Questions On Earthquakes And Volcanoes! Trivia Quiz

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Questions On Earthquakes And Volcanoes! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


How much do you know about earthquakes and volcanoes? Do you think you can pass this quiz? Regarding this quiz, you will be responsible for knowing what is created when a volcano falls in on itself, what a break in the earth’s crust along which crusts move is called, what is melted rock that reaches the earth’s surface called, and what is a holding pool for hot magma. This quiz is all about earthquakes and volcanoes. You must take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Earth's outermost layer is the _________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    B. Crust
    Explanation
    The Earth's outermost layer is known as the crust. It is the solid, rocky shell that forms the Earth's surface. The crust is relatively thin compared to the other layers of the Earth, such as the mantle and the core. It is divided into two types: the continental crust, which makes up the continents, and the oceanic crust, which forms the ocean floors. The crust is where most geological activity occurs, including the formation of mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes.

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  • 2. 

    The middle of Earth's three layers is the __________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    C. Mantle
    Explanation
    The middle layer of the Earth is called the mantle. It is located between the outer layer, called the crust, and the innermost layer, called the core. The mantle is composed of hot, solid rock that flows slowly over long periods of time. It plays a crucial role in the movement of tectonic plates and the formation of volcanoes and earthquakes.

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  • 3. 

    The innermost layer of Earth is the __________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    A. Core
    Explanation
    The innermost layer of the Earth is called the core. This layer is made up of two parts: the outer core and the inner core. The outer core is composed of liquid iron and nickel, while the inner core is solid. The core is extremely hot and under immense pressure, and it plays a crucial role in generating Earth's magnetic field.

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  • 4. 

    A vocano can fall in on itself, creating a large basin called ________________.

    • A.

      A crater

    • B.

      An epicenter

    • C.

      A fault

    • D.

      A plate

    Correct Answer
    A. A crater
    Explanation
    When a volcano collapses inward, it forms a large basin called a crater. This occurs when the pressure from the eruption decreases and the volcano's structure cannot support itself, causing the top part to collapse and form a depression. Craters are typically circular in shape and can vary in size depending on the size and intensity of the volcano. They are often seen at the summit or on the sides of volcanoes and are formed as a result of explosive volcanic activity.

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  • 5. 

    A break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move is called __________.

    • A.

      An eathquake

    • B.

      An epicenter

    • C.

      A fault

    • D.

      A volcano

    Correct Answer
    C. A fault
    Explanation
    A break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move is called a fault. Faults occur when there is stress and strain on the Earth's crust, causing it to crack and shift. These movements can result in earthquakes as the rocks on either side of the fault slip past each other. Faults are important geological features that help scientists understand the dynamics of the Earth's crust and the processes that shape our planet's surface.

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  • 6. 

    The point underground where the earthquake's movement first take place is called the ________.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Epicenter

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Focus

    Correct Answer
    D. Focus
    Explanation
    The point underground where the earthquake's movement first takes place is called the focus. This is the exact location where the seismic waves originate and energy is released. It is usually deep within the Earth's crust and can be pinpointed by analyzing the arrival times of the waves at various seismograph stations. The focus is different from the epicenter, which is the point on the Earth's surface directly above the focus. The fault refers to the fracture or break in the Earth's crust where the movement occurs. A crater, on the other hand, is a depression or hollow in the ground usually caused by a volcanic eruption or meteorite impact.

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  • 7. 

    The point on Earth's surface right above the spot where the first movement of an earthquake occurs is called the earthquake's ________.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Epicenter

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Focus

    Correct Answer
    B. Epicenter
    Explanation
    The point on Earth's surface right above the spot where the first movement of an earthquake occurs is called the earthquake's epicenter. This is the location where the seismic waves originate and spread outwards, causing the shaking and damage associated with an earthquake. The epicenter is typically determined by analyzing the arrival times of the seismic waves at different seismograph stations.

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  • 8. 

    Melted rock that reaches Earth's surface is called _____________.

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Lava

    • D.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    C. Lava
    Explanation
    Melted rock that reaches Earth's surface is called lava. When magma, which is molten rock beneath the Earth's surface, rises to the surface through volcanic activity, it becomes lava. Lava can flow out of volcanoes or fissures and can be seen during volcanic eruptions. It is often hot and glowing, and it can solidify and form igneous rocks once it cools down.

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  • 9. 

    Melted rock inside the Earth is called _______.

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Lava

    • D.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    D. Magma
    Explanation
    Melted rock inside the Earth is called magma. Magma is formed when solid rock in the Earth's mantle melts due to high temperatures and pressure. It is a molten mixture of various minerals, gases, and liquids. Magma can rise to the surface through volcanic activity and is then called lava.

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  • 10. 

    A _______ is a tube in a volcano that carries hot melted rock to the surface.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Fault

    • C.

      Magma chamber

    • D.

      Vent

    Correct Answer
    D. Vent
    Explanation
    A vent is a tube in a volcano that carries hot melted rock to the surface. This is where the magma, gases, and other volcanic materials are released during an eruption. The vent provides a pathway for the magma to escape from the magma chamber and reach the surface, forming a volcano. The other options, such as crater, fault, and magma chamber, are not specifically related to the transportation of hot melted rock to the surface.

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  • 11. 

    An underground holding pool for hot magma is called a ________________.

    • A.

      Magma chamber

    • B.

      Crater

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Vent

    Correct Answer
    A. Magma chamber
    Explanation
    A magma chamber is an underground holding pool for hot magma. It is a large, underground cavity filled with molten rock that serves as a reservoir for magma before it erupts onto the Earth's surface. Magma chambers are typically found beneath volcanoes and are responsible for supplying the magma that eventually erupts as lava during volcanic eruptions.

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  • 12. 

    What is Earth's hottest layer?

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Core

    • D.

      Ocean floor

    Correct Answer
    C. Core
    Explanation
    The Earth's hottest layer is the core. The core is made up of two parts: the outer core and the inner core. The outer core is composed of liquid iron and nickel, while the inner core is solid. The temperatures in the core can reach up to 9,000 degrees Fahrenheit (5,000 degrees Celsius). This extreme heat is generated by the radioactive decay of elements and the residual heat from the formation of the Earth.

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  • 13. 

    Earth's plates move very slowly across Earth's surface on a thin layer of partly melted _____.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Volcanic ash

    • D.

      Crust

    Correct Answer
    B. Mantle
    Explanation
    The mantle is a layer of the Earth's interior that lies between the crust and the core. It is a partially melted layer of rock that is responsible for the movement of the Earth's tectonic plates. This movement, known as plate tectonics, occurs due to the convection currents in the mantle. These currents cause the plates to slowly move across the Earth's surface, leading to phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, and the formation of mountain ranges.

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  • 14. 

    Scientists can _________ earthquakes by using seismographs, the Mercalli scale, and the Richter scale.

    • A.

      Measure

    • B.

      Predict

    • C.

      Weaken

    • D.

      Cause

    Correct Answer
    A. Measure
    Explanation
    Scientists can measure earthquakes by using seismographs, the Mercalli scale, and the Richter scale. Seismographs are instruments that detect and record the ground motion caused by seismic waves. The Mercalli scale is used to measure the intensity of an earthquake based on observed effects on people, buildings, and the natural environment. The Richter scale, on the other hand, measures the magnitude or energy released by an earthquake. By utilizing these tools and scales, scientists can accurately measure and analyze earthquakes, providing valuable data for further research and understanding of seismic activity.

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  • 15. 

    Christchurch has hundreds of earthquakes each year because there is a large ________ running through the state.

    • A.

      Epicenter

    • B.

      River

    • C.

      Crater

    • D.

      Fault

    Correct Answer
    D. Fault
    Explanation
    Christchurch experiences frequent earthquakes because there is a large fault running through the state. A fault is a fracture in the Earth's crust where rocks on either side have moved past each other. In this case, the movement along the fault causes the ground to shake, resulting in earthquakes.

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  • 16. 

    Some volcanoes form new_______ as plates move apart and magma rises to the surface of the crust.

    • A.

      Volcanoes

    • B.

      Ocean floor

    • C.

      Earthquakes

    • D.

      Mantle

    Correct Answer
    B. Ocean floor
    Explanation
    As plates move apart, magma rises to the surface of the crust, resulting in the formation of new volcanoes. This process occurs primarily in areas where tectonic plates diverge, such as along mid-ocean ridges. The magma that reaches the surface cools and solidifies, gradually building up the ocean floor. Therefore, the correct answer is "ocean floor."

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  • 17. 

    Different kinds of _______ form different kinds of volcanic mountains.

    • A.

      Eruptions

    • B.

      Cinders

    • C.

      Slopes

    • D.

      Energy waves

    Correct Answer
    A. Eruptions
    Explanation
    Different kinds of eruptions form different kinds of volcanic mountains. Volcanic mountains are formed when molten rock (magma) rises to the surface through volcanic eruptions. The type of eruption, whether it is explosive or effusive, determines the shape and characteristics of the volcanic mountain. Explosive eruptions, which involve the release of gas and ash, tend to create steep-sided and cone-shaped mountains. On the other hand, effusive eruptions, which involve the slow flow of lava, tend to create shield volcanoes with gentle slopes. Therefore, it is the eruptions themselves that directly influence the formation of different types of volcanic mountains.

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  • 18. 

    How are Tsunamis caused?

    • A.

      Heavy rain

    • B.

      Earthquakes

    • C.

      Large tides

    • D.

      Ocean currents

    Correct Answer
    B. Earthquakes
    Explanation
    Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes. When an earthquake occurs under the ocean, it can generate powerful seismic waves that travel through the water, causing the water to move in a series of waves. These waves then travel across the ocean, often growing in size and strength as they approach the coastline. When they reach shallow water, the waves can rise dramatically, forming a tsunami. Therefore, earthquakes are the primary cause of tsunamis.

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  • 19. 

    Once a tsunami hits land it loses energy and the waves stop.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Tsunamis do not lose energy and stop when they hit land. In fact, they can continue to travel inland for several miles, causing destruction and damage along the way. Tsunamis are caused by underwater disturbances, such as earthquakes or volcanic eruptions, and their energy is carried by the waves. When these waves reach shallow water near the coast, they may slow down and increase in height, causing significant damage when they eventually hit land. Therefore, the statement that tsunamis lose energy and stop when they hit land is false.

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  • 20. 

    Which country was hit by a major tsunami in 2011?

    • A.

      Hong Kiong

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      Vietnam

    • D.

      Japan

    Correct Answer
    D. Japan
    Explanation
    In 2011, Japan was hit by a major tsunami. This natural disaster was triggered by a powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0 off the northeastern coast of Japan. The tsunami caused widespread destruction, including the Fukushima nuclear disaster. It resulted in the loss of thousands of lives, extensive damage to infrastructure, and had long-lasting impacts on the country's economy and environment.

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  • 21. 

    What does "Tsunami" mean?

    • A.

      Harbour wave

    • B.

      Large surf

    • C.

      Run for your life

    • D.

      Special wave

    Correct Answer
    A. Harbour wave
    Explanation
    Tsunami is a Japanese term that translates to "harbour wave" in English. This term refers to a series of ocean waves that are usually caused by underwater earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These waves can travel across the ocean at high speeds and can cause significant damage and destruction when they reach coastal areas. The term "harbour wave" accurately describes the nature of a tsunami, as it emphasizes the massive size and potential impact of these waves on harbors and coastal regions.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 22, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Wendy
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