Earth Science Quiz 1

69 Questions | Total Attempts: 204

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Earth Science Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The windblown top of a thunderstorm is called a
    • A. 

      Anvil

    • B. 

      Gust front

    • C. 

      Eye

    • D. 

      Occluded front

  • 2. 
     A boundary where contrasting air masses meet is a
    • A. 

      Hurricane

    • B. 

      Front

    • C. 

      Storm surge

    • D. 

      Eye wall

  • 3. 
    A cool, moist air mass is the
    • A. 

      CA

    • B. 

      CP

    • C. 

      MT

    • D. 

      MP

    • E. 

      CT

  • 4. 
    Thunderstorms, midlatitudes cyclones, and hurricanes are fed by
    • A. 

      Dense, heavy air

    • B. 

      Atmospheric stability

    • C. 

      The Coriolis force

    • D. 

      Latent head of condensation

  • 5. 
    HThe sequence of atmospheric events that develops along the polar jet stream and that produces midlatitude cyclones is called
    • A. 

      Tropical depression

    • B. 

      Cyclogenesis

    • C. 

      Occlusion

    • D. 

      Storm surge

  • 6. 
    AThe type of mass wasting depicted is a
    • A. 

      Rockfall

    • B. 

      Earthflow

    • C. 

      Soil creep

    • D. 

      Slump

  • 7. 
    TThe location within the Earth where an earthquake originates is the
    • A. 

      Hogback

    • B. 

      Isotope

    • C. 

      Epicenter

    • D. 

      Focus

  • 8. 
     The Earth's plates move around on the Earth b/c they float on the
    • A. 

      Crust

    • B. 

      Core

    • C. 

      Asthenosphere

    • D. 

      Plume

    • E. 

      Mantle

  • 9. 
    A plate boundary where two plates move horizontally past each other is a
    • A. 

      Convergent boundary

    • B. 

      Divergent boundary

    • C. 

      Passive plate margin

    • D. 

      Transform boundary

  • 10. 
    The spreading apart of the Earth's crust by magma rising between fractures in the Earth's plates is called
    • A. 

      Exfoliation

    • B. 

      Overthrusting

    • C. 

      Rifting

    • D. 

      Subduction

  • 11. 
    The two kinds of weathering are
    • A. 

      Mechanical and physical

    • B. 

      Mechanical and chemical

    • C. 

      Physical and erosion

    • D. 

      Mechanical and component

  • 12. 
    The process by which one lithospheric plate is forced beneath another is called
    • A. 

      Laterization

    • B. 

      Subduction

    • C. 

      Volcanism

    • D. 

      Seismicity

  • 13. 
    Expansion and contraction of water in rock cracks due to freezing and thawing is
    • A. 

      Frost wedging

    • B. 

      Frost heaving

    • C. 

      Plant wedging

    • D. 

      Salt-crystal growth

  • 14. 
    The types of mechanical weathering do NOT include
    • A. 

      Exfoliation

    • B. 

      Frost wedging

    • C. 

      Salt-crystal growth

    • D. 

      Oxidation

  • 15. 
    The agent of erosion associated with mass wasting is
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Wind

    • C. 

      Ice

    • D. 

      Gravity

  • 16. 
    Midlatitude cyclones in the U.S. generally move in what direction?
    • A. 

      East to West

    • B. 

      West to East

    • C. 

      North to South

    • D. 

      South to North

    • E. 

      They remain stationary

  • 17. 
    Prior to the development of a midlatitude cyclone, the polar front is a
    • A. 

      Tropical cyclone

    • B. 

      Stationary front

    • C. 

      Occluded front

    • D. 

      Cold front

    • E. 

      Warm front

  • 18. 
    Air masses are named by their
    • A. 

      Direction from which they came

    • B. 

      Temperature and humidity characteristics

    • C. 

      Order of occurrence from an alphabetical list

    • D. 

      Location of first occurrence

  • 19. 
    The air masses that originate over Canada are the
    • A. 

      MP and cT

    • B. 

      CP and the mP

    • C. 

      CA and the cAA

    • D. 

      CP and the cA

  • 20. 
    Cold fronts are characterized by
    • A. 

      Thunderstorms

    • B. 

      Hurricanes

    • C. 

      A rise in temperature

    • D. 

      Several days of slow but steady precipitation

  • 21. 
    The four pedogenic processes do NOT include
    • A. 

      Deletions

    • B. 

      Additions

    • C. 

      Translocations

    • D. 

      Metamorphism

  • 22. 
    The pines of the southeastern United States (near Charlotte) are characteristic of which biome?
    • A. 

      Boreal forest

    • B. 

      Mediterranean woodland and shrub

    • C. 

      Midlatitude coniferous forest

    • D. 

      Tropical rainforest

  • 23. 
    The climate zone with the largest annual range in temperature is
    • A. 

      Mesothermal

    • B. 

      Microthermal

    • C. 

      Arid and semi-arid

    • D. 

      Tropical

  • 24. 
    The elevation at which the bottoms of clouds begin to form represents the elevation at which
    • A. 

      The dew point occurs

    • B. 

      Relative humidity reaches 100 percent

    • C. 

      Relative humidity reaches 0 percent

    • D. 

      A and B

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 25. 
    The soil layer that has abundant humus and is the most fertile is the ___ layer
    • A. 

      B

    • B. 

      C

    • C. 

      R

    • D. 

      E

    • E. 

      A

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