathogens (viruses and bacteria), hepatitis is specifically associated with fungal infections. Therefore, hepatitis is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 26. 

    Clients showing signs of a contagious diseaseas should be

    • A.

      Sanitized and disinfected

    • B.

      Given medications

    • C.

      Referred to a physician

    • D.

      Diagnosticated and treated

    Correct Answer
    C. Referred to a physician
    Explanation
    When clients show signs of a contagious disease, it is important to refer them to a physician. A physician is a medical professional who can accurately diagnose the disease and provide appropriate treatment. They have the knowledge and expertise to determine the best course of action, whether it involves prescribing medications, performing further tests, or providing other necessary medical interventions. By referring the clients to a physician, they can receive the proper care and treatment to address their contagious disease effectively.

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  • 27. 

    Immunity is the ability of the body to resist

    • A.

      Immunization

    • B.

      Antibiotics

    • C.

      The immune system

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    D. Infection
    Explanation
    Immunity refers to the body's ability to resist or fight against infections. When the body is exposed to pathogens such as bacteria or viruses, the immune system recognizes them as foreign and launches a defense mechanism to eliminate them. This response can involve the production of antibodies, activation of immune cells, and other processes that help to destroy the invading pathogens. Therefore, immunity is directly related to the body's ability to protect itself from infections.

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  • 28. 

    Surfaces such as tables, walls doorknobs, or your hands, no matter how clean they look, are very lokely

    • A.

      Infected

    • B.

      Sterile

    • C.

      Pathogenic

    • D.

      Contaminated

    Correct Answer
    D. Contaminated
    Explanation
    The given answer "contaminated" is correct because it states that surfaces such as tables, walls, doorknobs, or hands, even if they appear clean, are likely to be contaminated. This means that they may have harmful substances or microorganisms present on them, which can pose a risk of infection or illness. Therefore, it is important to regularly clean and disinfect these surfaces to maintain hygiene and prevent the spread of pathogens.

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  • 29. 

    There are three main levels of decolntamination

    • A.

      A steam autoclave, dry heat, disinfection

    • B.

      Sterilization, disinfection, sanitation

    • C.

      Sterilization, cleaning, sanitation

    • D.

      Disinfection, scrubbing, sanitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Sterilization, disinfection, sanitation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sterilization, disinfection, sanitation". Sterilization is the highest level of decontamination, which eliminates all forms of microbial life. Disinfection is the second level, which reduces the number of microorganisms to a safe level. Sanitation is the lowest level, which involves cleaning and removing visible dirt or debris. This order ensures that the most effective methods are used first to eliminate the highest level of contamination, followed by reducing the remaining microorganisms, and finally, ensuring cleanliness and hygiene.

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  • 30. 

    Only one level of decontamination, sterilization, is capable of killing

    • A.

      Tuberculosis bacteria

    • B.

      The HIV virus

    • C.

      Bacterial spores

    • D.

      Both bacteria and viruses

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterial spores
    Explanation
    Sterilization is the only level of decontamination that can effectively kill bacterial spores. Bacterial spores are highly resistant structures formed by certain bacteria as a survival mechanism. They can withstand harsh conditions and remain dormant for extended periods. Sterilization processes, such as autoclaving or chemical sterilization, use high temperatures, pressure, or chemicals to destroy all forms of microbial life, including bacterial spores. Other levels of decontamination, such as disinfection, may be effective against bacteria and viruses but are not capable of eliminating bacterial spores. Therefore, sterilization is necessary to ensure complete eradication of bacterial spores.

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  • 31. 

    Surgeons and dentists are requiered to practice_______ with their tools.

    • A.

      Rinsing

    • B.

      Disinfection

    • C.

      Sterilization

    • D.

      Sanitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Surgeons and dentists are required to practice sterilization with their tools. This is because sterilization is the process of killing or removing all forms of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi, from an object or surface. It is crucial in healthcare settings to prevent the transmission of infections and maintain a sterile environment. Sterilization ensures that the tools used by surgeons and dentists are free from any potential pathogens, reducing the risk of infections in patients.

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  • 32. 

    Disinfection may be used on

    • A.

      Nail plates

    • B.

      Wood

    • C.

      Skin

    • D.

      Nonporus surfaces

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin
    Explanation
    Disinfection may be used on skin to kill or eliminate harmful microorganisms that may cause infections or diseases. It is a common practice in healthcare settings to disinfect the skin before medical procedures or surgeries to reduce the risk of introducing pathogens into the body. Disinfection of the skin can be achieved through various methods such as using antiseptic solutions or wipes that contain disinfecting agents like alcohol or iodine.

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  • 33. 

    Disinfectants are too strong to use on

    • A.

      Shampoo bowls

    • B.

      Manicure implements

    • C.

      Skin, hair, or nails

    • D.

      Haircutting tools

    Correct Answer
    C. Skin, hair, or nails
    Explanation
    Disinfectants are too strong to use on skin, hair, or nails because they can cause irritation, dryness, and damage to these delicate areas. Disinfectants are primarily designed to kill germs and bacteria on hard surfaces and objects, such as shampoo bowls and manicure implements, but they are not suitable for direct contact with the skin, hair, or nails. Using disinfectants on these areas can strip away natural oils, disrupt the pH balance, and potentially lead to skin or hair problems. It is important to use appropriate products that are specifically formulated for skin, hair, or nail care.

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  • 34. 

    Each individual state and the ____ must approve all disinfectants.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      FDA

    • C.

      MSDS

    • D.

      EPA

    Correct Answer
    D. EPA
    Explanation
    The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for regulating and approving disinfectants. This agency ensures that disinfectants meet safety and efficacy standards before they can be used. Therefore, it is necessary for both individual states and the EPA to approve all disinfectants to ensure their effectiveness and safety in various settings.

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  • 35. 

    Material Safety Data sheet on every product used in the cosmetology school or salon is required by

    • A.

      A state law

    • B.

      School regulations

    • C.

      Federal law

    • D.

      Most instructors

    Correct Answer
    C. Federal law
    Explanation
    The requirement for a Material Safety Data sheet on every product used in the cosmetology school or salon is mandated by federal law. This means that it is a legal requirement set by the federal government, and not just a recommendation or guideline from a state law or school regulations. The federal law ensures that the necessary safety information is provided for each product to protect the health and safety of both the professionals working in the cosmetology industry and the clients they serve.

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  • 36. 

    An MSDS contains important information about a product, including

    • A.

      Other uses of product

    • B.

      Other suppliers of product

    • C.

      Storage requirements

    • D.

      Reslae value of product

    Correct Answer
    C. Storage requirements
    Explanation
    An MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) is a document that provides important information about a product, including its chemical composition, physical and health hazards, safety precautions, and handling instructions. It is used to ensure the safe use, storage, and disposal of the product. Among the options given, storage requirements are a crucial part of an MSDS as they outline the specific conditions and precautions needed to store the product safely, such as temperature, ventilation, and compatibility with other substances. This information helps prevent accidents, spills, and potential harm to individuals and the environment.

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  • 37. 

    The goverment agency that regulates and enforces safety and health standards in the work place is

    • A.

      FBI

    • B.

      OSHA

    • C.

      EPA

    • D.

      FDA`

    Correct Answer
    B. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA, or the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, is the government agency responsible for regulating and enforcing safety and health standards in the workplace. OSHA ensures that employers provide a safe and healthy working environment for employees by setting and enforcing standards, conducting inspections, and providing training and education. This agency plays a crucial role in promoting workplace safety and preventing occupational hazards, ultimately protecting the well-being of workers.

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  • 38. 

    In order to be considered "Formulated for Hospitals andHealth Care Facilities," a disinfectant must be pseudomonacidal, bacteria, fungicidal, and

    • A.

      Virucidal

    • B.

      Inexpensive

    • C.

      Easy to dilute

    • D.

      Pneumonicidal

    Correct Answer
    A. Virucidal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "virucidal." In order for a disinfectant to be considered "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities," it must be effective against pseudomonas, bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The term "virucidal" specifically refers to the ability of a disinfectant to kill or inactivate viruses. Therefore, a disinfectant must possess this quality to meet the criteria for hospital and healthcare facility use.

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  • 39. 

    An EPA-registrered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the HBV and HIV virus is required by  OSHA for implements that come into contact with

    • A.

      All bacteria and fungi

    • B.

      Clients' hair

    • C.

      The Pseudomonas bacteria

    • D.

      Blood or body fluids

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood or body fluids
    Explanation
    OSHA requires the use of an EPA-registered tuberculocidal disinfectant or one that kills the HBV and HIV virus for implements that come into contact with blood or body fluids. This is because blood and body fluids can potentially contain infectious pathogens, including the HBV and HIV viruses. Using a disinfectant that is effective against these viruses helps to prevent the transmission of bloodborne pathogens and ensures the safety of both clients and salon staff.

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  • 40. 

    Any item tto perform a salon service on a client must be didinfected or

    • A.

      Discarted

    • B.

      Given to the client

    • C.

      Kept by the stylist

    • D.

      Washed

    Correct Answer
    A. Discarted
    Explanation
    Any item used to perform a salon service on a client must be disinfected or discarded. This is because proper hygiene and sanitation practices are essential in a salon setting to prevent the spread of infections and diseases. Disinfecting the items ensures that they are free from any harmful bacteria or viruses, while discarding them after use eliminates the risk of cross-contamination. Keeping the items or giving them to the client without proper disinfection can pose health risks and is not considered a safe practice in a salon.

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  • 41. 

    Implements must be throughly cleaned before they are

    • A.

      Soaked in disinfectant

    • B.

      Stored in a clean container

    • C.

      Used on a new client

    • D.

      Dispossed of properly

    Correct Answer
    A. Soaked in disinfectant
    Explanation
    Implements must be thoroughly cleaned before they are soaked in disinfectant because disinfectants are more effective when used on clean surfaces. Cleaning the implements removes any visible dirt or debris, making the disinfectant more effective in killing bacteria and other pathogens. Soaking the implements in disinfectant after cleaning ensures that any remaining microorganisms are destroyed, reducing the risk of cross-contamination when used on a new client.

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  • 42. 

    To be effective in the salon, ultrasonic bath cleanersmust be used with:

    • A.

      A sodium hypochlorite

    • B.

      An effective disinfectant

    • C.

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • D.

      An effective astrigent

    Correct Answer
    B. An effective disinfectant
    Explanation
    Ultrasonic bath cleaners are used in salons to clean various tools and equipment. These cleaners work by using high-frequency sound waves to create tiny bubbles that scrub away dirt and debris. However, simply using an ultrasonic bath cleaner may not be enough to ensure proper sanitation. Therefore, it is important to use an effective disinfectant in conjunction with the cleaner. This will help to kill any bacteria, viruses, or other pathogens that may be present on the tools, ensuring a clean and safe environment for salon clients.

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  • 43. 

    An immersion time of 10 to 15 minutes is sufficient when disinfecting with

    • A.

      Quats

    • B.

      Bleach

    • C.

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • D.

      Formalin

    Correct Answer
    A. Quats
    Explanation
    An immersion time of 10 to 15 minutes is sufficient when disinfecting with quats because quats, or quaternary ammonium compounds, are effective disinfectants that can kill a wide range of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. They work by disrupting the cell membranes of microorganisms, leading to their inactivation. The recommended immersion time ensures that enough contact time is provided for the quats to effectively kill the microorganisms present on the surfaces being disinfected.

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  • 44. 

    Phenols in 5 percent solution are safe and extremely disinfectants used mostly

    • A.

      Metal implements

    • B.

      Skin sanitization

    • C.

      Blood spills

    • D.

      Rubber and plastic

    Correct Answer
    A. Metal implements
    Explanation
    Phenols in a 5 percent solution are safe and effective disinfectants. They are commonly used for sanitizing metal implements, such as tools or equipment, due to their ability to kill bacteria and viruses. Phenols are known for their antimicrobial properties and are often used in healthcare settings to prevent the spread of infections. They can also be used for skin sanitization and to clean up blood spills. However, they may not be suitable for use on rubber and plastic materials as they can cause damage or discoloration.

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  • 45. 

    Alcohol and bleach areeffective disinfectants

    • A.

      No longer widely used as disinfectants

    • B.

      EPA-registered disinfectants

    • C.

      The most effective disinfectants

    • D.

      Completly ineffective disinfetants

    Correct Answer
    A. No longer widely used as disinfectants
    Explanation
    The given answer states that alcohol and bleach are no longer widely used as disinfectants. This suggests that there may have been advancements in disinfectant technology or the discovery of more effective alternatives. It could also imply that alcohol and bleach may have certain limitations or drawbacks that make them less desirable for widespread use. However, without further context or information, it is difficult to determine the exact reasons behind their decreased usage.

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  • 46. 

    For disinfection of implements, states requiring hospital disinfection do not allow the use of:

    • A.

      EPA-regisztered disinfectants

    • B.

      Quats

    • C.

      Alcohol

    • D.

      Phenols

    Correct Answer
    C. Alcohol
    Explanation
    Alcohol is not allowed for disinfection of implements in states that require hospital disinfection.

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  • 47. 

    Sodium hypochlorite is more commonly known as

    • A.

      Phenol

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Formalin

    • D.

      Bleach

    Correct Answer
    D. Bleach
    Explanation
    Sodium hypochlorite is commonly known as bleach because it is a chemical compound that is widely used as a disinfectant and household cleaner. It is a strong oxidizing agent and has the ability to remove stains, whiten clothes, and kill bacteria and viruses. Bleach is a common name for sodium hypochlorite due to its widespread use in household cleaning and laundry products.

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  • 48. 

    A product that was used in the past as a disinfectant but is nmo longer consider safe for salon use is :

    • A.

      Formalin

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Bleach

    • D.

      Antiseptics

    Correct Answer
    A. Formalin
    Explanation
    Formalin is the correct answer because it was previously used as a disinfectant but is no longer considered safe for salon use. Formalin, also known as formaldehyde, is a toxic substance that can cause irritation, allergies, and even cancer. Due to its potential health risks, formalin is no longer recommended for use in salons as a disinfectant.

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  • 49. 

    Tongs, gloved hands, ora draining basket should be used to remove implements from:

    • A.

      Clean towels

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Storage containers

    • D.

      Soapy water

    Correct Answer
    B. Disinfectants
    Explanation
    Disinfectants are chemicals used to kill or remove bacteria, viruses, and other harmful microorganisms from surfaces. It is important to use tongs, gloved hands, or a draining basket to remove implements from disinfectants to prevent contamination or transfer of the disinfectant to other surfaces. Using clean towels, storage containers, or soapy water would not require the same level of caution and protection when removing implements.

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  • 50. 

    Proper disinfection procedure includes changing tha solution in a wet sanitizer:

    • A.

      Every other day

    • B.

      Whenever it looks cloudly

    • C.

      Once a week

    • D.

      Once a day

    Correct Answer
    D. Once a day
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "once a day" because proper disinfection procedures require changing the solution in a wet sanitizer on a daily basis. This is necessary to ensure that the sanitizer remains effective and able to kill bacteria and other harmful microorganisms. Changing the solution daily helps to maintain a clean and sanitary environment, reducing the risk of contamination and the spread of infections.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 15, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Lluvia15
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