Quiz: Lower Limb Anatomy

100 Questions

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Quiz: Lower Limb Anatomy

You must take this human anatomy test on lower extremity if you are preparing to establish your career in the field of physiology and anatomy. It has up to hundred essential questions of the same topic that can put your knowledge on test and help you practice better for the exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All the muscles are supplies by femoral nerve except:
    • A. 

      Iliacus

    • B. 

      Psoas major

    • C. 

      Pectineus

    • D. 

      Sartorius

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Tendo calceneus

    • B. 

      Superior peroneal retinaculum

    • C. 

      Plantaris tendon

    • D. 

      Plantar aponeurosis

  • 3. 
    A muscle known for tailor master:
    • A. 

      Iliacus

    • B. 

      Psoas major

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Pectineus

  • 4. 
    The subsartorial (adductor canal) is located in:
    • A. 

      Upper third of thigh

    • B. 

      Middle third of thigh

    • C. 

      Lower third of thigh

    • D. 

      Leg

  • 5. 
    The longest muscle of the body is:
    • A. 

      Sartorius

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • C. 

      Adductor longus

    • D. 

      Plantaris

  • 6. 
    Which of the quadricep femoris muscles performs extension as well as flexion?
    • A. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • B. 

      Vastus medialis

    • C. 

      Vastus intermedias

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 7. 
    Which of the following muscles crosses two joints?
    • A. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • B. 

      Vastus medialis

    • C. 

      Vastus intermedius

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 8. 
    The deepest of muscles is?
    • A. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • B. 

      Vastus medialis

    • C. 

      Vastus intermedius

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 9. 
    It is the first gear muscle?
    • A. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • B. 

      Soleus

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Gluteus medius

  • 10. 
    It contains peripheral heart:
    • A. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • B. 

      Soleus

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Plantaris

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Facia lata fascia lata

    • B. 

      Iliotibial tract

    • C. 

      Plantar aponeurosis

    • D. 

      None

  • 12. 
    It is the largest and longest bone of the body:
    • A. 

      Hip bone

    • B. 

      Femur

    • C. 

      Vertibra

    • D. 

      Tibia

  • 13. 
    It is the union of three bones:
    • A. 

      Sternum

    • B. 

      Femur

    • C. 

      Hip bone

    • D. 

      Tibia

  • 14. 
    The largest nerve of the body is:
    • A. 

      Sural nerve

    • B. 

      Sciatic nerve

    • C. 

      Femoral nerve

    • D. 

      Radial nerve

  • 15. 
    Which of the following muscles has dual supply?
    • A. 

      Sartorius

    • B. 

      Gluteus maximus

    • C. 

      Adductor longus

    • D. 

      Adductor magnus

  • 16. 
    It is a bipennate muscle:
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Quadriceps femoris

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Iliacus

  • 17. 
    The sesmoid bone of the lower limb is:
    • A. 

      Pubis

    • B. 

      Patela

    • C. 

      Ilium

    • D. 

      Calcaneum

  • 18. 
    The true foot drop occurs because of:
    • A. 

      Sciatic nerve

    • B. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Tibial nerve

    • D. 

      Posterior cutaneous nerve

  • 19. 
    Peripheral hearts are located in:
    • A. 

      Thorax

    • B. 

      Abdomen

    • C. 

      Thigh

    • D. 

      Leg

  • 20. 
    Which of the following structure does not take part in the formation of the knee joint?
    • A. 

      Condyle of tibia

    • B. 

      Head of fibula

    • C. 

      Medial femoral condyle

    • D. 

      Lateral femoral condyle

  • 21. 
    Which muscle passes through the greator sciatic foramen?
    • A. 

      Superior gemelus

    • B. 

      Obturater externus

    • C. 

      Obturater internus

    • D. 

      Piriformis

  • 22. 
    The muscle having action at its origin :
    • A. 

      Popliteus

    • B. 

      Plantaris

    • C. 

      Pectineus

    • D. 

      Lumbricals

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Rectus femoris

    • B. 

      Biceps femoris

    • C. 

      Quadratus plantae

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius

  • 24. 
    Femoral vein recieves blood from?
    • A. 

      External iliac vein

    • B. 

      Internal iliac vein

    • C. 

      Geat saphenous vein

    • D. 

      Internal thorcic vein

  • 25. 
    It performs its function in the unlocking of the knee joint:
    • A. 

      Plantaris

    • B. 

      Popliteus

    • C. 

      Soleus

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Obturater externus

    • B. 

      Obturater internus

    • C. 

      Piriformis

    • D. 

      Quadratus femoris

  • 27. 
    It is inserted to the quadrate tubercle:
    • A. 

      Quadriceps femoris

    • B. 

      Quadratus plantae

    • C. 

      Quadratus femoris

    • D. 

      Rectus femoris

  • 28. 
    Iliotibial tract recieves the insertion of:
    • A. 

      Gluteus max. and gluteus min.

    • B. 

      Gluteus med. and gluteus min

    • C. 

      Gluteus max. and gluteus med.

    • D. 

      Gluteus max. and tenser fascia

  • 29. 
    The greater sciatic foramen is formed by:
    • A. 

      Sacrotuberous ligament & ischiotuberous ligament

    • B. 

      Sacrotuberous ligament & sacrospinous ligament

    • C. 

      Iliofemoral & pubofemoral ligaments

    • D. 

      Iliofemoral & ischiofemoral ligaments

  • 30. 
    The medial femoral circumflex artery is the branch of:
    • A. 

      Femoral artery

    • B. 

      External iliac artery

    • C. 

      Internal iliac artery

    • D. 

      Profunda femoris artery

  • 31. 
    The superficial circumflex iliac vein is the tributary of:
    • A. 

      Femoral vein

    • B. 

      Profunda femoris vein

    • C. 

      Great saphenous vein

    • D. 

      Small saphenous vein

  • 32. 
    The saphenous opening is filled with a loose connective tissue called:
    • A. 

      Collagen 4

    • B. 

      Cribriform fascia

    • C. 

      Falciform margin

    • D. 

      Fascia lata

  • 33. 
    Which of the muscles is partially paralyzed with the obturator nerve damage:
    • A. 

      Adductor longus

    • B. 

      Adductor magnus

    • C. 

      Addcutor brevis

    • D. 

      Gracilis

  • 34. 
    It is L shaped bone:
    • A. 

      Ilium

    • B. 

      Pubis

    • C. 

      Ischium

    • D. 

      Rib

  • 35. 
    How many tarsal bones are there?
    • A. 

      12

    • B. 

      14

    • C. 

      16

    • D. 

      18

  • 36. 
    Most of the knee joint dislocation is possible in the state:
    • A. 

      Flexed

    • B. 

      Semi flexed

    • C. 

      Extended

    • D. 

      Semi extended

  • 37. 
    Which two muscles have the insertion at the same place?
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior and peroneus longus

    • B. 

      Extensor digitorium longus and extensor halucis longus

    • C. 

      Extensor digitorium longus and extensor digitorium brevis

    • D. 

      Flexor digitorium longus and flexor digitorium brevis

  • 38. 
    Soldiers and joggers after the long marches are prone to the fracture of:
    • A. 

      Calcaneum

    • B. 

      Navicular bone

    • C. 

      Cuneiform bones

    • D. 

      Metatarsal bones

  • 39. 
    The oblique popliteal ligament is formed by:
    • A. 

      Popliteus

    • B. 

      Semitendinosus

    • C. 

      Semimembranosus

    • D. 

      Biceps femoris

  • 40. 
    • A. 

      Tibial nerve

    • B. 

      Superficiial peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • D. 

      Deep peroneal nerve

  • 41. 
    Rectus femoris takes origin from:
    • A. 

      Anterior superior iliac spine

    • B. 

      Anterior inferior iliac spine

    • C. 

      Posterior superior iliac spine

    • D. 

      Posterior inferior iliac spine

  • 42. 
    Which of the following structures is not present in the popliteal fossa?
    • A. 

      Small saphenous vein

    • B. 

      Saphenous nerve

    • C. 

      Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh

    • D. 

      Tibial nerve

  • 43. 
    In the extended knee joint with the foot on the ground the joint is unlocked by:
    • A. 

      Medial rotation of femur

    • B. 

      Lateral rotation of femur

    • C. 

      Medial rotation of tibia

    • D. 

      Lateral rotation of tibia

  • 44. 
    How many lymph nodes are present in the popliteal fossa?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      10

  • 45. 
    Which nerve is subcutaneous?
    • A. 

      Tibial nerve

    • B. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Superficial pernoneal nerve

    • D. 

      Deep peroneal nerve

  • 46. 
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      4

    • D. 

      5

  • 47. 
    Superficial peroneal nerve supplies:
    • A. 

      Anterior compartment of leg

    • B. 

      Posterior compartment of leg

    • C. 

      Anteriomedial surface of leg

    • D. 

      Anteriolateral surface of leg

  • 48. 
    Which muscle is attached to the tuberosity of the navicular bone?
    • A. 

      Tibialis posterior

    • B. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • C. 

      Flexor halucis brevis

    • D. 

      Peroneus tertius

  • 49. 
    Nutrient artery to the fibula is a branch of:
    • A. 

      Anterior tibial artery

    • B. 

      Posterior tibial artery

    • C. 

      Peroneal artery

    • D. 

      Genicular branch of femoral artery

  • 50. 
    The apex of aponeurosis is attached to
    • A. 

      Tuberosity of calcaneum

    • B. 

      Nedial tubercal of calcaneum

    • C. 

      Lateral tubercal of calcaneum

    • D. 

      Medial and lateral tubercals

  • 51. 
    Tendons present in the fourth layer of the foot are:
    • A. 

      Peroneus longus and peroneus brevis

    • B. 

      Peroneus longus and tibialis posterior

    • C. 

      Extensor digitorium lognus and extensor hallucis longus

    • D. 

      Flexor digitorium longus and flexor hallucis longus

  • 52. 
    The nail beds are supplied by:
    • A. 

      Medial plantar nerve

    • B. 

      Lateral plantar nerve

    • C. 

      Both a and b

    • D. 

      Superficial peroneal nerve

  • 53. 
    The adductor hiatus is present in:
    • A. 

      Adductor longus

    • B. 

      Adductor magnus

    • C. 

      Adductor brevis

    • D. 

      Adductor hallucis

  • 54. 
    The lateral condyle of tibia possesses articular facet for the head of the fibula on its:
    • A. 

      Anterior aspect

    • B. 

      Posterior aspect

    • C. 

      Medial aspect

    • D. 

      Lateral aspect

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Anterior border is subcutaneous

    • B. 

      Lateral border is subcutaneous

    • C. 

      Medial border is subcutaneous

    • D. 

      Medial surface is subcutaneous

  • 56. 
    Which bone does not part in the formation of the knee joint?
    • A. 

      Femur

    • B. 

      Tibia

    • C. 

      Fibula

    • D. 

      Patella

  • 57. 
    The tubercle separating the tendons of peroneus longus and peroneus brevis is:
    • A. 

      Anterior tubercle

    • B. 

      Posterior tubercle

    • C. 

      Medial tubercle

    • D. 

      Peroneal tubercle

  • 58. 
    Which surface of calcaneum bears tubercles:
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Superior

    • D. 

      Inferior

  • 59. 
    The sesamoid bones over the first metatarsal bone develop from the tendon of:
    • A. 

      Extensor digitorium longus

    • B. 

      Adductor hallucis

    • C. 

      Flexor digitorium brevis

    • D. 

      Flexor hallucis brevis

  • 60. 
    In which quadrant the intramuscular injection is given?
    • A. 

      Upper medial

    • B. 

      Upper lateral

    • C. 

      Lower medial

    • D. 

      Lower lateral

  • 61. 
    The injection is given to the upper outer quadrant to save the damage to:
    • A. 

      Posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh

    • B. 

      Inferior gluteal nerve

    • C. 

      Lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh

    • D. 

      Sciatic nerve

  • 62. 
    The symphysis pubis is:
    • A. 

      Primary cartilaginous joint

    • B. 

      Secondary cartilaginous joint

    • C. 

      Synovial joint

    • D. 

      Fibrous joint

  • 63. 
    The floor of the acetabulum is non-articular called:
    • A. 

      Acetabular fossa

    • B. 

      Acetabular margin

    • C. 

      Acetabular notch

    • D. 

      Capsule

  • 64. 
    Intertrochanteric line is the connection between the two trochanters:
    • A. 

      Anteriorly

    • B. 

      Posteriorly

    • C. 

      Medialy

    • D. 

      Lateraly

  • 65. 
    Medial and lateral condyles of the femur are separated by:
    • A. 

      Intertrochanteric line

    • B. 

      Intertrochaneteric crest

    • C. 

      Intercondylar notch

    • D. 

      Popliteal fossa

  • 66. 
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 67. 
    Which muscle is pierced by sciatic nerve?
    • A. 

      Superior gemellus

    • B. 

      Inferior gemellus

    • C. 

      Piriformis

    • D. 

      Obturator externus

  • 68. 
    The increase in neck angle with the shaft of the femur is called:
    • A. 

      Coxa valga

    • B. 

      Coxa vara

    • C. 

      Coxa benda

    • D. 

      Coxa increase

  • 69. 
    The saphenous opening is situated 1.5 inch_____ pubic tubercle.
    • A. 

      Below

    • B. 

      Below and lateral

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Below and medial

  • 70. 
    The medial boundary of the femoral triangle is formed by:
    • A. 

      Adductor magnus

    • B. 

      Adductor longus

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Iliopsoas

  • 71. 
    The lateral wall of adductor canal is formed by:
    • A. 

      Sartorius

    • B. 

      Vastus lateralis

    • C. 

      Vastus medialis

    • D. 

      Adductor longus

  • 72. 
    Regarding the femoral artery:
    • A. 

      Superficial epigastric artery

    • B. 

      Superior epigastric artery

    • C. 

      Deep external pudendal artery

    • D. 

      Profunda femoris artery

  • 73. 
    Which structure does not enter the femoral sheath?
    • A. 

      Femoral nerve

    • B. 

      Femoral artery

    • C. 

      Femoral vein

    • D. 

      Lymph nodes

  • 74. 
    Muscular branches of the posterior division of obturator nerve supply:
    • A. 

      Sartorius

    • B. 

      Iliopsoas

    • C. 

      Pectineus

    • D. 

      Quadriceps

  • 75. 
    The posterior division of obturator nerve pierces:
    • A. 

      Piriformis

    • B. 

      Obturator externus

    • C. 

      Obturator internus

    • D. 

      Superior gemellus

  • 76. 
    It looks like inverted Y shaped:
    • A. 

      Iliofemoral ligament

    • B. 

      Pubofemoral ligament

    • C. 

      Ischiofemoral ligament

    • D. 

      Plantar aponeurosis

  • 77. 
    The different of the following muscles is?
    • A. 

      Semitendindinosus

    • B. 

      Semimembranosus

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris

    • D. 

      Adductor magnus (hamstring portion)

  • 78. 
    Circumduction is the combination of?
    • A. 

      Flexion, extension, medial rotation, and lateral rotation

    • B. 

      Flexion, extension, abduction, and adduction

    • C. 

      Abduction, adduction, medial rotation, and lateral rotation

    • D. 

      Extension, adduction, medial rotation, and lateral rotation

  • 79. 
    Sustentaculum tali is located on______ of calcaneum.
    • A. 

      Medial surface

    • B. 

      Lateral surface

    • C. 

      Anterior surface

    • D. 

      Superior surface

  • 80. 
    A metatarsal bone has the following basic parts:
    • A. 

      Head, shaft, and tail

    • B. 

      Head, shaft, and base

    • C. 

      Head, neck, tubercle, and base

    • D. 

      Head, neck, tubercle, and tail

  • 81. 
    Upper lateral boundary of popliteal fossa is formed by:
    • A. 

      Lateral head of gastrocnemius

    • B. 

      Semitendinosus

    • C. 

      Biceps femoris

    • D. 

      Popliteus

  • 82. 
    The popliteus muscle is supplied by:
    • A. 

      Popliteal nerve

    • B. 

      Peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Tibial nerve

    • D. 

      Common peroneal nerve

  • 83. 
    A lateral cutaneous nerve is a branch of:
    • A. 

      Tibial nerve

    • B. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Superficial peroneal nerve

    • D. 

      Deep peroneal nerve

  • 84. 
    The sural nerve is the branch of:
    • A. 

      Tibial nerve

    • B. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Superficial peroneal nerve

    • D. 

      Deep peroneal nerve

  • 85. 
    The front of the leg is supplied by:
    • A. 

      Tibial nerve

    • B. 

      Common peroneal nerve

    • C. 

      Superficial peroneal nerve

    • D. 

      Deep peroneal nerve

  • 86. 
    It is an evertor:
    • A. 

      Tibialis anterior

    • B. 

      Peroneus tertius

    • C. 

      Extensor digitorium longus

    • D. 

      Extensor hallucis longus

  • 87. 
    The nerve root for peroneus longus and peroneus brevis is:
    • A. 

      L5,S1

    • B. 

      L4,5

    • C. 

      L5,S1,2

    • D. 

      S1,2

  • 88. 
    The septum dividing the posterior fascial compartment of the leg into two groups is:
    • A. 

      Plantaris tendon

    • B. 

      Fascia lata

    • C. 

      Septum transversum

    • D. 

      Deep transverse fascia

  • 89. 
    • A. 

      Adductor longus

    • B. 

      Adductor magnus

    • C. 

      Sartorius

    • D. 

      Gluteus maximus

  • 90. 
    Long-distance air travelers are prone to:
    • A. 

      Paralysis of leg

    • B. 

      Deep veins thrombosis

    • C. 

      Veins vericose

    • D. 

      Nerve damage

  • 91. 
    Usually the automobile accidents involve the fracture of:
    • A. 

      Femur

    • B. 

      Tibia

    • C. 

      Fibula

    • D. 

      Patella

  • 92. 
    Femoral hernia is more common in:
    • A. 

      Men

    • B. 

      Women

    • C. 

      Children

    • D. 

      Old age

  • 93. 
    It is more prone to be ruptured?
    • A. 

      Medial collateral ligament

    • B. 

      Lateral collateral ligament

  • 94. 
    It passes upward, backward and laterally to be attached to the posterior part of the medial surface of the lateral femoral condyle:
    • A. 

      Anterior cruciate ligament

    • B. 

      Posterior cruciate ligament

    • C. 

      Medial collateral ligament

    • D. 

      Lateral collateral ligament

  • 95. 
    Inversions and eversions take place at:
    • A. 

      Ankle joint

    • B. 

      Knee joint

    • C. 

      Tarsal joints

  • 96. 
    Abductor digiti minimi takes origin from?
    • A. 

      Medial tuberosity of calcaneum

    • B. 

      Medial tubercle of calcaneum

    • C. 

      Medial and lateral tubercles of calcaneum

    • D. 

      Lateral tubercle of calcaneum

  • 97. 
    Lumbricals are inserted at?
    • A. 

      Tendon of flexor digitorium longus

    • B. 

      Dorsal extensor expansion

    • C. 

      Base of proximal phalanx of big toe

    • D. 

      Head of proximal phalanx of big toe

  • 98. 
    Regarding the third layer of  muscles of foot?
    • A. 

      Flexor digitorium brevis

    • B. 

      Flexor hallucis brevis

    • C. 

      Flexor digiti minimi brevis

    • D. 

      Adductor hallucis

  • 99. 
    The one has different nerve supply?
    • A. 

      Interossie dorsal

    • B. 

      Interossie plantar

    • C. 

      Flexor digiti minimi brevis

    • D. 

      Flexor hallucis brevis

  • 100. 
    Regarding the popliteal lymph nodes:
    • A. 

      6

    • B. 

      Lateral surface of foot

    • C. 

      Lateral surface of thigh

    • D. 

      Lateral surface of leg