Dantes Subject Standardized Tests! Trivia Questions

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Dantes Subject Standardized Tests! Trivia Questions - Quiz

Below is Dantes Subject Standardized Tests! The DANTES Subject Standardized Tests are examination tests given in the United States of America for students who are pursuing college degrees in non-traditional formats. Do you know enough about the subject matter to be able to pass your own DANTES test? Take the following quiz to find out once and for all and get some practice.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Chicken pox is also known as

    • A.

      Vaccination

    • B.

      Variety of diseases

    • C.

      Varicella

    • D.

      Small pox

    • E.

      Virus

    Correct Answer
    C. Varicella
    Explanation
    Chicken pox is also known as Varicella. This is the correct answer because Varicella is the medical term used to describe the viral infection caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chicken pox is a highly contagious disease characterized by a rash of itchy, fluid-filled blisters on the skin. It is commonly seen in children and can also affect adults who have not been vaccinated or previously infected. The term "Varicella" is widely used in medical literature and healthcare settings to refer to this specific disease.

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  • 2. 

    Antibiotics are not effective with diseases caused by

    • A.

      Virus

    • B.

      Bacteria

    • C.

      Contagion

    • D.

      Germs

    Correct Answer
    A. Virus
    Explanation
    Antibiotics are not effective against diseases caused by viruses because antibiotics specifically target and kill bacteria, not viruses. Antibiotics work by disrupting the growth or destroying the cell wall of bacteria, whereas viruses are different from bacteria and do not have a cell wall. Viruses replicate and invade host cells, making it difficult for antibiotics to target and eliminate them. Therefore, alternative treatments such as antiviral medications are used to treat viral infections.

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  • 3. 

    Chicken pox typically leaves

    • A.

      No scars

    • B.

      Some scars

    • C.

      Large scars

    • D.

      Dark scars

    Correct Answer
    B. Some scars
    Explanation
    Chicken pox typically leaves some scars. While not everyone who gets chicken pox will develop scars, it is common for the blisters caused by the virus to leave small marks on the skin. These scars can vary in size and color, but they are generally not large or dark. The severity of scarring can depend on factors such as the individual's age, the extent of the infection, and how well the blisters were cared for during the healing process.

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  • 4. 

    Shingles

    • A.

      Is a chickenpox-like disease

    • B.

      May recur several times after the initial bout

    • C.

      Is a disease that appears in adults who have never had chicken pox

    • D.

      Usually occurs all over the body

    Correct Answer
    A. Is a chickenpox-like disease
    Explanation
    Shingles is a viral infection caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. It is characterized by a painful rash that usually appears on one side of the body. The rash consists of small blisters that scab over and eventually heal. Shingles is often described as a chickenpox-like disease because it shares similar symptoms, such as the appearance of a rash. However, shingles is different from chickenpox in that it typically occurs in adults who have previously had chickenpox, as the virus remains dormant in the body and can reactivate later in life.

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  • 5. 

    The U.S. government’s Health Center

    • A.

      Recommends chicken pox vaccines for all babies

    • B.

      Recommends vaccinations for babies two weeks after birth

    • C.

      Recommends that teenagers and adults, not previously vaccinated, should have two injections one week apart

    • D.

      Recommends vaccinations for all ages

    Correct Answer
    D. Recommends vaccinations for all ages
    Explanation
    The U.S. government's Health Center recommends vaccinations for all ages. This means that regardless of a person's age, they should receive vaccinations as recommended by the Health Center. This is likely to ensure that individuals are protected against various diseases and to promote overall public health.

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  • 6. 

    Measles

    • A.

      Is not contagious

    • B.

      Typically runs for five days

    • C.

      Begins as a respiratory disease

    • D.

      Is contagious when the first of the rash appears

    Correct Answer
    C. Begins as a respiratory disease
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because it accurately states that measles begins as a respiratory disease. Measles is caused by a highly contagious virus that primarily spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus initially infects the respiratory system, causing symptoms such as fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. After a few days, a characteristic rash appears on the skin, but the initial symptoms of respiratory infection are usually the first to manifest.

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  • 7. 

    The first step in caring for a measles patient is:

    • A.

      Reduce the fever

    • B.

      Apply Non-itch cream to the rash

    • C.

      Take the infected person to the doctor

    • D.

      Give aspirin

    Correct Answer
    A. Reduce the fever
    Explanation
    Reducing the fever is the first step in caring for a measles patient because fever is a common symptom of measles and can cause discomfort and complications. By lowering the fever, the patient's overall discomfort can be reduced, and it can also help prevent potential complications associated with high fever, such as seizures. It is important to note that aspirin should not be given to a person with measles, as it can increase the risk of a serious condition called Reye's syndrome. Taking the infected person to the doctor is also crucial, but reducing the fever is the immediate first step in providing care.

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  • 8. 

    The 3Cs accompanying measles are:

    • A.

      Cough, Coryza, and Conjunctivitis.

    • B.

      Cough, Cholera, and Coryza.

    • C.

      Cough, Carcinoma Catharsis.

    • D.

      Cough, Carcinogens, Coryza

    Correct Answer
    A. Cough, Coryza, and Conjunctivitis.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Cough, Coryza, and Conjunctivitis. These symptoms are commonly associated with measles. Cough refers to a persistent cough, Coryza refers to a runny nose and congestion, and Conjunctivitis refers to redness and inflammation of the eyes. These symptoms often appear together in individuals with measles and can help in diagnosing the disease.

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  • 9. 

    The salivary glands are located

    • A.

      In the ears

    • B.

      In the chest

    • C.

      Inside the cheeks

    • D.

      On the face

    Correct Answer
    C. Inside the cheeks
    Explanation
    The salivary glands are located inside the cheeks. These glands are responsible for producing saliva, which helps in the process of digestion by breaking down food and making it easier to swallow. The saliva also contains enzymes that begin the process of breaking down carbohydrates. The location of the salivary glands inside the cheeks allows for the saliva to be quickly and efficiently released into the mouth, aiding in the process of chewing and swallowing food.

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  • 10. 

    Is a disease that appears in adults who have never had chicken pox

    • A.

      Measles, mumps, and rubella

    • B.

      Measles, malaria, and rubella

    • C.

      Measles, mumps, and retinitis

    • D.

      Mumps, measles and rheumatism

    Correct Answer
    A. Measles, mumps, and rubella
    Explanation
    Measles, mumps, and rubella are all viral diseases that can affect individuals who have never had chickenpox. Measles is highly contagious and can cause symptoms such as fever, rash, and cough. Mumps is characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, fever, and headache. Rubella, also known as German measles, causes a rash, mild fever, and swollen lymph nodes. None of the other options include all three diseases that can occur in adults who have never had chickenpox.

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  • 11. 

    Mumps are

    • A.

      Recognizable by a severe rash on the face

    • B.

      Recognizable by swelling of glands in the neck

    • C.

      Not contagious

    • D.

      Usually preceded by both fever and chills

    Correct Answer
    B. Recognizable by swelling of glands in the neck
    Explanation
    Mumps are recognizable by swelling of glands in the neck. This is a characteristic symptom of mumps, where the salivary glands located near the jaw become swollen and tender. The swelling is usually most noticeable on one side of the face, giving it a lopsided appearance. Other symptoms of mumps may include fever, headache, muscle aches, fatigue, and loss of appetite. The rash on the face is not a typical symptom of mumps, and mumps is highly contagious, spreading through respiratory droplets from an infected person.

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  • 12. 

    CAD stands for:

    • A.

      Chronic Arthritic Disease

    • B.

      Curable Arthritic Disease

    • C.

      Chronic Arm Disorder

    • D.

      Coronary Artery Disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Coronary Artery Disease
    Explanation
    CAD stands for Coronary Artery Disease. This is a medical condition where the arteries that supply blood to the heart become narrowed or blocked due to the buildup of plaque. This can lead to chest pain, shortness of breath, and in severe cases, heart attack. It is a common cardiovascular disease and is a leading cause of death worldwide.

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  • 13. 

    Angina refers to:

    • A.

      Chest pain

    • B.

      Irregular heart beat

    • C.

      Heart attack

    • D.

      Pain in left arm

    Correct Answer
    A. Chest pain
    Explanation
    Angina refers to chest pain. It is a common symptom of coronary artery disease, which occurs when the blood flow to the heart is restricted. This restriction can cause a lack of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle, leading to chest pain. Angina is often described as a squeezing or pressure-like sensation in the chest, but it can also radiate to the left arm, neck, jaw, or back. It is important to note that angina is different from a heart attack, although both conditions can cause chest pain.

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  • 14. 

    Government statistics about the rate of heart attacks tell us:

    • A.

      1.2 million heart attacks occur each year

    • B.

      1.5 thousand heart attacks occur each year

    • C.

      An unknown number of hearts attacks occur each year

    • D.

      Several thousand heart attacks occur each year

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.2 million heart attacks occur each year
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that 1.2 million heart attacks occur each year. This is based on government statistics, which provide reliable data on the incidence of heart attacks. The other options, such as 1.5 thousand or several thousand heart attacks, are not supported by the given information. The answer of 1.2 million heart attacks is the most accurate and credible based on the provided statistics.

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  • 15. 

    Which one of the following statements is true?

    • A.

      More men than women develop heart disease

    • B.

      More women than men develop heart disease

    • C.

      The number of men and the number of women who develop heart disease is about equal

    • D.

      While the numbers are changing, more men than women still develop heart disease

    Correct Answer
    D. While the numbers are changing, more men than women still develop heart disease
    Explanation
    The answer explains that although the numbers may be changing, currently more men than women still develop heart disease. This implies that historically there has been a higher incidence of heart disease in men, and although the gap may be closing, men still have a higher risk.

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  • 16. 

    Which one of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Having a family history of heart disease makes you less likely to develop heart disease

    • B.

      Having a family history makes you more likely to develop heart disease

    • C.

      Your family history has no bearing on your likelihood to develop heart disease

    • D.

      Your race does not have any bearing on the risk for heart disease

    Correct Answer
    B. Having a family history makes you more likely to develop heart disease
    Explanation
    Having a family history of heart disease increases the likelihood of developing heart disease. This is because certain genetic factors and lifestyle habits tend to run in families, which can contribute to an increased risk of heart disease. Family history is considered an important risk factor for heart disease and individuals with a family history of the condition may need to take extra precautions and be more vigilant about their heart health.

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  • 17. 

    Which one of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Being overweight is not a risk factor for developing heart disease as long as you are physically active

    • B.

      Being overweight at the waistline is a potential risk factor for developing heart disease

    • C.

      “Overweight” can only be defined by the individual

    • D.

      Being overweight is not a risk factor for heart disease as long as you are happy

    Correct Answer
    B. Being overweight at the waistline is a potential risk factor for developing heart disease
    Explanation
    Being overweight at the waistline is a potential risk factor for developing heart disease because excess fat in the abdominal area is associated with an increased risk of heart disease. This type of fat, known as visceral fat, is more harmful than fat in other areas of the body as it surrounds vital organs and can lead to inflammation and insulin resistance, both of which can contribute to heart disease. Therefore, individuals who are overweight at the waistline should be aware of the potential risk and take steps to manage their weight and reduce their risk of heart disease.

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  • 18. 

    Arrhythmia refers to:

    • A.

      Rapid heart beat

    • B.

      Slow heart beat

    • C.

      Irregular heart beat

    • D.

      Undetectable heart beat

    Correct Answer
    C. Irregular heart beat
    Explanation
    Arrhythmia refers to an irregular heart beat, which means that the heart beats at an abnormal rhythm or pattern. This can include a heart beat that is too fast, too slow, or erratic. It is important to diagnose and treat arrhythmia as it can lead to serious complications such as blood clots, stroke, or heart failure.

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  • 19. 

    The cardiovascular system refers to:

    • A.

      The Lungs

    • B.

      The Heart

    • C.

      The Kidneys

    • D.

      The Liver

    Correct Answer
    B. The Heart
    Explanation
    The cardiovascular system refers to the heart, which is responsible for pumping blood throughout the body. It is a vital organ that ensures the circulation of oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and other essential substances to various tissues and organs. The heart consists of four chambers and is composed of specialized muscle tissue that contracts and relaxes rhythmically to maintain blood flow. It works in coordination with blood vessels, such as arteries, veins, and capillaries, to transport oxygenated blood from the lungs to the rest of the body and deoxygenated blood back to the lungs for oxygenation.

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  • 20. 

    Hypertension relates to:

    • A.

      Stress level

    • B.

      Excitability

    • C.

      Blood pressure

    • D.

      Anger management level

    Correct Answer
    C. Blood pressure
    Explanation
    Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a medical condition characterized by the force of blood against the walls of the arteries being consistently too high. It is unrelated to stress level, excitability, or anger management level. Instead, it directly relates to blood pressure, which is a measure of the force exerted on the walls of the blood vessels by the circulating blood. Therefore, the correct answer is "Blood pressure."

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  • 21. 

    A blood pressure report is in two numbers, e.g., 120/65. Systolic refers to:

    • A.

      The upper number of a fraction

    • B.

      The upper or first number of a blood pressure reading

    • C.

      The upper or first number of a blood pressure reading

    • D.

      The bottom number of a blood pressure reading

    Correct Answer
    B. The upper or first number of a blood pressure reading
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The upper or first number of a blood pressure reading". In a blood pressure report, the first number represents the systolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts and pumps blood. The second number represents the diastolic pressure, which is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats.

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  • 22. 

    The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called:

    • A.

      Denominator

    • B.

      Numerator

    • C.

      Diastolic

    • D.

      Pressure at rest

    Correct Answer
    C. Diastolic
    Explanation
    The bottom number of a blood pressure reading is called diastolic. Diastolic pressure represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. It is an important measurement in determining overall blood pressure and assessing cardiovascular health.

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  • 23. 

    Diabetics should:

    • A.

      Keep their sugar level under control to lower the risk of heart disease

    • B.

      Realize that they are not at risk for heart disease

    • C.

      Maintain careful eating habits but not worry about heart disease

    • D.

      Keep their sugar level under control at all times to lessen the risk of heart disease

    Correct Answer
    D. Keep their sugar level under control at all times to lessen the risk of heart disease
    Explanation
    Keeping their sugar level under control at all times can help diabetics lessen the risk of heart disease. This is because high blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels and increase the risk of developing heart problems. By managing their sugar levels, diabetics can reduce the strain on their cardiovascular system and lower the chances of heart disease. It is important for diabetics to maintain careful eating habits and monitor their sugar levels regularly to ensure their overall health and well-being.

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  • 24. 

    A healthy blood pressure reading should not exceed

    • A.

      230/85

    • B.

      110/60

    • C.

      110/60

    • D.

      The upper limits of a safe blood pressure are 140 over 90

    Correct Answer
    D. The upper limits of a safe blood pressure are 140 over 90
    Explanation
    The answer is correct because a healthy blood pressure reading should not exceed 140 over 90. This means that the systolic pressure (the top number) should not be higher than 140, and the diastolic pressure (the bottom number) should not be higher than 90. These numbers indicate the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats (systolic) and when the heart is at rest between beats (diastolic). Blood pressure above these limits can indicate hypertension, which can increase the risk of heart disease, stroke, and other health problems.

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  • 25. 

    Which one of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      A sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor in heart disease

    • B.

      A sedentary lifestyle is recommended for heart disease patients

    • C.

      A sedentary lifestyle is synonymous with a physically active lifestyle

    • D.

      A sedentary lifestyle risk factor for heart disease

    Correct Answer
    A. A sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor in heart disease
    Explanation
    A sedentary lifestyle is a risk factor in heart disease because it involves little to no physical activity, which can lead to weight gain, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and an increased risk of developing heart disease. Regular exercise and physical activity are important in maintaining a healthy heart and reducing the risk of heart disease.

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  • 26. 

    Which of the following statements is correct?

    • A.

      Diabetes is a risk factor for heart disease

    • B.

      Controlled diabetes is not a risk factor for heart disease

    • C.

      A person’s response to stress can be a risk factor for heart disease

    • D.

      It is good to “Blow your top”; it clears the air and relaxes you

    Correct Answer
    C. A person’s response to stress can be a risk factor for heart disease
    Explanation
    A person's response to stress can be a risk factor for heart disease because stress can lead to behaviors such as overeating, smoking, or excessive alcohol consumption, which can increase the risk of developing heart disease. Additionally, chronic stress can also directly affect the cardiovascular system by raising blood pressure and increasing inflammation, both of which can contribute to the development of heart disease. Therefore, it is important to manage stress effectively in order to reduce the risk of heart disease.

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  • 27. 

    Physical activity

    • A.

      Helps to reduce the risk factor of heart disease

    • B.

      Must be strenuous to be helpful

    • C.

      Need not be scheduled to reduce the risk of heart disease

    • D.

      Is too difficult for the average person

    Correct Answer
    A. Helps to reduce the risk factor of heart disease
    Explanation
    Physical activity helps to reduce the risk factor of heart disease. Regular exercise has been shown to improve cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure, reducing cholesterol levels, and maintaining a healthy weight. It also improves circulation, strengthens the heart muscle, and reduces the risk of developing conditions such as obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure, which are all risk factors for heart disease. Therefore, engaging in any form of physical activity, whether it is strenuous or not, and regardless of being scheduled or not, can be beneficial in reducing the risk of heart disease.

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  • 28. 

    Injuries from physical activity:

    • A.

      Happen to everyone

    • B.

      Generally happen to those who have been inactive for a period of time

    • C.

      Happen only to others

    • D.

      Often happens when in inactive person does not gradually work up to an exercise routine

    Correct Answer
    D. Often happens when in inactive person does not gradually work up to an exercise routine
    Explanation
    Injuries from physical activity often happen when an inactive person does not gradually work up to an exercise routine. This is because when the body is not accustomed to physical activity, sudden and intense exercise can put excessive strain on the muscles, joints, and other body parts, leading to injuries. Gradually increasing the intensity and duration of exercise allows the body to adapt and become stronger, reducing the risk of injuries.

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  • 29. 

    A heart-healthy diet

    • A.

      Avoids fried food

    • B.

      Requires that you eliminate all fried foods

    • C.

      Reduces the sodium intake

    • D.

      Does not affect your cholesterol

    Correct Answer
    C. Reduces the sodium intake
    Explanation
    A heart-healthy diet is one that focuses on reducing the intake of sodium. High sodium intake can lead to high blood pressure, which is a risk factor for heart disease. By reducing sodium intake, the diet helps to maintain healthy blood pressure levels and promotes heart health. Avoiding fried foods and eliminating them completely is not mentioned as a requirement for a heart-healthy diet. The effect on cholesterol is not mentioned in the given information.

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  • 30. 

    Abdominal pressure is a symptom of heart disease

    • A.

      For men

    • B.

      For women

    • C.

      For no one. It is not a symptom.

    • D.

      For everyone

    Correct Answer
    B. For women
    Explanation
    Abdominal pressure is a symptom of heart disease specifically in women. This symptom can be experienced by women who have heart disease and may indicate a potential problem with their heart. It is important for women to be aware of this symptom and seek medical attention if they experience abdominal pressure along with other symptoms of heart disease.

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  • 31. 

    The level of exercise should be determined by

    • A.

      Age

    • B.

      Physical condition

    • C.

      Both age and condition

    • D.

      Ambition

    Correct Answer
    C. Both age and condition
    Explanation
    The level of exercise should be determined by both age and physical condition. Age is an important factor to consider as the body's capabilities and limitations change with age. Physical condition also plays a crucial role as it determines the individual's overall fitness level and ability to handle certain types and intensities of exercise. By considering both age and physical condition, one can tailor their exercise routine to ensure it is safe, effective, and appropriate for their specific needs and abilities.

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  • 32. 

    Smoking cigarettes is

    • A.

      A serious risk factor for most cancers

    • B.

      Not harmful if done in moderation

    • C.

      Not a serious risk factor for many diseases

    • D.

      Relaxes the smokers brain function

    Correct Answer
    A. A serious risk factor for most cancers
    Explanation
    Smoking cigarettes is a serious risk factor for most cancers because tobacco smoke contains numerous harmful chemicals that can damage DNA and lead to the development of cancerous cells. The carcinogens in cigarette smoke can affect various organs in the body, including the lungs, throat, mouth, bladder, and cervix. The habit of smoking increases the risk of developing lung cancer, which is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Additionally, smoking is also associated with an increased risk of other types of cancers, such as pancreatic, kidney, and colorectal cancer. Therefore, it is crucial to recognize smoking as a significant risk factor for most cancers.

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  • 33. 

    A CVA is

    • A.

      Chronic vaginal activity

    • B.

      Cardiovascular accident

    • C.

      Curable vascular activity

    • D.

      Complete vascular attack

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardiovascular accident
    Explanation
    A CVA, or cardiovascular accident, refers to a sudden disruption of blood flow to the brain, resulting in damage to brain cells. It is commonly known as a stroke. This explanation is supported by the fact that the other options, such as chronic vaginal activity, curable vascular activity, and complete vascular attack, do not accurately describe the medical condition known as a CVA.

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  • 34. 

    One of the preventative steps a person should take for heart disease is:

    • A.

      Cut down on the number of cigarettes smoked per day

    • B.

      Smoke cigars

    • C.

      Smoke only in private to avoid disseminating secondhand smoke

    • D.

      Quit smoking

    Correct Answer
    D. Quit smoking
    Explanation
    Quitting smoking is an important preventative step for heart disease because smoking is a major risk factor for developing heart disease. Smoking damages the blood vessels, increases blood pressure, and reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, all of which can lead to the development of heart disease. By quitting smoking, a person can significantly reduce their risk of heart disease and improve their overall cardiovascular health.

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  • 35. 

    To help prevent heart disease, you should:

    • A.

      Avoid stressful situations

    • B.

      Avoid outbursts of anger; keep it all inside

    • C.

      “Sound off” later

    • D.

      Allow your anger to simmer

    Correct Answer
    A. Avoid stressful situations
    Explanation
    Avoiding stressful situations can help prevent heart disease because stress has been linked to an increased risk of heart problems. When we are stressed, our body releases stress hormones that can raise blood pressure and cholesterol levels, leading to a higher risk of heart disease. By avoiding stressful situations, we can reduce the overall stress levels in our lives and protect our heart health. It is important to find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and seeking support from friends and family.

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  • 36. 

    Alcohol

    • A.

      May be consumed in moderation

    • B.

      Is bad for you in any amount

    • C.

      Should be limited to an occasional binge

    • D.

      Should be limited to 3 drinks daily for men; 2, for women

    Correct Answer
    A. May be consumed in moderation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "May be consumed in moderation". This means that alcohol can be consumed in moderate amounts without causing harm. It suggests that excessive or heavy drinking is not recommended, but moderate consumption is acceptable. This aligns with the understanding that moderate alcohol consumption can have some health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, but excessive drinking can lead to various health problems.

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  • 37. 

    Perfusion is

    • A.

      The spreading of a body disease

    • B.

      Distributing widely

    • C.

      The passing of fluid

    • D.

      Severe confusion

    Correct Answer
    B. Distributing widely
    Explanation
    Perfusion refers to the process of distributing or delivering fluid, usually blood, to the organs and tissues of the body. It ensures that oxygen and nutrients are supplied to the cells and waste products are removed. Therefore, the answer "Distributing widely" accurately describes the concept of perfusion.

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  • 38. 

    Strokes are

    • A.

      The number 1 killer

    • B.

      The number 2 killer

    • C.

      The number 3 killer

    • D.

      Behind heart, cancer, and emphysema deaths

    Correct Answer
    C. The number 3 killer
    Explanation
    Strokes are the number 3 killer, following heart disease and cancer. This means that strokes are the third leading cause of death, after these two major diseases.

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  • 39. 

    A symptom of a stroke is:

    • A.

      A one-sided droop of the face

    • B.

      Clear speech

    • C.

      Clear speech

    • D.

      A fever

    Correct Answer
    A. A one-sided droop of the face
    Explanation
    A one-sided droop of the face is a common symptom of a stroke. This occurs when the muscles on one side of the face become weak or paralyzed, causing the face to appear uneven or droopy. It is important to recognize this symptom as it can indicate a serious medical emergency and prompt immediate medical attention. Clear speech and a fever are not typically associated with strokes.

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  • 40. 

    If you suspect a person is having a stroke,

    • A.

      Ask the person to smile. If the patient is having a stroke, the face will droop to one side

    • B.

      Place the person in a comfortable position

    • C.

      Try to call the doctor

    • D.

      Give a cool drink of water

    • E.

      Call 9-1-1

    Correct Answer
    E. Call 9-1-1
    Explanation
    If you suspect a person is having a stroke, it is important to call 9-1-1 immediately. Calling emergency services is crucial because strokes are medical emergencies that require immediate medical attention. Time is of the essence in treating a stroke, as prompt medical intervention can help minimize brain damage and increase the chances of recovery. Therefore, calling 9-1-1 ensures that the person receives the necessary medical help as quickly as possible.

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  • 41. 

    A TIA is:

    • A.

      A sudden, short stroke

    • B.

      Transmission of infected agents

    • C.

      A shower

    • D.

      Leakage of body fluid

    Correct Answer
    A. A sudden, short stroke
    Explanation
    A TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack) is a sudden, short stroke. It is often referred to as a "mini-stroke" because it produces similar symptoms to a stroke but lasts only for a short period of time. During a TIA, there is a temporary disruption of blood flow to a part of the brain, causing temporary neurological symptoms such as weakness, numbness, or difficulty speaking. Although the symptoms may resolve quickly, a TIA should be taken seriously as it can be a warning sign of an impending stroke. Prompt medical attention is crucial to prevent further damage to the brain.

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  • 42. 

    The most critical factor in treatment when a stroke occurs is

    • A.

      Calling the doctor

    • B.

      Wasting no time

    • C.

      Placing the patient in a prone position

    • D.

      Talking to patient to put the patient at ease

    Correct Answer
    B. Wasting no time
    Explanation
    When a stroke occurs, wasting no time is the most critical factor in treatment. This is because time is of the essence in stroke management. The sooner medical intervention is received, the better the chances of minimizing brain damage and improving outcomes. Delaying treatment can lead to irreversible brain injury and long-term disabilities. Therefore, wasting no time is crucial in order to quickly assess the situation, call for emergency medical assistance, and initiate appropriate medical interventions.

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  • 43. 

    Chronic means

    • A.

      Serious

    • B.

      Of long duration

    • C.

      Severe

    • D.

      Painful

    Correct Answer
    B. Of long duration
    Explanation
    The term "chronic" refers to something that lasts for a long time or is of long duration. It is often used to describe medical conditions or illnesses that persist over a prolonged period. In this context, "chronic" does not necessarily imply severity or pain, but rather emphasizes the length of time that something lasts.

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  • 44. 

    If you comatose, the person making the health decisions for you is called your

    • A.

      Living will

    • B.

      Doctor

    • C.

      Surrogate

    • D.

      Family

    Correct Answer
    C. Surrogate
    Explanation
    When a person is comatose and unable to make their own health decisions, a surrogate is appointed to make those decisions on their behalf. A surrogate is a person who is legally authorized to act as a substitute decision-maker for medical treatment choices. They are usually a close family member or a trusted individual chosen by the patient. A living will is a legal document that outlines a person's preferences for medical treatment in case they become unable to communicate their wishes, but it does not designate someone to make decisions. A doctor is responsible for providing medical care, not making decisions for the patient.

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  • 45. 

    Categories of chronic diseases include

    • A.

      Skin and stomach disorders

    • B.

      Pulmonary disorders and motor and facial tics

    • C.

      Pain and rectal disorders

    • D.

      Motor and vocal tics

    Correct Answer
    A. Skin and stomach disorders
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Skin and stomach disorders. Chronic diseases are long-term conditions that require ongoing management and care. Skin disorders, such as eczema or psoriasis, and stomach disorders, such as irritable bowel syndrome or gastric ulcers, are examples of chronic diseases that affect the skin and digestive system respectively. These conditions often require continuous treatment and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life.

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  • 46. 

    COPD stands for

    • A.

      Chronic Rectal Obstruction Disorder

    • B.

      Coordinator of Patient Diseases

    • C.

      Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    • D.

      Certified Obstructive Pediatric

    Correct Answer
    C. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    Explanation
    COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. This is a chronic lung disease that causes airflow obstruction and breathing difficulties. It is typically caused by long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution. COPD is characterized by symptoms such as shortness of breath, coughing, and wheezing. It is a progressive disease that cannot be cured, but can be managed with lifestyle changes and medication.

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  • 47. 

    COPDs include

    • A.

      Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma

    • B.

      Chicken pox, bulimia, and arthritis

    • C.

      Crohn’s disease, anxiety attacks, and bronchitis

    • D.

      Bronchitis, arthritis, and tonsillitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma
    Explanation
    COPDs (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases) are a group of lung diseases that cause breathing difficulties. The correct answer, "Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma," accurately represents three common COPDs. Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchial tubes, which carry air to the lungs. Emphysema is a condition where the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, leading to shortness of breath. Asthma is a chronic condition that causes the airways to become inflamed and narrow, resulting in wheezing and difficulty breathing. These three conditions are all characterized by chronic obstruction of airflow in the lungs, hence their inclusion as COPDs.

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  • 48. 

    Emphysema is

    • A.

      Emphysema is

    • B.

      Not conclusively shown to be hereditary

    • C.

      Caused by polluted environments

    • D.

      Aggravated by cigarette smoking

    Correct Answer
    D. Aggravated by cigarette smoking
    Explanation
    Emphysema is a chronic lung disease characterized by the destruction of the air sacs in the lungs, leading to difficulty in breathing. While it is not conclusively proven to be hereditary, it is commonly known that cigarette smoking greatly aggravates the condition. Smoking causes irritation and inflammation in the airways, leading to further damage and narrowing of the air sacs. This exacerbates the symptoms of emphysema and accelerates the progression of the disease. Therefore, quitting smoking is essential in managing and slowing down the progression of emphysema.

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  • 49. 

    Chronic skin diseases include

    • A.

      Eczema, rosacea, skin cancer

    • B.

      Measles, rosacea, and skin cancer

    • C.

      Poison ivy, ringworm, and eczema

    • D.

      Psoriasis, chicken pox, and insect bites

    Correct Answer
    B. Measles, rosacea, and skin cancer
    Explanation
    Measles, rosacea, and skin cancer are chronic skin diseases. Measles is a highly contagious viral infection that causes a rash and other symptoms. Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by redness, flushing, and small bumps on the face. Skin cancer refers to the abnormal growth of skin cells, often caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun. These three conditions are chronic in nature, meaning they persist over a long period of time and require ongoing management and treatment.

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  • 50. 

    Which of the following is correct?

    • A.

      A tic is a pulse-like feeling in the chest

    • B.

      A tic is a small flying insect that bites

    • C.

      A tic is a repeated, uncontrollable burst of movement or speech

    • D.

      A tic may be either either a motor tic or a vocal tic

    Correct Answer
    C. A tic is a repeated, uncontrollable burst of movement or speech
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "A tic is a repeated, uncontrollable burst of movement or speech." This answer accurately defines what a tic is, which is an involuntary and repetitive movement or sound. It implies that a tic can manifest as either a motor tic (movement) or a vocal tic (speech).

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