Ultimate Trivia On Earthquakes And Volcanoes! Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Skgomez
S
Skgomez
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 3,131
Questions: 17 | Attempts: 3,133

SettingsSettingsSettings
Ultimate Trivia On Earthquakes And Volcanoes! Quiz - Quiz

How much trivia do you know about earthquakes and volcanoes? Would you like to put your knowledge to the test? According to this quiz, what you will be required to recognize is what an epicenter is, how melted rock reaches the earth's surface, and what tube in a volcano carries hot melted rock to the surface, etc. This quiz will explode with information to help you better understand earthquakes and volcanoes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Earth's outermost layer is the _________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    B. Crust
    Explanation
    The Earth's outermost layer is known as the crust. It is the solid, rocky shell that covers the entire planet. The crust is relatively thin compared to the other layers of the Earth, and it is divided into two types: the continental crust, which forms the continents, and the oceanic crust, which underlies the ocean basins. The crust is where most geological activity occurs, including the formation of mountains, earthquakes, and the movement of tectonic plates.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The middle of Earth's three layers is the __________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    C. Mantle
    Explanation
    The middle layer of the Earth, known as the mantle, is located between the core and the crust. It is composed of solid rock that is hot and semi-fluid. The mantle plays a crucial role in the movement of tectonic plates and the convection currents that occur within it. This layer is responsible for the majority of the Earth's mass and is believed to be made up of silicate minerals.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The innermost layer of Earth is the __________________.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Crust

    • C.

      Mantle

    • D.

      Plate

    Correct Answer
    A. Core
    Explanation
    The innermost layer of the Earth is called the core. It is composed primarily of iron and nickel and is divided into two parts: the inner core and the outer core. The inner core is solid, while the outer core is in a liquid state. The core plays a crucial role in generating the Earth's magnetic field and is responsible for the majority of the Earth's heat.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    A volcano can fall in on itself, creating a large basin called ________________.

    • A.

      A crater

    • B.

      An epicenter

    • C.

      A fault

    • D.

      A plate

    Correct Answer
    A. A crater
    Explanation
    When a volcano collapses inward, it forms a depression known as a crater. This occurs when the volcano's magma chamber is emptied during an eruption, causing the unsupported roof to collapse and create a basin-like shape. Craters are often characterized by their circular or bowl-like appearance and can vary in size depending on the size of the volcano.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    A break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move is called __________.

    • A.

      An eathquake

    • B.

      An epicenter

    • C.

      A fault

    • D.

      A volcano

    Correct Answer
    C. A fault
    Explanation
    A break in the Earth's crust along which rocks move is called a fault. Faults occur due to the tectonic forces that cause the Earth's crust to move, resulting in the displacement of rocks. This movement can lead to earthquakes as the rocks along the fault slip and release energy. Faults can vary in size and can be classified as normal, reverse, or strike-slip, depending on the type of movement that occurs.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The point underground where the earthquake's movement first takes place is called the ________.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Epicenter

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Focus

    Correct Answer
    D. Focus
    Explanation
    The point underground where the earthquake's movement first takes place is called the focus. This is the exact location where the seismic energy is released and originates. It is usually located deep within the Earth's crust. The focus is responsible for generating seismic waves that propagate outward, causing the shaking and damage associated with earthquakes.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The point on Earth's surface right above the spot where the first movement of an earthquake occurs is called the earthquake's ________.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Epicenter

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Focus

    Correct Answer
    B. Epicenter
    Explanation
    The point on Earth's surface right above the spot where the first movement of an earthquake occurs is called the earthquake's epicenter. This is the location where the seismic waves originate and is usually the point of greatest intensity during an earthquake. It is important to identify the epicenter accurately to assess the impact and potential damage caused by the earthquake.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Melted rock that reaches Earth's surface is called _____________.

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Lava

    • D.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    C. Lava
    Explanation
    Melted rock that reaches Earth's surface is called lava. Lava is formed when magma, which is molten rock beneath the Earth's surface, erupts onto the surface through volcanic activity. It is typically hot and fluid, flowing down the sides of volcanoes or spreading out in volcanic eruptions. Lava can solidify and form different types of igneous rocks as it cools.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Melted rock inside the Earth is called _______.

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Lava

    • D.

      Magma

    Correct Answer
    D. Magma
    Explanation
    Magma is the correct answer because it refers to melted rock inside the Earth. When rock deep within the Earth's mantle melts due to high temperatures and pressure, it forms a molten substance called magma. This molten rock can eventually rise to the Earth's surface and erupt as lava during volcanic activity. Therefore, magma accurately describes the state of melted rock beneath the Earth's surface.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    A _______ is a tube in a volcano that carries hot melted rock to the surface.

    • A.

      Crater

    • B.

      Fault

    • C.

      Magma chamber

    • D.

      Vent

    Correct Answer
    D. Vent
    Explanation
    A vent is a tube in a volcano that carries hot melted rock to the surface. It serves as an opening or an outlet through which the magma can escape from the magma chamber and reach the Earth's surface. The vent allows for the release of pressure and gases, leading to volcanic eruptions.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    An underground holding pool for hot magma is called a ________________.

    • A.

      Magma chamber

    • B.

      Crater

    • C.

      Fault

    • D.

      Vent

    Correct Answer
    A. Magma chamber
    Explanation
    A magma chamber is an underground holding pool for hot magma. It is where molten rock accumulates and is stored before it is released during volcanic eruptions. This is where the magma is heated and pressurized, allowing it to build up and eventually cause volcanic activity. A crater is a depression at the top of a volcano, formed by the explosion or collapse of the volcano's summit. A fault is a fracture in the Earth's crust, and a vent is an opening in the Earth's surface through which volcanic materials are emitted.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What is Earth's hottest layer?

    • A.

      Crust

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Core

    • D.

      Ocean floor

    Correct Answer
    C. Core
    Explanation
    The Earth's hottest layer is the core. The core is divided into two parts: the outer core and the inner core. The outer core is made up of liquid iron and nickel, while the inner core is solid. The temperature in the core can reach up to 5700 degrees Celsius (10,000 degrees Fahrenheit). This extreme heat is generated by the radioactive decay of elements and the residual heat from the formation of the Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Earth's plates move very slowly across Earth's surface on a thin layer of partly melted _____.

    • A.

      Core

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Volcanic ash

    • D.

      Crust

    Correct Answer
    B. Mantle
    Explanation
    The Earth's plates move very slowly across Earth's surface on a thin layer of partly melted mantle. The mantle is the layer between the Earth's crust and the core. It is composed of solid rock but has regions of partially molten rock, which allows for the movement of the tectonic plates. The movement of these plates is responsible for various geological phenomena such as earthquakes, volcanic activity, and the formation of mountains.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Scientists can _________ earthquakes by using seismographs, the Mercalli scale, and the Richter scale.

    • A.

      Measure

    • B.

      Predict

    • C.

      Weaken

    • D.

      Cause

    Correct Answer
    A. Measure
    Explanation
    Scientists can measure earthquakes by using seismographs, the Mercalli scale, and the Richter scale. Seismographs are instruments that detect and record the vibrations caused by seismic waves. The Mercalli scale is used to measure the intensity of an earthquake based on observed effects on people, buildings, and the environment. The Richter scale, on the other hand, measures the magnitude of an earthquake based on the amplitude of seismic waves recorded by seismographs. By utilizing these tools and scales, scientists can accurately measure the size and impact of earthquakes.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    California has more than 20,000 earthquakes each year because there is a large ________ running through the state.

    • A.

      Epicenter

    • B.

      River

    • C.

      Crater

    • D.

      Fault

    Correct Answer
    D. Fault
    Explanation
    California has more than 20,000 earthquakes each year because there is a large fault running through the state. A fault is a fracture or a break in the Earth's crust where rocks on either side move past each other. In California, the San Andreas Fault is a major fault line that runs through the state, causing frequent seismic activity. This fault is responsible for the high number of earthquakes experienced in California annually.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Some volcanoes form new_______ as plates move apart and magma rises to the surface of the crust.

    • A.

      Volcanoes

    • B.

      Ocean floor

    • C.

      Earthquakes

    • D.

      Mantle

    Correct Answer
    B. Ocean floor
    Explanation
    As plates move apart, magma rises to the surface of the crust, leading to the formation of new volcanoes. This process occurs primarily along divergent plate boundaries, such as mid-ocean ridges. The magma that reaches the surface cools and solidifies, forming new oceanic crust. Therefore, the correct answer is "ocean floor."

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Different kinds of _______ form different kinds of volcanic mountains.

    • A.

      Eruptions

    • B.

      Cinders

    • C.

      Slopes

    • D.

      Energy waves

    Correct Answer
    A. Eruptions
    Explanation
    Different kinds of eruptions form different kinds of volcanic mountains. Volcanic mountains are formed when molten rock, or magma, rises to the surface and erupts. The type of eruption, whether it is explosive or effusive, determines the shape and characteristics of the volcanic mountain. Explosive eruptions, caused by gas-rich magma, result in steep slopes and tall, cone-shaped mountains. Effusive eruptions, caused by less gas-rich magma, create gentle slopes and shield-shaped mountains. Therefore, the type of eruption plays a crucial role in determining the type of volcanic mountain formed.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 09, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 26, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Skgomez
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.